Implementation of Erp

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Implementation of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems in textile companies of Pakistan

The term ERP originally implied systems designed to plan the utilization of enterprise-wide resources. Although the acronym ERP originated in the manufacturing environment, today’s use of the term ERP systems has much broader scope. ERP systems typically attempt to cover all basic functions of an organization, regardless of the organization’s business or charter. Business, non-profit organizations, non governmental organizations, governments, and other large entities utilize ERP systems.
ERP systems aimed to manage efficiently all aspect of enterprise-wide data. Application of ERP systems are not only used in manufacturing industries but also services industries like banks financial institutions, hospitals, airlines etc. In early 1950s, when world manufacturing industry was booming and becoming global, the manual planning was becoming very difficult. Next was the stage of mass customization of products where the variability in manufacturing highly increased and added tremendous burden on planning. It became very difficult to manage and plan the material flow in the production systems. Even the best production planners and managers could not get hold of the management and material aspect of the manufacturing.
Then the Material Requirement Planning (MRP) systems were introduced in 1970s. These are IT systems; combination of software and hardware, used to manage and plan materials in the manufacturing organization. MRP systems efficiently worked out the biggest problems of planning. Industries like automotive, chemical, electronics, telecommunications and textiles greatly benefited with the MRP systems. These MRP systems are customized to the requirements of each particular company.
MRP systems have limitations regarding data integrity across the company. This lead…...

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