Premium Essay

Marine Terminal Operation

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Carla18
Words 74405
Pages 298
Edition: 1.1 February 2002

Distance Education Course ML–302.5

Marine Terminal Operations

Unit 1 Marine Terminals
The three lessons in this unit will cover the topics of:


the role and function of marine terminals



terminal development



operational planning



civil engineering aspects of terminal design.

Module B: Certificate in Maritime Logistics
Diploma in Shipping Logistics—Jamaica Maritime Institute

1−1

Unit 1: Marine terminals

Marine Terminal Operations

Unit 1 ...........Activities and expectations
Agenda
To complete this unit, you will:


Read and study the text in this unit and any assigned passages in the Student Reader.



Apply the information by performing the Activities



Test yourself by doing the Practice Exercises and checking your answers. Resources
There is no textbook for this course. All the information you require is in this Study Guide. In addition, your Student Manual lists some books that you may wish to read to expand your knowledge.

Learning outcomes
When you have completed this unit you will be able to:



Explain some of the considerations in equipment selection.



Discuss the needs for storage areas.



Discuss safety and emergency response considerations.



1−2

Describe the role and functions of marine terminals.

List the broad categories of studies that are needed in planning a new terminal.

Module B: Certificate in Maritime Logistics (Course ML-302.5)
Diploma in Shipping Logistics—Jamaica Maritime Institute

Unit 1: Marine terminals

Marine Terminal Operations

Lesson 1...... Introduction to marine terminals Roles
The possible roles of a marine terminal are to:


service a country



service an urban area



service a hinterland



service a specific industrial process



be part of a…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Meli Marine

...1. Overview Meli Marine is a leading player in the container shipping industry on intra-Asia routes and has built a strong presence in the market and demonstrated very high operating margins and operating ROA from 2002 – 2007 compared to its main competitors. As Meli Marine’s CEO, David Tian seeks to steer the company towards expansion in 2008, with an option to acquire 16 vessels from Teeh-Sah Holdings. With these ships, he plans to expand to the trans-Pacific market. However, we believe this deal will not be in Meli Marine’s best interest at the moment, and the company will be better off without the acquisition. 2. Prelude to Acquisition Consideration 2.1 Market Attractiveness: Trans-Pacific route appears attractive as number of shipping lanes has grown by 48.9% between 2002 and 2007, and projected to grow by 42.9% from 2007 to 2012. Loyal customers have also approached David expressing interest in staying with Meli should they provide trans-Pacific operations. Therefore, this market can potentially be a big revenue driver if Meli’s assets are properly aligned to capitalize it. 2.2 Benefits of Diversification: Trans Pacific route, particularly outgoing flows to North America, could offer diversification of income source to Meli Marine in periods when Intra-Asia’s demand is weak. Moreover, in most cases of macroeconomic downturns, countries such as Asia in 1990s will resort to export-push policies to stimulate the economy and a race to affordable transport options;......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Marines

...the Marine Corps Once this semester is over I will be leaving for Marine boot camp in Parris Island, South Carolina. There are many reasons of why this decision is made by myself and many other Americans across the nation. The Corps provides many valuable benefits and is a great experience for young men and women and can lead to many job opportunities in the future. Pride is a word generated as soon as you become an athlete or even put in effort to your school, work when you are young. In today’s society some American’s strive to do something that is bigger than them the Marine Corps assists in providing that. The pride of belonging to the Marines is something great and that can never be taken away from an individual who has been apart of this great fighting force. They say “Once a Marine, always a Marine” unlike a lot of other branches of military. When someone retires from the air force for example they usually just tell people “I was in the military.” Also in no way, shape, or form am I saying the Marines are above everyone else, it’s great to be in the service, and protect your country, that was just an example of what I have heard from past veterans. The Marines provide the toughest, most intense boot camp out of all of the different branches, the twelve and a half week transformation brings out a whole new warrior and ultimately a better person than what you were before. When you get out of boot camp you feel as if you are on top of the world is what past marines......

Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Meli Marine Case

...1. Overview Meli Marine is a leading player in the container shipping industry on intra-Asia routes and has built a strong presence in the market and demonstrated very high operating margins and operating ROA from 2002 – 2007 compared to its main competitors. As Meli Marine’s CEO, David Tian seeks to steer the company towards expansion in 2008, with an option to acquire 16 vessels from Teeh-Sah Holdings. With these ships, he plans to expand to the trans-Pacific market. However, we believe this deal will not be in Meli Marine’s best interest at the moment, and the company will be better off without the acquisition. 2. Prelude to Acquisition Consideration 2.1 Market Attractiveness: Trans-Pacific route appears attractive as number of shipping lanes has grown by 48.9% between 2002 and 2007, and projected to grow by 42.9% from 2007 to 2012. Loyal customers have also approached David expressing interest in staying with Meli should they provide trans-Pacific operations. Therefore, this market can potentially be a big revenue driver if Meli’s assets are properly aligned to capitalize it. 2.2 Benefits of Diversification: Trans Pacific route, particularly outgoing flows to North America, could offer diversification of income source to Meli Marine in periods when Intra-Asia’s demand is weak. Moreover, in most cases of macroeconomic downturns, countries such as Asia in 1990s will resort to export-push policies to stimulate the economy and a race to affordable transport options; these...

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Marines

...MBA 623 United States Marine Corps The organization we chose for our project is the United States Marine Corps. We believe this branch of service can benefit greatly with the help of organizational behavior concepts. We will mainly be focusing on the relationship between the recruiter and the poolee (person soon to be enlisting). The process of enlisting can be long and tedious and there are a lot of details that should not be overlooked. When a civilian enters the recruiter’s office and they both meet for the first time, it is one of the most important moments. This is where the civilian feels out the recruiter and the recruiter feels out the civilian and shapes the psychological contract. When the psychological contract is beginning to form in this case it is important for both parties to gain each other’s trust in order for the relationship to flourish. Most recruiters are very truthful and will not violate the contract, but a lot of the recruiters just want to get that extra number to ship out. The recruiter will say and offer things to the poolees that are false and misleading. This process can also work the other way also; the poolee could be lying to the recruiter and mislead him as well. Some other problems that exist are cultural issues, such as, language and non-verbal gestures. It is important for both parties to be relaxed and ask questions. During the initial interview and throughout the process it is important for both parties to utilize active......

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Marine Mammals

...Marine Mammal Conservation Sharon Herzog COM/172-Elements of University Composition and Communications II July 28, 2013 Timothy Toole Marine Mammal Conservation There are 29 marine mammals on the endangered and threatened list produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The US Fisheries and Wildlife foundation also have a list that includes certain seals, sea otters, and polar bears. There are many threats to marine mammals. These threats include dangers posed by humans and the environment. There are laws in place to help protect marine mammals from further dangers. Captivity has brought forth much controversy as to dangers it may pose to marine mammals. Marine mammal habitat conservation may be the only answer to protecting marine mammal life. There are five characteristic that an animal must possess to be classified as a mammal. These characteristics include being warm-blooded, having hair or fur, having the ability to breathe air through lungs, the ability to bear live young, and the ability to nurse their young with milk produced by mammary glands (The Marine Mammal Center, 2013). Marine mammals also have a thick layer of fat called blubber that they rely on to keep them warm in the water. They have the ability to store up extra oxygen to aid them in staying under water for extended periods of time. Marine mammals spend a lot of time swimming, their bodies are streamlined to help them swim faster. One of......

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Marine

...Marine Science Notes: Water and Ocean Structure Ms. Guerrant-The King’s Academy I. Structure of the Water Molecule A. Formed when . . . B. Polar- C. Polar molecules act like a __________ D. Hydrogen bond E. How the ___________________ influences the properties of water 1. Cohesion 2. Adhesion 3. Keeps water in its __________ form over a wide range of temperatures II. Water and heat: water has many physical properties related to its behavior as it __________ or ____________ heat. These properties are vital in maintaining Earth’s __________________________________. A. Heat capacity 1. Definition: B. Water Temperature and Density 1. Like all other substances, water . . . 2. Exception: III. Global Thermostatic Effects of Water (properties that act to moderate changes in ______________) A. Thermal inertia- 1. Land vs. water a. land 1). Highest temps 2). Lowest temps 3. difference: b. ocean’s surface 1). Highest temps 2.) lowest temps 3. difference: 2. Example: Two cities on the same line of latitude (winds flow from west to east at this latitude): San Francisco, CA Norfolk, VA B. Thermostatic Effects of Water and Air Movement 1. __________________ in the air and water move tremendous amounts of......

Words: 567 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Marine Insurance

...Section 69 also needs to be read in conjunction with section 55, which states that ‘unless the policy otherwise provides, the insurer on ship or goods is not liable for any loss proximately caused by delay, although the delay be caused by a peril insured against’ and, under paragraph 2(c), ‘that the insurer is not liable for ordinary wear and tear’. Nonetheless, the broad inclusive sweep of section 69 begs a number of important questions, upon which section 88 sheds little additional light by saying that ‘where by this Act any reference is made to reasonable time, reasonable premium, or reasonable diligence, the question of what is reasonable is a question of fact’. WHO NEED H&M INSURANCE Marine Insurance covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport or property by which cargo is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and final destination. However for Hull and Machineries insurance ship owner is responsible to take this insurance but in a special case some time the charterer will take this insurance, for example demise charterer. THE SCOPE OF H&M INSURANCE H & M insurance protects ship-owners and others with an interest in vessels, and the like against the expenses that might be incurred in repairing or replacing such property if it is damaged, destroyed, or lost due to a covered peril. Usually, hull insurance on pleasure craft and tugs and barges, is provided as part of a package policy......

Words: 2887 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

How New Technology Impacts on Dry Bulk Terminals

...Abstract The evolution of new technology has impacted drastically on the design and layout of bulk terminals. This has led to the massive turnaround of port operations. Since, equipment are becoming more automated it results in quick freight management and lessens the inventory process in ports. Containerization has made the work easier and cheaper as it is easier for freight forwarders to send a wide array of commodities. Revolution in new computerized systems on vessels has led for the expansion in ports or the building of new wharves, and has also reduced traffic within berths. The new technology era has developed trade competition and high productivity levels. Essay A port is a harbour that has been developed of dock walls, quays, terminals and other offshore equipment, in order to facilitate the docking of ships and many different types of cargo. A port is the gateway to marine global trade, over the years marine transportation has been the most efficient means of transporting goods. Dry Bulk Terminal refers to goods that are handled in large quantities that are unpackaged and are available in uniform dimensions. Butler, M (2014) Lecture on Marine Terminals. Personal Collection of M. Butler, Caribbean Maritime Institute stated that dry bulk terminals handle commodities such as: metal ore (which includes compounds such as copper, iron, antimony, tin, manganese, aluminum ore, and bauxite), coal, coke, cement clinkers, and dry chemical products, such as soda ash,......

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Terminal % Disaster

...INTRODUCTION Defining Strategic Planning - Overview Strategic management can be defined as the art and science of formulating, implementing, and evaluating cross-functional decisions that enable an organization to achieve its objectives. As this definition implies, strategic management focuses on integrating management, marketing, finance/accounting, production/operations, research and development, and information systems to achieve organizational success. The term strategic management in this text is used synonymously with the term strategic planning. The latter term is more often used in the business world, whereas the former is often used in academia. Sometimes the term strategic management is used to refer to strategy formulation, implementation, and evaluation, with strategic planning referring only to strategy formulation. The purpose of strategic management is to exploit and create new and different opportunities for tomorrow; long-range planning, in contrast, tries to optimize for tomorrow the trends of today. Strategic management can also be termed as a bundle of decisions and actions which a manager should undertake and one that can decide the results of a firm’s performance. A manager must have a thorough knowledge and analysis of the general and competitive organizational environment in order to make the right decisions. The management should conduct a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats). They should make out the possible......

Words: 2084 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Identification of Possible Human Errors That Can Result in Fires/Explosions During Tankers' Cargo Loading/Unloading Operations at the Xyz Marine Petroleum Terminal.

...copyrightable materials have been used with the permission of the original authors, and as such, it is automatically protected by the laws, rules, and regulations of the U.S. Copyright Office. TITLE OF REPORT IDENTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE HUMAN ERRORS THAT CAN RESULT IN FIRES/EXPLOSIONS DURING TANKERS' CARGO LOADING/UNLOADING OPERATIONS AT THE XYZ MARINE PETROLEUM TERMINAL SIGNATURE __________________________________DATE ________ PERMANENT ADDRESS 2721 Harvey Dr. Apartment #1. Menomonie, WI 54751, USA TELEPHONE # 715-235-4730 (This section to be completed by the graduate School) This final research report was submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the above stated degree on this date, and has been accepted by the Graduate School and is now ready for transmittal to the Library Learning Center for placement on microform or other storage media. (Coordinator for Graduate Studies) (Date) (This form must accompany the research paper turned in to the Graduate School) IDENTIFICATION OF POSSIBLE HUMAN ERRORS THAT CAN RESULT IN FIRES/EXPLOSIONS DURING TANKERS' CARGO LOADING/UNLOADING OPERATIONS AT THE XYZ MARINE PETROLEUM TERMINAL. by Guillermo A. Triana Cedeno A Research Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master in Science Degree in Risk Control Approved for Completion of 3 Semester Credits 140-783 Field Problem in Risk Control _________________________ John H. Olson, Ph.D. Research Advisor The Graduate......

Words: 15534 - Pages: 63

Free Essay

Clean Up Marine Environmental Pollution

...Conventions to mitigate marine pollution Oil pollution: Oil tankers transport some 2,400 million tonnes of crude oil and oil products around the world by sea. Most of the time, oil is transported quietly and safely. Measures introduced by IMO have helped ensure that the majority of oil tankers are safely built and operated and are constructed to reduce the amount of oil spilled in the event of an accident. Operational pollution, such as from routine tank cleaning operations, has also been cut. The most important regulations for preventing pollution by oil from ships are contained in Annex I of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL), The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea  (SOLAS), 1974 also includes special requirements for tankers. Chemical pollution: * Chemicals carried in bulk Carriage of chemicals in bulk is covered by regulations in SOLAS Chapter VII - Carriage of dangerous goods and MARPOL Annex II - Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk. Both Conventions set out the international standards for the safe carriage, in bulk by sea, of dangerous chemicals and noxious liquid substances. The Code prescribes the design and a construction standard of ships involved in the transport of bulk liquid chemicals and identifies the equipment to be carried to minimize the risks to the ship, its crew and to the......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Marines

...MCI 0210D MARINE CORPS INSTITUTE TERRORISM AWARENESS FOR MARINES MARINE BARRACKS WASHINGTON, DC UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS MARINE CORPS INSTITUTE 912 CHARLES POOR STREET SE WASHINGTON NAVY YARD DC 20391-5680 IN REPLY REFER TO: 1550 26 Mar 2012 From: Director To: Marine Corps Institute Student Subj: TERRORISM AWARENESS FOR MARINES (0210D) 1. Purpose. The subject course provides instruction on terrorism awareness for all Marines. 2. Scope. This course gives an overview on terrorism and provides guidance to individual Marines on terrorism and its effects. 3. Applicability. This course is designed for the Marine, private through general officer, in all MOSs. 4. Recommendations. Comments and recommendations on the contents of the course are invited and will aid in subsequent course revisions. Please complete the course evaluation questionnaire at the end of the final examination. Return the questionnaire and the examination booklet to your proctor. M. S. REICHENBAUGH By direction (This page intentionally left blank.) Table of Contents Page Contents ............................................................................................................................ i Student Information .......................................................................................................... iii Study Guide ............................................................................................................

Words: 42908 - Pages: 172

Premium Essay

Terminals

...MARINE TERMINAL OPERATIONS (Resit) – February 2011 Section A Answer all Questions. Each item carries 1 mark. 1. Bulk grain usually loaded in this manner? a. b. c. d. 2. What is the rule-of-thumb for determining the storage capacity required at a crude-oil terminal? a. b. c. d. 3. using bucket elevators by port tower cranes in bags through a flexible spout twice the capacity of the largest ship four times the capacity of the largest ship six times the capacity of the largest ship eight times the capacity of the largest ship What is done with oil slops and oil-contaminated ballast? a. b. c. d. it is buried and allowed to decompose naturally using biological agents it is burnt off in very high-temperature furnaces that have very tight emission controls the oil is recovered and returned to the storage tanks the oil is recovered and used as a low-grade fuel 4. Whose responsibility is it to see that passengers have a favorable impression of a terminal? a. b. c. d. the marketing department terminal management customer service personnel all of the above Page 1 of 6 5. Approximately how many years ago did containerization become the primary method of transporting commercial cargoes? a. b. c. d. 6. Who has the primary responsibility to ensure that the company provides the services the customer requires? a. b. c. d. 7. row tier bay cell A port’s hinterland is the industrial districts......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Container Terminal Efficiency

...Running head: CONTAINER TERMINAL EFFICIENCY Container Terminal Efficiency Joshua K. Hodgin American Military University CONTAINER TERMINAL EFFICIENCY With a projected 186% [ (The Agile Port Efficient Marine Terminal) ] increase of containers moved through ports by 2025, terminals are forced to relook at how efficient cargo is being handled. Even though there are required methods by law, container terminals can be more efficient by more effective inspection processes and container handling improvements. Container terminals of today consist of robust equipment and processes that enables cargo to be transported throughout the world. Using intermodal transportation practices, the terminals very effectively transfer cargo between three different modes of transportation; ship, train, truck. The question now what improvements are being made to make processes more efficient and effective while staying in line with current laws? We will explore different innovations of terminal processes, future designs of transportation equipment and enhanced cargo inspection processes. Container terminals have the responsibility to move cargo as quickly and efficiency as possible and the Agile Port System is helping ports do just that. Innovations of Terminal Processes “An Agile Port is a marine terminal or system of terminals capable of accommodating varying cargo quantities and types while minimizing operation interruptions within the terminal” (US Department of......

Words: 1642 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Evergreen Marine Corp

...1.0 Introduction Evergreen Marine Corporation (EMC) was established on September 1, 1968 (evergreen-marine, 2008). The founder, Dr. Yun-Fa Chang, started the business as a secondhand general cargo ship but he expanded the business to provide his customers with a scheduled marine logistics and transportation services. In 1984, EMC made a remarkable move with a two-way Round-the-World container service (evergreen-marine, 2008). Today, Evergreen provides transport services across the lands of Asia, the Americas, Australia, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Consequently, EMC had successfully built a strong network across the globe via an advanced IT platform and exhibition logistics with value added services. 2.0 Type of services that EMC provide Coincidently, EMC is the fourth-largest containerized-freight shipping company, serving the east coast of Asia and the west coast of North America, with over 150 container ships (evergreen-marine, 2008). Its main transportation modes are ships, thus shipping is its main activity. In between, EMC is the pioneer in reefer container service, shipping perishable products across the world. ‘Moreover, Evergreen also provides services such as, freight forwarding, construction of containers, customs brokerage, warehousing, distribution and many more’ (commerce, 2011). ‘In 1992, Evergreen Group expanded its service range to the skies by launching airline EVA Air to the market’ (pancanal, 2002). EVA's planes reflected the......

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6