Epidemiology of Tb

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Submitted By melgraham09
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Benchmark Assignment: Tuberculosis Epidemiology
Melinda A. Graham
Grand Canyon University: NRS 427 November 15, 2015

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that has been present in history for many years. Even with modern medicine and the advances that have been made to treat TB it is still claiming lives. This disease is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is transferred from person to person ultimately affecting the lungs, but can cause harm to other parts of the body (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Although this disease is not as common as it once was in the United States it is still present in our world and causing mortalities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), TB “ranks as the second leading cause of death from a single infections disease” (2015, para 1). Therefore, it is necessary and important for healthcare individuals to be familiar with TB and understand the epidemiology behind the disease. Being aware of the role of the community health nurse plays in regards to this disease and being aware of resources that can help the community is fundamental in providing for the wellbeing of all. To become familiar as to how the community health nurse can provide for community members with TB it is important to understand the typical signs and symptoms a patient may display. Some of the symptoms a patient may report in association to TB is generalized weakness, recent weight loss, and reports of a fever, night sweats, hemoptysis, chest pain, or cough (CDC, 2015). The individual may have contracted the disease through microscopic droplets in the air from another person that has TB. Overall TB is transmitted from person to person through airborne droplets by cough, sneezing, or doing any activity such as speaking, laughing, or signing that may release droplets (Mayo Clinic, 2015). This disease can cause quite…...

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