Submitted By TrusAL
Hydrotherapy /ˌhaɪdrəʊˈθerəpi/ is a part of alternative medicine that involves the use of water for pain relief (облегчение боли) and treatment (лечение).
Various /ˈveəriəs/ therapies used in the present-day hydrotherapy employ water jets, underwater massage and mineral baths /ˈmɪnərəl/ , whirlpool /ˈwɜːlpuːl/ bath, hot Roman bath, hot tub /tʌb/, Jacuzzi /dʒəˈkuːzi/, cold plunge /plʌndʒ/ (холодный душ). Water therapy may be restricted to use in physical therapy, and as a cleansing agent (очищающее средство). However, it is also used as a medium for delivery of heat and cold to the body, which has long been the basis for its application (применение). Hydrotherapy involves a range of methods and techniques /tekˈniːks/, many of which use water as a medium to facilitate (облегчить) thermoregulatory (терморегулятивный) reactions for therapeutic /ˌθerəˈpjuːtɪk/ benefit (терапевтический эффект).
The therapeutic/ˌθerəˈpjuːtɪk/ use of water has a long history. Ruins of an ancient bath were unearthed /ʌnˈɜːθt/ (раскопать) in Pakistan. Bathhouses were an essential part of ancient Roman culture. The use of steam, baths, and aromatic /ˌærəˈmætɪk/ massage to promote well being is documented since the first century.
By the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, bath-houses were extremely popular with the public throughout Europe. Public bathhouses made their first American appearance in the mid 1700s.
In the early nineteenth century, Sebastien Kneipp, a Bavarian priest /priːst/ (священник) and proponent of water healing, began treating his parishioners /pəˈrɪʃənə(r)s/ (прихожане) with cold water applications after he himself was cured of tuberculosis /tjuːˌbɜːkjuˈləʊsɪs through the same methods. Kneipp wrote extensively on the subject, and opened a series of hydrotherapy clinics known as the Kneipp clinics, which are still in operation today. Around the same time in Austria…...