Fibers Fabrics and Textiles

In: Science

Submitted By oliveoil
Words 1248
Pages 5
This article is about the type of fabric. Textile is also a jargon term used by naturists or nudists to describe a person who wears clothes, and also the property that nudity is not allowed, e.g. in "textilebeach", "textile campsite", etc.
A textile is any kind of woven, knitted, knotted (as in macrame) or tufted cloth, or a non-wovenfibers that have been bonded into a fabric, e.g. felt). fabric (a cloth made of
Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques. An ancient Roman weaver would have no problem recognizing a plain weave, twill or satin.
Many textiles have been in use for millennium, while others use artificial fibers and are recent inventions. The range of fibers has increased in the last 100 years. The first synthetics were made in the 1920s and 1930s.
Sources and types
Textiles can be made from a variety of materials. The following is a partial list of the materials that can be used to make textiles.
Animal origin
• Alpaca
• Angora rabbit hair
• Camel hair
• Cashmere
• Mohair
• Silk
• Vicuña hair
• Wool: divided into woollen and worsted
• Bark cloth has various uses, and is used in sheets.
• Coir: the fibre from coconuts.
• Cotton
• Grass, rush and straw
• Hemp (mostly used in rope making)
• Jute
• Kapok
• Linen, made from flax
• Nettle: processed in a similar manner to flax.
• Ramie
• Seaweed: a water soluble fibre (alginate) is produced. This is used as a holding fibre in the production of certain textiles: when the cloth is finished the alginate is dissolved, leaving an open area.
• Sisal
Derived from plant products
• Paper…...

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