History of Indonesia

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The History of Indonesia

Brittany McGhaney
SOCI 200-D09
Mr. Robert Clark
December 12, 2011

The History of Indonesia
Indonesia is a chain of islands located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, with over 180 million people and 300 different ethnicities. Majority of the population are Malay or Polynesian. The minorities include China, India, Arabia, and Persia. Also included are European colonial powers such as Portugal, Holland, Spain, and England. The nation is largest Muslim country in the world. However, it does have other religions such as Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Although, Indonesia is one of many least industrializing nations, they are huge exporting partners with Japan and they get most of their goods imported from Singapore. Just like every other country, they have their own special holidays that they get together with family and friends and celebrate. Indonesia’s dress, customs, and beliefs all vary with the different cultures throughout the islands.

The History of Indonesia
There are about 200 nations all around the world, each of them having similarities and differences (Henslin, p 246-247). Each country has their customs, beliefs, traditions, foods, holidays, etc. Some are richer than others are, whether it is in monetary ways or having oil. The countries that are thought of as less fortunate are typically called third-world countries. Indonesia can fit into the category of a third-world country.

History, Culture, Lifestyle (Roles of the family)
Indonesia is chains of islands located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeastern Asia. In the seventh century, Buddhist Srivijaya was in Sumatra, while Hindu Mataram was in Java. The arrival of the Portuguese was the first sign of Europeans in Indonesia during the sixteenth century. They broke all Islamic holds and turned it into the Dutch East…...

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Indonesia History

...Indonesia: Searching For The Ratu Adil In the 1966 Italian film ‘The Battle of Algeries, the insurgent leader Ben M'Hidi is having a conversation with one of his foot soldiers named Ali. During this scene Ben M’Hidi makes an observation that was true of many nationalist movements for self-determination during the 20th century by stating “It's hard to start a revolution. Even harder to continue it, and hardest of all to win it. But, it's only afterwards, when we have won, that the true difficulties begin. In short, Ali, there's still much to do. “ (Pontecorvo, 1966). Ben M’hidi’s words have rung true of a great many of the national revolutions as the world moved from an imperial world order to one of sovern nation states. The Indonesian archipelago has a history of civilization going back as far as the 7th century CE, but not a united one. The diversity of the region is exemplified in its current national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (Unity in Diversity). However, prior to the 20th century this unity was largely nonexistent, and instead consisted of rival kingdoms and sultanates, vying for power with each other and technologically and socially backwards in relation to the Imperial powers which were becoming aware of the potential the region could serve to those who controlled its trade routes and resources. In the 17th century CE, Dutch traders realized the potential of East Indies trade, and set forward in consolidating power over the region. To gain control over......

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...Indonesia is a unique country that consists of many ethnics with their manner and customs respectively. Nevertheless, the foundation of Indonesia is “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” which means even we are different but we are still together. They also have several unique ways to solve their problem in an environment. The unique ways are musyawarah and gotong-royong. Musyawarah is the way of people in an environment to solve the problem in term of to make new role and to make a decision. This way usually is used in small environment such as RT (rukun tetangga). In musyawarah, all people are in the same level and they can give any comment or opinion. Usually, vote is the way to decide which action as the best option. They solving the problem to discuss it until mufakat (deal with a decision and no one harm of the decision). In the fact, some companies in Indonesia are using musyawarah to solve their own problem. Another action that very describing Indonesian is gotong-royong. Gotong-royong is the activity that does together in order to reach a goal or a team work. Usually, they do this stuff when they are cleaning their environment in small area. In several small towns, they do gotong-royong to make a new house of people. Maybe, some people think if gotong-royong does voluntarily, but honestly it is not true, they do it because they think if they help people now, when they need a help they can get it too. In a nutshell, musyawarah and gotong-royong is unique way of Indonesian......

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