Learning Chopsticks

In: Historical Events

Submitted By bobchuckx
Words 816
Pages 4
Learning Chopsticks

In Guanlong Cao's essay titled “Chopsticks”, an excerpt from a longer memoir entitled The Attic: Memoirs of a Chinese Landlord's Son, Cao recounts a tale from his automotive school days in Shanghai China of students crafting their own chopsticks. Cao tells us about how the students made their chopsticks and the clandestine maneuvers required to obtain the raw materials. Some of the students went to great lengths to carve very elaborate chopsticks that were sometimes used to acquire a boyfriend or girlfriend. This is an enjoyable essay that not only illustrates a footnote in Chinese history between the 1950's and 1970's, but also brings some humor and a sense of irony to what many westerners may consider a dark time for a little understood country.
Cao begins by telling us about his four years spent at an automotive manufacturing school in Shanghai, China. The conditions at the school were harsh. Meals were scarce. So scarce, in fact, that the administrators encouraged more sedate pass times such as chess and cards so that the students would not use up the precious few calories they gained from the food (Cao 109). All of the students wore pouches that contained their personal set of chopsticks. The clandestine manufacture of these personal utensils became the favored hobby among the students.
The most treacherous stage in making one's own chopsticks was stealing the bamboo. The student dormitories were constructed of bamboo and the students would go on nightly raids, stealing bamboo stalks from the piles used by the maintenance workers to make repairs. At first no one noticed a few missing stalks, but as the fad grew, the construction department began complaining about the missing materials. Ultimately the superintendent of the school banned students from taking the bamboo to make the chopsticks. This slowed down the thievery, but it didn't…...

Similar Documents

Chopsticks

...be eaten, eat with chopsticks. Chopsticks are the main eating utensils in China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, and Vietnam. When watching others using chopsticks, it could look simple, but when you try it, you will end up asking for a fork instead. Here’s how to rely on eating Asian food with chopsticks. First, purchase a pair of chopsticks. Place both chopsticks on a sturdy table, with the broad ends facing you. Pick up one chopstick with your right or left hand. Have the broad end of the chopstick lay between the part of your thumb and index finger connects. Then, provide extra support by slightly curling the middle finger and gently placing the tip of the middle finger on the chopstick. (See diagram 1) Raise you index finger. Next, use your other hand to pick up the second chopstick. Place the chopstick with your hand above the first chopstick, roughly one inch apart. Make sure the first chopstick’s broad end is parallel to the second chopstick’s broad end. Grip the second chopstick with your first hand’s index finger and thumb, leaving a space with your middle finder. You may use the other hand to adjust our grip on the chopsticks to a comfortable position. Use that same hand to make sure the narrow tips of both chopsticks are lined up evenly and are parallel to each other. (See diagram 2) After that, practice opening, keeping the bottom chop- stick steady and moving the top chopstick away from the bottom chopstick, and closing,......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Learning

...Learning Saundra Moskoff Psych 550 October 29, 2012 Ming Zheng, Ph.D. Learning The acquirement of information resulting in openly discernable and reasonably stable behavioral changes defines how people acquire knowledge (Terry, 2009). People learn during every stage of life. Toddlers who burn their hands after unintentionally touching a hot stove learn they should not touch a hot stove. Because she wanted to look cute in a short skirt, despite the cold temperature, teenage girls learn they need to don more clothing in cold weather, and adults learn how their behavior, such as using profanity, offends others. Concept of learning The concept of learning remains a longstanding debate in psychology. Disciplines, such as the social, cognitive, and developmental psychologies offer several theories suggesting regarding what, when, why, and how people acquire knowledge. What According to University of Wisconsin Stevens Point (2005), learning involves four kinds of information attainment, transmission, acquisition, accretion, and emergence. Transmission refers to the conveying of information from one to another through display, direction, or instruction, such as traditional education. Acquisition involves research conducted by the learner, such as experiments and general curiosity. Accretion involves the steady achievement of knowledge, such as habits, language, culture, and civil behavior. Emergence refers to the formation of ideas rooted in......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Learning

...aptitude of handling. Learning Style Learning styles are several ways or methods that help individuals to learn and gain knowledge. Unlike personal style, it is often expressed in the way individuals select one particular mode of learning over another, e.g. I simply don't like training but I greatly prefer coaching (Sadler-Smith 1996). There are several studies on how individuals can identify their best learning style. In Kolb's (1984) experiential learning model, there are four different styles of learning identified – “accommodative, divergent, assimilative and convergent” (Mullins 2007, p. 191). “Individuals may have a preference for one of the key stages and therein lies their learning style” (Mullins 2007, p. 190). Seen this way, managers' learning styles can be assessed based on their approach to acquire and apply knowledge through practice. In a recursive learning cycle, individual can spot and strengthen their “weaker preferences” by adapting to various teaching styles, while strengths can also enhance learning outcome (McCarthy 2010, p. 136). Honey and Mumford (1992) developed their learning style questionnaire based Kolb's (1984) learning cycle. The questionnaire aid managers to identify whether they are predominantly: activists, reflectors, theorists and pragmatists (Mullins 2007, p. 191). But knowing the dominant style doesn't tell managers how to be better at learning....

Words: 283 - Pages: 2

How to Use Chopsticks

...How To Use Chopsticks Will you eat a sandwich with a spoon or use a fork to have an ice cream? No? Why? Because every food, to taste better, must be consumed using the right vessels and cutlery! Same is the case with Chinese and Japanese foods which seem to taste better when eaten with chopsticks. The origin of chopsticks can be dated back to China, around 3000 to 5000 years ago. Widely used in Japan, China, Korea and Vietnam to eat all kinds of foods, most of the chopsticks are made of bamboo while some are also made of ivory, plastic, silver and jade. They are considered as extensions of the fingers and are considered much better than spoons and forks in their usage. Although the respective Asian communities use chopsticks as effortlessly and naturally as Europeans use forks, it doesn’t really come that easily for the rest of us. Despite the fact that most of the world thinks of them as impossible feats, chopsticks actually provides your hands with a physical affinity with the food — something that our quintessential spoons, forks and knives can never boast of. Having said that, we also acknowledge that eating with chopsticks could require some training and hence the next section that talks about how to use chopsticks. Eating With Chopsticks * Clasp one chopstick between your thumb and middle finger. The chopstick must be in such a position that it is placed at the base of your thumb and at the lower joint of the middle finger. While the bottom chopstick remains......

Words: 8121 - Pages: 33

Learning

...Usually, learning is the basis in relation of students and teachers in a classroom. However, with the emergence of online education, virtual classrooms are replacing the long-established classroom setting. Although online learning has many advantages for some students, it can also lead to some difficult challenges. In order for online education to be successful, it is crucial that those challenges are identified and efficiently dealt with. Organizational skills, time management, and effective communication are key elements for a successful online education. Having organizational skills is one of the important keys for online education success. I will use the organizational skills I have learned in my professional career to arrange my work into time intervals that will allow me to complete certain parts that need to be completed at a given time. By using the strategy, the amount of time that I usually waste will decrease. Organizational skills are not limited to time and work; it extends beyond materials and workspace. Working with my newfound organizational skills will also make my work and everyday routine more precise and deliberate; I will be a lot more conscious and sure of what I will be doing later. By having, a schedule I will be more prepared and lessen the tension, and in turn, my daily function will be more efficient. Another key for online education success is effective time management. No matter how one approaches time management, there will always......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Learning

...In my opinion, the profession of nursing that we have all chosen for ourselves is one of lifelong learning. With nursing, as well as many other professions, things are changing continually. In order to keep up with these changes, we must be willing to keep learning and growing as professionals. I believe it is our responsibility as nurses to continue to learn new things in order to provide the best care possible for our patients. According to Eason (2010), “In order to assure patients optimal care, nurses must be well versed in the most accurate and current information in clinical practice. Curiosity and desire to enhance nursing knowledge are essential to skill in practice” (p. 155). According to the American Nurses Association (2010), “Registered nurses as lifelong learners must have available the appropriate and adequate professional development and continuing education opportunities to maintain and advance skills and enhance competencies” (p. 118). I feel it is our responsibility, as well as that of our employers, to promote lifelong learning. Working at Riverside Methodist Hospital, we are provided with a few different options to further our education. There is tuition reimbursement, which I am currently taking advantage of. There is also the Grad Program, which pays for all of your tuition and books, but is much more selective in who is accepted. Furthering our education and keeping ourselves updated with all of the continuing changes of nursing definitely......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

Learning

...Your learning styles have more influence than you may realize There are three basic types of learning styles. The three most common are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. To learn, we depend on our senses to process the information around us. Most people tend to use one of their senses more than the others. Today's lesson will help you determine which of these learning styles you rely on the most. Visual Learner * take numerous detailed notes * tend to sit in the front * are usually neat and clean * often close their eyes to visualize or remember something * find something to watch if they are bored * like to see what they are learning * benefit from illustrations and presentations that use color * are attracted to written or spoken language rich in imagery * prefer stimuli to be isolated from auditory and kinesthetic distraction * find passive surroundings ideal Auditory learners * sit where they can hear but not where they need to pay attention to what is happening in front * may not coordinate colors or clothes, but can explain why they are wearing what they are wearing and why * hum or talk to themselves or others when bored * acquire knowledge by reading aloud * remember by verbalizing lessons to themselves Kinesthetic Learners * need to be active and take frequent breaks * speak with their hands and with gestures * remember what was done, but have difficulty recalling what was......

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Learning

...1.0 Introduction Learning style can be described as an individual's natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning situations. It is a core concept that individuals differ in how they learn. In the perspective of supporters, teacher should evaluate the student's learning style. Although there is sufficient obvious for differences in individual thinking and ways of processing various types of information, few studies have reliably tested the validity of using learning styles in education. On the opposite side, critics say there is no evidence that identifying an individual student's learning style produces better outcomes. 2.0 VAK Learning Style There are consist of two learning style. There is VAK learning style and Honey and Mumford learning style. VAK is Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic. People who with visual learning style favoritism for seen or inspect things. For example: pictures, demonstrations, display, films, diagrams, handouts, and flip chat. Beside this, this person will always use the words like` let’s have a look at that’ ` show me’ or ` let’s have a look at that’. Apart from this, they will read the instructions or watching someone else do it first in order to be the best one when perform a new task. This people will write the instruction and direction in order to work from lists. Next, a person who with an auditory learning style, they have a preference for transfer the information by listening of the others people or...

Words: 3551 - Pages: 15

Learning

...Learning Anna Parks PSY/390 8-29-14 Professor Pavone Learning Learning is one of the most important and studied aspects in modern psychology. In order for one to understand learning, one must also understand behavior. Theorists use classical and instrumental conditioning to explain the changes in behavior. Learning and cognition are intertwined and both need to be present to understand learning. With a proper understanding of behavior and cognition, one can understand learning. Learning is most commonly defined as gaining knowledge, comprehension, or mastery through experience or study (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009). However, psychologists prefer a different definition. In psychology, learning is defined as the “relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience” (McGraw Hill, 2011, p. 112). This change in behavior cannot occur because of illness, injury, maturation, or chemical substances. Psychology is a behavioral science; therefore an observable and measurable subject is required. In psychology, the subject studied is behavior. Researchers make inferences regarding the learning process based upon the observable behavior. Researchers study what is expressed through behavior, however, behavior may not always be from learning. B.F. Skinner believed that behavioral changes were learning whereas other theorists believed that behavioral changes were the result of teaching (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009). Except for Skinner and his followers, theorists...

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Learning

...order to foster meaningful teaching and learning of mathematics. Images of mathematics seem to be profoundly shaped by epistemological, philosophical, and pedagogical perspectives of one who views mathematics either as priori or a posteriori, absolute or relative, and concrete or nominal. These images, as perceived by an individual can play a significant role in the development of attitudes towards mathematics in the long run. Images of mathematics can have possible negative and positive impacts on teaching and learning of mathematics with the subsequent development of attitudes toward mathematics as positive or negative and also associated mathematics anxiety. A theoretical model with different combinations of images, anxieties, and attitudes toward mathematics can be a helpful tool to develop an understanding of the different relationships among them. Some pedagogical implications can be drawn from these relationships. Key Words: Image of mathematics, Mathematics anxiety, Attitude toward mathematics, Affect in mathematics education Introduction How do students perceive mathematics in schools? What are different images of mathematics that students perceive? How these images impact their learning? What is math anxiety? What are the causes of math anxiety? What is the relation of image of mathematics as perceived by students with math anxiety? What are different attitudes toward mathematics? How these attitudes impact learning mathematics? How images, anxieties......

Words: 5559 - Pages: 23

Learning

...INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING Schunk (2012) states, that learning is not just an act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill. The definition of learning for this student is all about acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviors. It is common to think of learning as something that takes place in school but much of human learning occurs outside the classroom, and people continue to learn throughout their lives. Every individual in the world is different and we all learner in different ways and speeds but most importantly it is what we are learning and teaching ourselves that is important. Since this learner is studying Family Psychology, it is not fair to choose just one learning theory. A family is made up of many different individuals, personalities, and behaviors. As a future counselor of these individuals it is imperative that she learn all she can about each theory and how they can relate to her clients. All the theories work together and disprove each other in some way so in choosing a particular theory, functionalism and structuralism will be discussed. Structuralism and functionalism investigate the human mind and use the mind as the subject of every study. They are also both are concerned with the conscious self. While they share some similarities, they also show some variation. Structuralism focuses on “revealing the most basic structures or components of the mind” (Zimbardo, 2006). Functionalism, on the other hand, focuses on......

Words: 697 - Pages: 3

Learning

...Cascon, Karl B. IA14109 “Learning” Learning is one thing that everyone should do. No matter how old you are, what religion you believe, or what country you live in. In the video, there are many things that I’ve learned. Those many things can be applied or can be relate to the theories of learning. For instance, the theory “Social Learning Theory” can be applied to the example of the speaker which is parents raising their child. Parents who always do good deeds can result their child will be as good as them. But when parents do not do good deeds, their child will also imitate their doings. Why? We have a saying in Filipino “Kung ano ang nakikita ng bata, yun ang tama” or what a child sees, it is right. Another example from the speaker that can be applied to the theory is imitating our idols. Well, imitating our idols isn’t that bad but when it comes to the point where you imitate all of his/her personality including the bad ones, it might lead you to be a disliked person. Last example from the speaker is sacrifice and discipline. If you want something to achieve, according to the theory, you must be attentive, be retentive, be reproductive, and be motivated. The second theory which is “Cognitive Learning Theory” can also be applied from the video. A good example from the speaker is when the king of Babylonia ordered his men to choose some young royal men to teach them to read and to right their language and give them the same food of the king. In doing so, the......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Learning

...Problem Learning Information The Testing Problem Adult learning theories aid in understanding and analyzing how adults learn, the problems they face, and how to make the process more effective. This issue holds great value for the academic audience because when understood properly, it can help teachers be more efficient in their teaching process and be further receptive and approachable to the requirements of the learners. One of the most widespread ways to assess learning is through testing, however, many theorists question the effectiveness of judging learning by testing because all the learners do is memorize the information and write it down. According to Mezirow, learning isn’t simply a memorization process but is a channel through which students can reflect on various worldly notions and experience some form of enlightenment in their sphere of comprehension (Mezirow, 3-24). Memorization significantly hinders learning as it is only the retention of information for a short period of time and not the actual understanding of it. Freire believes learning should be engaging and should compel you to reflect upon the forces that bind hence ultimately emancipating you from problems (Loyd, 3-20). According to Freire, the more students partake in memorization and tests, the more they will stop to think for themselves and gain that critical awareness. In such a situation, both the learner and the instructor would be at a loss (Loyd, 3-20). Freire and Mezirow talk about......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Learning

...COGNITIVE LEARNING 1. Approaches to learning: Literature review 1.2.1. Constructivist perspectives of learning Constructivism as a learning theory, simply speaking, is to make learning meaningful. The core constructivist perspectives are as follows: (a) learning is a self-directed process—knowledge is constructed rather than directly received; (b) instructor as facilitator; (c) learning as a socio-cultural process (Tobin and Tippins 1993). It has long been argued that a constructivist approach is essential for the development of skills and abilities, as discussed in section 1.1. Constructivism is a big concept and a variety of its implementations will be further discussed in section 2. 2. Reading for Learning Cognitive approaches to children's literature How does reading fiction affect young people? How can they transfer fictional experience into real life? Why do they care about fictional characters? How does fiction enhance young people's sense of self-hood? Supported by cognitive psychology and brain research, this ground-breaking book is the first study of young readers' cognitive and emotional engagement with fiction. It explores how fiction stimulates perception, attention, imagination and other cognitive activity, and opens radically new ways of thinking about literature for young readers. Examining a wide range of texts for a young audience, from picturebooks to young adult novels, the combination of cognitive criticism and children’s literature theory also......

Words: 376 - Pages: 2

Learning

...Distance learning |ProQuest - Career Learning Databases | | | | | |...Safari ® Books Online (PDF) Career Learning Databases Divided line Newsletter | Training Career Learning Databases To | |support your institution’s distance learning and campus-based programs... | | | |ProQuest Learning: Literature Colleges Edition | | | | | |...appear only 10 or less other words). Tip: Define the distance between the words yourself. Enter the proximity | |followed...words. Award has to follow orchestra). Tip: Define the distance between the words yourself. Enter the proximity | |followed... ...

Words: 327 - Pages: 2