I/O Psychology Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By oliver46
Words 795
Pages 4
Industrial Organizational Psychology Paper Edward Oliver, Jr. 435/ Industrial Organizational Psychology May 23, 2012 Dr. Keisha Pou Industrial Organizational Psychology Paper In the 21st century various companies in the United States and internationally have used Industrial Organizational Psychology (I/O) in the workplace. For example, AT&T use extrinsic rewards programs to motivate their sales representative to increase sell volumes at each mobility center. Kaiser Permanente also has extrinsic rewards if the departments in the faculties have a high score in customer service they receive an expenses paid vacation to an exotic island in the Bahamas or Caribbean. In this paper the author will identify the evolution of Industrial/Organizational psychology, the difference of Industrial/Organizational psychology and other disciples of psychology, the use of Industrial/Organizational psychology in companies, and the role of Industrial/Organizational psychology in research and statistics. The evolution of Industrial/Organizational Psychology According to Spector (2008), the evolution of I/O psychology begins in the twentieth century, which started in the late 1800s. The two psychologists responsible for I/O psychology is Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott both of these men were both professors and scientist and the two men began applying psychology theories to organizations. Franks Winslow Taylor an engineer was a major influence in I/O field he studied how to motivate employees to get productivity in the workplace. The theory “Scientific Management” became Taylor’s approach that suggests four principles when dealing with employees. The first principle is…...

Similar Documents

I/O Psychology Worksheet

...Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet The purpose of this assignment is to examine the fundamental concepts of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. Using the textbook, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your responses to each question will vary but overall should be 700- to 1,050-words in length. 1. Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. During World War I the United States and United Kingdom began to implement the industrial/organization (I/O) response to the military’s request with private and government sectors (Spector, 2012). The United States, I/O were more concerned with an employee’s performance and organizational productivity. The United Kingdom directed more energy toward the health and fatigue of employees (Spector, 2012). The I/O continued to rise after the World War I in many areas used in the world today (Spector, 2012). (Spector. 2012) says “I/O psychology is an eclectic field that has borrowed concepts, ideas, techniques, and theories from many other disciplines.” These experiments played a major role in the development of I/O by providing principles and different techniques (Spector, 2012). Much in the twentieth century, professors mentor students, teach college courses, write textbooks, as well as research papers. This practice of I/O allow psychologist to analyze jobs, design employee performance systems and training programs, which......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

I/O Lab Paper

...being “upgraded” to USB ports. USB inputs for these devices allow users the option of using wireless mice and/or keyboards. For obvious reasons this adds a great deal of convenience and takes away some of the clutter that wired keyboards and mice make. It also allows for users to use different types of mice, like the one I use. Not only is it wireless, it has a trackball as opposed to the typical mouse that you have to move around. I control the pointer with my thumb, and can use the mouse on any surface, including my lap. Number 2 is pointing to the Parallel port. Historically the parallel port was used for zip drives, scanners, external modems, sound cards, webcams, gamepads joysticks, external hard drives, and CD-ROM drives. As with many of the other ports, the parallel port is being replaced with the USB port for many of it’s past functions. However, if you still have a parallel printer, they do make a USB-to-parallel adapter. Number 3 is pointing to the serial port. There are quite a few devices that can be plugged in to this input, such as dial up modems, bar code scanners, printers, older digital cameras, networking, serial mouse, and what I would say is the most common use for this input, an LCD or other display units. Just like the PS/2 input, the serial port is quickly being replaced by USB type inputs. Number 4 is pointing to the IEEE port, otherwise known as Firewire. This port is most commonly used to transfer large files such as video from a......

Words: 2919 - Pages: 12

I/O Devices

...To use your personal computer there are some completely necessary I/O devices that you’ll need. First would be a keyboard, this is how you manually put information into your computer. Next would be a way for you to move the pointer on your screen, whether it be a mouse, touchscreen, or mouse pad. In order to either put sound into your computer or get sound back from it you would need both a microphone and speakers. A sound card to get sound out through the speakers. One of the most important devices you would need would be the monitor in order to be able to see what you are doing, without it you can’t interact with the computer. Another rather important device would be the internal hard drive for storage. A network interface card would be important for you to be able to connect to a network. The last device I could think of that would be necessary to use your personal computer would be a Modem that communicates at high speeds with the internet. A modem is considered an I/O device because it sends and receives information with the internet so that you can use it and have it do what you want whether it be downloading something or just clicking on a link. I printer alone is an output device but it could be considered an input device because it may have a scanner or fax combined with it. The scanner would take information on a piece of paper and send it to your computer. Also I would think that you could consider a printer an input device because it has to send its......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Psychology Papers

...Wednesday, April 9, 2014 PSY/460 - WEEK ONE SHORT ANSWER Environmental psychology is likely to be a new field for you, although many of the concepts are probably familiar. Provide your own definition of the discipline. Discuss an important milestone or influence in the development of environmental psychology and provide reasoning as to why you chose this one. Environmental psychology is a branch of psychology that studies how the environment affects individuals, and vice-verse. There is a reciprocal relationship between people and the environment they live in, as they both affect each other. The relationship between nature and the human species has been an object of study for many decades, and understanding this relationship can help individuals learn about the importance of conserving and maintaining the world that supports them (Steg, 2013). The environment provides humans with food, water, air, and all the other necessities individuals need to survive, even if, in a world dominated by technology and progress, it is easy to forget that one way or another, everything we need to survive comes from the earth. Environmental psychology focuses not only on the physical influences humans and environment have on each other, but also in which ways nature affects individuals’ behaviors. One important aspect of this discipline is the belief that people’s behaviors are not determined solely by the environment (Steg, 2013). Most psychologists in this area believe in free......

Words: 19627 - Pages: 79

I/O Devices

...Kyle Poindexter NT1110 Computer Structure and Logic I/O Devices 1/12/15 Mrs. Coleman What critical I/O devices are necessary to use a personal computer? Which ones are not necessary for normal day-to-day use and why? A monitor and a keyboard are the two I/O devices necessary to use a personal computer. The monitor is the most important output device. It allows one to see the information that is being sent out by the computer. You cannot send or receive data to or from a computer without a monitor. The keyboard is the most important input device. It is the primary method used to send information to a computer. Data entry cannot be performed without a keyboard. The keyboard can even be used to navigate the desktop if a mouse is not connected. A mouse, game controller, printer, and modem are devices not necessary for day-to-day use of a PC. You cannot connect to the internet without a modem. Having a mouse makes using a computer more efficient. Day-to-day use can still be achieved even without a mouse, game controller, printer and a modem. Why is a modem considered an I/O device? A modem is a device connected to a personal computer and other computers via a network through a telephone or cable line. I sends and receives information to and from servers connected to the network simultaneously. This makes a modem both an input and output device. Why may a printer be classified as an input device? The printer is essentially an output device. The......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

I/O Devices

...adapter to accommodate connections with hard disks (mass storage) and other peripheral devices. The need is for the user to be able to interact with external and/or internal devices by sending and receiving data and commanding functions. Task 4: Identify the Color Codes Procedure Most recent systems and sound cards use the PC 99 color coding list. Fill in the table Color | Description | Pink | Analog Line Microphone Audio Input | Light Blue | Analog Line Level Audio Input | Lime Green | Analog Line Level for Audio Output for the Main Stereo Signal | Brown | Right-to-Left Speaker | Orange | Audio Level Line Output for Center Speaker for Subwoofer. | Task 5: Identify the Following 15-pin VGA Male 15-pin VGA Female DVI-I Dual Link Port Female DVI-D Single Link Connector Male DVI-D Dual Link Male Connector HDMI Male Connector PS/2 Mouse/Keyboard 15-pin VGA Port Female PS/2 Mouse/Keyboard HDMI Female Port DVI-D Dual Link Female Port...

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

I/O Devices

...I/O Devices NT1110 Assignment 2.1 I/O DevicesKevin Normandy 4/6/15 I/O Devices NT1110 Assignment 2.1 I/O Devices Kevin Normandy 4/6/15 The Critical I/O devices necessary to use a personal computer consist of many items from keyboards, mice, writing tablets, and game pads, to monitors, printers, and speakers and the computer would be unusable without these I/O devices. (Team, 2011) On a desktop without the keyboard there would be no commands or keystrokes. You would not be able to see and use any UI without your monitor. Now in some cases a mouse is an absolute necessity but most commands and tasks can be utilized just by using the keyboard. When it comes to sound and printing, these are not as critical to use the personal PC but without them your experience is without sound and you cannot print any documents for offline viewing. Modems are considered an I/O device because data packets are continually being transferred in and out through its interface, connecting your home computer and or network to your ISP or Internet Service Provider. Now even though you might just think the data as a one way street flowing in from your ISP there has to be data passing back as to what your PC is requesting while you search, update, etc. Printers also might be on that list as to why it is considered an I/O device and essentially it has the ability needs to pass back information for specific processes to complete. Whether it is scanning in a document or......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

I/O Devices

...------------------------------------------------- I/O Devices NT1110 February 11, 2015 jOhn Smith Iklhlas Abdulsaid February 11, 2015 jOhn Smith Iklhlas Abdulsaid Critical I/O devices for a computer to operate include monitor, mouse, and keyboard. You need these in order for your computer to fully function and operate smoothly. Your I/O devices that are accessories and not needed for your computer to function are the printer, modem, touchscreens, digital scanners, graphics tablets and joysticks/controllers. The reason being that these are accessories for your computer and not needed to make the computer function. You can have these connected to your computer for use in your work or leisure time. The modem is considered an I/O device because it can modulate and demodulate a signal. And it can convert a digital signal to analog signal and vice versa. These devices are also becoming outdated as broadband connections are replacing dial-up. The printer is an I/O device as it receives data and prints it off onto paper. So it essentially is inputting data and outputting the data onto paper. I also think it isn’t necessarily a and essential device anymore due to the fact that companies and education systems are converting the need for assignments and notes to be printed off anymore as we use email and online classes to conduct business and share information. It’s a faster way to deliver data to your boss or teacher or to share information between coworkers and......

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

I/O Psycholgy

...observed in our reading, I think that the main discomfort that Juan felt was that he felt lied to when he was hired. When he was in for his interview, he was told that he would get off Fridays and Saturdays, and he would be making $20 per hour. In actuality, he was working on those Fridays and Saturdays and only making about $9 per hour. The expectations that he had may have gave him a false belief of what he was actually getting into. If a supervisor is hiring, they are going to use whatever tactics they can to try and lure an applicant in to take the job. If he or she tells the applicant, you will get paid $9 per hour to work crappy hours, it will be very hard to get hard working people in that job because they will want to go and get a job that appeals to their personal needs. That supervisor then will hire people who are desperate and most-likely have very little work experience. I do not feel that all the blame should be placed on the fact that the supervisor did mislead Juan however, as I know very well having a part-time job and going to school full time is a very difficult thing to do. Students have tremendous pressure on themselves to succeed in college, and that pressure alone is sometimes overwhelming. When you have to add a job into that mix, a life filled with stress is a daily occurrence. Juan not understanding that the pressure that would come with that is something that everyone just has to learn. There have been several times that the pressures I have felt......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Short Answer I/O

...Most computer now days that you would get at the store come with just about everything you need to operate your computer for day to day use. Some of those key I/O devices are a keyboard, so you can enter things such as text lettering into browser bars for web searching. Another is a mouse, which is used to select files or applications that you want run. Another key one is a monitor, without that you couldn’t use either one of the previous stated I/O devices because you couldn’t see what you were doing. The last one might be speakers, not all come with them, but without them you wouldn’t be able to hear any sound playing or hear any kind of voice in videos. Some I/O devices that are not necessary, or that are not considered day to day uses might be. A printer, I know I have a printer and I do not need it all the time, it could be days if not weeks till I use it. Another may be a fax machine. I’m sure most homes don’t have them, unless you’re running some kind of business, but using it for day to day use is unlikely. Another might be a web cam, most people will use their cell phone to do a video call, or again if you were a big business I could see where you would need one. But for the average American I wouldn’t see the need for one. A modem is considered an I/O device because it would be your main source for data transfer. It’s how people communicate worldwide via e-mail, picture mail, paying bills the list goes on. Without a modem you couldn’t connect to the internet. A......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Profession and I O M

...The Impact and Future on Nursing In this paper I will discuss the goals of the 2010 Institute of Medicine (IOM) published report and its impact on nursing education, nursing practice specifically in primary care and the impact on the nurse as a role of leadership. In my conclusion, I will provide on a personal level what modifications I will make in my nursing practice to meet the IOM report goals. Within the paper I will explore how the impact of the 2010 IOM published report titled “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health” has on the three topic points stated above. The IOM published report was set forth by the IOM’s Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing committee group whose purpose is “producing a report that would make recommendations for an action oriented blueprint for the future of nursing” (IOM, 2010, p. 2). The basis of the IOM report is to provide proposed changes with the newly implemented Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 to the very complex United States healthcare system and how the future nurse’s role should evolve with education, practice and leadership. The IOM recommends that “Nurses should achieve higher levels of education and training through an improved education system that promotes seamless academic progression” (IOM, 2010, p. 163). Today’s healthcare needs are expanding, diverse and ever changing. Nurses play a large role in providing care but cannot do so effectively if they are not being educated...

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Latest Trends on I/O Device

...NT1110: LATEST TRENDS ON INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICE MODULE 2 Input/output is generally known as I/O in the IT field. Input/output device is the communication between an information system and another. Input serves as sending data into the computer’s CPU, while output devices send data outwards to the users. It provides man to machine communication. Some input devices could be highlighted as follows: * Keyboard: Originated from typewriter. Keyboard is the most common and very popular input device which helps in inputting data to the computer. It serves as the gateway of control for the computer and also allow the user to manipulate and dictate tasks---ranging from surfing the Internet to writing documents. Keyboard also allows to input letters, numbers, and other symbols into a computer that often function as commands. The layout of the keyboard is like that of traditional typewriter, although there are some additional keys provided for performing additional functions. There are two types of keyboard, which are the QWERTY and Dvora layouts. Keyboards are also of two sizes 84 keys or 101/102 keys, but now keyboards with 104 keys or 108 keys are also available for Windows and Internet. Keyboard is used in the input phase of a computer-based information system. * Mouse: Mouse is most popular pointing device. It is a very famous cursor-control device having a small palm size box......

Words: 1650 - Pages: 7

I/O Psychology Paper

...Industrial/Organizational Psychology Pamela Groves PSY/435 January 7, 2012 Frank Del Grosso Jr. Industrial/Organizational Psychology The paper will examine the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology, and how industrial/organizational psychology is different from other disciplines in psychology. Industrial/organization psychology can be used in organizations and it focuses on the employees performance and how to make it better. The report will include the role of research and statistics in I/O psychology. The evolution of I/O psychology started in the twentieth century. Industrial and organizational psychology states; “I/O psychology is a twentieth century invention, with roots in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It has existed almost from the beginning of the psychology field.” Experimental psychologists were interested in applying I/O work to organizations. The problems that were associated with I/O were job performance and efficiency in the work place. Hugo M’unsterburg and Water Dill Scott were the two psychologists that were the founders of the field (Spector, 2008). The first text book about I/O psychology was published in 1913 (Spector, 2008). I/O psychologists focus on more of the way tasks are done on a job, and give certain types of test to each person to find out which person is better for the job. I/O psychologist seems to be interested in picking what tasks can be improved on the job. There was a group of Psychologist who help......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

I/O Psychology

...Industrial Organization Psychology By: Christy Whitworth PSY/ 435 May 28, 2012 Frank Del Grosso Jr. Industrial Organizational Psychology Industrial/Organizational psychology (I/O) psychology is a branch of psychology of which places focus upon workplace behaviors, ways upon which an employer can retrain happy employees, motivated employees and increase employee productivity. A more accurate definition would include that I/O psychology applies to time proven methods that organizations place value and have true concerns upon the work place environment, dealing with anyone who has ever been employed, held a held a job for a significant period of time, or career (Spector, 2008). Describe the Evolution of the Field of I/O Psychology According to McMillan, Stevens, and Kelloway (2009), “Almost every account of the development of Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) psychology in the United States emphasizes the formative influence of the military and military requirements particularly during the World Wars it is cited as the catalyst that brought I/O psychology out of the closet of academia.” (pg. 283) The history of I/O psychology has two individuals credited with the start of the field, Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott. Both Munsterberg and Scott were experimental psychologist, and university professors whom became involved with the application of psychology to problems within organizations (Spector, 2008). By Spector’s account I/O psychology is a twentieth......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Industrial and Organizational Psychology Paper

...Industrial and Organizational Psychology Paper Janeen Tipton PSY/435 September 3, 2012 Saakshi Malik Industrial and Organizational Psychology Paper In the realm of science there are many fields of psychology; clinical, abnormal, child development and industrial psychology. Out of those, industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology not only deals with the individual, but also the organizations that such individuals may be employed at. It is theorized that the early development began in 1885 but to better understand the development one must have a clear view of what an I/O psychologists is and what their main objectives are as well as how research and statistics play a crucial role. Industrial and Organizational Psychology Industrial and Organizational psychology (I/O) psychology is the study of organizations and how scientifically-based solutions to human problems in the work place (American Psychological Association, 2012, p.1. para. 1). Such areas that I/O psychologists would have knowledge due to some form of training done at the doctorial level are: • Assessment methods • Job Analysis • Career Development • Job Evaluation, Performance, and Work Motivation • Business Skills (American Psychological Association, 2012, p. 1) There are services that an I/O will and can provide to the company/organization for which one is employed. These services include aiding with the hiring process by......

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6