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History Isp 2015

In: People

Submitted By jmorgs
Words 2842
Pages 12
Julia A. R. Morgan
History CHC 2D, Period 2
Mr. R. Tait
By
Julia A. R. Morgan
History CHC 2D, Period 2
Mr. R. Tait
By
THE ART’S IN CANADA: Through the Years.
THE ART’S IN CANADA: Through the Years.

Table OF Contents: * (Pg. 2-3) WWI: 1914 – 1918 * Pg. 2; John McCrae * Pg. 3; Tom Thomson * (Pg. 4-5) 1920’s – 1930’s Canadian Art * Pg. 4; The Group of Seven * Pg. 5; Emily Carr * (Pg. 6) WWII: 1939 – 1945 * Molly Lamb Bobak * (Pg. 7) Post-War Canadian Art: 1945 – 1969; * The Painters Eleven * (Pg. 8-10) Modern Canadian Art: 1970’s – Current Day; * (Pg. 8) Alex Colville * (Pg. 9) Robert Bateman * (Pg. 10) Joy Kogawa * (Pg. 11) Thesis Statement Conclusion * (Pg. 12) Bibliography * (Pg. 13) Citations (Notes)
A Little Introduction note from your student: http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/res5e_ch10_s1-0007.html The above is the Website I used to help me a little bit with understanding Citations. (I attempted utilizing Chicago Style.)
Some of the paragraphs in my report have been reworded and rephrased to my satisfaction, and others have not. These are the ones with Citation.
Please enjoy; this is something I am extremely proud of: I LOVE ART!

CANADIAN ART DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR: John McCrae
Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae MD, Born the 30th of November, 1872 in Guelph Ontario, was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during WWI, and a surgeon during the Second Battle of Ypres, in Belgium. McCrae is best known for his world renounced poem, In Flanders Fields, which he supposedly began to draft for on the evening of the May 2nd, 1915, in the second week of fighting during the Second Battle of Ypres. During 1915 John McCrae sent this poem to The Spectator magazine. It was not published and was returned to him. It was, however, published in Punch magazine on December 8th, 1915. He later published it himself again, in 1917.
It is believed that the death of his friend, Alexis Helmer, was the inspiration for McCrae's poem ‘In Flanders Fields’. The exact details of when the first draft was written may never be known because there are various accounts by those who were with McCrae at that time.
Besides many choral arrangements of his poem, there is also a book including his own, and some of Wilfred Owen’s works, titled, In Flanders Fields, and Other Poems about War, which was published by Sound Room Publishing, July 1st, 2003.
In conclusion, the Remembrance poppy has been used since 1921 to commemorate soldiers who have died in war. But why? The answer is in this man’s poem. The reason we wear a Poppy each Remembrance Day, is all thanks to John McCrae.

In Flanders Fields, the poppies blow. R.I.P: 18∙01∙1918
Tom Thomson Thomas John "Tom" Thomson, Born the 5th of August, 1877 in Claremont Ontario, was an influential Canadian artist of the early 20th century. He directly influenced a group of Canadian painters that would come to be known as the Group of Seven, and though he died before the group formed, he is sometimes incorrectly credited as being a member of the group itself.
Thomson signed up for the 2nd Boer War in 1899, but was refused for an unknown medical condition. This was the same reason he was refused entry for service in the First World War as part of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He is one of the few Canadian artists from the early 20th century known to a wide national audience. His reputation is deserved. Despite his extremely brief period of work—he painted for less than six years—he sowed the seeds of perhaps the first real movement in art in this country, defined as it was by a passionate connection to the northern wilderness and drawn by Thomson with keen perception and an ingenuous style. Some of his more popular pieces include The Jack Pine, Forest Undergrowth, and April in Algonquin Park, just to name a few.
The West Wind, Tom Thomson.
The West Wind, Tom Thomson.
Thomson died on July 8th, 1917, during a hiking and canoeing trip in Algonquin Park. His body was found floating offshore eight days later. The official report of his death said it was an accidental drowning. However, there are different theories and questions about how Thomson actually died.
In September of 1917, several artists along with some area residents put up a memorial monument at the location where Thomson had died. Since his death, the artist’s work has increased in popularity. In 2002, the National Gallery of Canada held an exhibit for his work. They regarded him as a great Canadian artist with the same level of prominence as the likes of Picasso.

ART DURING THE TWENTIES & THIRTIES: The Group of Seven
The Group of Seven, also known as the Algonquin School, was a group of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933. The group originally consisted of Franklin Carmichael (1890–1945), Lawren Harris (1885–1970), A. Y. Jackson (1882–1974), Frank Johnston (1888–1949), Arthur Lismer (1885–1969), J. E. H. MacDonald (1873–1932), and Frederick Varley (1881–1969). Later, A. J. Casson (1898–1992) was invited to join in 1926; Edwin Holgate (1892–1977) became a member in 1930; and LeMoine FitzGerald (1890–1956) joined in 1932.
Two artists commonly associated with the group are Tom Thomson (1877–1917) and Emily Carr (1871–1945). Although he died before its official formation, Thomson had a significant influence on the group. In his essay "The Story of the Group of Seven", Lawren Harris wrote that Thomson was "a part of the movement before we pinned a label on it"; Thomson's paintings "The West Wind" and "The Jack Pine" are two of the group's most iconic pieces. Emily Carr was also closely associated with the Group of Seven, though was never an official member.
Believing that a distinct Canadian art could be developed through direct contact with nature, The Group of Seven is most famous for its paintings inspired by the Canadian landscape, and initiated the first major Canadian national art movement. The Group was succeeded by the Canadian Group of Painters in the 1930s, which did include female members.
Stormy Weather, Fred Varley.
Stormy Weather, Fred Varley.
The Red Maple, A. Y. Jackson.
The Red Maple, A. Y. Jackson.

Emily Carr
Emily Carr, Born the 13th of December, 1871, in Victoria B.C, was a Canadian artist and writer heavily inspired by the Indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Carr was an independent woman and a Westerner who gained prominence at a time when Western Canadians and women artists were not recognized internationally.
Carr lived in a time when opportunities for women were limited and her trips into the forest were seen as somewhat eccentric and inappropriate by her peers. She nevertheless gained a significant reputation, as a painter, writer, potter, illustrator, and textile artist and was a cultural pioneer in Victoria where she lived for many years. To this day her work is widely collected by museums and private individuals.
During her lifetime, her art was exhibited not only in Canada, but in the United States and Europe. She is valued as an important part of Canadian art history and her art is exhibited and enjoyed around the world. Carr continues to be viewed as an environmentalist who painted insightful, prophetic images of both lush forests and clear-cut mountainsides; as a person deeply aware and respectful of the cultural diversity of the Canadian Northwest, who understood and promoted the intrinsic value in the native Northwest coast peoples and their art; and as a nationalist with a profound love of her country, its natural beauty and power, and the pioneering spirit that continues to shape it today.

The Raven, Emily Carr.
The Raven, Emily Carr.

CANADIAN ART DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR: Molly Lamb Bobak
Molly Bobak C.M O.N.B (née Lamb), Born the 25th of February, 1922 in Vancouver B.C, was a Canadian teacher, writer, printmaker and painter working in oils and watercolours. During WWII, she was the first Canadian female artist to be sent overseas to document Canada's war effort, and in particular, the work of the Canadian Women's Army Corps (C.W.A.C). Molly enlisted in 1942, and stayed a member for four years. Canteen, Nijmegen, Molly Lamb Bobak. Canteen, Nijmegen, Molly Lamb Bobak. Posted around the country and then overseas, she recorded the day-to-day, ordinary activities of the Canadian Women's Army Corps.
As a war artist, Molly painted what she saw in war-ravaged Europe. These talented artists are gifted with an ability to draw out the emotion of a scene in a way that a photo cannot achieve. It is through this ability that they can contribute to the memory of war by capturing the mood of the soldiers, of the citizens caught in conflict, and of our country.
Molly passed away March 2nd, 2014. Molly represents the end of an era; there were 32 official war artists in World War II, and she was the last surviving member. She will not be forgotten.
Army Drill, Molly Lamb Bobak.
Army Drill, Molly Lamb Bobak.

ART DURING THE FIFTIES & SIXTIES:
The Painters Eleven
In 1953, eleven abstract painters from Ontario — Jack Bush, Oscar Cahén, Hortense Gordon, Tom Hodgson, Alexandra Luke, Jock Macdonald, Ray Mead, Kazuo Nakamura, William Ronald, Harold Town and Walter Yarwood — dubbed themselves Painters Eleven and held their first exhibition at the Roberts Gallery in Toronto in 1954. The photo to the left was taken by Peter Croydon for a show in 1957 at the Park Gallery in Toronto. In the photo you’ll notice members posing around three canvases. There is a reason for this: The two canvases facing forward represent Oscar Cahen who tragically died in a car crash in 1956 and the canvases facing the wall are for William Ronald who had resigned from the group in 1957 and was now working in New York. The group disbanded in 1960, and all the surviving members went on to continue their careers and remain true to abstraction.
Lilt of Songs, Jock MacDonald.
Lilt of Songs, Jock MacDonald.

Storm, William Ronald.
Storm, William Ronald.

MODERN CANADIAN ART: Alex Colville David Alexander (Alex) Colville, born the 24th of August, 1920, in Toronto Ontario, was a Canadian artist who painted realism. Painter, draughtsman, engraver and muralist, Alex Colville always remained aloof from the formal trends that characterized the 20th century. Drawing his inspiration from the world around him, from the most repetitive gestures of everyday life, he placed his unsettling juxtapositions of figures, objects and animals in an ambiguous atmosphere of distinct tranquility, as though time were suspended. His compositions are constructed according to a precise geometry and executed with a technique that consists of minuscule dabs of paint applied meticulously dot by dot.
While much of the art world turned to abstract art, Colville remained true to his own style: realism. He steadily rose to the top of art world through the 1960s, ’70s and ’80s, exhibiting across Canada, Europe and Asia. His paintings and prints inspired constant debate and controversy. Some critics hailed him as “the most important realist painter of the Western world” and “the best Canadian artist of his time.”
Over his long career, Colville's fame grew and he received many honours. Major retrospectives of his work were held at the Art Gallery of Ontario in 1983 and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 1994. He was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1982, and won a Governor General's Visual and Media Arts Award in 2003.
Horse and Train, Alex Colville.
Horse and Train, Alex Colville.
Colville passed away on the 16th of July, 2013. More than 100 of his works were presented at the AGO from August 23rd, 2014, to January 4th 2014, marking the largest exhibition of the late artist’s work to date. The exhibition honoured Colville’s legacy and explored the continuing impact of his work from the perspectives of several prominent popular culture figures from film, literature and music. Colville will always have a special place in our hearts.

Robert Bateman
Robert Bateman, Born the 24th of May, 1930, in Toronto Ontario, is a Canadian artist known for his paintings of naturalism. Bateman was always interested in art, but never intended to make a living from it. He was fascinated by the natural world in his childhood; he recorded the sightings of all of the birds in the area of his house in Toronto. He found inspiration from the Group of Seven; he was also interested in making abstract paintings of nature. It was not until the mid-1960s that he changed to his present style, realism.
In 1954, he graduated with a degree in geography from Victoria College in the University of Toronto. Afterwards, he attended Ontario College of Education. Although the stage was set for an expert wildlife artist, Bateman moved on to be a high school art/geography teacher. However, he still painted in his free time. It wasn’t until the 1970s and 1980s that his work started to receive major recognition. Robert Bateman's show in 1987, at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, drew a large crowd for a living artist.

Prothonotary Warbler, Robert Bateman.
Prothonotary Warbler, Robert Bateman.

Joy Kogawa
Joy Nozomi Kogawa, Born the 6th of June, 1935, in Vancouver B.C, is a Canadian poet and novelist of Japanese descent. Kogawa was sent with her family to the internment camp for Japanese Canadians at Slocan during World War II.
Although the majority of her writing is poetry, Kogawa's best-known work is Obasan (1981), a semi-autobiographical novel.
In 1986, Kogawa was made a Member of the Order of Canada; in 2006, she was made a Member of the Order of British Columbia.
In 2010, the Japanese government honored Kogawa with the Order of the Rising Sun "for her contribution to the understanding and preservation of Japanese Canadian history."
From 1983 to 1985, she worked with the National Association of Japanese Canadians to help those Japanese Canadians who had lost their land and possessions under the War Measures Act in 1942.
A book of her selected poems, A Garden of Anchors, was published in 2003.
Kogawa has won awards for her book Obasan, including the Books in Canada, First Novel Award, the Canadian Authors Association, Book of the Year Award, the Periodical Distributors of Canada's, Best Paperback Fiction Award, and The American Book Award of the Before Columbus Foundation.

Canada: More than just Hockey.
Most people around the world know only of stereotypes pointed towards Canadians. 1. Being the most common, is that we live in igloos. 2. Is that the only thing we care about more than anything, is hockey. This, obviously, is wrong!
We are so much more than this, and, quite frankly, a lot of famous people are Canadian, eh?
Canada has a lot of Cultural Diversity, and same-sex marriage is legal in all Provinces and Territories. We have immense women’s rights, and we’re known for being a Liberal country. That’s pretty freaking awesome, if you ask me.
But what most people don’t know is how many creative and talented souls have been born here in Canada. Thanks to our diversifying landscapes and landmarks throughout the provinces and territories, there are tons of (Famous) Canadians who have been inspired to capture our Country’s beauty and magnificence. Whether it be painting, sketching, writing, sculpting, or taking pictures, if there’s anything we Canadians could possibly love more than sports; it’s the Arts.

Bibliography * Kogawa, Joy. Obasan. Published by Penguin Canada, March 1st, 1983. ISBN 9780140067774 * MacGregor, Roy. Northern Light: The Enduring Mystery of Tom Thomson, and the Woman who loved Him. Vintage Canada Edition, 2011. ISBN 9780307357403. * McCrae, John; Owen, Wilfred; In Flanders Fields and Other Poems About War, Published by Sound Room Pub, July 1st, 2003. ISBN 9781584725800. * http://www.greatwar.co.uk/poems/john-mccrae-in-flanders-fields-inspiration.htm * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McCrae#cite_note-peddie-1 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remembrance_poppy * http://totallyhistory.com/tom-thomson/ * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Thomson * http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2003/09/thom-s16.html * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_of_Seven_%28artists%29 * http://www.groupofsevenart.com/ * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emily_Carr * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_official_war_artists * http://liberalsenateforum.ca/hansard/the-late-molly-lamb-bobak-c-m-o-n-b/ * http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/canvas/2/cwe257e.shtml * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molly_Bobak * http://www.gallery78.com/mlbobak.htm * http://www.canadaatwar.ca/forums/showthread.php?t=2486 * http://www.painters-eleven.com/ * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Painters_Eleven * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Colville * http://www.alexcolville.ca/ * http://www.welcometocolville.ca/the-artist * http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artist.php?iartistid=1087 * http://www.ago.net/alex-colville * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joy_Kogawa * http://www.joykogawa.ca/ * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bateman_(painter)

Notes
Citations…...

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...Industrialization. The Mississippi River spans 2300 miles, originating in Minnesota and ending below Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico; it also holds key tributaries to the East and West. (Weiser, 2015) The United States bought Louisiana in 1803, and acquired control of the river in 1815. (Weiser, 2015) By 1830 Steamboats were regularly hauling freight and passengers up and down the Mississippi. The river made travel a lot faster for travelers, reducing a four month trip from Kentucky to Louisiana to 20 days. (Weiser, 2015) The Mississippi was crucial to the import and export of trade goods and merchandise. The Mississippi was extremely important during WWII. Gas, oil, sulfer as well as fundamental supplies for the War were shipped upstream, while War vessels were sent downstream to the Sea. (Weiser, 2015) Bibliography Fox, T. (n.d.). The Chariot in Egyptian Warfare. Retrieved from http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/chariots.htm Orlin, L. L. (2007). Life and Thought in the Ancient near East. University of Michigan Press. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/westerngovernors/reader.action?ppg=182&docID=10373075&tm=1423073614871 Staff, H. (2010). The Gold Rush of 1849. Retrieved September 29, 2015, from History Channel: http://www.history.com/topics/gold-rush-of-1849 Weiser, K. (2015, September). The Mississippi River and Expansion of America. Retrieved from Legends of America: http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ah-mississippiriver.html...

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...diametrically opposite WOKs can to great extent play an important role in our understanding of a religion. Therefore, Ways of knowing (WOK) such as memory through cultural knowledge form the fundamental premise of religious knowledge systems. Cultural memory is a memory that is recalled by more than one person. This is also quite an effective way of knowing, as sharing a memory among people makes it more likely for the memory to be accurate. The problem with this type of memory is that it is not always true. Details of experiences are often distorted over time, often influenced by personal view and bias, showing that a memory is not always the truth. For example, in Christianity, the myth of a white Jesus is ingrained throughout Christian history. As early as the Middle Ages and predominantly during the Renaissance era, Western artists portrayed Jesus as white man- often with blue eyes and blondish hair. Perhaps these depictions were driven by some Biblical verses associating lightness with purity and righteousness and darkness with wickedness and evil; thus, crafting a sterile Son of God. Therefore, due to cultural memory, the problem of bias was introduced through misinterpretation of symbolic language in the Bible; hence hindering our understanding of religions. However, a counterclaim might be that memory can be utilised to portray the fundamental rather complex image of a religious knowledge system. Continuing with examples from Christianity- the holy bible, through......

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...6/1/2015 Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy In January 2003, Tom Taylor, Amazon.com’s Director of European Supply Chain Operations, sat in his office in Slough, United Kingdom, and pondered what changes Amazon needed to make to sustain its growth in Europe. Established in the fall of 1998 through the acquisitions of two on-line Logistics Planning & Modelling Techniques booksellers, Bookpages.co.uk in Britain and Telebuch.de in Germany, Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy International, comprising Amazon Europe and Amazon Japan, now Amazon Europe had developed into three strong, independently run, country-based organizations in the UK, Germany, and France. Amazon represented 35% of Amazon revenues and was the fastest growing segment of the company (see Exhibit 1). Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy Amazon.com’s European Distribution Strategy To sustain its growth, Amazon Europe faced multiple expansion Taylor felt that a lot had been accomplished since his arrival six months options: it could replicate the broad array of product lines Amazon earlier. His team had managed to standardize and improve supply offered in the US, launch new Marketplacea activities, or expand into chain processes across Europe in the areas of vendor management, other European countries. In addition, Amazon Europe had to......

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...Ivan the not so terrible Ivan Vasilyeevich, the fourth ruler of Russia, also called Ivan the Terrible of Russia. He was the ruler and first czar of Russia in the 1400’s, although he is called “the terrible” he did many good things for the, now known, country of Russia. Many historians believe that to the Russian people who lived under the rule of Ivan had one of the worst lives that there could be in Russian history, but no, Ivan unified the Russian people so that only one ruler was in control of all that was inside the Russian borders, he expanded Russia through conquest because of the creation of an organized Russian military, and he ordered the building of St. Basils Cathedral. His rule was one of the most influential to the Russian Federation and how it became to be the Russian federation, and although many professors of history say he was truly a terrible ruler, he did some fantastic things for the Russian civilization. Ivan did some bad things to his country in the time when he was ruling it, and his did some great things, Ivan unified the Russian people, before Russia was a monarch it was ruled by a bunch of fiefdoms that controlled one of the 83 oblasts of modern day Russia. Ivan was the grand prince of Moscow before changing the government and forming a tsarist Russia, with the formation of this new Russia many things changed for the lower classes. The powers of the nobility were pretty much stripped from the high influential nobles almost as to protect the......

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