Food Security Issue

In: Social Issues

Submitted By DarkBoss
Words 8979
Pages 36
Fedoroff Agric & Food Secur (2015) 4:11
DOI 10.1186/s40066-015-0031-7

Open Access


Food in a future of 10 billion
Nina V Fedoroff*

Over the past two centuries, the human population has grown sevenfold and the experts anticipate the addition of
2–3 billion more during the twenty-first century. In the present overview, I take a historical glance at how humans supported such extraordinary population growth first through the invention of agriculture and more recently through the rapid deployment of scientific and technological advances in agriculture. I then identify future challenges posed by continued population growth and climate warming on a finite planet. I end by discussing both how we can meet such challenges and what stands in the way.
Keywords: Population growth, Agriculture, Domestication, Genetic modification, Technology
Today we have enough food to meet the world’s needs.
Indeed, we have an extraordinary global food system that brings food from all over the planet to consumers who can afford to buy it. The food price spike of 2008 and the resurgence of high food prices in recent years have had little impact on the affluent citizens of the developed world who spend a small fraction of their income on food. By contrast, food prices have a profound impact on the world’s poorest people. Many of them spend half or more of their income on food. During the food price crisis of 2008, there were food riots in more than 30 countries. Unrest in the Middle East and
North Africa tracks with the price of food, as is dramatically illustrated in Fig. 1. Spiraling food prices drive the world’s poorest into chronic hunger even in a world of relative plenty.
Does this mean we need worry only about poverty, not about the global food supply, as suggested in a recent editorial by the influential New York Times food…...

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