Exploring U.S. Health Care Expenditures

In: Business and Management

Submitted By HamiltonPGL
Words 1139
Pages 5
Module 2 Assignment 1: Exploring U.S. Health Care Expenditures Name: Edward Hamilton

1. Year for which data is presented 2013 Total dollar amount for expenditures $ 2.9 trillion (1 pt) | 2. Explain how national health expenditures vary from governmental spending on health care. (2 pts) National health expenditures (NHE) comprise of all expenditures from all payer sources (individual and institutional) of which governmental spending is just one component of the NHE total. For example, an insured’s copay as well as a hospital’s new cancer center construction costs all count towards the NHE total. Governmental spending is limited to expenditures from the public sector (i.e. Medicaid, Medicare, VA and single disease funds) ( | The Nation’s Health Dollar 2013: Where It Went(Expenditures Table) | Category of expenditure | % allocated to this category (1 pt each) | | Answer the questions below including citations to your sources. (3 pts each) | Program administration and net cost | 3a. 7% | | 3f. What does this category include? “Administrative costs of the health insurance system include (a) spending by public and private health insurers other than actual payments to providers and (b) costs incurred by other system participants, including providers, employers, and consumers, in dealing with insurers” (Merlis, 2009, pgs. 2-5). The net cost of private health insurance is the difference between health premiums earned and benefits incurred (Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 2014, para.15). What might make it go up or down in future years? In the current climate, if the King plaintiffs prevail, the ACA subsidies would…...

Similar Documents

Health Care Expenditure

...Christina Calderon HCS 440 December 8, 2012 John Branner/ Instructor Healthcare Expenditure Healthcare in the United States can be a controversial issue and individual’s views differ from the policymakers. The controversial issue is some agree with the money being spent and some do not agree with the money being spent on Healthcare. This paper will be discussing to support of healthcare expenditure and how it is necessary for the American population. Current Level of National Healthcare Expenditures: Healthcare costs have been one of the most expensive things and is still continuing to be expensive. It cost patients over $8,000 dollars for each patient per year, which is more than double of other nations. Staying healthy in the United States has its sacrifices and do so is very expensive. In fact, in 2009, the average annual cost of health care was $7,960 dollars per person which is two and a half times what it was in Japan for the same year ("Healthcare Expenditure", 2012) 15%to 25% of the American population has no healthcare coverage due to a lack of any form of universal health care America spent $2.6 trillion dollars on health care in 2011; about one in every six dollars went into the healthcare system (Kliff, 2012). A third of that spending $750 billion did nothing to make anyone healthier. That $750 billion was just wasteful and who knows where it was spent. Spending Too Much or Not Enough? I think the United States takes advantage of the opportunity......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

National Health Care Spending in the U.S.

...National Health Care Spending in the U.S. Erin Luchaco HCS/440 May 21, 2012 Vernita Davis Health care is a vital service that daily touches the lives of millions of Americans through happy, tragic, and vulnerable events. Currently, there is a debate going on in the United States about health care reform bringing up topics of concern such as access, cost, rights, efficiency, quality and value. Even though the United States has rates that cost about twice as much as other industrialized nations for health care, we are still way behind in efficiency and advancements. The World Health Organization (WHO), in 2000, ranked the U.S. health care system as the highest in cost, first in responsiveness, 37th in overall performance, and 72nd by overall level of health (among 191 member nations included in the study). (WHO, World health statistics, 2000). This is a large sum of money being taken from our American citizens with poor results, especially since there are still millions of citizens that do not have any medical coverage (the United States is one of few industrialized nations to not guarantee access to health care for its citizens) and those who do have coverage are not satisfied with the current level of quality. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “The United States spent more on health care per capita ($$8,086.00), and more on health care as percentage of its GDP (17.9%), than any other nation. (World health statistics.......

Words: 1220 - Pages: 5

U.S. Health Care Timeline

...Joyc Furtak HLT-205 June 2, 2013 Daisy Savarirajan U.S. Health Care Time Line Health care dates back almost to the beginning of time. Each new time period brought new procedures to us here in the United States. For some reason the United States fell behind as far as these new procedures went. Other countries were more developed health care wise. The same holds true for today. This is a brief time line of some of the health care eras we have seen here in the United States. From the days of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid era and up until the late 1800’s other countries, France, Germany and Great Britain to name a few, were way ahead of the United States in health care education and practice. This added to the fact that medical practices in the U.S. were considered primitive. Doctors were more a tradesman than a profession. The local barber could be the town doctor and dentist all rolled into one. There were barely any hospitals and no health care insurance at all. Health care services were paid for by each individual that needed the services. An apprenticeship was the main form of education and training around 1870. There was no University training given at this time. Although they were practicing physicians taking on the apprentices, these physicians had very little medical training themselves. In order to offer training to larger groups of interested candidates, the practicing physicians began opening medical school. Not only would they be able to make money...

Words: 852 - Pages: 4

U.S. Health Care System

...HCA-255 04/28/2013 Professor Mary White The U.S. Health Care System This paper is a comparison between the U.S. health care system and the Japanese health care system. The focus will be on why and how Japan is achieving better health services and outcomes for less money than what the U.S. health care system is achieving while spending more money. America spends more on health care than any other country and has a reputation of providing low-quality patient care as well as inadequate preventive care. The health care system in Japan is a universal type system very much controlled by the government as well as each prefecture. All the health insurers in the public health insurance system pay providers according to a national fee schedule set by the government and prefectures. There are no private health insurers in Japan. The government sets fees for insurers to pay for procedures, office visits, drugs, and other preventive care measures to keep insurance companies from competing with each other and end up spending about half of what Americans pay for the same health care services. The “Japanese government conceptualizes the health of its population as a component of national security” (Thomson, Osborn, Squires, Jun, 2012). The health of individuals is a major factor in Japan. They focus on primary care, health behavior changes and prevention of illness through living healthy and getting regular screenings. They limit services that incur major costs unless deemed a medical......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Health Care Reform in the U.S.

...Health Care Reform in the US Introduction Health care reform is a general term that is used for analyzing and discussing major health care changes and provisions. Most health care reforms are typically served with the responsibility of broadening the population so that they can receive adequate health care coverage through private or public insurance companies. Also they improve quality of existing health care system and decrease the cost (Weiner & Robert, 2009). The health care reform legislation act of 2009 is a bill that was enacted in USA to direct the health care insurance providers to draft and develop regulations in implementing a comprehensive policy aimed at providing effective and cheap insurance cover to all American citizens. Though beneficial to the public, since the bill was signed into law the implementation of the act has faced numerous economic, social and political challenges. In addition, the political climate is such that real challenges appear to be emerging, including legal challenges at the state level (Farber & Blustein, 2007). Finally, polls are showing that voters are not yet on board. In fact, some voters are unaware that a health care reform bill had been passed. Therefore this paper Identifies and describes the major challenges to health care reform implementation and gives an analysis of how these challenges can be resolved. Reasons and Recommendations for Health Care Reforms There is minimal question regarding the need to restructure the......

Words: 1766 - Pages: 8

U.S. Health Care Quality Analysis

... U.S. Health Care Quality Analysis: Legislative History Following up to the 1999 release of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, To Err Is Human, in 2002 a Kaiser Family Foundation survey found that only about 5% of physicians considered medical errors as a primary healthcare concern.[1] Congress, however, did not share the physicians’ nonchalant attitude and gave the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) an estimated $50 million towards minimizing medical errors.[2] Senator James Jeffords (R-VT) of the 107th Congress introduced the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act (S.2590) to the Senate on June 4, 2002[3] attempting to improve the safety of patients and “…reduce the incidence of events that adversely effect patient safety.”[4] In 2003, President Bush signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act (P.L 108-173).[5] A section of this law authorized AHRQ to research effectiveness in treatments in order to set a guideline to improve the quality of care.[6] John Eisenberg helped build this program that generates summaries that can help provide health care providers with evidence-based practices that help improve quality of care delivered.[7] Realizing the importance of this research to quality of care, the president signed the Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (H.R. 1) into law on February 17, 2009, providing additional funding to continue effective research.[8] This helps to......

Words: 5588 - Pages: 23

Health Care Systems: the U.S. vs. Canada

...The United States health care system is quite unique when compared to Canada’s health care system and those of other countries. Canada provides universal coverage, is privately run and is publicly funded through taxes. The U.S. is the only industrialized country that does not offer universal health coverage. The U.S. is said to be part of the developed world in terms of technology, well trained health professionals and job opportunities although when it comes to health outcomes it doesn’t do so well. Available studies suggest that the health outcomes in Canada were superior to those compared the U.S. The U.S. faces multiple barriers that have made their health care system inconsistent and so costly. In the past the system focused on revenue maximization instead of quality care at an affordable cost. The U.S. spends twice as much more per capita on health expenditures when compared to Canada (O'Neill & O'Neill, 2007). Canada spends much less on health care and yet performs better than the U.S. in health outcomes, infant mortality and life expectancy. A comparison of the U.S. health care system and Canada’s system performance will be evaluated along with the health outcomes that have resulted from each system. The U.S. has a multi-payer private health care system where Canada has a single payer and is mostly a publicly funded system. “In Canada in order to receive full funding for health insurance the provincial government must meet the following criteria: care available to......

Words: 1238 - Pages: 5

Health Care Expenditure

...Health care cost in the United States is expensive, and it has increased each year without fail until recently. There are a few contributing factors to the health care spending growth; one is the number of individuals who are in need of health insurance and medical care, and the other is the technology changes. Technology is a continuous change, and this will always be a factor in health care spending. For the individuals who were uninsured and could not obtain insurance, they have now been given the opportunity because of the health care reform; those individuals can now enroll in affordable coverage through the health insurance exchange. By providing more individuals with access to health care coverage and reducing the cost of preventative care, the spending value should start to decline. The objective of the Affordable Care Act is to bring out the health care system inadequacies while decreasing the overall health care spending, the other was to increase the effectiveness and quality of patient care (the White House, 2013).  Health Care Expenditures In 2013 statistics show that there was one more year of reducing growth in health care spending, the other years that were evident of a slow growth were 2011 and 2012. These years according to Furman & Fiedler (2014), "saw the slowest growth in real per capita health care spending on record” (Historically Slow Growth in Health Spending Continued in 2013, and Data Show Underlying Slow Cost Growth Is Continuing, para......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6

The U.S. Health Care System

...The U.S. Healthcare System HSA500 Health Services Organization Instructor: Denise Pica-Branco December 15, 2014 The U.S. Healthcare System Health care system is failing due to the lifestyle in which people live, how people are treated and how people treat others. Emmett Miller, a physician, psychotherapist, teach, musician, a highly respected innovator and clinician, is often acknowledged as a father of Mind/body Medicine. Miller believes that if health issues are approached from a more efficient or complete perspective, some of the underlying health issues that people have may not exist or continue. He also believes that emotional, mental, spiritual, behavioral, and social factors play a pertinent role in one’s health as well as in diseases. If these types of issues are addresses accordingly within the health care system, it would allow faster and/or complete healing while a larger portion of illnesses would be prevented as a whole. Some people’s perspective on health has been changed by Dr. Miller’s views as they have transitioned to the use of self-healing tools that he has developed. More and more people are beginning to realize that most illness and dysfunctions are not primarily caused by the external factors in which we believe, but are caused by our attitude, reactions, and emotions, as well as by out stresses and expectations. He believes that our health care system will continue to be in trouble if people fail to realize that patient participation is a......

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

U.S Health Care System

...http://www. Allianzworldwidecare .com/ healthcare - in - the - philippines http://www. Expatforum .com/articles/ health/ health – care – in - the – philippines .html http://dll.umaine.edu/ble/U.S.%20HCweb.pdf http://www.aflcio.org/issues/healthcare/whatswrong/ U.S. Health Care System The U.S has a democratic government so; I decided to pick another country that had a democratic government. This way the two health care designs would be in similar; which makes it easier to compare the two. The other country that I decided to do was the Philippines. They have a democratic government like the U.S. In the Philippines the health care system consists of Medical Center in Alabang, the Asian Hospital, the Makati Medical Center, the Medical City in Ortigas, and St. Luke’s Medical Center in Quezon City. Additionally, there are also doctors that have practiced medicine in the US before sharing their knowledge in the Philippines. If you are in the Philippines and you are trying to find a hospital then, that wouldn’t be very hard for you to do. They have many hospitals; whether that they be private and/ or public. This means it will be very easy for a person to get help no matter where they live and/ or what type of how much insurance they have. This can be one of the most helpful things that they have in their health care, well at least one of the best things for the people that actually have insurance. Even though all of the things that they have that involve hospitals are......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Health Care Terms in the U.S.

...Health Care Terms HCS 235 13 June 2011 HealthCare Terms Doing research and independent reading on health care terms is not an easy task. With a vast amount of information on health care terms and defining these terms in short is not an easy assignment. Researching the term Medicare opened up an immeasurable amount of data on the subject, and I have chosen to write about the different parts of it. Medicare is a federally funded program, which has 4 different parts that include Part A, which is coverage for inpatient care in hospitals and skilled nursing facilities, hospice, and some home health care. Part B, which is coverage for medical insurance to include doctor’s visits, some home care services, and preventive care. Part D, which is coverage for prescription drugs, and Part C which is called Medicare Advantage Plan is available for an extra fee and would include Parts A, B, and D. Medicare is the nation’s top insurer of the elderly 65 years and older and is eligible for social security as well as permanently disabled but younger than age 65. Medicare also covers those with permanent kidney damage or failure and need to do dialysis on a daily basis until a transplant can be done. Although there are many kinds of conditions to be eligible for Medicare, it is also available to be purchased as with any other insurance carrier but can hardly be afforded by the aging population. Healthcare reform could seriously affect the premiums of coverage to the elderly......

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5

Australian Health Care with Comparision to the U.S

...ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm Comparison of Health Care Services between the U.S. and Australia Professor Madelin Meyer 12/9/2011 Dennis M. Depugh | Table of Contents Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….…..3 What is a health care system………………………………………………………………….3 Affordable Health Care Act…………………………………………………………………..4 Availability of Health Services…………………………………………………………….…4 Life Expectancy…………………………………………………………………………….…6 Health care system in Australia……………………………………………………………….6 Issues related to health care access in Australia………………………………………………7 Population and health care status……………………………………………………………...9 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………11 References…………………………………………………………………………………….13 Dennis M. DePugh HSM310 Introduction to Health Services Management Professor Madeline Myer 26 November 2011 Email: Health-care Services and Status in Both Australia and the United States The purpose of this paper is to focus the comparison of the United States health care system with that of Australia’s. It will focus on the financing and management of each system and the pros and cons of each system will be considered. Despite the fact that United States spends the most in health care in proportion to its gross domestic product, it has been in the top among the nations in the developed world lacking a comprehensive health care program. What is a Health Care System? A health care system refers to the comprehensive......

Words: 2750 - Pages: 11

Health Care System and Health Care Expenditure in the United States

...Health Care System and Health Care Expenditure In The United States Health care system, compose of people, institutions, private, and public resources that meets the health needs of the targeted populations served. The goal is to serve the populations expectations and provide fair financial contribution. U.S. Healthcare spending’s are financed by a private and public sectors and are supported by Health care funds to use for medical delivery expenses by Medicare and Medicaid programs, which are the main supplier of public financing for the health care expenditures. These financial resources are supported by first, The State County and Municipals General Taxes; Second, Social Health Insurances; third, Private Health Insurances; fourthly from the out of the pocket payments and last but not the least; fifth, from the Donations to the charities. National Health Expenditure Accounts are built on the Historic spending’s, the Projections spending, the Age Estimation spending’s, the health spending’s of providers in 50 States and the locations of District of Columbia, and the numbers of residents between states that consume the health delivery services. Most private health insurances procure through an employer by most Americans with the age of 65 years and under, and others purchase private coverage’s directly from an insurer’s, whereas, government insurances such as Medicaid are offered to individuals that lost their jobs temporarily and Medicare for the elderly. ......

Words: 1220 - Pages: 5

Characteristics of the U.S. Health Care Delivery System

...Characteristics of the U.S. Health Care Delivery System Introduction The U.S. health care delivery system can be best characterized as a loosely coordinated network of components that are interconnected. As noted by Shi and Singh (2008, p.4), “the system is a kaleidoscope of financing, insurance, delivery, and payment mechanisms that remain unstandardized but loosely connected”. The system is a combination of both government run programs (Medicare, Medicaid, Schip) private carriers such as HMO’S and other volunteer services such as the American Heart Association, American Lung Association, and a host of other organizations. The purpose of this assignment is to describe two defining characteristics (financing and delivery) of the U.S. health care delivery system and to further analyze and describe their implications on the system. Financing of Health Services As asserted by Shi and Singh (2008, p. 6), financing is an important prerequisite to obtain health insurance or to pay for health services. In the private sector, the financing of health care services for individuals is typically derived from their employers who often pay partially for such insurance in the form of fringe benefits. Employees are also given an opportunity to add other members of their families to this type of employer based insurance. As noted by Barton (2010, p.177), private insurance is estimated to cover about 67 percent of the nonelderly population and accounts for 54% of the revenues...

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Health Care Expenditures in the United States

...Health Care Expenditures in the United States Dekenia Lockhart HCS 440 April 23, 2012 Steve Linerode Health Care Expenditures in the United States Introduction The topic of healthcare spending in the United States (U.S.) is a controversial one, and most often, the populations’ opinions doesn't always agree with those of policymakers. Getting health care spending under control is vital for the economic health of the government and the people of the United States. What makes healthcare expenditures so disgraceful is the large amount of money the government spends on healthcare each year versus the number of people without health care. The amount of money the U.S. government spends on health care each year doubles that of any other nation. Despite the large amount of government spending, a large percentage of Americans have no healthcare coverage. This shows inefficiency in the system that needs immediate attention. The purpose of this paper is to explain healthcare expenditures suggest changes for the future that are necessary for Americans to receive reasonably priced health care. Current level of national healthcare expenditures The current level of national healthcare spending is at an all time high and expected to steadily climb. The U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) explain that National Health Expenditures (NHE) “rose 4.0% to $2.5 trillion in 2009, or $8,086 per person, and accounted for 17.6% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)”......

Words: 1534 - Pages: 7