Federal Prisons

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Prison Comparison and Contrast
The word penitentiary has been in use for over 20 years by many different individuals. At first the word penitentiary was more of an idea but now it is used to describe a prison, or jail. It was supposed to be a place of humane punishment, not a place for physical punishments. It was supposed to practice corrective discipline, to create habits of industry through the application of strictly enforced rules. Its beliefs that prisoners should work steadily by doing productive labor, they should not sit around like they used to do in old jails and prisons.
A lot of the early pioneers of the penitentiary were religious men. One man was John Howard. Howard was reformed jail and was a devoted Congregationalist. Thomas Eddy founded the humane penal code in New York in 1796; he was a Philadelphia Quaker and found his way there from Virginia and the New York insurance business. Thomas Eddy made a lot of money fast and turned to social and legal reforms. He worked hard for and built New York’s first state prison, which was called Newgate, in New York City in 1797. He was warden of Newgate for many years and advocated humane imprisonment and the emancipation of slaves for the rest of his life. (1)
World War II had a huge impact on the penitentiary system and/or the prisons. The U.S entered the war in 1941. A lot of the troubled youth during this time were giving an option of serving their country or going to prison. Most would say being a soldier would provide strong social control over the trouble youth. A lot of them chose to serve but the ones that were sent to prison or were already there still helped out in the war effort.
The Prison Industries Branch of the War Production Board was established in December 1941 to manage the industrial and agricultural output of state and federal prisons. The chairman of the War Production Board said in…...

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