Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 8

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ariana223
Words 4923
Pages 20
Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. (P1)
Operant conditioning is a type of behavior modification which can be used to either decrease or increase the likelihoods of a certain aspect of a behavior will occur. The process relies on the idea that organisms (a person) respond to stimuli, and that if they can be taught to associate a specific stimulus with a particular behavior, they will be more likely to engage in or avoid the behavior, depending on the type of stimulus involved.
This approach first came to notice B.F Skinner (s famous psychologist) were of his work was carried out in the 20th centaury. His work was mainly with the use of rats and pigeons to us e them to discover new ways of leering style and behaviors. Skinner was create1a very famous box which is still used today some science experiment call the Skinner box. This bow was designed with a lever which when pressed by a rate inside it would produce a food pellet to the rat when pressed accidentally. After a while the rate will begin to realize that when it presses the lever a food pellet will be released so there for will repeated this action for to receive food. The pellet of food in this situation is a product of reinforcing as the rat will like more of the food an can get it when he wants by pressing the lever which in turn increases the possibility of this behavior being repeated.
There are two different types of stimuli which can be used in operant conditioning. One involves reinforcement, which is designed to encourage an organism to repeat a behavior. In positive reinforcement, something pleasant is added to the environment as a reward. In negative reinforcement something unpleasant is taken away. The organism learns to link a behavior with a positive event, and thus begins to repeat the behavior.
When a child has persistent a tantrums it is an…...

Similar Documents

Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 1

...working in a health and social care setting to talk formally as if you talk informally to someone they can feel like they are not respected by you. Formal strengths and weaknesses the strengths of formal communication are that it can be easily understood by most people. The weaknesses of formal communication are someone who doesn’t speak the same language as you may not understand what you are saying even though it’s formal. Informal is mostly used when we are around people in our private life or family and friends life. Everybody speaks informally different from one and other. Somebody from southern England could say something like ‘Hiya mate how’s it goin’ this shows that people have different forms of informal communication because not everybody talks like that to their family and friends. Informal strengths and weaknesses the strengths of informal communication is that teenagers that prefer informal communication can learn better. The weaknesses of informal language are that when speaking to someone who doesn’t understand your informal language, they can misunderstand you and the message you are sending them. Between all colleagues they are to show respect for one and other working in the same setting. People who do not show respect to their colleagues may fail to show respect to the people that are using the care services. It is important to value them and to do this you greet colleagues and ask them how they are. When working in a health and social care setting it......

Words: 4794 - Pages: 20

Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 7 Sociological Approaches

...element of health and illness. These things will include the introduction of social groups and looking at their statistics. “A social group is a collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity. A social category is a collection of people who do not interact but who share similar characteristics. For example, women, men, the elderly, and high school students all constitute social categories. A social category can become a social group when the members in the category interact with each other and identify themselves as members of the group.” - Anonymous, 2014. No only will I be looking at the social elements, but how it links in to health and trends in illness to find out just how the can both relate. Things such as Morbidity rates (the counted statistic rate in which disease appears in the population). Not forgetting other patterns in health including mortality rate known to be the amount of deaths calculated per annum along with many other rates that can effect the illness of social groups and reasons as to why and how these rates may effect them. As previously mentioned before a social group is a collection of people who interact with each other and share similar characteristics and a sense of unity. A social category is a collection of people who do not interact but who share similar characteristics. For example, women, men, the elderly, and high school students all constitute social categories. A social......

Words: 6711 - Pages: 27

Unit 3 Health and Social Care as

... A911 Health and Social Care And Early Years Provision Controlled Assessment Task Task 1: Preparation: As part of my coursework I will be investigating a service in the Early Years sector. The following are the aims for my coursework: The range of care needs of your client group (The choice of health, developmental and social needs of babies and children) I would questionnaire parents and also questionnaire different staff for each service (Primary Research). I also would research from health and social care fact books (Secondary Research).The reason I would questionnaire parents and staff is because they have the knowledge and understanding of young babies and children and know what the choice of needs are for them. The other reason is because they have also the experience in which they can and give to me. The reason I would research from health and social care fact books are because people who have taken degrees in these subject have written these books and would be more reliable that me searching on the Internet for this aim. The ways your client group can obtain care services and the possible barriers that can prevent them from gaining access to these services. (The customs that babies and children can gain from care services and the achievable barriers that can stop babies and children from getting hold of access to these services). I would research on the internet and questionnaire service providers. The reason I would research ask services is because they do......

Words: 7230 - Pages: 29

Unit 3 P1 Health and Social Care Level 3

...UNIT 3 – HEALTH, SAFETY AND SECURITY IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE P1 – Explain potential hazards and the harm that may arise from each in a health and social care setting. Hazards are referred to as anything that can cause harm to someone. Hazards can be found everywhere, for example, people will be able to spot hazards when travelling to work and when they are present in the workplace. Additionally, there are three main types of hazard, these are health hazards, safety hazards and security hazards. A health hazard would be a risk of somebody becoming ill from an incident. A safety hazard would associate with someone becoming injured, however a safety hazard could also relate to an incident that can be caused by broken equipment or a damaged building. A security hazard would be the risk of an incident where for example information has been exposed, intruders entering a property whereby a child might be abducted from a school or even a patient discharges themselves from a health and social care setting without consent. Employers, employees and professionals overall, in particular health and social care professionals have to prevent risks that may arise from hazards in order to keep themselves, other service providers and service users safe from illness, injury or any potential harm overall; every individual within the workplace has to be kept safe from harm (even cleaners and caterers). Although there should be a balance between exposing individuals to unreasonable risks and......

Words: 3311 - Pages: 14

Health and Social Care Level 3, Unit 3, P2

...Information booklet: Unit 3 P2 Outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health and social Care influence health and Social Care settings Introduction: In this assignment, it is important to outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health and social Care influence health and Social Care settings. Definition of legislation: Legislation is a law or set of laws agreed by the government which must be followed and done. Definition of regulation: A principle, rule or law designed to control behavior. Food Safety Act (1990) The Food Safety Act was introduced in 1990 in response to public concern over the safety of food. This Act aims to control safety at all stages of food production. This legislation was also introduced in order to sell and keep food for sale which is unfit for people to eat. For example in a kitchen when staffs are placing foods in fridges and cupboards, they must ensure that the dates of the foods are up to date and checked properly. All food premises must be clean and free from rubbish, all equipment must be clean and good hygiene practices should be observed at all times. Under the Food Safety Act it is illegal to sell food unfit for human consumption. This means people may pass poor quality food off as good food to make money. The food safety Act 1990 influences health and social care settings so that Staffs check dates continuously on stocks to ensure that the foods are in good condition by checking......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Health and Social Care Level 3

...Act 1976: This act was enforced by the law to forbid any sexual activity between care workers and individuals with mental health disorders, while the relationship of care proceeds. This does not prevent care workers from providing intimate personal care so long as the behaviour is not intended to be sexual. Care Standards Act 2000: This act was established by parliament and its purpose was to promote improvements in care via its triple functions of inspection, regulation and review of all social care services. The act aims to protect vulnerable adults and ensure their best interests are at heart. Care homes for Older people: National Minimum Standards and the Care Homes Regulations 2003: The importance of this act is to focus on the realistic outcomes for service users; this means the impact on it will have on the individual, the facilities and services of the home. This act is categorised under different topics such as their choice of home, health & personal care, daily life & social activities, complaints and protection, environment, staffing and management & administration which highlight aspects of individuals’ lives. Mental health Act 1993: The benefit of this act is that it helps to support the dignity in care by setting out the processes that must be followed and the safeguards for patients, to ensure that they are not inappropriately detained or treated. However the mental health act sole purpose is to ensure that individuals with serious mental......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7

Health and Social Care Unit 3

...P4- You are in the activity room of the care home and one of your clients starts experiencing severe chest pains and falls to the floor. They are having a cardiac arrest. A cardiac arrest happens when your heart stops pumping blood around our body. The first thing you should do in this emergency is check for danger. You should see if they have fallen on an object that needs to be moved or if there is anyone in the room that needs to be removed. Once you are sure the area is safe you must call for help. Call other workers to the scene and call 999 immediately so that a professional can reach you as soon as possible. The worker should be first aid trained and therefore should know how to perform CPR. Even if you haven’t been trained in CPR with rescue breathing, you can still use hands-only CPR.   You must maintain a patient's dignity at all times. Block off the area and get anyone out of the room that does not need to be there. Although the client may not be conscious you should take their personal needs and wishes into consideration. They may be embarrassed by the incident and may not want others to see them. Before you begin CPR you should tilt the patient's head back so that the airways are clear and take their pulse to check if they are breathing. In this case, the patient is not breathing. Firstly, you should perform chest compressions. This will pump the heart by external cardiac massage to keep the circulation going until the ambulance arrives. To do this you......

Words: 3791 - Pages: 16

Health and Social Care Level 3

...Assignment brief – QCF BTEC (Level 3)Assignment front sheet | Qualification | Unit number and title | BTEC 90 Credit/Extended Diploma in Health and Social Care | Unit 5 Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care | Learner name | Assessor name | | Louise Dada,Angela Lewis-Wright Alison Watson | Date issued | Hand in deadline | Submitted on | 10 November 2014 | 8 December 2014 | | | | Assignment title 1 | Know the organisation of the human body | In this assessment you will have opportunities to provide evidence against the following criteria. Indicate the page numbers where the evidence can be found. | 5a Criteria reference | To achieve the criteria the evidence must show that the learner is able to: | | Task no. | | Evidence | P1 | Outline the functions of the main cell components. | | 1 | | Training Pack | P2 | Outline the structure of the main tissues of the body | | 1 | | Training Pack | P3 | Outline the gross structure of all the main body systems. | | 1 | | Training Pack | Learner declaration | I certify that the work submitted for this assignment is my own. I have clearly referenced any sources used in the work. I understand that false declaration is a form of malpractice.Learner signature: Date: | Assignment brief 1 Qualification | BTEC 90 Credit/Extended Diploma in Health and Social Care | Unit number and title | Unit 5 Anatomy......

Words: 2139 - Pages: 9

Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 9

...Assignment brief: Btec L3 Extended Diploma in Health and Social Care. Assignment title | Service Provision and Careers in Health and Social Care | Assessor | | Date issued | WC 18/1/16 | Hand in deadline | WC 8/02/16 | Duration (approx.) | 7 | | Qualification covered | Btec L3 Extended Diploma in Health and Social Care | Units covered | 6 Personal and Professional Development. | Learning aims covered | 4 Know service provision in the health or social care sectors. | | Scenario | As a member of the student council at college you have been asked to promote awareness of local provision and career opportunities in the area as part of the “Health Services and Occupations” open day. You have been assigned two specific displays. | | Task 5 | Placement Research/ Display boards: The first display board will relate to promoting awareness of a specific health or social care provision (placement). Posters and information sheets must be used and include detailed descriptions of the service provider, funding, services offered, its place in national provision and sector eg: Statutory. You may use illustration, pictures and diagrams to enhance your display.The second board will provide three examples of health or social care workers with detailed descriptions of their role, responsibilities and career pathways. Photographs will be taken to be used in promotional leaflets. (this activity will also provide evidence for unit 20/ cross reference fund......

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Health and Social Care Level 3, Unit 5, Task 3

...are as effective as possible, keeping the well-being of the whole body and its maintenance up to good standards. Heart rate Negative feedback is a way in which regulation occurs within the body which requires receptors, your control centre and effectors in order to be able to function properly. When key variables within the body are outside the accepted range for any reason negative feedback returns the variable within it’s acceptable range. An example would be if the PH of your blood changes for any reason or you become too hot after exercise so your body tries to regulate those variables back within the suitable ranges by different methods. Blood glucose levels may fall for any reasons and the bodies way of coping with this is to produce liver glycogen which is converted into glucose in order to bring the energy levels in cells back up to the range which it should be within. Our brain and nervous system are involved in negative feedback and play vital roles in controlling the homeostatic mechanisms within our bodies and they also allow us to have a reasonable judgement at when our key variables may rise. An example would be when we have not eaten for several hours and we begin to feel tired and cold you try to eat a hot, energy filled meal in order to counteract any negative feelings that you may be having. Heart beat is regulated by the control of the cardiac cycle as well as the role of the autonomic, parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous cycle. The control of......

Words: 6602 - Pages: 27

Barriers to Communication in Health and Social Care Unit 1 Level 3

...communication, such as a letter or email, and/or hearing spoken word conversations, for example between a care worker and a patient in a day care centre when the two are discussing future care plans, leading to possible misunderstandings, or embarrassment to the person with the hearing/visual impairment and they cannot fully understand the care worker if the care worker is not aware of, or not seeing to, the persons additional needs. These needs can be seen to by speaking clearly and slowly, and/or repeating, rephrasing what has been said, to help people understand what is being said to them. Time should be given to the message receiver; so that they can digest the information they have received and think about how they want to respond. Electronic devices can also be used, such as text phones, telephone amplifiers and hearing loops, and it is important to give the individuals using the devices enough time to use it whilst communicating. An induction loop system helps deaf people hear sounds more clearly by reducing or cutting out background noise. Conditions such as cerebal palsy, Down's syndrome, and autism tend to limit a person's ability to interpret other people's non-verbal communication, such as body language, and their ability to communicate verbally. In a care setting these needs should be attended to, so that effective communication can be achieved between the care worker and the individual with the condition. For example if someone with autism is having trouble......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 8

...used positive reinforcement to teach the rat to press a lever by rewarding it with food whenever the lever was pressed. This caused the rat to determine that pressing the lever would mean he would receive food; therefore continued to press the lever. He also used negative reinforcement to teach the rat to press the lever; he ran an electric current through the rat’s cage, and when the rat presses the lever, the electric current would stop; therefore a removal of an undesired stimulus. This taught the rat that pressing the lever would remove the undesirable electric current. Punishment is when something undesirable is received after a certain behaviour in order to make that behaviour stop. Punishment is used to prevent bad behaviour. The Social Learning Theory was devised by Albert Bandura (1977); he states that, “behavior is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning.” (McLeod, 2011) Unlike Skinner, Bandura believed that humans learn by processing information and they consider the consequences of their actions to make decisions on their behaviour; Bandura argued that observational learning does not occur with the absence of cognitive processes which contribute to decisions regarding our behaviour. Bandura proposed the idea that young children have various models (parents and other members in the family, for example siblings or cousins, children’s television characters, teachers and nursery nurses, and peers within their friendship groups)......

Words: 6357 - Pages: 26

Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 21 - Nutrition

...P3: Explain possible influences on dietary intake. Introduction: In this assignment I will be explaining possible influences on dietary intake. I will be looking at factors such as; health factors, education, age, social policy, economic factors, socio-cultural factors and lifestyle factors and how each of these can positively or negatively influence an individual's dietary intake. Health factors: Diabetes: Health factors like diabetes can influence a person’s dietary intake because people with diabetes are only allowed certain food for example they cannot have too much sugar in their blood as it will cause very serious health problems if not treated quick. Hyperglycemia is one of the health problems that can damage vessels that provide blood to vital organs, by increasing the risk of stroke, problem with nerve, heart disease and so much more. However the health problems for people with diabetes only occur in adulthood, particularly if they have not managed or even controlled their diabetes properly. Irritable bowel syndrome: the health factors concerning irritable bowel syndrome is that people who have it tend to need the toilet considerately more than people who don’t have the symptom. The always need to avoid eating fruit and many processed foods that contain fructose. For people with irritable bowel syndrome always need to be aware and on their guard about what they eat as their bowel movement could occur anytime. People with irritable bowel syndrome......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Health and Social Care Level 3

...WB28257 > A > R/501/6738 - O: ASCENTIS - R/501/6738 - IC03 - Level 2 - Cleaning, Decontamination and Waste Management - 2 - 20 | | |Owning body |ASCENTIS  -  Ascentis | |Unit level |Level  2 | |Guided learning hours |20 | |Unit Grading System |Pass | |Sector/Subject Area |01.3  Health  and  Social  Care | | | | |Purpose and aim of unit |To  explain  to  the  learner  the  correct  way  of  maintaining  a  clean  | | |environment  in  accordance  with  national  policies;  to  understand  the  procedures | | |to  follow  to  decontaminate  an  area  from  infection;  and  to  explain  good  | | |practice  when  dealing  with  waste  materials.  This  unit  does  not  cover  the  | | |decontamination  of ......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Health and Social Care Level 3

...Student Name: Unit 2 –Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care and Unit 10-Safeguarding Adults and Promoting Independence, Task 3a Know how legislation, policies and procedures promote health, safety and security in health and social care settings Outline the Legislation, Guidance or Policies. Include all attachments. | Legislation | Human Rights Act 1998 | The human rights act 1998 did not come into force until October 2000 in the UK. The act is made up of a series of sections that have the effect of codifying the protections in the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law. All public bodies and bodies that implement public functions must follow and comply with the convectional rights. The act allows any individual to take human rights cases in domestic court, which will mean that people don’t have to go to Strasbourg to argue their case in the European Court of Human Rights. The human right act can be used by anyone living in the UK, whether they are a British citizen or a foreigner a child, an adult or elderly person, a prisoner or member of the public. The human right protects a number of things including :The right to life: the act protects your life. The state is obligated to investigate any suspicious deaths and deaths in custody. Protection against being enslaved or being forced to do labour. Protection against being tortured or being treated in an inhuman way, no matter what the situation. The right to freedom and liberty- everyone......

Words: 1542 - Pages: 7