Examine the Arguements Against the Teleological Arguement

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By harrisonc10
Words 761
Pages 4
Examine the arguments against the teleological argument for the existence of God? (30)
The design argument is also known as The teleological argument; it is an argument for the existence of God or for a higher more intelligent creator. The earliest version of the argument is associated with Socrates in ancient Greece.
One argument which disagrees with the teleological is an argument from the famous philosopher David Hume, who said that even though the universe shows features which imply there is design meaning there is a God, the world is also imperfect and full of suffering. This could suggest to us that there isn’t an all loving and omnibenevolent God, Hume also argued that there is no evidence that the universe needs a designer meaning that it could have just come about naturally, this would link back the teleological argument because in the teleological argument it states that the universe has order meaning that there must be a creator who provided this order, so Hume could suggest that order came about naturally without a God. Hume also stated that no one has any evidence to prove that the Universe is not just the result of pure chance or luck, this would go against the teleological argument because he is saying there was no God to design the world and it was a natural occurrence which wasn’t planned or designed. Hume argued for the early forms of the theory of natural selection, he said that animals can adapt to respond to their surrounding and that the large amounts of life on earth could just be the result of these adaptations, rather than an intelligent designer creating all of these creations perfectly.
Another philosopher called John Stewart Mill said that the world is full of evil and suffering, he said humans and animals are surrounded by this suffering on a day to day basis, and example of this could be natural disasters such as earthquakes and…...

Similar Documents

Arguement of Fact

...living. It sends the wrong message, why kill people who kill people to show killing is wrong. It just doesn’t make sense. The final argument, which is one of the biggest, is that killing the criminal wont bring the victim back to life so in reality there’s no need for it. Overall the death penalty has many arguments to it but the cons outweigh the pros. Morally it isn’t right to use an “eye for an eye” approach in our society. Having the criminal live the rest of his or her life in prison is a much better punishment than to give them the easy way out by killing them, which is probably what they want, so why give it to them? Capital punishment also goes against the 8th Amendment, which states, “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.” To go against these laws of cruel and unusual punishments set by the US government itself is just wrong. Its all just a huge contradiction and that’s why the death penalty should never be enforced....

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Proposition and Opposition Arguements

...rocks at him, (Lindsay, 2012). * Claims have been made that a Bigfoot ripped a cow’s ears off down to the skull, (Spencer, 2010). | 9 | | | | | | | After you’ve come up with lots of general arguments both for and against the problem or issue, pick out the ones on your list that initially seem the most promising. (But don’t throw away the list – keep it for use later, when you go back to brainstorming in the future.) Then run each case idea through the following gauntlet of tests, which constitute the narrow end of the funnel. For each 1. State the case idea as a single, concise case statement. If you can’t come up with a simple proposition that you’re defending, everyone will be confused. Remember that any good case statement will have an evaluative term in it: "should," "ought," "better than," "desirable," "preferable to," etc. 2. Come up with at least three arguments in favor of your case. If you can come up with three, you can probably come up with more. If not, then your case is in danger of being a "one-trick pony" or "two-trick pony": a case with too few arguments. Sometimes even a very good idea turns out to be poor case, because there’s really just one very good reason to do it. 3. Come up with at least two arguments against your case. If you can’t, then your case is probably tight. The arguments should be at least superficially persuasive. 4. Come up with responses to the opposition arguments you just came up with. The responses don’t have to......

Words: 3547 - Pages: 15

Arguement

...In today’s worlds health is a big issue. One of the issues that is being faced in today’s America Michael Fumento makes this case in his article “The Feds’ Fib about Low-Fat,’ which was published in the New York Post on July 23, 2002. He is a syndicated column and he appeared in newspapers all over the country. This article is important to those who read and who are concerned about their health. Obesity can lead to other health issues, however, Fumento states that the government and food companies are accidentally misleading people about what works to stop the problem. In the article Fumento argues that the government is saying that having a low fat diet will reduce weight but this is false because people are eating less fat but gaining more weight instead of losing. Fumento’s extrinsic ethos is not very strong. Fumento is not famous enough that his reputation will affect readers. However, in different newspapers in which Fumento’s article appears, there will usually be a byline providing extrinsic ethos. For example, the byline in The Washington Times indicates that Fumento “is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute.” Many readers will not know much about the Hudson Institute, but it sounds impressive. It makes the readers want to know more about this article. Overall, Fumento’s extrinsic ethos is not an important factor. Intrinsic ethos is another important rhetorical appeal in Fumento’s argument as he witness obesity in different country. He travels in many different......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Persuasive Arguement

...Should America Legalize and Decriminalize Marijuana? Marijuana is one of the most versatile plants on this planet and we are not utilizing it to its full potential. The plant has many uses and the most controversial one is recreational use. Cannabis has gotten a bad reputation through many slander campaigns and dubbed the gateway drug. GUTWILLIG: “The overwhelming evidence shows that the enormous majority of people who try marijuana or who even smoke marijuana regularly never consume any other illicit substance. It’s actually what’s referred to as a terminus drug. It is the only illicit substance that most people ever try” (PBS, Religion and Ethics, October-22-2010, legalizing-marijuana). For over 75 years people have fought to keep it illegal and to make it legal. The war on cannabis has cost Americans tons in tax money, and forged a shady black market. Lucky Severson: “national studies indicate that enforcing marijuana laws costs American taxpayers over $8 billion annually. The cost of pot arrests in California is over a billion a year.” In a time where we are stressed over the economy wouldn’t it make sense to save us this kind of change? Ethics How can we as a society endorse alcohol, a substance that has proven to take lives if they drink too much, and then shun marijuana, which in extreme cases of smoking to much can cause severe munchies not death. Now we have to ask ourselves is it illegal because of its recreational use or the potential uses that can replace......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Understanding Arguement

...1) Before I started to read Chapter 1, I thought that the word argument had to do with a discussion two or more people; whether calm or severe to argue the difference in their opinions. After reading the chapter, I found that there are various types and forms of arguments. 2) Arguments are everywhere! If doesn’t matter whether there is a child/teenager arguing with their parents over being disciplined, to friendly conversation on two or more sports fans and their favorite team, and/or a returning military member/veteran coming from war and finding that there is no government support or jobs for them as they come home from war. 3) A Traditional argument is a person or persons that are making an argument with the means of persuading to convince an audience to change positions and agree with the arguer. An example of a (n) traditional argument is public debates (i.e.: presidential debates) or court hearing. A Consensual argument emphasizes an agreement. An example of a consensual argument are two team members that dialogue all their ideas to try and discover what will be their best position to on any issue or idea. 4) Conditions which are necessary for an argument to work best are: * An issue: An argument needs as its central focus an issue that has not yet been settled, or has become unsettled. * An arguer: Ideally every argument requires a person who is motivated to initiate the argument, to take a position on the issue, to obtain and consider information, and to...

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Arguement Essay

...Critical Argument Analysis July 8, 2013 ENG/215 Think about what would happen if there was no Eminem? Then there would be one less rapper that is in the music industry today. But more than likely what you are thinking right?   Well it would not just be one less rapper.   It would also be one less of a role model for anyone who cares about him.   Eminem is an influence to the young life and even the adults.   His songs are stories are on his life and things that he would have wanted to change or make different.   Most of them are based on each and every subject that happened to him through his life. At first some of the children and growing ups in this time and some adults face some of the same problems he faced.   Therefore, Eminem is an influence who expresses himself in his own different style or it is his character. His music is an influence because of its rhythmical story behind it.   Let`s look at the song “Mockingbird” for example; it is a song of how Eminem’s daughter Hailie was growing up with her mom and her father was always on the news (Eminem) was always on the move.   If u think about it, not everyone gets to see their father and mother every day of the week.   Some of the children’s parents may work different shifts at their job and that......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Arguement in Rh Bill

...as essential medicines * benefits for serious and life-threatening reproductive health conditions * mobile health care service * mandatory age-appropriate reproductive health and sexuality education  * responsibility of local family planning office and certificate of compliance * capability building of barangay health workers * ideal family size * employers' responsibilities * multi-media campaign * implementing mechanisms * reporting requirements * prohibited acts * penalties  The bill is controversial, as it is being opposed by concerned citizens, especially the pro-life, pro-family and pro-God groups, regardless of creed or religion. The Roman Catholic Church expresses its opposition against the bill on many counts, most especially the procurement and distribution of family planning supplies for the whole country, when the available evidence from peer reviewed medical journals supports the hypothesis that when ovulation and fertilization occur in women taking oral contraceptives (OCs) or using intrauterine devices (IUD), post-fertilization effects are operative on occasion to prevent clinically recognized pregnancy. Hormonal contraceptives and/or IUDs directly affect the endometrium. These effects have been presumed to render the endometrium relatively inhospitable to implantation or to the maintenance of the preembryo or embryo prior to clinically recognized pregnancy. These make pills and IUDS abortifacient.  Pro-life......

Words: 1212 - Pages: 5

Dred Scott Case Closing Arguements

...where slavery was banned. There is legal precedence established in several case laws, (Somerset v. Stewart, Winny v. Whiteside and Rachael v. Walker). In these cases, since the slaves spent time in free states, they were emancipated by the courts. My first lawsuit was dismissed on a technicality because the petitioner failed to provide evidence that he was a slave owned by Mrs. Emerson. A new trial date was set for 1848 but did not start until January 1850. On January 12, 1850, a Missouri circuit court judge, following previous precedent, ruled in my favor and granted my family our freedom. Mrs. Emerson appealed the ruling to the Missouri Supreme Court. In November 1852, the Missouri Supreme Court overturned the circuit court ruling, going against precedence set forth in the previously mentioned cases stating that the lawsuit should have been filed in a free state. Irene Emerson moved to Massachusetts and sold my family and me to her brother John Sanford. In 1853, I filed a lawsuit in federal court claiming that since John Sanford, now a resident of New York, a slave free state, the federal court had jurisdiction to decide my case. However, during the trial, Judge Robert Wells directed the jury to rely on Missouri law to settle the question of my freedom. Missouri law had already set precedence in granting freedom to slaves that had lived in free states. The jury failed to follow proper instructions and found in favor of Sanford. Having no other options, an appeal to the......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Arguement Paper

...The Pursuit of an Anderson Sport Coat Joseph Edelen Phoenix University My quest for the holy grail of graduate study, a Doctorate of Philosophy, began in the early eighties. I had just enrolled in the Computer Science program at the New York Institute of Technology and during the summer session, my round trip commute (home, work, school, and home again) was completed on my two-wheeled racing machine; a Schwinn Varsity bicycle. One evening after school, I was watching television and one commercial caught my attention and it has impacted me to this very day. It began with a cyclist commuting to work while the announcer was selling the idea that an athletic person works hard to stay fit, and can wear stylish clothes exercising as well as at work. At that moment, the cyclist reached his destination which was a university campus. That rider could have been me as my health and education are two important facets of my life. About sixteen years ago while working for Sharp Corporation, I was on a fast track to Management, however there was one major roadblock in my way; no degree. I was informed by the senior staff that a degree is required to enter the ranks of management. I was not going to idly stand by and let the “brass ring” slip through my fingers. So I returned to school and began the most aggressive curriculum possible. I took on a full course load while traveling to and from Fukuyama Japan to work at our wafer fabrication facility. While in Japan, I completed......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Examine How the Teleological Argument for the Existence of God Has Developed

...Examine how the Teleological Argument for the existence of God has developed. The teleological argument is the design argument for the existence of God. The name is derived from the Greek word ‘telos’ which means “end” or “purpose”. This theory speaks about things in the universe that appear to fulfil a purpose. Such design could not have occurred by chance, the only explanation has to do with references to an intelligent, personal being. This makes it an ‘a posteriori’ argument. The origin of the teleological argument dates back to the ancient Greek philosopher Plato (424-348 BCE) who believed in a pre-existent universe. He believed that the universe wasn’t created by an intelligent being which he referred to as the ‘demi-urge’. Instead his theory stated that the demi-urge did not create the universe ex nihilo, he simply developed a universe which he already existed in. For Plato, this was a rational explanation as to why there’s order in the world rather than chaos. Aristotle (384-322 BCE) who was a student of Plato also contributed to this theory. He considered that based on all that can be observed in the world and the stars above, the only explanation for all the complexity and beauty that the world contains was a divine intelligence. He believed that there was a first unmoved mover who is responsible for all order that exists. Such a God was also viewed as possessing intelligence, goodness, eternity yet remained incorporeal. St. Thomas Aquinas (13th century)......

Words: 926 - Pages: 4

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Design Arguement

...alone since there’re innumerable ways in which electrons could run. There must be more to account for the improbability of life. It strongly suggests an intelligent mind. Tennant supported this by saying “Human life is only possible because the universe exhibits accurate chemical, thermal and astronomical features…. Because God intended it to be that way” However Hume pointed out that it is possible that the universe arose by chance. Does order in the world imply design? This is the Epicurean hypothesis, Hume’s concluded by saying that we should suspend judgement on the question of whether there is a God simply because there is no firm evidence for or against his existence. Supporting Hume’s conclusion on suspending judgement on the question of whether there is a God is simple because there is no firm evidence for or against his existence seems just and probable because neither the strengths nor the weaknesses outweigh each other but are very good sides to argue....

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Arguments for and Against Euthanasia in Terms of Teleological and Deontological Theories

...ethical theories. We can talk about two main general categories in which we can place the ethical theories: teleological and deontological. From the first category we enumerate the Aristotelian perspective or the one developed by J. St. Mill, while the Kantian perspective is exemplary for deontological ethics. According to the teleological perspective, a form of human behavior is described as moral or non-moral according to the goals explicitly set. The mere achievement of these goals is a necessary and sufficient condition to qualify as moral people’s actions or deeds without taking into account the “intermediate stages” of the actions performed to achieve those goals. Deontology, as a general horizon of articulating the ethical theories, believes on the contrary that in every moment of our existence, every action or deed that we accomplish can be described as moral or non-moral according to the ethical principles underlying our behavior. The very important consequences arising from the two general theoretical horizons concern two different perspectives on “human nature”, or what we call the essence of the human being. Starting from this horizon we will have the consequentialist and deontological dimensions related to euthanasia. The bioethical dimension in which we will discuss the issue of euthanasia involves both dimensions or horizons. The arguments against euthanasia seem to rely rather on the Kantian deontological horizon, while euthanasia pros seem to......

Words: 9099 - Pages: 37

Writing an Arguement

...Writing an Argument Decision to Pursue an MBA Damita Jackson-Owens MGT 521 September 7th, 2011 Glenn Perry Writing an Argument Deciding to pursue a master’s degree in Business Administration is a decision worth sincerely contemplating. Not only may it boost in your self-esteem but you will obtain satisfaction for your ability to get recognized professionally. It can be an effective tool to enhance or advance one's career if carefully researched career goals are considered. It is an enormous commitment of time, personal sacrifice and financial investment and those who consider pursing it need to consider its value prior to pursing it. This brings me to discuss why I want to pursue my MBA degree. As the old saying goes, “A mind is a terrible thing to waste” and someone has at least heard this phrase told to them, “Knowledge is power” so therefore education is a lifelong process and you could never have too much knowledge. I will discuss my reasons for pursuing my MBA, share my personality traits and look at the pros and cons on obtain an MBA. My decision to pursue my MBA After obtaining my degree in Business Administration in April 2011, furthering my education immediately became an option in efforts to broaden my career opportunities. I am currently employed by the City of Tucson as a Housing Services Agent working with low-income families who are in need of housing under the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) public housing sector and have been with......

Words: 1117 - Pages: 5

Validity of an Arguement

...Joy Lawlor 02/09/2012 HUMN 210 Miriam Abbott Assignment 6-1 Assignment 6-1: Validity of an Argument Part 1: Cartoon stock. (n.d). Retrieved February 9, 2012 from http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/a/articles.asp This article has too many errors in it, right? If you are smart, you are Greek. And if you are Greek, you will write grammatically correct articles. But you cannot write grammatically correct articles. If you write grammatically correct articles, you are not Greek. Contradiction: You can write grammatically correct articles and you cannot write grammatically correct articles. Part 2: Form: If it is a cat, then it has four legs. It has four legs. ---------------------------------------------- Thus, it is a cat. A. What is the conclusion? The conclusion is it is a cat. B. What is the premise? There are two premises. If it is a cat, then it has four legs and it has four legs. C. Translating the argument. C → F F ------------ C D. Inductive or deductive argument? The argument uses premise and conclusions to provide an explanation. The use of two premises is another clue to determine whether the argument is inductive or deductive. Also, the premises in the above arguments are intended to prove the conclusion. This argument is a deductive argument. More specifically, the argument is fashioned in the form of modus ponens. The basic form of this is: If p, then q. p. --------------- Thus, q. E. Can the conclusion...

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Arguement

...Cigarette smoking is injurious to health is the notification given in all cigarette packets. But this is not stopped by people who are smoking cigarette as it is not good for health. I personally hate people who are smoking in public places. These people who are smoking in the public places not only cause health problems to them but also to other peoples in these places. Therefore smoking individually inside their homes must not be banned as it is considered as one of the rights of people. But some people will say that smoking must be banned overall and must stop using cigarettes. This is not all possible and it should not be done. Therefore people who are smoking in their homes will be affected by this decision. This must not be done as it will ban the rights of people. This will also lead to the revenue loss of the government. But this cigarette smoking not only affects the individual health but also affects the public when it is done in public places. This must be brought down to act which can help people who are not smoking. The people who are smoking in the public places must be punished literally. This kind of smoking in public places will cause lung disease to both the persons who are smoking and other people who are not smoking in the public. Therefore this kind of smoking in the public must be banned. Smoking in public places will affect the health of each and every person in that area as they are exposed to smoke. The smoke which arises from cigarettes will affect......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3