Learning Techniques

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Submitted By hellxblur
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Chapter 2
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Educators have, for many years, noticed that some students prefer certain methods of learning more than others. These traits, referred to as learning styles, form a student's unique learning preference and aid teachers in the planning of small-group and individualized instruction. If optimal student learning is dependent on learning styles, and these styles vary between distance and equivalent on-campus students, then faculty should be aware of these differences and alter their preparation and instructional methods accordingly. According to Joy Paul Guilford’s Structure of Intellect (SI) theory, intelligence is viewed as comprising operations, contents, and products. There are 5 kinds of operations (cognition, memory, divergent production, convergent production, evaluation), 6 kinds of products (units, classes, relations, systems, transformations, and implications), and 5 kinds of contents (visual, auditory, symbolic, semantic, behavioral). Since each of these dimensions is independent, there are theoretically 150 different components of intelligence.

Examples of learning styles one is called the Cognitive learning style by Anthony Grasha and Sheryl Reichmann refers to the preferred way individual processes information. Unlike individual differences in abilities (e.g., Gardner, Guilford, and Sternberg) which describe peak performance, styles describe a person’s typical mode of thinking, remembering or problem solving.
Styles are usually considered to be bipolar dimensions whereas abilities are unipolar (ranging from zero to a maximum value). * avoidant * participative * competitive * collaborative * dependent * independent

Having more of ability is usually considered beneficial while having a particular cognitive style simply denotes a tendency to behave in a certain manner. Cognitive…...

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