Job, Career, Calling

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Job, Career, Calling

职业、事业、命业
李志文

工作与生活的三个层次
职业: 为活着而工作 事业: 为工作而活着 命业: 为生命而活着

蛮荒社会的制度设计
为了性欲而生育 为了择食而群居 跟禽兽一样的活着

农业社会的制度的设计, 1500BC-1700AD
 土地是生产力的基础  家庭是最优经济组织规模

 土地继承是最佳的道德风险的控制
 养儿防老,失节事大

知天任命的活着

工业社会的制度设计
 最优生产规模远大于家庭  分工与专业化

 社会制度取代家庭制度
 萝卜与棍子的普及化

 寻找工作成为人生目的
如同机器地活着

Knowledge Worker
Peter Drucker Motivated by personal pride as much as by fear and paycheck 知识工作者的兴起让人们 从职业寻觅走向事业的追求

人类精英的恒古追求: 为生命而活着
 亿万年的演化产生一个你  生命是什么?

金钱? 地位? 权势? 二奶?二爷?(古代的妻妾成群)
 生命的意义只能在宗教中找寻?

什么是事业?名利?
 名利的矛盾

役人者,役于人 役物者,役于物
 边际效用递减  物极必反:无限追求的自然淘汰

单纯的名利追求不是均衡策略

单元直线的名利追求
 当国家主席做世界首富  人人做,天下乱,无人成

 单元直线的名利追求是痛苦的泉源
 单元直线的名利追求不是均衡策略
曾国藩的沉隐内敛

多元曲线的事业
 Mother Teresa  我的学生 Robin Yeh  Warren Buffett  施振荣

一些案例

 Schramm,哈佛出身,贫民窟的中学老师

多元曲线的事业规划是追求独创性、 发挥自我的人生:命业

Jonathan Kozol
•Harvard, summa cum laude, •Oxford, Rhodes Scholar •Guggenheim Fellow • Death at Early Age, Savage Inequality •Fired by Boston Public School

Mother Teresa; 1910-1997 founded the Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata (Calcutta), India in 1950 won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979

My Student Robin Yeh
一个出身寒微,找到自我的人

一个明白人:Warren Buffett

不当老板,当伯乐

George Soros 只是一个走运的商人

一个有思想的职业经理人:施振荣

•Smiling Cure •不当老板,宁 做职业经理人 •跳出了农业社 会家族企业的 悲惨漩涡

如何追求事业
 兴趣!兴趣!兴趣!  专注与全心投入

 世上没有完美的伴侣,天下没有至善的

事业  先奉上你的心
当你奉上你的心,你已经有了命业

命业 的追求
 命业在每个人自己心中,不用追,不可

求  每个人都能发挥自己的极限而不会天下 乱、无人成

如何开发你的命业
 认清你自己的个性、能力、兴趣  想通你的生命的意义:不要怕没有饭吃,

先问你有了饭吃后,你怎么过这一生?当你咽 下最后一口气的时候,你最想经历的是什么?
 只能选一件,不能贪心 一动了贪念,你就

没有了命业

牛顿自撰的墓志铭
我不知道世人会怎么看我,但我自己认为, 我不过像一个在海边玩耍的孩子,不时 为能找到一块比平时更光滑晶莹的鹅卵 石,或一枚更美丽可爱的贝壳而欣喜。

这就是命业!

命业不代表世俗的幸福:
丰衣美食,娇妻美妾、健康长寿、高官厚 禄、盛名美誉
 莫扎特:贫病  牛顿:多疑、挫折  孔子:流离失所  耶稣:惨死  孙文:败! 败! 败!

 李子奈:小人物
 那山、那人、那狗;我的父亲母亲:贫



一位贫病的天才: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; 1756-1791
He was…...

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