History Essay

In: Historical Events

Submitted By cjmamalias
Words 931
Pages 4
CJ Mamalias

History – Essay 1

Professor Hopkins

February 21, 2015

Olmec and Maya

Complex Societies confer to a set of factors that contain an agricultural surplus, urban settlements, specialized labor and trade, government, a stratified society, and sophisticated ritual traditions. Ever since the beginning of time, humans formed through generations and generations of species. It took quite a while for humans to fully develop their brains to start thinking out of the box and creating new ideas for their own. Nevertheless, complex societies arose independently during the centuries 3500 to 500 B.C.E. in several regions of the world. Out of all the other complex societies, the Olmec and Maya societies have some comparisons and differences that meet within the lines of the complex societies set of factors. The Olmec society appeared near the Gulf of Mexico during 1200 to 100 B.C.E., located near the modern Mexican City of Veracruz. When people refer to the first complex society of the Americas, they refer to them as the “Rubber People” because of the rubber trees that flourish in the region they inhabited. Their proper name is still unknown, so people labeled them Olmec, which means rubber people. There were many mysteries concerning the downfall of the Olmec’s around 400 B.C.E. when archaeologists studying the area found statues broken and buried. Although the Olmec’s declined, they influenced many other societies with astronomical observations, which helped create the first calendar to help keep track of the seasons. They also invented another system of writing, but only little survives because of calendrical inscriptions. The Olmec’s made a ball game for rituals involving human sacrifice. Later Mesoamerican societies adopted these Olmec traditions as well as their construction of ceremonial centers with temple pyramids. Other societies…...

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