Evaluation of Disembodied Existence

In: Religion Topics

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Plato, being a dualist, argued that life beyond death must exist. He said that the body was composite, and therefore capable of perishing, whereas the mind was simple and imperishable and the only immortal part of the body. He believed that the soul belonged to a higher state of existence, and the body was holding out soul’s captive; our body is seen in a negative light as it distracts us and our souls from seeking the forms through its trivial worldly desires such as sex and love of money. The best way Plato puts his point across is through the analogy of the charioteer, the charioteer is displayed as our reason in which controls and maintains the carriage, the two horses are spiritive and appetite. Appetite is often depicted as black as this is the one leading us away from our ultimate goal and leads the soul stray whereas the white horse, our spirit, is the one who keeps us on the right track. The horses are our mind and body in which are often seen as out of control and out chariot must reign them in and control them for us to have a chance of reaching Eudaimonia. At our death the soul will be set free from the body and will reach the ultimate destination known as the World of Forms. Plato therefore concluded that it is seemingly natural for the soul to carry on after the physical body has perished. In complete contrast to Plato stands the notorious zoologist Richard Dawkins, his belief holds the theory of biological materialism in which there is no existence of a soul. There is no chance of life after death and nothing exists prior to death, the mind dies with the physical body. Dawkins theory can be explained using the analogy of a computer; it holds amounts of DNA, mere bytes of digital information, in which he states that’s what we are, just bytes of information with nothing supernatural to us. In Dawkins view; scientific views can be supported by…...

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