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Future Correctional Problems.

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Lancecohen
Words 414
Pages 2
Hypothesize Future Correctional Problems Future correctional problems that will need to be addressed include rising health care issues including HIV positive inmates and conjugal visits. An example of a current problem that keeps growing worse in prisons is the issue of health care and medical problems in prison. The get tough attitude has led to many longer sentences for offenders in prison. This means that there is a larger aging population in prison. This in turn leads to more prisoners who develop health problems while in prison (Muraskin & Roberts, 2009). Health care can be very costly and increases the budget of running prisons. One-third of inmates incarcerated report a chronic medical condition. The most common medical conditions are HIV, hypertension, asthma, arthritis, cervical cancer, and hepatitis (Bingswanger, 2009). Administrators must hire more prison health providers and allocate much of their limited resources toward early detection and management toward health conditions among the inmates (Bingswanger, 2009). Inmates with communicable diseases and in particular HIV must be kept separate from the other inmates. People diagnosed as HIV positive in the prison population is five times higher than in the general population (Calderon, 2006). Segregation reduces harassments of infected prisoners by noninfected inmates and allows prison guards to take proper precautions. The problem of segregation for these inmates brings up human rights violations. Conjugal visits are another current and future problem that prisons have to deal with. Only a handful of states allow conjugal visits and the public generally is against this practice believing that inmates do not deserve the right to conjugal visits (Calderon, 2006). A positive element of allowing conjugal visits is giving the prisoner a safety net for when he or she is eventually released.…...

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