Fiber Optics

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By dimka1293
Words 2001
Pages 9
History of Fiber Optics

The idea of using light waves for communication can be traced as far back as 1880 when Alexander Graham Bell invented the “photo-phone” shortly after he invented the telephone in 1876. In this remarkable experiment, speech was transmitted by modulating a light beam, which traveled through air to the receiver. The flexible reflecting diaphragm (which could be activated by sound) was illuminated by sunlight. The reflected light was received by a parabolic reflector placed at a distance of about 200 m.
The parabolic reflector concentrated the light on a photo-conducting selenium cell, which formed a part of a circuit with a battery and a receiving earphone. Sound waves present in the vicinity of the diaphragm vibrated the diaphragm, which led to a consequent variation of the light reflected by the diaphragm. The variation of the light falling on the selenium cell changed the electrical conductivity of the cell, which in turn changed the current in the electrical circuit. This changing current reproduced the sound on the earphone.

Fiber Optic Technology

Fiber Optic is a technology that uses glass as thin as a human hair to transmit data from one place to another by sending pulses of light through an optical fiber. The light forms an electromagnetic carrier wave that is modulated to carry information. A fiber optic cable consists of a bundle of glass threads, each of which is capable of transmitting messages modulated onto light waves. It is widely used for communications, which permit transmits data over longer distances and at higher bandwidths than other forms of communications. Fibers are used instead of metal wires because signals travel along them with less loss, and they are also immune to electromagnetic interference. Fibers are also used for illumination and are wrapped in bundles so they can be used to carry images, thus…...

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