Mawlana Rumi

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MAWLANA JALAL-UL-DIN BALKHI “RUMI”
Jalal-Ul-Din Muhammad Balkhi also known as Rumi is one of the world’s most well-known philosophers. He was born in the city of Balkh, 30th of September, 1207, but spent most of his time abroad and died in Konya, Turkey 17th of December 1275. Rumi studied Islamic Law in Syria and had sustainable knowledge in fields of public speaking, Sufism, and poetry (Qemar). He was thought by the best scholars of his time, he learned poetry and Sufism from his father Bahudin Balkhi and his mentor Burhanudin Termizi. Rumi adopted a significant interest in literature and philosophy. He wrote two famous poems, Masnavi and Divan-I Kabir (The Great Collection of Poems). The first poem, Masnavi adopts its name from music where it is flowing in rhythm. Rumi wrote 18 couplets and dictated the rest.He told many stories of his own, but also borrowed from Arabic, Persian, Jewish sources, Quran and Hadith. Masnavi was completed in 14 years and arranged in 6 chapters which was written by Rumi himself. The writings was naturally and unplanned, it was like a theater, a play show involving many characteristics (Whinfield). The second famous poem Rumi wrote was Divan-I Kabir (The Great Collection of Poems), it is also called Divan-I Shams due to its last couplets. Divan-I Kabir contained 35,000 couplets about love and spiritual joy and was dictated in ecstasy and whirling. Rumi had several writings, he wrote Fifi Ma Fih (What is in it is in it) it contained 71 talks and lectures in the style of oral speech which was recorded by his former students. The second writing Majlis-I Seba (The Seven Semons.), was lectures on questions of faith and ethics on ceremonial occasion. Rumi based his literature on his philosophies and ideologies. Rumi’s philosophy are shaped in two eras, first before meeting with Shams-I Tabrizi and after meeting Shams-I Tabrzi. Shams Tabrizi…...

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