Goniometry

In: Science

Submitted By royjenkins
Words 1043
Pages 5
SHOULDER FLEXION

Test Position * Subject supine * Flatten lumbar spine (flex knees) * Shoulder no abduction, adduction or rotation * (note: to measure gleno-humeral motion, stabilize scapula) | Normal Range(for shoulder complex flexion) * 167o + or - 4.7o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) * 150o (American Medical Association) * 166o (mean), 4.7o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen) | Goniometer Alignment * Axis – center of humeral head near acromion process * Stationary arm – parallel mid-axillary line * Moving arm – aligned with midline of humerus (lateral epicondyle) | Normal End Feel * Muscle Stretch |

SHOULDER EXTENSION

Test Position * Subject prone * Shoulder no abduction, adduction or rotation * (note: to measure gleno-humeral motion, stabilize scapula) | Normal Range(for shoulder complex flexion) * 62o + or - 9.5o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) * 50o (American Medical Association) * 62.3o (mean), 9.5o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen) | Goniometer Alignment * Axis – center of humeral head near acromion process * Stationary arm – parallel mid-axillary line * Moving arm – aligned with midline of humerus (lateral epicondyle) | Normal End Feel * Capsular or ligamentous |
SHOULDER MEDIAL (INTERNAL) ROTATION

Test Position * Subject supine * Shoulder 90o abduction * Forearm neutral * Elbow flexed 90o * Stabilize arm | Normal Range * 69o + or - 4.6o (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) * 90o (American Medical Association) * 68.8o (mean), 4.6o (standard deviation), (Boone and Azen) | Goniometer Alignment * Axis – olecranon process of ulna * Stationary arm – aligned vertically * Moving arm – aligned with ulna (styloid process) | Normal End Feel * Capsular |

SHOULDER LATERAL (EXTERNAL) ROTATION
SHOULDER…...

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