Evaluate the View That Differences in Educational Achievement Between Social Classes Are the Result of Factors and Processes Within the School.

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Submitted By Becky1998
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Evaluate the view that differences in educational achievement between social classes are the result of factors and processes within the school.

Within school there are educational differences within achievement between social classes. Generally the middle class on the whole tend to do better and outperform the working class. Some of the reasons why are put forward by interactionists sociologists who believe that the difference is “a result of factors and processes within the school” which are internal factors which cause this difference in achievement between social classes. Interactionists look at processes in the school on a small scale interaction to try and figure out why there is a difference. However there are other views such as external factors which suggest it is factors outside the school which lead to differences in educational achievement between social classes.
One internal factor which can be seen as partly responsible for differences in educational achievement between social classes is labelling. Labelling refers to the process of defining a person or group in a certain way. Labelling by teachers can contribute to differences in educational achievement. For example a study by Howard Becker discovered how teachers judged pupils according to how closely they fitted the image of the “ideal pupil” and based their judgement on many key factors such as work, conduct and appearance. The teachers saw the middle class as the closest to the ideal pupil and the working class as the furthest away from it. Teachers use the idea of the ideal pupil and label pupils accordingly. Those pupils labelled as bright and hardworking are more likely to try and have greater educational achievement then those who are labelled as being slow or having a low ability as they think there is no point in trying. Labelling in many cases leads to the self-fulfilling prophecy. The…...

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