H-O Model

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nhocheosua
Words 517
Pages 3
Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

MÔ HÌNH HECKSHER-OHLIN
Chương 4

1/29/2008

1

Giới thiệu
• Mô hình Ricardo giải thích ngoại thương xảy ra là do sự khác nhau về năng suất lao động giữa các nước. • Trong thực tế ngoại thương xảy ra cũng được phản ánh sự khác nhau về nguồn lực giữa các nước.
• Thí dụ:
– Một số quốc gia dồi dào về đất đai xuất khẩu lương thực như Hoa Kỳ, Úc
– Một số quốc gia dồi dào về lao động bán kỹ năng có xu hướng xuất khẩu hàng hoá thâm dụng lao động như quần áo, giày dép.
1/29/2008

Trương Quang Hùng

2

1

Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

Giới thiệu
• Mô hình Hechsher-Ohlin nhấn mạnh sự khác biệt về nguồn lực (lao động, vốn, đất đai) là nguồn gốc duy nhất cuả ngoại thương • Mô hình này cho thấy rằng lợi thế so sánh cuả một nước được quyết định bởi:
– Sự đồi dào tương đối các yếu tố sản xuất cuả một nước
– Sự thâm dụng các yếu tố tương đối cuả một loại
1/29/2008 hàng hoá
3

Giới thiệu
• Mô hình này có những dự đoán tương đối phù hợp với thực tế hơn so với mô hình
Ricardo
– Các nước có xu hướng sản xuất hai loại hàng hoá (không có chuyên môn hoá hoàn toàn).
– Ngoại thương mang lại lợi ích cho một nước nhưng đồng thời cũng gây ra tác động phân phối lại thu nhập bên trong một nước.
1/29/2008

Trương Quang Hùng

4

2

Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

Giả thiết mô hình
• Hai quốc gia là nước nhà (H) và nước ngoài (F)
– Có sở thích giống nhau
– Tỷ lệ các yếu tố sản xuất khác nhau

• Sử dụng 2 yếu tố sản xuất là lao động (L) và vốn (K)
– Các yếu tố sản xuất hoàn toàn linh hoạt trong phạm vi một nước nhưng không linh hoạt giữa các nước
– Các yếu tố sản xuất có thể thay…...

Similar Documents

O*Net

...About O*NET The O*NET program is the nation's primary source of occupational information. Central to the project is the O*NET database, containing information on hundreds of standardized and occupation-specific descriptors. The database, which is available to the public at no cost, is continually updated by surveying a broad range of workers from each occupation. Information from this database forms the heart of O*NET OnLine, an interactive application for exploring and searching occupations. The database also provides the basis for our Career Exploration Tools, a set of valuable assessment instruments for workers and students looking to find or change careers. The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is being developed under the sponsorship of the US Department of Labor/Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) through a grant to the North Carolina Department of Commerce. Learn more about the O*NET project partners. About O*NET Data O*NET Applications Starting Points Content Model Anatomy of an occupation Every occupation requires a different mix of knowledge, skills, and abilities, and is performed using a variety of activities and tasks. These distinguishing characteristics of an occupation are described by the O*NET Content Model, Explore the interactive Content Model to see the range of occupational descriptors in the O*NET database. which defines the key features of an occupation as a standardized, measurable set of variables......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

A&O Audit Report

...Introduction History of A&O Financial Services Incorporation: A&O Financial Services Inc. was founded by Christian Allmendinger, Adley H. Abdulwahab, Brent Oncale (former owner and founder of A&O), and many other people. A & O Financial Services, Inc. offers loan and financing services. It offers personal loans, commercial loans, car financing, and mortgage lending services. The company is based in Stockton, California. A&O Incorpration’s address is 1350 West Robinhood Drive, Suite A2, Stockton, CA 95207, United States. A&O Financial Services Inc. provides services by the finance industry. The finance industry encompasses a broad range of organizations that deal with the management of money. Among these organizations are credit unions, loans, banks, credit card companies, insurance companies, consumer finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds and some government sponsored enterprises. A&O Financial Services Inc. works in Financial industry which means that they were receiving deposits from many depositors for the aim of investing them in safe investments for a definite period of time, and then to return back the money along with an additional amount of money as a return. Definition of Fraud: In criminal law, a fraud is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual. The specific legal definition varies by legal jurisdiction. Fraud is a crime, and also a civil law......

Words: 2765 - Pages: 12

Mej, H, H

...H Com bin e d S t a t e m e n t P a ge 3 of 6 223014054201 Sta temen t P er iod 02-28-12 th r ou gh 03-28-12 B 18 E I E P I 18 0053473 F ARIDAH N ASSE R ALQAH TAN I MyAccess Checking Subtractions A TM an d D ebit Card S u bt ra ct ion s - Con t in u ed F ood Lion #253 03/03 #000427900 P ur chase 1720 E beneezer Ro Rock H ill SC CheckCar d 0302 Ar amar k Wint hr op U niver Rock H ill SC 24755422063120639729378 CheckCar d 0305 U nc Char E lt i Int 704-687-5757 N C 24001752066200247700034 CheckCar d 0305 M cdonald's F 3909 Rock H ill SC 24427332066710025341923 Dollar Tr ee #0 03/07 #000121394 P ur chase 725 Cher r y Rd. Rock H ill SC E ar t h F ar e #25 03/09 #000935134 P ur chase 725 Cher r y Rd Rock H ill NC CheckCar d 0310 Saffr on Indian Cui Gr eenville SC 24224432071104000527001 F ast & F r iendl 03/10 # 000211690 P ur chase 2652 W M ain St Rock H ill SC J . Cr ew F act or 03/10 # 000872411 P u r chase 1 F act or y Shopps Gaffney SC CheckCar d 0310 P olo F act or y St or e #73 Gaffney SC 24610432071004039177947 F ast & F r iendl 03/10 # 000997722 P ur chase 2652 W M ain St Rock H ill SC CheckCar d 0310 P olo F act or y St or e #73 Gaffney SC 24610432071004039177954 Walgr eens 03/15 #000312386 P ur chase 1008 Oakland Ave Rock H ill SC CheckCar d 0313 St ar bucks Cor p00092791 Rock H ill SC 24164072074355321204158 CheckCar d 0314 M assage E nvy 0887 704-3382136 SC 24632692075075133452104 Academy Lt d 03/16 #000011440 P ur chase 2468 Cr oss P oint e Rock H ill SC E xpr...

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

O Henry

... zwwx@overseaen.com 2011 8 http://www.overseaen.com Tel:+86-551-5690811 5690812 Narrative Patterns Research in O Henry's Novels · , ( , 332000 ) Abstract:O· Henry is living in the time when novelists are in the great pursuit of narrative pattern research. Hence his works is inevitably Henry's novels in my opinion is also marvelous for his outinfluenced. Beside his humorous language, surprising ends and expressions, O· standing narrative patterns arrangement. In this article, a research will be conducted onto his narrative pattern in the aspects of narrative perspectives, narrative space and narrative time. By this research, more information and references is intended to obtain for the further study on this area. Key words: Narrative Pattern; Narrative Perspective; Narrative Space; Narrative Time : I02 :A :1009-5039(2011)08-0350-03 1 Introduction · O Henry (1862-1910), as one of the most famous writers of short story in American literature history, or even around the whole world. Plus his contribution in narrative patterns research, he is also honored as the one of the founders of American short story history. Great praises, as well as critics are raised from the world onto his short novels which are well known for the humor, vivid spots description, surprising endings. However, in this article we will pay attention to the narrative patterns in O· Henry's novels, the area of which seldom calls focus and research from the American literature academy. We will......

Words: 3019 - Pages: 13

O-Fold

...Business Strategy Case 3 The O-Fold Kyle Huffman Olds College Submission Date: February 14 2013 O-Fold Business Opportunity Introduction Alex Richards was a 4.0 GPA student, double majoring in finance and accounting. Before taking a trip to Colorado, Alex was faced with a problem: whether or not to take a suit on the plane, he did not want to wear it on the plane nor pack a suit case due to having the clothing wrinkle. He came up with the idea of the O-Fold, a cylindrical tube that clothes could be wrapped around, secured with straps, packed into tight spaces, and arrive wrinkle free. After completing a preliminary patent search online and finding nothing similar to his idea, Alex had to make a choice whether or not to start a company. He came up with four options, sell the idea, license the idea, outsource production, or use a crawl-walk-run strategy. External analysis With more then $5 billion in sales the luggage industry strengthened, as the baby boomer generation reached its peak travel ages (45-54). With profit margins growing from 28.9 percent in 1990 to 45.9 percent in 2000 the industry is looking profitable. As well having around 75 percent of the merchandise imported, this lowers the cost of production and materials. An important trend to look at is the use of handbags or carry on items. With the rising cost of fuel airlines started charging for check baggage, resulting in an increase of people buying carry on/handbags. Handbags sales increased from......

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

General O. O. Howard

...Brief History of General Oliver O. Howard General Oliver O. Howard, a Civil War hero was born on November 8, 1830 in Leeds, Maine and died October 26, 1909 in Burlington, Vermont. He served as organizer and head of the Freedmen’s Bureau in (1865-72) and founder of Howard University. He used his position in the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for, protect, and create educational possibilities, and a better way of life for the freedmen. Howard University gets its name from him and the Howard University Hospital, as we know it today was called "Freedman's Hospital.” He became the third president of the University, but resigned to go back to the military. The military was his love and in his blood. General Howard is described as a “Christian man who stood up for his beliefs and convictions, and who used his position as head of the Freedmen’s Bureau to fight for the well-being of Negroes in the South.”1 The General took pride in his position to defend race relations, education, and the general welfare of people. He felt that “no aspect of freedom for the newly emancipated was quite as close to his heart as that of providing educational facilities.”2 The General’s dedication and commitment to the freedmen was recognized by President Andrew Johnson, who in 1865 appointed General Howard to commission the Freedmen’s Bureau. As a result of his new appointment the General moved to Washington. Being a deeply religious man, The General’s religious roots lead him to “join others in...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

O You Want to Be a Model?

...dreamed of being a model?  Would you like to be rich and famous? Many people dream of becoming a model, but think that they are not able to because of their looks, or lack thereof. Did you know that you can have an exciting, rewarding career as a model even if you do not look like a supermodel? You don’t have to be tall and super thin. No matter what you look like: You too can become a Model!  There are different types of models and you have to be realistic in your expectations! There are fashion models, teen models, plus size models, and commercial models. Whenever you look at any magazine, or newspaper ad that is not geared towards fashion you see commercial models. And commercial models look like normal everyday people. As a commercial model, you are not going to get rich. At least most people won’t. But it can be fun part-time work with benefits such as free clothes, great pictures, and usually local recognition. Last night, I participated in Aaron Marcus' Tele-seminar entitled "How to Get Acting and Modeling Jobs and Find Modeling Agencies".  The seminar lasted about an hour.  You could call in and watch it over the Internet. Aaron offers workshops that you can attend live, but of course he doesn’t come to Birmingham, AL Some of the things that Aaron covered in his seminar were: * How to be a model regardless to what you look like. * What it takes to be a working model. * What to focus on when starting out. You see commercial models in......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Triple H

...Case #1: Triple H Film Productions Part 2: MANAGEMENT ISSUES A. i. What is a company? A voluntary association formed and organized to carry on a business. Types of companies include sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability, corporation, and public limited company. Implication of Limited Liability: Limited Liability Companies, much like corporation, provide protection for their owners. If the organization has debts that it cannot pay, the individual owners will not be held responsible for those debts. If the organization has to file bankruptcy the individual owners are still not personally responsible for any of the liabilities that the organization has. Owners can choose to have profits distributed anyway they would like. This means, whatever percentage of profits they want to give to each member, they have the flexibility to do so. Reduction in paperwork. The tedious meetings and note-taking that are required by corporate entities are not required by an LLC. There are no board meetings or quarterly meetings required. There are no quarterly or semi-annual reports that are necessary for the IRS. There is no double taxation. You do not have to pay taxes on your corporate profits, as well as on profits that pass through to your members. You only pay taxes once, and that is on those profits that are given to individual members  Longevity of the company is based on the life of the members. The company will dissolve if a member goes bankrupt or......

Words: 2208 - Pages: 9

Physiology Model

...Problems 1. Quantitative Description of Membrane Potentials 2. Hodgkin – Huxley Model 3. Action Potential Propagation Reference 1. A. L. Hodgkin and A. F. Huxley (1952), A Quantitative Description of Membrane Current and Its Application to Conduction and Excitation, J. Physiol. 117, 500-544 2. A. L. Hodgkin and W. A. H. Rushton (1946), The electrical constants of a Crustants of a Crustacean Nerve Fibre, Proc Royal, Soci (B:bio). 133, 444-479 Section 1 Quantitative Description of Membrane Potentials Generic Cell Models Na-K INa, L 2K K 3Na INa _[c ]i [cNa]o [cNa]i [cK]o IK, L + IK Membrane Hypothesis for the origin of the resting potential and the action potential in nerve (1902, 1912) 1 selectively 2 diffusing 3 temporarily Julius Bernstein Diffusion and Drift Fick’s Law of Diffusion Einstein Relation Ohm’s Law of Drift J diff dc  D dx RT D  zF J diff dV   C dx NERNST-PLANCK EQUATION  dck   dV  jk  Dk     k ck  dx   ckV    dx  diffusion drift convection NP equation J  J diff  J drif dc dV   RT  zcF dx dx xi At equilibrium, J = 0, the Nernst equation is derived as ci RT dc dV E  Vi  Ve   dx   dx xe dx ce zFc dx F is Faraday’s constant, zkF is charge per mole, R is Boltzmann's constant, T is temperature (Kelvin) RT ce 58 ce  ln  ln zF ci z ci GOLDMAN-HODGKIN-KATZ EQUATION Vm V  x d c  Ae zFVm x RTd dc dV J   RT  zcF...

Words: 1470 - Pages: 6

H&M Case Study

...Introduc.on   •  Introduce  H&M  and  explain  what  type  of  business  it  is   o         In  which  market  does  it  operate?   o  Describe  who  their    typical  customers  are     •  History:   o  Name  the  founder   o  When  did  the  business  begin  (year),  and  where?   •  In  which  countries/con@nents  do  H&M  operate?     •  What  is  the  annual  turnover  for  H&M?     •  Using  Porter’s  ideas,  explain  which  generic  strategy  H&M  is  following  –  explain   your  ideas  using  suppor@ng  evidence     Faculty  of  Higher  Educa@on                                                   City  College  Plymouth  in  conjunc@on  with   the  University  of  Plymouth   10  marks           2   Assignment  1   •  What  are  corporate  values?    Give  a  defini@on  then  cite  those   for  H&M     •  Describe  some  theore@cal  concepts  about  organisa.onal   culture     •  Analyse  the  case  study  to  determine  the  culture  you  believe   prevails  in  H&M.    Give  specific ......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Dhjbxfuuuuuuu H

...research enabled HMRC to generate “elevated levels of trust and engagement as well as to develop the empowerment agenda in a more inclusive way” (HMRC Director of Local Compliance, source 2). 3. References to the research 1. Hope Hailey V. & Balogun, J. (2002). Devising context sensitive approaches to change: The example of Glaxo Wellcome. Long Range Planning, 35 (2), 153-178. (DOI: 10.1016/S00246301(02)00035-3) 2. Balogun, J., Hope Hailey, V., Johnson, G., and Scholes, K., (2008). Exploring strategic change. (3rd edition) London: Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780273708025 (http://www.pearsoned.co.uk/bookshop/detail.asp?WT.oss=Exploring%20strategic%20change &WT.oss_r=1&item=100000000129853) 3. Balogun, J., Gleadle, P., Hope Hailey, V. & Willmott, H. (2005). Managing change across boundaries: Boundary-shaking practices. British Journal of Management, 16 (4), 261-278. (DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8551.2005.00463.x) 4. Hope Hailey, V., Farndale, E. & Kelliher, C. (2010). Trust in turbulent times: organizational change and the consequences for intra-organizational trust. In M. Saunders, D. Skinner, G. Dietz, N. Gillespie & R. Lewicki (Eds.), Organizational trust: A cultural perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-49291. (http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/management/organisationstudies/organizational-trust-cultural-perspective?format=PB) 5. Farndale, E., Van Ruiten, J., Kelliher, C. & Hope Hailey, V. (2011). The influence of perceived employee voice on......

Words: 2211 - Pages: 9

Model

... Model Marriage A Marriage Counselling Handbook by Dag Heward-Mills ***** Copyright 2005 Dag Heward-Mills E mail Dag Heward-Mills info@daghewardmillsbooks.org evangelist@daghewardmills.org Find out more about Dag Heward-Mills at: http://www.daghewardmills.org Unless otherwise stated, all Scripture quotations are taken from the King James Version of the Bible CONTENTS Acknowledgements Introduction Section 1 – THE BELOVEDS 1. The Beloveds 2. The Official Recognition of Your Relationship by the Church 3. Counselling the Beloveds Section 2 – THE FUNDAMENTALS 4. Definition of Marriage 5. Biblical Reasons for Marriage Section 3 – THE RELATIONSHIP 6. The God-Type of Marriage 7. The Christian Home 8. Love in Marriage 9. Communication in Marriage 10. Faithfulness and Unfaithfulness in Marriage Section 4 – THE DUTIES 11. Duties of the Husband 12. Duties of the Wife 13. The Total Wife 14. Home Keeping and House Helps 15. Principles of Finance in Marriage Section 5 – UNDERSTANDING THE TEMPERAMENTS 16. Introduction to the Temperaments 17. What it means to have a Sanguine Husband or Wife 18. What it means to have a Choleric Husband or Wife 19. What it means to have a Melancholic Husband or Wife 20. What it means to have a Phlegmatic Husband or Wife Section 6 – THE PROBLEMS AND THE SOLUTIONS 21. Problem-Solving in Marriage 22 In-Laws 23. The Step Home 24. What Every Christian Should Know about Divorce Section 7 – THE MASTER KEY OF......

Words: 82276 - Pages: 330

"O Me! O Life" Analysis

...Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring, Of the endless trains of the faithless, of cities fill’d with the foolish, Of myself forever reproaching myself, (for who more foolish than I, and who more faithless?) Of eyes that vainly crave the light, of the objects mean, of the struggle ever renew’d, Of the poor results of all, of the plodding and sordid crowds I see around me, Of the empty and useless years of the rest, with the rest me intertwined, The question, O me! so sad, recurring—What good amid these, O me, O life? Answer. That you are here—that life exists and identity, That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse. Abstract Meaning In his poem “O Me, O Life,” Walt Whitman questions the futility of life. Whitman ponders on the rapid advancement of our world through economy’s eyes. Though he admits to the disappointment that can be felt through human achievement, he also conducts an argument through a powerful metaphor at the end of his poem recognizing the importance of human purpose, “Answer… That the powerful play goes on, and you may contribute a verse.” Whitman argues that every person is contributing to human existence because they are living and breathing. He connects this idea to the rest of his poem by using a question and answer format. At the beginning of his poem he introduces his final argument, “Oh me! Oh life! of the questions of these recurring,/ Of the endless trains of......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

T H E P O L I S H S U R P R I S E

...Poland's entry into the European Union, headed off the asset price bubble, particularly surging home prices that hurt so many other economies around the world. Ironically, the Polish government had been criticized for its tight monetary policy earlier in the decade, but in 2008 and 2009 it served the country well. Moreover, in 2009 Poland benefited from the economic stimulus in neighbouring Germany, its largest trading partner. A scheme to boost demand for German automobile companies by giving cash grants to people who exchanged old cars for new ones (a “cash for clunkers” program) helped Poland because the country has several automobile plants and was selling many cars and components to Germany. None of this is to say that Poland is a model state. The country still has substantial problems. Migrant workers returning from western Europe have swelled the ranks of the unemployed. In 2009, unemployment hit 11 percent, and it remained there through 2011. The tax system is complex and archaic. A study by the World Bank put the Polish tax system at 151st out of the 183 countries it surveyed. Extensive regulations can still make it difficult to do business in Poland: The World Bank ranked Poland 76th in ease of doing business. Even after 20 years, the transition from a socialist economy to a market-based system is still not complete, and many state-owned enterprises remain. On the other hand, the Polish government has committed itself to changing much of this. Steps are being......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

H&M Strategic Management

...SAVONIA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES UNIT OF BUSINESS AND ADMINISTRATION, KUOPIO THE IMPORTANCE OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT A case study of H&M Ding Huiru Business Administration Bachelor’s thesis International Business April 2011 2 SAVONIA UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES SAVONIA BUSINESS Degree Programme, option International Business Author(s) Ding Huiru Title of study The importance of strategic management, Case study of H&M Type of project Date Pages Thesis 27.4.2011 59+12 Supervisor(s) of study 1st Antti Iire 2nd Anneli Juutilainen Executive organization H&M in Kuopio,Finland Abstract Hennes & Mauritz (H&M) is a 100 billion Sweden company, engaged in designing and retailing of fashion apparel and accessories. The company offers a range of apparel, cosmetics, footwear and accessories for men, women, children and teenagers. H&M primarily operates in Europe, North America and Asia, and has a presence in over 38 countries. The company is headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden and employs approximately 87,000 people on a full-time basis. This thesis focused on the strategic management of H&M company. The main research problem was to make an in-depth analysis of its marketing strategy and how to implement it. The main research method was a qualitative research by analyzing their company data, annual reports and making interviews with the manager, staffs and customers in Kuopio shop. The thesis starts with a general......

Words: 14602 - Pages: 59