Premium Essay

Hca 240 Infectious Disease

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Ehatfield28
Words 651
Pages 3
Infectious Disease

HCA/240
March 4, 2012
Infectious Disease The purpose of this paper is to explain the inflammatory response to HIV and AIDS, describe the disease, how it is transmitted, and the environment factors that may make someone vulnerable to it. Additionally, this paper will identify standards and alternative treatments to HIV and AIDS, the methods used to control the spread of the disease and the consequences of not controlling it. Finally, this paper will include community health promotion and wellness strategies to help prevent the disease. AIDS was first noted in the early 1980s among men with multiple sexual contact with other men and drug users who shared hypodermic needles (Zelman, Raymond, Holdaway, & Mulvilhil. 2010). Since first note in the early 1980s HIV and AIDS have not been exclusive to men but have infected women as well. AIDS is now known as one of the top causes of death in women. HIV is the fourth leading cause of death among women today. HIV is growing among minorities and is the largest in African-American males, with a rate of 6% rate of an African-American male having the disease, and it is also higher with Hispanics more than Caucasians (Zelman, Raymond, Holdaway, & Mulvilhil. 2010). Subsequently, HIV and AIDS is not the same thing. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) AIDS is the full blown disease, while HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. First, Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV transmission can occur with unprotected sex or with needle sharing (WebMD. 2012). AIDS is most common in the African population because of lack of education and healthcare resource to protect against AIDS and the spread. Ninety-five percent of people living with HIV live in the developing world, with over 60% in sub-Saharan Africa (Zelman, Raymond, Holdaway, & Mulvilhil.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Infectious Disease

...Infectious Disease HIV/AIDS Julie Maple HCA/240 October 7, 2012 Elizabeth Day Infectious Disease HIV/AIDS The Human Immunodeficiency Virus was discovered in 1985. HIV is a virus that is transmitted from one person to another by many different ways. For example, HIV can be transmitted by bodily fluids. It could be fluids like blood or semen that transmits the virus, because they came from the infected person into the other person. HIV/AIDS is commonly spread by sexual intercourse. I have also seen people get HIV/AIDS by sharing needles when using them for street drugs. HIV/AIDS reproduces, and as it reproduces, it tears down the body’s immune system, thus leaving the body susceptible to other illnesses and infections. The only environmental factors that could make a person vulnerable to HIV/AIDS would be the lack of recreational activities in the environment. There are also places in our neighborhoods that allow people to use drugs and engage in sexual activity. In my hometown there was this place at the community park called the rock. It was this huge rock that all the “cool” kids went to so they wouldn’t get caught doing their drugs or having sex. With HIV/AIDS there are two inflammatory responses. According to Brown (1995), “the production by B cells of antibodies which circulate all around the body in the bloodstream, and eventually bind to the agent. There are mechanics available which are very good at destroying anything which has antibody bound......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Infectious Disease

...Hepatitis Cancer Patient Information Glenda Aldape HCA/240 December 6, 2012 Pukar Ratti Hepatitis B is the most common liver infection in the world. Worldwide, about 350 million people are chronic carriers of HBV (Hepatitis B Virus), among these carriers, more than 620,000 die from liver-related diseases each year. In the United States, hepatitis B mainly affects adults aged between 20-50 years. About 800,000 to 1.4 million Americans are chronic hepatitis B virus carriers, and the disease causes about 3,000 deaths each year. The good news is that infection with HBV is usually preventable because there is an effective vaccine. Use of the vaccine has resulted in an 82% decrease in the number of new infections reported in the United States each year. (www.emedicinehealth.com/hepatitis/article_em.htm) Figure 1: Estimated and reported cases of hepatitis B in the United States. Rates have fallen significantly since 1991 when routine vaccination of children was started. (www.emedicinehealth.com/hepatitis/article_em.htm) Hepatitis B is an infectious hepatitis caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). This infection has two possible phases; 1) acute, 2) chronic. Acute hepatitis B refers to newly acquired infections. Affected individuals notice symptoms approximately 1 to 4 months after exposure to the virus. In most people with acute hepatitis, symptoms resolve over weeks to months and they are cured of the infection. However, a small number of people develop a very severe,......

Words: 1144 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hca 240

...Blood Disorders Crystal Flannelly HCA/240 February 24, 2013 Samantha Bame Blood Disorders Introduction In this paper I will be discussing three different scenarios, and in each scenario I will tell a little information on the disorder. I will cover ways to prevent disorders, and symptoms of the disorder. The blood within our bodies is the body’s major transportation system. Blood is used to transport oxygen from the lungs to the cells within our body, and it removes carbon dioxide waste from the cells before it goes to the lungs. There are components in our blood that protect our body from getting diseases. The blood will recognize, and engulf microorganisms and foreign molecules that it finds in our blood. The other components of blood will transport metabolic waste from the cells to the kidneys, it will take nutrients from the digestive system to the cells, and blood will transport hormones through our body. The purpose of plasma, red blood cells, and platelets Blood is a specialized body fluid, and it contains four main components. The components of blood are plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Blood has many functions that help our body stay healthy. Plasma is a liquid component of our blood and its job is to transport blood cells throughout the body. Plasma is also responsible for carrying nutrients, waste products, antibodies, clotting proteins, and chemical messengers through the blood. Red blood cells have a special......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hca 240 Infections Disease

...Infectious Disease Infectious Disease The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a kind of sexually transmitted disease that may be passed on to anybody coming into contact with one that is infected of the same, through coming into contact with a blood that is infected by the HIV, or even through the act of breast-feeding, upon entering and attacking the immune system of a person. Although it takes a couple of years for HIV to be felt by a person, it is also source of another permanent, life-threatening disease known as AIDS. Upon targeting the immune system of a person, it weakens one’s immunity, thereafter evolving into AIDS (HIV/AIDS, 2011). The most common symptoms that arise upon those who suffer AIDS/HIV are: night sweats, swollen lymph glands particularly on the neck, fever, joint pain, rashes, diarrhea, sore throat, muscle soreness, as well as mouth and/or genital ulcer (HIV/AIDS, 2011). Therefore, it appears to be somewhat an ordinary flu but continues for over a month or more once the virus enters the body. There will also be inflammation. Human Immunodeficiency Virus is most commonly known with the use of its acronym, HIV. On the other hand, AIDS stands for Acquired immune Deficiency Syndrome. Although both are often used interchangeably, contrary to popular belief, these two differ from each other. Among others, an important distinction that should be known by most people is that the immune system of a person suffering from HIV slowly deteriorates,......

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Infectious Disease

...Infectious Diseases Sharelle Taylor HCA 240 Inflammation occurs when there is sickness or some type of injury to the body. Injured cells release a certain chemical that lets the immune system know that there is something wrong. They attract healing cells which are sent out to work on damaged tissue. HIV/AIDS is transmitted through many bodily fluids. These fluids are Blood, Semen, Pre-seminal fluid, Breast milk, vaginal fluids, Rectal mucous. Other body fluids and waste......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hca 240 - Week 9 - Disease Treads and the Delivery of Health Care Services

...Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services HCA/240 January 26, 2014 Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services Demographics and disease trends will influence health care delivery services in the future in many different ways. Not only will the current aging population affect the delivery of health care services because of its rapid growth, but also obesity. Obesity is one of the more serious problems facing our nation today, and will only get worse unless the implementation of programs to educate the public on the many health issues this condition can cause to prevent them from happening. Moreover, not only does the health care delivery system need to adapt in the future to provide quality care for the aging population and the many chronic health issues they will face along with affordable housing, but also obesity-related health issues as our nation faces these two serious problems. In 2010, the age composition of the United States consisted of 60 percent of the population between the ages of 20 to 64 (Vincent & Velkoff, 2010). However, over the next 10 to 20 years the United States will experience an increase in the number of its older population because the baby boom generation started crossing into this category in January 2011 when the first baby boomers born in 1946 began reaching retirement age (Vincent & Velkoff, 2010). The Baby Boom generation consists of approximately 78 million Americans born between 1946 and 1964......

Words: 2314 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Infectious Disease

...Infectious Disease What is the stake of the American People and the Government by International Agencies to control Infectious Disease in Developing Countries? More people are at risk of infectious diseases than at any other time on history. Infectious diseases are worldwide problem requiring worldwide attention. Infectious diseases can weaken the strength of a nation's resources. In developing nations this poses even a greater threat. Diseases are threatening the economic stability of many developing nations. 50,000 people die everyday from infectious disease. Rift Valley Fever infects both livestock and humans. Rift Valley Fever is most commonly found in regions of eastern and southern Africa. It also exists in Madagascar and sub-Saharan Africa. The Bunyaviridae family includes the Rift Valley Fever disease. It is primarily spread from infected mosquitoes, who then infect animals. Generally they infect domestic animals, such as buffalo, cattle, sheep, camels and goats. Once the livestock are infected, other mosquitoes can spread the disease. It is also possible that the infection can be spread from other biting insects. The Rift Valley Fever outberak of 1997-1998 in eastern Africa killed both humans and livestock. It economically hurt trase in animals and the dairy indusrty.. the economy was crushed by trade imbargoes. Humans can get Rift Valley Fever in numerous ways. Humans can be infected from the mosquitoes or the bodily fluids of the infected animal...

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Infectious Disease

...Infectious Disease Victoria Jay HCA/240 June 8, 2014 Natasha Brown Infectious Disease What is the inflammatory response? According to "Definition of Inflammatory Response" (1996-2014), it is “a fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a response characterized by the classical signs of ‘dolor, calor, rubor, and tumor’ -- pain, heat (localized warmth), redness, and swelling.” A very important part of the body’s defense system is inflammation; this is when there is a crucial protective response by the body’s system of self-defense (Definition of Inflammatory Response, 1996-2014). Acute inflammation lasts only a few days, it is short-lived whereas chronic inflammation lasts longer; like weeks, months, and maybe even years. When the inflammatory process is involved in healing and repair it may cause tissue damage. Inflammation can play a role in many disorders; for example Alzheimer’s, asthma, diabetes, osteoporosis, and even HIV/AIDS. According to U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2012), “More than 1.1 million people living in the United States are infected with HIV and almost 1 in 6 are unaware of their infection.” Gay and bisexual men of all races are affected by HIV the most. Those are a couple of statistics to think about. HIV stand for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV hinders the body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease by harming the immune system. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and it can also be......

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Infectious Disease

...INFECTIOUS DISEASE Public Health Management Infectious Disease At what risks are the people of the United States and its government if the International Agencies control infectious disease in increasing countries? There are many people today at risk of infectious diseases than ever in our history. Infectious disease is an ongoing worldwide issue and requires much needed attention. A nation’s resources can be weakening because of an infectious disease. And emerging nations poses even a greater threat. Diseases threaten economic stability on a daily basis and 50,000 people die each day from an infectious disease. The Rift Valley Fever outbreak of eastern Africa occurred in 1997-1998; this outbreak killed plenty of livestock as well as humans. Economically this outbreak hurt economically, the trade of animals and the dairy industry. Rift Valley Fever is frequently found in the regions of south and eastern Africa. It was also found to exist in Madagascar and the Sub-Saharan. The primary spread of this outbreak is from infected mosquitoes, which in turn infect animals. In general they can infect anything from domestic animals, also buffalo, cattle, sheep, camels and goats. After the livestock is infected then other mosquitoes are able to spread the disease. But it is also possible that other biting insects can spread the disease. Humans are possibly infected from the mosquito or infected animal’s bodily fluids. Such contacts as brushing the infected...

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases

...Infectious Diseases Conditions Plague Cause: Yersina pestis ------------------------------------------------- Treatment: Streptomycin (aminoglycoside) and Ciprofloxacin (Fluoroquinolone) ------------------------------------------------- CNS INFECTIONS Meningitis New born cause: Group B streptococcus, Gram-negative enterics, Listeria monocytogenes 2-24 months’ cause: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria Meningitidis, Haemophilus Influenzae 2-50 years causes: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis 50+ causes: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Gram-negative enterics Meningococcal Meningitis Cause: Neisseria meningitidis – gram-negative Treatment: * Penicillin/Ampicillin (beta-lactam) * (Chloramphenicol can be substituted in history of penicillin hypersensitivity) * Close contacts – Rifampicin 2 days * Vaccines for prophylaxis – not for serogroup B, sialic acid is identical to the human form Pneumococcal Meningitis Cause: Streptococcus pneumoniae – gram-positive Treatment: * Cefotaxime (3rd generation cephalosporin/beta lactam) – 10-14 days * (If resistance to Cefotaxime – Vancomycin (tricyclic glycopeptide) and Rifampicin) * Adjunctive treatment with Dexamethasone Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis Cause: Haemophilus influenzae – gram-negative Treatment: * H. influenzae vaccine is available * Cefotaxime (3rd gen cephalosporin/beta lactam) * Adjunctive......

Words: 5531 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Infectious Disease

...Infectious Disease (Shingles) Tomakio Robinson February 3, 2012 Jessica Grippo HCA/240 Shingles virus which the medical terms use is herpes zoster, which is accompanied by a local rash and pain. Shingles virus usually covers certain areas of the skin encompassing about one to three dermatomes. The dermatome area is supplied by just one single nerve root, shingles is known by blisters superimposed by an aggressive red inflamed base. Shingles virus only occurs on one side of the body, the pain of shingles is very severe and those who have experienced the shingles virus describe shingles as a burning sensation. The area of the body which is affected by shingles virus becomes very sensitive to the touch which is medically known as allodynia. When allodynia is present many people usually wear loose fitting clothing because shingles are very painful. Shingles is a reaction of varicella-zoster virus, which is a form of herpes that causes chickenpox. Once a person has had chickenpox, the virus from the chickenpox remains in the nerve roots and remain inactive until it begins to flare up again; but this time instead of chickenpox the individual will get shingles. If someone has ever had a mild case of chickenpox can catch shingles. Any individuals with a weak immune system are very vulnerable to activating the virus that forms shingles. There are many ways the immune system can become weak such as recent surgeries, medications, serious illness or disease and poor......

Words: 785 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases

... | |Infectious Diseases | | | | | African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness as many call it is a parasitic disease that can be contracted by either human or animals. The disease is transmitted by the tsetse fly which can be found all over Africa but the ones contaminated with the disease are found in region of sub-Saharan Africa. The disease has been said to have been in Africa since way back in the 14th century and one of the first epidemics that was recorded happened in 1901 in which a "devastating epidemic had erupted in Uganda, killing more than 250,000 people, about two-thirds of the population in the affected lake-shore areas" (CDC). According to the World Health Organization the disease covers 36 countries and 60 million people. The majority of the affected population live in remote areas of sub-Saharan Africa with little access to health care clinics which is why in these rural area the disease often goes untreated and misdiagnosed. The distribution of African......

Words: 4427 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Infectious Diseases

...Infectious diseases are now the world's biggest killer of children and young adults. They account for more than 13 million deaths a year - one in two deaths in developing countries. Over the next hour alone, 1 500 people will die from an infectious disease - over half of them children under five (WHO, 1999). The main causes of these deaths from infectious diseases occur in developing countries - the countries with the least money to spend on health care. Instead of this, in wealthy countries people are suffering from non-communicable diseases, just because of their illness related behaviour.Non communicable diseases are the top cause of death worldwide, killing more than 36 million people in 2008. Cardiovascular diseases were responsible for 48% of these deaths, cancers 21%, chronic respiratory diseases 12%, and diabetes 3% (WHO, 2011). This health inequality effects not just how people live, but often dictates how and at what age they die. In this essay I would like to reflect upon the main causes, preventions about all diseases whether it is infectious or lifestyle related diseases, and my response to the global health inequalities that is existing. According to Willi (2004) the sociological imagination consist of four interrelated parts:1) Historical factors, 2) Cultural factors, 3) Structural factors, and 4) Critical factors. I would like to explain historical factors in relation of my topic. I am born and grew up in Asian region, there People are likely to try native...

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hca 240 Infectious Disease

...Infectious Disease XXX Class 240 XXX XXX Infectious Disease There is one sexually transmitted disease that everyone is afraid of and that is HIV or AIDS. It has been plaguing this country for years and other parts of the world for even longer. Scientist believes that the HIV virus came from a chimpanzee from Western Africa. They think the virus most likely jumped to humans when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contacted with their infected blood (What is HIV / AIDS?, 2012) . After years the virus spread and infected multiple parts of African and then spread to other parts of the world. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus only affects human beings and what it does is weakens the immune system by destroying important cells. The cells it attacks are the T-cells or CD4 cells (What is HIV / AIDS?, 2012) . The human body has these cells to fight infections and disease. Therefore when it encounters the HIV virus the T-cells try to attack it but instead the HIV virus ends up invading those cells and uses them to make more copies of itself. Then when it is done it destroys them (What is HIV / AIDS?, 2012) . This process does not happen overnight. The HIV virus can lay dormant for a long period of time before an individual might know that they have contracted it. Even when HIV is dormant it can still be spread to other human beings because HIV lives in semen, vaginal fluids, blood, and breast milk (Krantzler, PhD, MPH, 2007). There......

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Infectious Diseases

...Title: Infectious Disease paper on HIV/AIDS By: Susan Rhine Date: June 17, 2012 Class: Health and Diseases Teacher: Alexis Deavenport Infectious diseases are rampant throughout the world and only seem to be getting worse. Some of these diseases are treatable, but some are still untreatable even with many years of research. Some of these diseases include: Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Influenza, Chickenpox, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus(MRSA), Clostridium difficle, Hepatitis B, and Rotavirus. Any of these diseases if contracted, can cause death. The one disease that I would like to discuss today is HIV/AIDS. This is one of the most deadly diseases in the world today. If a person has HIV does not necessarily mean that the person will also have the AIDS virus; it just means that they have the virus that causes AIDS. However; if a person has AIDS, then they will also have HIV because it is the virus that causes AIDS to be brought on. Unfortunately, the spread of AIDS has been great since the year 1981, with over 980,000 cases reported in the United States alone. It is important to know that HIV and AIDS are not the same disease. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus and is a virus that can be caught on contact. HIV can eventually turn into the AIDS virus even though it takes time varying in length from a couple months to years. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. When the HIV virus ends up attacking a person’s immune......

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5