Later Adulthood Development

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By stubanks3
Words 1147
Pages 5
Samantha Banks | BSHS/325 | March 7, 2016
Samantha Banks | BSHS/325 | March 7, 2016
Later Adulthood Development Later Adulthood Development

Development in Late Adulthood
Late adulthood, or old age, is generally considered to begin around the age of 65. It has been estimated that Americans over 65 will make up 20% of the population by the year 2030. “Despite the problems associated with longevity, studies of people in their 70’s have shown that growing old is not necessarily synonymous with substantial mental or physical deterioration.” (http://www.cliffsnotes.com) Many older people are happy and engaged in a variety of extra-curricular activities which is one theory of successful aging. During late adulthood, changes in one’s role and social positons occurs. New living arrangements and certain accommodations may be necessary. Their need for health care can also rise. In late adulthood, changes in marriage, family and peer relationships is likely to occur.
Changes
In late adulthood there are physical, cognitive and intellectual changes that occur in a person. Physical changes occur throughout one’s lifetime. Physical changes such as physical strength and endurance usually peek during the twenties then decline gradually from there, however in later adulthood many physiological changes may occur. The respiratory and circulatory systems are less efficient. Changes in the gastrointestinal can lead to constipation. Muscles can become weaker, skin can become drier and lose elasticity, bone mass diminishes, and hair becomes thinner. Cognitive changes include an elder’s response speed which is known to decline. Intellectual changes are described in two phases, fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. “Fluid intelligence is the ability to see and use patterns to solve problems. Crystalized intelligence is the ability to use accumulated…...

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