Free Essay

Haydn's Piano Sonata in Bminor

In: Film and Music

Submitted By addonald11
Words 642
Pages 3
Haydn’s Piano Sonata in Bb Minor Joseph Haydn was one of the most prominent and prolific composers of the Classical period, often called the “Father of the Symphony” and the “Father of the String Quartet.” While I can personally attest to the brilliance of both his string quartets and symphonies, today I will instead be focusing on one of his piano sonatas and examining its form and chord structure. The Exposition of the sonata begins in measure one and ends in measure sixty-one at the cadence of the closing theme. Inside this exposition lie multiple themes, the first theme stretching from measure one to measure twenty-two, where the second theme group begins. The first theme has three phrases in it: measures one through ten, eleven through fifteen, and sixteen through twenty-one, all of which stay in the key of B flat major. Though they are all in the same key, the phrases make up a contrasting period because measures one through ten are obviously different than the two following phrases, which are similar. Moving on to the second theme which is the key of F major, the dominant, we can see that the phrases are contrasting as well because they do not begin similarly and have different chord structure. An interesting composition technique is extending phrases through various means such as sequences or repetition, both used by Haydn in the exposition. Measures seven through ten, twenty-nine through thirty, forty-one through forty-two and forty-eight through fifty-five are all examples of repetition. We can see sequences in measures seventeen through twenty and twenty-two through twenty-seven. Lastly in measures fifty-six though sixty-one Haydn uses a cadential extension to lengthen the closing phrase. To focus more on chord structure we will focus on Haydn’s use of augmented sixth chords and secondary dominants to enrich the exposition. Measures eleven and sixteen both contain the secondary dominant of the subdominant chord and measures twenty-seven and twenty-nine both contain a German augmented sixth chord that resolves to the dominant, C. Closing out our study on the exposition in measure forty-eight is the closing theme, a phrase that is lengthened an extra five measures in measures fifty six through sixty one with a cadential extension. The Development is the second section of a Sonata, a section typically rampant with sequences to move through keys from which Haydn’s sonata is no exception. The development starts with a basic theme that is varied upon throughout the section, a theme that is seen from measures sixty-two to seventy. The only actual sustained key in the development is F major, though a listener might be fooled by the dominant sequences and quickly moving chords. There are five sequences throughout the development: a modulating sequence from seventy-one to seventy-six, a descending fifths sequences from seventy-seven to eighty-three, an ascending fifths sequence from eighty-four to eighty-eight, a secondary dominant sequence descending by seconds from ninety-one to ninety-five, and an ascending five-six sequence from ninety-nine. These sequences make up the body of the development which leads into the Recapitulation. The Recapitulation starts in measure 102 and stretches to the end, sustaining the key of the tonic the whole way there, B flat major. The recapitulation retains the exposition almost identically but measure 108 is not present in the original and functions as a replacement for measures ten through twenty-two. This transition into the next phrase eliminates the modulation into the dominant that is present in the exposition, explanation for the extensive phrase in only B flat major. Through these analyses it is obvious that though Haydn was the original father of string quartets and symphonies, piano sonatas were a well-developed child of his as well.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Piano Experiance

...to learn how to play the piano, but because of financial issues my family could not afford paying for piano lessons, so I did not have good foundations in playing piano. I am perusing a major in communications and a minor in music. For this reason I was required to take piano classes and full fill my dream that finally started to become true. Even though my minor’s focus is not piano; piano is still a very good help for different reasons. Taking piano lessons have provided me with the adequate foundations which have played a major role for me to develop a better understanding of basic piano skills. In the not too distant future, learning how to use the right fingering will allow me to help worship teams with their music. The reason for this is that, they will probably need me to show them a scale or a song that they need to work on, which will make it easier for me to play the song. Piano also has been a big help for me not just because I am learning how to play the instrument that I had constant dreams about. It has been a big help for me because for years I was trying to learn how to play pieces while sight reading them, and I have never succeeded because there was no one that was capable to help me with anything. Right now I am better in playing the piano and knowing how to play a piece without too much hesitation by finding the right keys or the right chords. I am so grateful to have a piano class, it is definitely a dream come true. Piano will allow me to help......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mozart's Sonata No.11

...Mozart’s Sonata No. 11 in A-Major K. 331 Sarah Pool Salzburg College Dr. Oliver Kraft 01.12.2012 Mozart’s Sonata No. 11 in A-Major K. 331 Mozart wrote his eleventh sonata around the year 1778 while he was on a trip in Paris. Although the exact date is uncertain, he wrote a set of 4 sonatas in Paris, K. 300-333. However, they were not published until he was in Vienna in 1781. His travels around Europe during the 1770s were not the happiest of times because he was in his twenties and could no longer be considered a child prodigy. He wanted to write instrumental and secular works, but his jobs wanted sacred music (AQA Advanced Level Notes). This particular sonata has a beautiful first movement of variations, a minuet and trio for the second movement, and the “Rondo Alla Turca” third movement written in the Turkish style. When analyzing the first movement of this A-Major sonata, it is important to note that it does not follow the normal sonata form. A typical sonata would have an allegro as the first movement. Instead, this one has a variations movement with the tempo marked Andante Grazioso. It starts at a leisurely tempo, slower than a normal sonata would, but each variation gradually speeds up by bringing in smaller note values along with some contrasting variations in between. The first movement has a French character in 6/8 meter (Kinderman p.50). The French character was used because he wrote it while he was in Paris, and the 6/8 meter creates a pastoral......

Words: 2265 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Customer Satisfaction on Sonata Watches

...Company profile   Titan Industries is the organization that brought about a paradigm shift in the Indian watch market when it introduced its futuristic quartz technology, complemented by international styling. With India's two most recognized and loved brands Titan and Tanishq to its credit, Titan Industries is the fifth largest integrated watch manufacturer in the world. The success story began in 1984 with a joint venture between the Tata Group and the Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation. Presenting Titan quartz watches that sported an international look, Titan Industries transformed the Indian watch market. After Sonata, a value brand of functionally styled watches at affordable prices, Titan Industries reached out to the youth segment with Fastrack, its third brand, trendy and chic. The company has sold over 135million watches world over and manufactures 13 million watches every year. With a license for premium fashion watches of global brands, Titan Industries repeated its pioneering act and brought international brands into Indian market. Tommy Hilfiger and FCUK as well as the Swiss made watch Xylys owe their presence in Indian market to Titan Industries. Entering the largely fragmented Indian jewellery market with no known brands in 1995, Titan Industries launched Tanishq, India's most trusted and fastest growing jewellery brand. Gold Plus, the later addition, focuses on the preferences of semi-urban and rural India. Completing the jewellery portfolio is...

Words: 3239 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Piano Builder

...Analyze the nature of Bird’s motivation in building pianos. Discuss whether an organization could build the same motivation in most of its employees. Intrinsic motivation or Self-motivation is the nature of Bird’s motivation in building pianos. Intrinsic motivation, basically, refers to motivation that comes from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards, such as money. The motivation comes from the pleasure one gets from the task itself or from the sense of satisfaction in completing or even working on a task. Mr Waverly Bird, obviously, possesses this kind of motivation. This was evidently shown because, as mentioned in the case, the challenge of work is what lures Bird onward. He constructs pianos not to seek money. He derives satisfaction from precision, quality, and in making a whole piano. All of his activities prove he is intrinsically motivated. There are also other motivation theories, which explain, support, and confirm Bird’s motivation. One is the popular “Hierarchy of Needs Motivation Theory” of Abraham Maslow. From this theory, Bird’s motivation is shown to be at the highest level in the hierarchy of needs, which Maslow called it self-actualization. Self-actualization refers to the desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially. Bird is at this peak level of needs after his 34-year career. His big dream of building a grand piano, definitely, is going to be his greatest......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Steinway Pianos

...is a question and answer discussion on Steinway Pianos. Discussed will be how the Steinway Piano company set up their system, smaller subsystems and how they use the systems perspective of input, transformation and output. Behavioral and operations management will also be discussed along with the universal and contingency perspective. Steinway Pianos This discussion on Steinway Pianos will be highlighting their processes and how their subsystems and system work together to produce their high quality piano cases. Learn how inputs from their environment, the transformation process and outputs into the environment affect their organization’s system perspective. Discuss the similarities between the behavioral and operations management and Steinway’s processes. Also how the universal and contingency perspective is reflected in the Steinway process. The construction and assembly of a Steinway’s piano is comprised of several different subsystems that all work together to make up a larger system. As with many companies such as a production company like Steinway, there must be a process in place in order to construct and assemble the piano. Along with that the company will need other departments such as marketing to market their product. The financial department ensures all the accounting is done properly and that money is available to purchase more materials and labor so that they can produce more pianos. The management department manages all of the......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Piano

..., constructor de pianos y consultor de un fabricante de pianos al término de su jornada, construye estos instrumentos desde cero. Trabaja por pedido mas o menos una semana al mes, lo que incluye algunos viajes para resolver problemas de los clientes. También reconstruye alrededor de una docena de pianos de concierto al año para clientes especiales; sin embargo, según afirma, la parte mas satisfactoria de su vida es su pasatiempo de construir pianos desde el principio. “Esta es la parte que mantiene vivo a un hombre”, dice. El reto de este trabajo es lo que lo empuja hacia adelante. Obtiene satisfacción de la precisión y la calidad, pues afirma que “los detalles son la diferencia. Cuando un corta un poquito aquí y un poquito allá, ha cavado un gran hoyo. Un piano es como el cuerpo humano; todas sus partes son importantes”. Bird considera un reto fundamental construir un piano completo. Su trabajo combina habilidades de fabricación de gabinetes, actividades con metales e ingeniería, conocimiento de acústica y un oído muy afinado para la música. Requiere gran precisión, porque una minúscula desalineación arruinaría el sonido del piano. También requiere versatilidad: un teclado debe estar bien balanceado para responder al toque de un dedo; por otra parte, las clavijas deben aguantar una presión de hasta 20 toneladas. Además, Bird tiene que fabricar muchas de las herramientas que emplea para construir los pianos. Bird ha construido 40 pianos en sus 34 años de carrera. Aunque......

Words: 387 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Electronic Piano

...Objective: The objective of this report is to go over the construction of the electronic piano, tools and materials. Introduction: This is a simple toy piano using a 555 timer IC and a few basic components to create tones that that is sound thru the speaker. An electronic piano consist of several electric components that produce a voltage signal with a varying frequency. • Tools: 1. Soldering iron A hand tool that is used in the soldering process it supplies heat to melt the solder so that it can flow into the joint between two work pieces. 2. Diagonal pliers Used in trimming the excess leads closely as possible to the PCB. 3. Solder A fusible metal alloy used to join together metal work pieces and having a melting point below that of the work piece. 4. Soldering iron holder and cleaning sponge A standing iron holder is a tool that holds the soldering iron when it’s not in use. The holder also house the cleaning sponge which is used to clean off excess solder from the iron • Materials: 1. Printed circuit board Mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. 2. NE555P integrated circuit An integrated circuit (chip) used in a variety of timer, pulse generation, and oscillator applications. The 555 can be used to provide time delays, as an oscillator, and as a flip-flop element. 3. IC socket A socket for the IC...

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Electronic Piano

...Electronic Piano Objective: The objective of this report is to go over the construction of the electronic piano, tools and materials. Introduction: This is a simple toy piano using a 555 timer IC and a few basic components to create tones that that is sound thru the speaker. An electronic piano consist of several electric components that produce a voltage signal with a varying frequency. • Tools: 1. Soldering iron A hand tool that is used in the soldering process it supplies heat to melt the solder so that it can flow into the joint between two work pieces. 2. Diagonal pliers Used in trimming the excess leads closely as possible to the PCB. 3. Solder A fusible metal alloy used to join together metal work pieces and having a melting point below that of the work piece. 4. Soldering iron holder and cleaning sponge A standing iron holder is a tool that holds the soldering iron when it’s not in use. The holder also house the cleaning sponge which is used to clean off excess solder from the iron • Materials: 1. Printed circuit board Mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from copper sheets laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. 2. NE555P integrated circuit An integrated circuit (chip) used in a variety of timer, pulse generation, and oscillator applications. The 555 can be used to provide time delays, as an oscillator, and as a flip-flop element. 3. IC socket A socket......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Stainway Pianos

...The construction and assembly of a Steinway Piano involves several different subsystems that in the end when all put together makes up a larger system. A company, such as a production company like Steinway is known to build a good quality product. They have a good reputation on the product that they build, because they have taken the time figure out how to make quality work and use quality material. There is a process in place in order to manufacture and assemble the piano. First of all they just don’t use any wood, they use Eastern rock maple wood to be precise. They start with raw boards to create a rim with specific measurement. Next, a total of 18 separate slat, 14 layers of maple and 4 layers of woods are glued and stacked together to form a book. Then comes the process of bending rim into the shape of a piano. This process could not be done, without a crew, but not just any crew. A crew of six skilled specialized employees that have just 20 minutes to complete the book and they use block and tackle and wooden levers and mallets into a rim bending press. This process is the same process that Steinway & Sons have used for more than a century and is all done by hand and all at one time. With all this hard work, their job does not end there. The company also need other departments, such as a marketing department in order to market their product. The financial department takes care of all the accounting issues. They ensure that the company has the funds to...

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Piano Sheet

...Bleeding Love LEONA LEWIS Arr. by Ludy http://www.words3music.ph & b 4 .. Œ 4 Piano œ Closed off from love Once or twice was œ ˙ J And it was all w w w. œ &b ‰ it you're fro œ ˙ J ? w b w. w œ - the pain talk so loud œ ˙ J œ œ Œ œ ˙ J Time j œ œ j œ starts to Yet I w w. œ ‰ Ó Ó œ œ ˙ J w w. œ pass know œ ˙ J œ ˙ J œ zen w w. œ ve - ry first œ œ œ ‰ œj œ time with you My hear But nothing's greater than the rush that comes with your embrace w w w. œ œ in vain falling œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ But some - thing hap - pened for the need they œ ˙ J j œ œ that the goal is to keep me from œ œ did - n't But Try to fill me with doubt &b ‰ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ be - fore you know w w w. œ ‰ œ œ œ œ e - nough Their piercing sounds fill my ears ?b w w. œ I hear œ ˙ J œ œ œ œ œ œ ? w b w w. œ j œ œ œ œ œ œ ‰ œ œ Trying hard not to ? b 4 .. w 4 w. w œ &b Œ j œ œ œ ˙ J Words & Music - free piano arrangements w w w. œ œ œ œ œ melts in - to the And in this world œ ˙ J 1 &b œ j œ œ œ j ‰ œ œ œ œ œ ground found some - thing new And eve - ry one's look - ing of loneliness I see your face Yet everyone ?b w w w. œ w w. œ œ ˙ J j &b œ œ ‰ Ó œ œ Ó ‰ œ ˙ J &b Œ ...

Words: 1088 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Piano Lesson

...The Lesson the Piano Teaches The play, “The Piano Lesson”, takes place in Pittsburgh in 1937. It uses The Great Depression as a backdrop and hints of the black migration from South to North after the end of the Civil War and before desegregation in the South. The play is about a dispute between a sister, Berniece, who has moved to Pittsburgh and her brother, Boy Willie, who still lives in Mississippi. The brother wants to sell a family heirloom, a piano, to buy land down south. The sister wants to keep it in the family because of its family history and association with tragedy. The piano has carvings on it done by their great-grandfather and depicts important events in the lives of the Charles family during slavery. There is also the ghost of John Sutter, a member of the Sutter family who owned the Charles family during slavery times. He hovers over the piano and seems to not want the piano to be disturbed. The title of the play suggests that the play is about someone teaching a piano lesson, but the story is really about the lesson the piano teaches. The piano teaches this family that their ancestry and history are important but that one should not dwell in the past or base the future on dreams of symbolic retribution. Berniece and Boy Willie are the great grandchildren of Berniece and Willie Boy Charles, slaves owned by Robert and Ophelia Sutter. “Chattel slavery contributed significantly to pre–Civil War economic growth in the United States. The invention of the......

Words: 1955 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Piano Techer

...Piano Teacher Most parent believe that participation in extracurricular activities affect a child in a lot of good ways. My parent were no exception. When I was a kid, after school I was always being driven from piano to volleyball to self-defense classes and so on. At the time, I thought I was the world’s busiest teenager. However, after all these years, I can easily see that I have gained some important benefits from those activities. Playing the piano is probably the greatest benefit. In the meantime, it would be a big lie for me to say that my appreciation for playing the piano came immediately. Since the time I was ten years old until I was twelve or thirteen, I absolutely detested Sunday afternoons. Of course by then, it was not called Sunday for me but the torturous “piano day”. I had to practice all the morning before the lesson in the afternoon, and became totally exhausted in the evening. When it was finally over, I had relief as of am incredible amount of weight had been pulled from my shoulders. In those days, I never got to see the importance of having those lessons, practicing for hours, and even playing those tunes. As much as I tried, I could never find a way to enjoy it; it was no more than some never-ending horrible homework for me. But today, I want to thank my teacher for forcing me to appreciate the art of music. Now, I can easily list playing the piano as one of the most refreshing aspects of my life. Whenever I feel sadness, I always have the......

Words: 501 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Shoe Horn Sonata

...The Shoe- Horn Sonata written by John Misto is a powerful play that seeks to commemorate the endurance and heroic struggles of Australian women in the Japanese war camps during World War II. Blue Velvet a 1986 American film written and directed by David Lynch, which explores the darker underbelly of 50’s suburban life in America. Through each composer’s use of a combination of dramatic techniques, characterization and setting, our perception of the world is challenged and broadened through the artists employment of distinctively visual techniques to make meaning. One of the main themes explored in Shoe- Horn Sonata is friendship, as Bridie and Sheila share a strong connection that develops with genuine warmth, humor, deep felt emotion and straightforward honesty. Flashbacks and memories, expressed through voice-overs are used to deepen the audiences understanding of what happened decades ago in the camps while at the same time alerting us to what has been lost at this present time. During the television interview (Act 1, scene 7) conducted by Rick, Bridie and Sheila begin to talk about the living conditions of the POW camps and the mistreatment of the prisoners. Over Christmas time, the Japanese had allowed the Australian men to visit the nurses “On the other side of our barbed wire fence were twenty or thirty Aussie men – as skinny as us – and wearing slouch hats. Unlike the Japs, they had hairy legs. And they were standing in rows – serenading us.” This image......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Piano Chant

...Marty Previtte Ms. Swails ENG 110 November 7, 2011 Player Chant Imagery and sound can be two important elements in poetry. The poems “Secretary Chant” by Marge Piercy and “Player Piano” by John Updike are examples of ways to effectively use imagery and sound to convey a message. Although both poems use sound and imagery, they use these elements in different ways. Updike uses sound and imagery to portray human characteristics in a nonliving object, while Piercy uses the same elements to mechanize a woman into an office machine. Even though Updike’s poem is more enjoyable, Piercy is more effective in the use of imagery and sound. In “Secretary Chant,” Piercy describes a woman being consumed by her job as a secretary. Piercy’s message is that women who perform the same secretarial jobs day in and day out can become mechanized. Piercy expresses his message by painting a picture of this woman with simple sentences, simple metaphors, and obvious grammatical mistakes. Each of these techniques is used to convey a sound and image so that the reader can become familiar with the transformation this woman is going through. Most lines of “Secretary Chant” are formed by simple sentences. “Rubber bands form my hair” (line 4) is a good example of the poem’s typical sentence. By using simple sentences Piercy is making the statement that the main character (the woman) is losing her ability to stray from a simple sentence. This means that the woman being described in the poem is losing......

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

On Brahms Piano Concerto 2

...A FORMAL ANALYSIS OF FOUR SELECTED PIANO CONCERTOS OF THE ROMANTIC ERA by MELINDA ANN ERICKSON, B.M. A THESIS IN MUSIC LITERATURE Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Texas Tech University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF MUSIC Approved Accepted August, 1974 Oop-Z ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am deeply indebted to Dr. Paul F. Cutter for his direction of this thesis and to Dr. Thomas Redcay for his helpful criticism. 11 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ii CHAPTER I. II. INTRODUCTION 1 BEETHOVEN PIANO CONCERTO NO. 4 IN G MAJOR Introduction First Movement: Allegro moderato Second Movement: Andante con moto Third Movement: Vivace III. CHOPIN PIANO CONCERTO NO. 2 IN F MINOR OP. 21 Introduction First Movement: Maestoso Second Movement: Larghetto Third Movement: Allegro vivace IV. 49 51 58 60 BRAHMS PIANO CONCERTO IN B FLAT MAJOR OP. 83 Introduction First Movement: Allegro non troppo Second Movement: Allegro appassionato Third Movement: Andante Fourth Movement: Allegro grazioso VI. 30 32 39 43 SCHUMANN PIANO CONCERTO IN A MINOR OP. 54 Introduction First Movement: Allegro affettuoso Second Movement: Intermezzo: Andantino grazioso Third Movement: Allegro vivace V. 10 12 21 24 CONCLUSION 67 69 78 84 87 93 BIBLIOGRAPHY 99 111 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The term concerto was used as far back as the two Gabrielis......

Words: 18655 - Pages: 75