H-O Model

In: Business and Management

Submitted By nhocheosua
Words 517
Pages 3
Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

Chương 4



Giới thiệu
• Mô hình Ricardo giải thích ngoại thương xảy ra là do sự khác nhau về năng suất lao động giữa các nước. • Trong thực tế ngoại thương xảy ra cũng được phản ánh sự khác nhau về nguồn lực giữa các nước.
• Thí dụ:
– Một số quốc gia dồi dào về đất đai xuất khẩu lương thực như Hoa Kỳ, Úc
– Một số quốc gia dồi dào về lao động bán kỹ năng có xu hướng xuất khẩu hàng hoá thâm dụng lao động như quần áo, giày dép.

Trương Quang Hùng



Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

Giới thiệu
• Mô hình Hechsher-Ohlin nhấn mạnh sự khác biệt về nguồn lực (lao động, vốn, đất đai) là nguồn gốc duy nhất cuả ngoại thương • Mô hình này cho thấy rằng lợi thế so sánh cuả một nước được quyết định bởi:
– Sự đồi dào tương đối các yếu tố sản xuất cuả một nước
– Sự thâm dụng các yếu tố tương đối cuả một loại
1/29/2008 hàng hoá

Giới thiệu
• Mô hình này có những dự đoán tương đối phù hợp với thực tế hơn so với mô hình
– Các nước có xu hướng sản xuất hai loại hàng hoá (không có chuyên môn hoá hoàn toàn).
– Ngoại thương mang lại lợi ích cho một nước nhưng đồng thời cũng gây ra tác động phân phối lại thu nhập bên trong một nước.

Trương Quang Hùng



Chương trình Giảng dạy Kinh tế Fulbright
Niên khóa 2007-2008

Lý thuyết ngoại thương

Bài giảng 3

Giả thiết mô hình
• Hai quốc gia là nước nhà (H) và nước ngoài (F)
– Có sở thích giống nhau
– Tỷ lệ các yếu tố sản xuất khác nhau

• Sử dụng 2 yếu tố sản xuất là lao động (L) và vốn (K)
– Các yếu tố sản xuất hoàn toàn linh hoạt trong phạm vi một nước nhưng không linh hoạt giữa các nước
– Các yếu tố sản xuất có thể thay…...

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