Premium Essay

Home Reading Support and Reading Comprehension

In: Other Topics

Submitted By letsirc
Words 6772
Pages 28

An Undergraduate Thesis Proposal
Presented to the Faculty
Mindanao State University
Maigo School of Arts and Trades
Maigo, Lanao del Norte

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course
ED 198
(Methods of Research)

Marjune C. Carballo
Cristel B. Roa

Chapter 1

Background of the Study
It was said that homes serve as learning foundation before attending to formal schooling, it is where child first acquires knowledge, skills and moral values.


interaction between parents and child at home can have a significant impact on a child’s literacy development. By engaging with books, songs and rhymes at home,


and carers can support their child’s learning. Parents’ involvement greater











specific area that parents are expected to support for their children’s education is on reading.
According to Santiago (2003) reading is the mother of all skills. Reading is one important aspect because competence in reading can open the door to a world-wide store of knowledge. Reading is a continuously developing ability which emerges from a child experience with oral language and print (Hirsch, 2006). It was described by
Judith and Roberts (2008) that reading is meaning-giving


meaning-getting process, it begins and ends with

comprehension of the printed page. For Sternberg (2006) and his


meaning. him/her reading






If a learner is unable to read, it often leads to dropping







his/her right to enjoy full human and social…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Gen/ Reading Comprehension

...Reading Comprehension Alexis Garrett GEN/105 Marilyn Hofer The main point of the reading material is how to turn a presentation from nap time to a presentation that people actually want to listen to. It covers eight points that will help turn your presentation from boring to interesting. The eight points are dig deep, avoid information overload, practice delivery, forget comedy, pick powerful props, minimize you, speak the language, simple slides. Using these steps properly can help you succeed in a proper presentation. Zahorsky, ). Covering each section; Dig Deep: in other words don’t drop all the normal boring facts on a slide and call your work done. Look deeper and find some more interesting facts that are not so common to be unexpected. Avoid Information Overload: this step includes taking out any irrevelvent information. This means all text that does not to be there as well as all pictures that do not pertain to the subject that is being discussed. Practice Delivery: To gain confidence and remove all nervous tics while presenting practice is the key. Practicing the delivery will also help with removing any pauses in the speech. Forget Comedy: This does not mean that no one can laugh, just don’t overdo it. This is not a standup comedy show. This is a business presentation. Pick Powerful Props: Props do not need to be over the top they can be simple and still get a point across. Minimize You: do not make this a story about what you can do or......

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effects of Music on Reading Comprehension

...Running Head: THE EFFECTS OF MUSIC ON READING COMPREHENSION The Effects of Classical and Contemporary Music on Reading Comprehension of College Students Louis Sandro Y. Aboga Bakhita Mae Alexie N. Llames Aquinas University of Legazpi The Effects of Classical and Contemporary Music on Reading Comprehension of College Students Music is more pervasive now than at any other point in history, functioning not only as a pleasurable art form, but also serving many important psychological functions (MacDonald, Hargreaves and Miell, 2002) and influencing cognitive functioning (Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky 1993) Music and Reading Comprehension Etaugh and Ptasnik (1982) found that individuals who rarely studied with background music showed better comprehension when they learned in silence, while those who frequently studied with music performed better in the presence of music. Hall (1952), exploring the possible uses of music in schools, found that performance on reading comprehension tests was significantly improved when background music was playing; 58% of the 245 8th and 9th graders taking part in the study, showed an increase in scores a reading test. Physiological Aspect on Music and Memory Numerous previous studies have tested to determine if the above conditions do in fact play an integral role in being a catalyst or antagonist to understanding complex literature. First the topic will be addressed from a biological perspective: processing......

Words: 4520 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Reading Comprehension

...CAT Reading Comprehension CAT Study Materials Reading Comprehension Sample Questions Directions: Each reading passage in this section is followed by questions based on the content of the reading passage. Read the passage carefully and chose the best answer to each question. The questions are to be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. 1. But man is not destined to vanish. He can be killed, but he cannot be destroyed, because his soul is deathless and his spirit is irrepressible. Therefore, though the situation seems dark in the context of the confrontation between the superpowers, the silver lining is provided by amazing phenomenon that the very nations which have spent incalculable resources and energy for the production of deadly weapons are desperately trying to find out how they might never be used. They threaten each other, intimidate each other and go to the brink, but before the total hour arrives they withdraw from the brink. 2. 1. The main point from the author's view is that A. Man's soul and spirit can not be destroyed by superpowers. B. Man's destiny is not fully clear or visible. C. Man's soul and spirit are immortal. D. Man's safety is assured by the delicate balance of power in E. terms of nuclear weapons. Human society will survive despite the serious threat of total annihilation. Ans : E 2. The phrase 'Go to the brink' in the passage means A. Retreating from extreme danger. B. Declare war on each other. C.......

Words: 13393 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...Common Factors that affect the reading comprehension and abilities INTRODUCTION Reading comprehension is a learned skill that is dependent upon several factors. While there are certain factors that significantly aid reading comprehension, there are also factors that affect reading comprehension. Not every child or adult will glean the same amount out of a given text, for several underlying reasons. Aside from a learning disability, there are some more common factors that affect reading comprehension, such as focused attention span, experience, vocabulary level, and ability to make connections. A learning disability (such as Dyslexia) will severely hamper your ability to comprehend that which you read, but if there is not a disability present, the next major factor contributing to reading comprehension is focused attention span. A short attention span will severely cramp your ability to understand what you are reading. As you read, if you are not able to follow along with each word, you will eventually drift off topic and interest will not have been sustained. Reading requires focused attention, and you have to be able to make sense of each word and sentence. Written works typically follow a progression, and if you are not attending to it while reading, it will become easy to succumb to distractions. This is a major factor that affects reading comprehension. Experiences are another factor that greatly impact reading comprehension. If you have many life experiences that you...

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Reading Comprehension

...existed in current conditions. Respondents of the Study The respondents of this study were the 42 students of fourth year, Section V, of Manuel A. Roxas High School. The 42 students were interviewed and undergone tests to successfully determine the result of the study. Research Instruments The researcher formulated reading comprehension test that was utilized as a survey instrument. The test contains 45 questions based on the three short selections they have read. Procedure After acquiring the necessary permits to conduct the test regarding reading comprehension, it was administered by the researcher himself to the students and collected the answer sheets after completion. Then all data collected were used for interpretation. Statistical Treatment Data analysis was done using the statistical treatment. Rating scale, frequency, and percentage were used to identify the students status in reading comprehension. Chapter III: Presentation, Analysis, Interpretation of Data This chapter presents the results and interpretation from the data gathered in answer to the research problem postulated. Table 1 Performance of the Respondents in Reading Comprehension |Class Limits |Frequency |Percentage | |95-96 |2 |4-76% | |91-94 |4 ...

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Factors That Affecting Reading Comprehension

...engaged in a novel, pouring over a newspaper or a just looking at a sign, reading skills allow you to interpret and become engaged in the world around you. According to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, “Reading is the single most important skill necessary for a happy, productive and successful life.” But developing those skills takes active engagement from an early age and of course it is also dependent upon several factors that might affect one’s reading achievements so it is important for us be knowledgeable about those things because awareness is the best way to become more responsible in everything or even for anyone around us. So speaking of “Reading is the single most important skill necessary for a happy, productive and successful life.” we need to first find out thus factors that might affect or hinder one’s reading achievements in order for us to achieve a happy, productive & happy life not just for ourselves but also for the people around us and for our nation. Definition Of Terms Body What is the benefit of reading without comprehension? Below are factors that affects reading achievements which we must consider when seeking to improve one’s comprehension skill. Environmental - Children's' home life and parental involvement will affect their academic ability. Students who come from low socio-economic backgrounds may struggle with reading comprehension for several reasons. Their parent(s) may not be good readers......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...Reading Comprehension 8 1. Why is it important for an organization to have effective communication? Communication is an asset in making sure that what you want is being passed on correctly to lower employees as well as confirming any information to those above you. It’s also an easy way in keeping up with what, where, and how your staff is doing. 2. Discuss the pros and cons of the grapevine. The grapevine is a useful tool in keeping an informal eye on what may be going on but information may not be totally accurate so you cannot depend on any information that you obtain from it. 3. How can supervisors develop high levels of credibility among their employees? By not only talking or writing but also acting on what it is that they are needing performed. 4. If you are unable to complete a project on schedule, is it preferable to inform your boss about it immediately or to wait until it is done and then provide a detailed explanation? It is best to inform your boss as soon as you realize the project will be behind schedule. You want to avoid any unnecessary negative “surprises.” 5. With all this emphasis on communication, isn’t there a danger of overcommunicating? Is it ever possible to overcommunicate? Yes there is a risk to overcommunicating, these risks can occur among multiple managers repeating the same information over and over again. This can cause employees to no longer have interest, respect, or effort to perform the......

Words: 502 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...I. Introduction Reading comprehension is the ability to read text, process it and understand its meaning. An individual's ability to comprehend text is influenced by their traits and skills, one of which is the ability to make inferences. If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read. There are a number of approaches to improve reading comprehension, including improving one's vocabulary and reading strategies (en. It is defined as the level of understanding of a text/message. This understanding comes from the interaction between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the text/message. Comprehension is a "creative, multifaceted process" dependent upon four language skills: phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Proficient reading depends on the ability to recognize words quickly and effortlessly. It is also determined by an individual's cognitive development, which is "the construction of thought processes". Some people learn through education or instruction and others through direct experiences. There are specific traits that determine how successful an individual will comprehend text, including prior knowledge about the subject, well developed language, and the ability to make inferences. Having the skill to monitor comprehension is a factor: "Why is this important?" and "Do I need to read the......

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...COMPREHENSION DE L’ECRIT TEXT 1 1. The text is a warning about the place that Facebook and virtual life is taking in our Lives. 2. The adverb ‘’increasingly’’ means that more and more people are opting for this country, their number is increasing. 3. The journalist is comparing Facebook to a new virtual and perfect life, where we can take up with old friends and hear from them, and also only see the good and great side of life. 4. Today people introduce themselves saying: ‘’so, are you on Facebook?’’ (l.5-6) 5. The three elements in the text which explain why Facebook is so popular are the fact that Facebook became a very good ice breaker. He also makes re encounters with old and lost friends possible and easier. Finally he drives us trough a new ‘’wonderful’’ world, a perfect world. 6. In the sentence "Hey, it is real life, lady!’’, the word ‘’it’’ refers to Facebook. 7. The journalist is afraid that Facebook and social networks take precedence over our real lives, and become our only life. 8. According to the journalist Mr Zuckerberg should give to Facebook the warning: ‘’Not to be taken as an alternative to life – imperfections, disappointments, ugliness, and all’’. This means that Mark Zuckerberg should be warning Facebook users about the dangers of addiction to this social network, and showing them that it will never replace real life. TEXT 2 9. The text is about the dangers of the excessive use of Facebook and the sharing of all personal info and media on...

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...participative-is least likely to be effective with a relatively incompetent and uncommitted individual? Why? A: The participative leadership would be least effective because participation is a powerful approach for creating highly engaged employees who are deeply involved and passionately committed to the organization. 10. Explain why it is important for supervisor to manage upward (using follwership skills) as well as downward (applying leadership skills). A: to be promoted in your organization, you may need to develop a reputation not only as an effective leader of your current work unit, but also as a loyal supporter of your boss. Good leaders recognize their role as followers, and engage in a variety of behaviors that provide support to their own manager. These supervisors also attempt to fulfill their superleader role by helping their employees learn and practice self-leadership skills....

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Factors That Affects Reading Comprehension

...categorized as reader and text factors (National Reading Panel, 2000). Reader factors include the background knowledge that readers bring to the reading process as well as the strategies they use while reading and their motivation and engagement during reading. Text factors include the author’s ideas, the words the author uses to express those ideas, and how the ideas are organized and presented. Both reader factors and text factors affect comprehension. This table presents an overview of the two comprehension factors. Type Factor Role in Comprehension Reader Background Knowledge Students activate their world and literary knowledge to link what they know to what they're reading. Vocabulary Students recognize the meaning of familiar words and apply word-learning strategies to understand what they’re reading. Fluency Students have adequate cognitive resources available to understand what they’re reading when they read fluently. Comprehension Strategies Students actively direct their reading, monitor their understanding, and troubleshoot problems when they occur. Comprehension Skills Students automatically note details that support main ideas, sequence ideas, and use other skills. Motivation Motivated students are more engaged in reading, more confident, and more likely to comprehend successfully. Text Genres Genres have unique characteristics, and students’ knowledge of them provides a scaffold for comprehension. Text Structures Students recognize the......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...UTILIZATION OF CHUNKING AND BASAL READING APPROACHES IN DEVELOPING PUPILS’ READING COMPREHENSION Research Proponent : DR. HENRY T. LEGASTE, M.O.S. School : Esperanza Central School Position : Teacher III Division : Sultan Kudarat Region : XII Abstract This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Chunking and Basal Reading Approaches in developing the reading comprehension among Grade IV Pupils at Esperanza District I, Division of Sultan Kudarat school year 2014-2015. The quantitative and qualitative research design was employed in the study. The experimental method was utilized for quantitative analysis; on the other hand, structured interview method was utilized in qualitative approach. This study employed the quantitative and qualitative research design to determine the effectiveness of Chunking and Basal Reading Approaches in developing the reading comprehension among Grade IV Pupils. The participants of the study were one hundred (100) Grade four pupils officially enrolled at Esperanza District I for the school year 2014-2015. The instrument used was the standardized reading test of the Philippine Informal Reading Inventory passages for Grade Four pupils. Approved letters from the District Supervisor and School Heads for permission to conduct the study was secured. The descriptive statistical tools employed were the mean and standard deviation. The inferential statistics used was T-test with level of significance set at......

Words: 3032 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Reading Comprehension

...The National Reading Panel, convened on behalf of Congress in 1997 to assess the effectiveness of various approaches to teaching children to read, suggests in a 58-page teacher's guide intitled "Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read" that students' reading comprehension can be greatly improved by intructing them to use specific strategies that will actively increase their ability to understand and retain what they read. The true reason for reading any text is comprehension. Just as vocabulary can be taught, the ability to thouroughly understand what one reads can be taught. While there are several strategies that may be used to improve a students reading comprehension, there are six which have the most solid scientific support. These six strategies are monitoring comprehension, using graphic or sementic organizers, presenting students with questions which they must answer, instructing students to come up with their own questions, teaching students to recognize story structure, and developing effective ways to summarize long bodies of text. Students can and should be taught to monitor their own comprehension of text. Students who are effective at monitoring their understanding of what they read are able to identify what they do and do not understand and are much more able to use appropriate strategies to resolve problems in comprehension. Specific strategies which students may use when applying comprehension monitoring include......

Words: 889 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Module 6 Reading Comprehension

...Running head: READING COMPREHENSION STRATIEGES Reading Comprehension Strategies Kimberly A. Rossetti Grand Canyon University EED 470 – Curriculum, Methods, and Assessment: Literacy and Language Arts K-3 March 14, 2012 Reading Comprehension Strategies Studies reveal that teaching and instruction utilizing illustrative or visual organizers and templates that are representational, portray associations or connections among concepts. Presenting such graphic matrices as an introduction primes students to commence their learning processes toward a forthcoming educator instruction or assignment (Jitendra & Gajria, 2011). The following will review various graphic organizers, charts, and matrices that can be implemented for further development of reading comprehension. In addition, a summary will follow the illustrative pictorial of lesson introduction that provides an explanation regarding the implementation or utilization considering that particular comprehension example of focus. Beginning / Middle / End Beginning / Middle / End Summary: Using the Hamburger Model diagram will assist students to beef up their writing skills and promote or increase their focus on details while reading. The paragraph hamburger is a composing or authoring tool that will assist young writers to pictorially summarize important or main elements of a passage. Main focus, narrative or describing text, and concluding sentence are the central components or portions of a......

Words: 2832 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Reading and Comprehension

...section headings you could quickly navigate to it instead of reading the article in its entirety. • What questions did you ask yourself as you were reading? The questions I asked myself are, how could this help me in the future, would I have to worry about this later on with my job role, how could I use these formats for while I am in school. • How can you change your note taking skills for the future? By getting more involved in the readings and taking note at parts that may seem important to you or a part that you may not understand. This could help in taking notes not just for reading but for the classroom setting also. Your comprehension of what you are reading will make it better for you to understand what is being said and also for the classroom, what your instructor is lecturing, you should be able to piece out what is said and take notes on it. • What would you do to retain this information for later use? Reread the article to see if I missed anything in the first read through, take notes on key spots in the article that felt important to me that I will need to know. If I need a refresher on the article, skim through it, the section headings, and the first few sentences in each paragraph to get familiar with it again. • How might the SQ3R method help you improve your reading comprehension and retention skills? SQ3R methods are very helpful in the comprehension and retention of reading materials. Each step is used to help you retain what you......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3