Indian Boarding School

In: English and Literature

Submitted By mebryant
Words 1433
Pages 6
Indian Boarding Schools
Richard Pratt, who was the commander of American Buffalo soldiers, proposed that since the Americans had defeated the Indians and most of them were on the reservation, the best way to assimilate the Indians was to ensure that they acquire the American system of education. Influential whites supported his reasoning. The Carlisle school began in 1879 through the donations of the influential whites (Baker, 104). The main reasons for starting the boarding schools were to eliminate the Indian culture and replace it with mainstream American culture or the civilized American way of life. This was not what Pratt had advocated in his desire to start the schools. He wanted to make the Indians educated to limit their vulnerability to the translators who stole from them when they traded.
The Indians did not embrace this and the government had to force them to send their children to school (Baker, 105). The Indian children had to shave their hair and give up all their traditional clothing; this was the first step towards eliminating the Indian culture. This continued and the kids had to take English names at the expense of their native names and they were required not to even speak their native language. This was the last thing that they were to do but they were also required to abandon their native religion and become Christians (Baker, 105). This went well with their school teachings asserting that their culture was inferior and thus they should adopt the American culture. The Indian students suffered from physical, sexual, and mental abuse. In 1973, some of the schools hosting the Indian children were shut down.
Sitting Bull, who was the leader of the Indians in Teton Sioux adventure in his tribe’s fight with the Americans, suffered defeat after killing Custer who was an American General in the Buffalo war. Indian boarding schools started to portray…...

Similar Documents

Advantages and Disadvantages of Boarding School

...and Disadvantages of Boarding Schools? Boarding school can be a great place to meet new people and to have fun while you're at school, but day school is also a good place to go if you don't like being away from your parents or you have great friends where you are. Both are really great, but boarding school can be really fun and you get really close to the people you meet there. One cannot say that boarding school is better or Day school in comparison, while both are effective in producing good results in terms of academics, extra-curricular, social interactions etc but for some parents it's difficult to give extra-care and time to their child from the drudgery of their routine, and also due to other reasons they send their children to boarding. There are number of benefits in a boarding School. 1) Daily coexistence leads to friendships, not just among students, but also with faculty members. 2) Often Low student-teacher ratio. The median class size may be 12 students per teacher, with a student-to-teacher ratio of 6 to 1. 3) Boarding school reduces compartmentalization, because academic studies are blended with other activities, such as sports. This natural juxtaposition increases the appeal of both pursuits. 4) Provides stability not available in families where one or both parents travel or are virtually never home due to work schedules. 5) Safety of individuals residing in boarding school is typically higher than non boarding school age students in......

Words: 546 - Pages: 3

Essay on Boarding Schools: Advantages and Disadvantages

...Many parents with affordable means prefer their children to join a boarding school to their studying in a day-time government or public school. One of the many reasons given for this preference is that living in a hostel is necessary for discipline, academic excellence and inculcating self-discipline. One other reason is an extremely busy schedule of both the parents which forces them to part with their children, when they are young, and send them to boarding schools. Yet another factor could be the fact that both the parents are employed in different parts of the country. But nobody can deny the fact, and the actual story from the mouth of a boarder can be really moving that the children who are sent to such schools tend to suffer a lot from home­sickness and loneliness, initially. Later on, they get used to the new routine and do quite well. Whatever the gains of a boarding school, the fact is that nothing can substitute parents while the children are growing up. It is really very cruel to send a child of 6 or 7 years of age to a boarding school. After the 6th or 7th grade, a child could be expected to cope with the problem of separation from parents, but before that it is a cruel denial of his due, i.e. care, love and affection of his father, mother and other members of the family. However, it can’t be denied that in a boarding school a child does learn values that he or she might miss at home, such as sharing, better social adjustment, initiative,......

Words: 467 - Pages: 2

Boarding School

...Many parents with affordable means prefer their children to join a boarding school to their studying in a day-time government or public school. One of the many reasons given for this preference is that living in a hostel is necessary for discipline, academic excellence and inculcating self-discipline. One other reason is an extremely busy schedule of both the parents which forces them to part with their children, when they are young, and send them to boarding schools. Yet another factor could be the fact that both the parents are employed in different parts of the country. But nobody can deny the fact, and the actual story from the mouth of a boarder can be really moving that the children who are sent to such schools tend to suffer a lot from home¬sickness and loneliness, initially. Later on, they get used to the new routine and do quite well. Whatever the gains of a boarding school, the fact is that nothing can substitute parents while the children are growing up. It is really very cruel to send a child of 6 or 7 years of age to a boarding school. After the 6th or 7th grade, a child could be expected to cope with the problem of separation from parents, but before that it is a cruel denial of his due, i.e. care, love and affection of his father, mother and other members of the family. However, it can’t be denied that in a boarding school a child does learn values that he or she might miss at home, such as sharing, better social adjustment, initiative, leadership and the......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

The Logical Next Step: Reconciliation Payments for All Indian Residential School Survivors

...Step: Reconciliation Payments for All Indian Residential School Survivors CANADIAN BAR ASSOCIATION February 2005 PREFACE The Canadian Bar Association is a national association representing 38,000 jurists, including lawyers, notaries, law teachers and students across Canada. The Association’s primary objectives include improvement in the law and in the administration of justice. This submission was prepared by the National Aboriginal Law and the National Alternative Dispute Resolution Sections of the Canadian Bar Association, with assistance from the Legislation and Law Reform Directorate at the National Office. The submission has been reviewed by the Legislation and Law Reform Committee and approved as a public statement of the Canadian Bar Association. The Logical Next Step: Reconciliation Payments for All Indian Residential School Survivors Executive Summary At its Annual Meeting in August 2004, the Canadian Bar Association adopted a resolution1 calling for the government to go beyond the existing Indian Residential Schools Dispute Resolution process to provide a base payment to all survivors of Indian Residential Schools. The CBA recognizes the tragic legacy of Indian Residential Schools and the failure of the current options of either litigatio n or the dispute resolution process to resolve the situation. The harms caused by Indian Residential Schools are still profoundly felt by the individual students who attended the schools, as well as their families,......

Words: 17144 - Pages: 69

Indian School of Business Management and Administration.Answer Sheets. Mba.Emba.Dms.Bms.Aravind 9901366442.Doc

...www.mbacasestudyanswers.com www.casestudysolution.in aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND 09901366442 – 09902787224 ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT A) Define Advertising Copy? Please explain various ways of writing print advertising copy with examples? B) Design an AD campaign for a construction engineering company? (Manufacturers of construction product)? C) Write short notes on: 1: Characteristics of the ideal print advertisement 2: AIDA Model 3: Medial planning tools 4: ATL / BTL 5: Ad agency organization structure D) Illustrate positioning statement for: 1: Maruti 2: Nirma washing powder 3: BOSCH 4: Harward business school 5: Apples ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT VENKY’S OF VENKATESHWARA HATCHERIES Questions (A) (a) Comment on the advertising strategy adopted previously and currently. (b) Comment on branding of food products, and their promotion. (c) Can you think of a different creative strategy for a product like chicken? Lip-sticks with permitted colours can also damage the lips since the stainers are tetra-bromo-fluorosine. When rubbed against the palm, darkness of the stain will indicate the quantity of stainer present. Darkening of lip colour also depends upon the bio-chemistry of individual’s lips. Questions (B) (a) The complete product knowledge is given in the above write-up. What do you think should be the copy platform for......

Words: 27243 - Pages: 109

Indian School of Business Management and Administration.Answer Sheets. Mba.Emba.Dms.Bms.Aravind 9901366442.Pdf

...www.mbacasestudyanswers.com www.casestudysolution.in aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND 09901366442 – 09902787224 ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT A) Define Advertising Copy? Please explain various ways of writing print advertising copy with examples? B) Design an AD campaign for a construction engineering company? (Manufacturers of construction product)? C) Write short notes on: 1: Characteristics of the ideal print advertisement 2: AIDA Model 3: Medial planning tools 4: ATL / BTL 5: Ad agency organization structure D) Illustrate positioning statement for: 1: Maruti 2: Nirma washing powder 3: BOSCH 4: Harward business school 5: Apples ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT VENKY’S OF VENKATESHWARA HATCHERIES Questions (A) (a) Comment on the advertising strategy adopted previously and currently. (b) Comment on branding of food products, and their promotion. (c) Can you think of a different creative strategy for a product like chicken? Lip-sticks with permitted colours can also damage the lips since the stainers are tetra-bromofluorosine. When rubbed against the palm, darkness of the stain will indicate the quantity of stainer present. Darkening of lip colour also depends upon the bio-chemistry of individual‘s lips. Questions (B) (a) The complete product knowledge is given in the above write-up. What do you think should be the copy platform for these products? Indicate the theme, the appeal and the buying motives. (b) Indicate a suitable media mix for advertising these products. Give your......

Words: 27294 - Pages: 110

Indian School of Business Management and Administration.Answer Sheets. Mba.Emba.Dms.Bms.Aravind 9901366442.Pdf

...www.mbacasestudyanswers.com www.casestudysolution.in aravind.banakar@gmail.com ARAVIND 09901366442 – 09902787224 ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT A) Define Advertising Copy? Please explain various ways of writing print advertising copy with examples? B) Design an AD campaign for a construction engineering company? (Manufacturers of construction product)? C) Write short notes on: 1: Characteristics of the ideal print advertisement 2: AIDA Model 3: Medial planning tools 4: ATL / BTL 5: Ad agency organization structure D) Illustrate positioning statement for: 1: Maruti 2: Nirma washing powder 3: BOSCH 4: Harward business school 5: Apples ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT VENKY’S OF VENKATESHWARA HATCHERIES Questions (A) (a) Comment on the advertising strategy adopted previously and currently. (b) Comment on branding of food products, and their promotion. (c) Can you think of a different creative strategy for a product like chicken? Lip-sticks with permitted colours can also damage the lips since the stainers are tetra-bromofluorosine. When rubbed against the palm, darkness of the stain will indicate the quantity of stainer present. Darkening of lip colour also depends upon the bio-chemistry of individual‘s lips. Questions (B) (a) The complete product knowledge is given in the above write-up. What do you think should be the copy platform for these products? Indicate the theme, the appeal and the buying motives. (b) Indicate a suitable media mix for advertising these products. Give your reasoning....

Words: 27294 - Pages: 110

Boarding School

...LA INSTITUCIÓN LIBRE DE ENSEÑANZA «( ... ) la Institución Libre, de día en día más próspera y fecunda para bien de todos -aun de sus adversarios-, merced al concurso espontáneo de la sociedad, a quien, después de Dios, todo lo debe, viene hoy a renovar ante ella sus votos, tendiendo con amistosa fraternidad la mano a todas las doctrinas y creencias sinceras, a todos los centros de cultura, a todas las profesiones bienhechoras, a todos los partidos leales, a todos los Gobiernos honrados, a todas las energías de la patria, para la obra común de redimirla y devolverla a su destino. Obra es ésta, señores, que pide clara concepción, labor profunda, ánimo sereno, devoción austera, paciencia inquebrantable. De ese común espíritu imbuidos los diversos órganos de la vida social, aportan a ella todos, cuando permanecen fieles a su vocación, el generoso fruto de su ministerio. Extiende la religión entonces por doquier la santidad de la virtud, la paz, la tolerancia, la concordia, el solidario amor entre los hombres, hijos de un mismo Padre, que cada cual invoca en su distinta lengua; despierta la conciencia de la unidad radical de las cosas, y presta a todas, aun las más humildes, un valor trascendental y supremo y una como participación en lo infinito. El arte de lo bello depura el sentimiento, ordena y disciplina la fantasía, remueve las entrañas y la faz de la Naturaleza, nos abre al inagotable venero de goces sanos, íntimos, varoniles, y desenvuelve en nosotros...

Words: 1089 - Pages: 5

Indian School Days

...Indian School Days The School Days of an Indian Girl is a short story written in 1900 by a Sioux Indian, Zitkala-Sa, also known as Gertrude Simmons Bonnin. This story is auto-biographical, detailing Zitkala-Sa’s experiences in leaving the Yankton Indian Reservation in South Dakota to attend a charity boarding school in Wabash, Indiana. This short story was published in the Atlantic Monthly, a nationally-renown magazine with a large audience, particularly amongst progressives in the intellectual and academic communities. The Atlantic Monthly, although not a political magazine, was known for publishing stories and essays containing controversial ideas or subjects as well as great literary pieces. By 1900 the United States had been largely successful in subduing the Native American tribes. The Native Americans had either been killed, contained on reservations, or had otherwise been forced to assume a ‘civilized’ American lifestyle. Even with their success in eliminating any threat to a ‘civilized’ lifestyle that the Native Americans had posed, whites continued to ostracize them, believing they were an inferior and savage race. The Native Americans who opted to leave the reservations and assimilate with other cultural groups found in American cities suffered extreme discrimination. This discrimination severely limited their social opportunities in terms of education, employment, and lifestyle. Despite the large progressive movements in the United States during this time, the......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

The Boarding House

...In The Boarding House by James Joyce we have the theme of powerlessness, social opinion, paralysis and marriage. Taken from his Dubliners collection the story is narrated in the third person by and unnamed narrator and what is interesting about the story is that the reader is given the point of view of two of the main characters in the story, Mrs Mooney and Bob Doran. Some readers will also notice that Joyce, as he does in a lot of the stories in Dubliners, is using colours (brown and yellow) to symbolise decay and paralysis. Instances of this within the story include Joyce describing what some of the lodgers in Mrs Money’s boarding house have eaten for breakfast. Joyce tells the reader that ‘the table of the breakfast-room was covered with plates on which lay yellow streaks of eggs and morsels of bacon-fat and bacon rind.’ This description is significant as Joyce is symbolizing, through colour the state of paralysis that exists within Mrs Mooney’s boarding house, particularly for Bob Doran. Another instance of Joyce using colour (yellow) to highlight a state of paralysis is the gilt clock that Mrs Mooney looks at when she is waiting for Bob to come and talk to her. The idea or theme of powerlessness is also explored in the story while Bob is in his room thinking about what he has to do. He feels trapped, concerned about what his friends and employers will think about his relationship with Polly and by what the priest has told him he must do. The role of the priest in the......

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

Dnied Boarding

...about—Airline Service Recovery in case of downgrade and denied boarding. Denied Boarding What is denied boarding? According to the aviation industry, the term ‘denied boarding’ or bumping is defined as when a passenger is not allowed to board as a result of airline overbooking even though: • he holds a confirmed reservation for the flight; • he has met the applicable check-in deadline; • he is not travelling free of any charge or at a reduced fare not available directly or indirectly to the public; and • He is not precluded from boarding by reason of application of conditions of carriage or for other reasonable grounds. Types of denied boarding Voluntary denied boarding When an operating air carrier reasonably expects to deny boarding on a flight, it shall first call for volunteers to surrender their reservations in exchange for benefits under conditions to be agreed between the passenger concerned and the operating air carrier. Volunteers shall be offered all possible assistance to enable them to get to their destination as quickly as possible and also naturally compensate in accordance with international aviation regulations. Involuntary denied boarding If an insufficient number of volunteers come forward to allow the remaining passengers with reservations to board the flight, the operating air carrier may then deny boarding to passengers against their will. Reasons for denied boarding In order to maintain a well functioning operation......

Words: 2274 - Pages: 10

Residential School

...Residential School Residential school: (in Canada) a boarding school maintained by the Canadian government for Indian and Inuit children from sparsely populated settlements.  Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture. These objectives were based on the assumption Aboriginal cultures and spiritual beliefs were inferior and unequal. Indeed, some sought, as it was infamously said, “to kill the Indian in the child.” Before the confederation (1867) and until 1910, Churches and the government sought to assimilate the Native peoples. Residential schools became the promote method of assimilation. At one time or another, 144 residential schools existed in Canada. An estimated total of 150, 000(one hundred and fifty thousands) children attended the schools. Imagine five hockey arenas, each setting 30,000. It is said to be a cultural Genocide? How? Evidence/ Quote "When the children came back, they were different, speaking in the wemistikoshiw tongue, talking back to their parents, fighting and hitting one another, crying in the middle of the night for no reason" With the loss of their families and its influences, children that were sent to residential schools resulted in the loss of their First Nations culture and a negative difference in behavior What led to residential school? European......

Words: 1151 - Pages: 5

Kill the Indian, Save the Man

...Kill the Indian, Save the Man By Jane Yu, Spring 2009 Image provided courtesy of Archives and Special Collections, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA Students prepared to march into the academic building at the Carlisle Indian School. O f the various attempts in history that were made to solve the so-called "Indian problem" (relocation and extermination primary among them), an attempt at forced assimilation was made using education in the late 19th century. After the Civil War and Indian wars, most Native Americans were confined to reservations, reduced to a helpless state, and the American government knew little of what to do about the Indians' future status. Historian Francis Parkman once wrote in 1851 that "the aborigine was by nature unchangeable and by fate doomed to extinction." A Civil War veteran named Richard Henry Pratt believed that the Indians could become a contributing part of the population through education. He started the system of Native American boarding schools as an effort to follow through with his advocating efforts of "assimilating the red man through total immersion." Pratt's goal of "assimilation" was to systematically strip away any trace of tribal culture and to train them to become "useful" in American industrial society. "Transfer the savage-born infant to the surroundings of civilization and he will grow to possess a civilized language and habit" he wrote; more succinctly put, "Kill the Indian, Save the Man." His philosophy brought......

Words: 3631 - Pages: 15

Indians

...The Mohawk Indians are a group of Native Americans indigenous to what is now New York, the Mohawks Is one of many of the remaining native tribes in the United States. The Mohawks are a farming culture known for their great battle skills and the organization of their political groups. The tribe gained their name which means “man eaters” from tribal enemies and Europeans . The tribe is a part of the original Iroquois Indian league were they shared the same culture and language. The Mohawks are notable for their longhouse dwellings, excellent craftsmanship, tribal music and storytelling (which is still a vital part of tribal life today). The Mohawk Indians are a group of Native Americans indigenous to what is now New York, the Mohawks Is one of many of the remaining native tribes in the United States. The Mohawks are a farming culture known for their great battle skills and the organization of their political groups. The tribe gained their name which means “man eaters” from tribal enemies. The tribe is a part of the original Iroquois Indian league were they shared the same culture and language. The Mohawks are notable for their longhouse dwellings, excellent craftsmanship, tribal music and storytelling (which is still a vital part of tribal life today). Religion The Mohawk people had their own religion were they worshiped the creator and the belief that all living things had a spirit which they honored and protected , the Mohawk people had......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Indian School Days

...Indian School Days Book Review Justin Delorme Introduction The book, “Indian School Days” is an autobiography of the author Basil Johnston, an Ojibwe native from Wasauksing First Nation, in Ontario. This piece by Author, “Basil Johnston”, gives the reader more and more evidence of the structural lifestyle of the Spanish Indian residential school. From the very beginning his writing style links the reader to never put down the book, it is full of action and true events that took place during his lifetime. The book starts off with Mr. Johnston as a young child of ten years, skipping school with another student, an act that they didn’t think would get them both shipped off to a residential school. But as fortunes and his unfortunate luck would have it, the feared Indian agent showed up to Basils door and took himself, along with his 4 year old sister to St. Peter Clavers School, a boarding school run by Jesuit priests at Spanish, which was close to Sudbury, Ontario. With the fear of police and punishment his mother and grandmother got both children ready and there was nothing nobody could say or do to change the mind of the Indian agent. In the pages that were to follow, Basil creates many portraits of the young Indian boys who struggle to adapt to the harsh and inhumane environment of this institution. By looking at some key examples from the book that Basil Johnston wrote, it will show the reader why this would be a good book to read as his writing style is from his own...

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5