Premium Essay

Enhancing the Implementation of Mother Tongue Based Instruction as Implemented in Apalit

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rinadeleon0908
Words 1104
Pages 5
CHAPTER I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction Under the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 7308 (Otherwise known as the Seed Industry Development Act of 1992) and in consonance with the globalization aspect of crop potential and in conformity to the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act ( AFMA) of the Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) shall have the direct responsibility for the production, distribution, regulation of breeder, foundation and registered seeds, and the implementation of the Program, including but not limited to the management of the existing research stations and seed farms, seed testing laboratories and certification services under a self-reliant management scheme. As such it shall implement, coordinate and monitor the plant nursery accreditation activity as one of its regulatory program. In line with the implementation of Republic Act 7308 and in support to the Medium Term of Agricultural Development Program of the government for commercial crops, Memorandum Circular No. 06, Series of 1994 was amended by Memorandum Circular No. 03, Series of 2006 which is the Accreditation of Plant Nursery Operators and its Nurseries. The objective of this regulatory program is to ensure the production and distribution of quality planting materials of different fruit and plantation crops which are superior varieties and pest and disease free. The accredited plant nursery operators are empowered to produce and distribute the commercial quantity of the said crops. including the source and quantity of scions obtained from government/private foundation/scion grove, mini office (optional). Relative to this program the following policies are being implemented: the Bureau of Plant Industry through the Crop Production Division shall be responsible for the accreditation of nursery operator and its…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Critical Analysis of "Mother Tongue"

...Nicholas Wiest Beverly Williamson English 111 September 21st, 2012 Critical Analysis Essay I have chosen “Mother Tongue” for the subject of my essay. I chose this essay because Amy Tan has a unique writing style which has tone that is clear and identifiable. Tan makes her arguments in a way that is easily understood. While her tone is sometimes humorous and captivating, it still clarifies some serious issues. These qualities among others leave Tan’s work to be desired by almost any reader because her tone and style are both genuine and upfront. This essay will talk about how Tan’s work in her essay “Mother Tongue” uses several different styles and tones to make her point of regarding the differences of her communications with her mother and other people in her life. In a way, Tan’s story is about tone and style, in the sense that how you convey a message is just as important as the content of your statement. Tan’s essay examines the differences in how she communicates with her mother, and how she communicates with everyone else in her immediate environment. I find it interesting that you can find examples of her point right in the story. You can see that Tan focused her essay to be grammatically correct, and descriptive, so that the readers such as ourselves can interpret it. It’s clear that she considers this in the very beginning of the text where she states, “I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language-the way it can evoke an emotion, a......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mother Tongue

...(Freeman). Without a doubt Alexander Hamilton was one of the men who built this nation and he was quite possibly the one of the greatest influences on how the America government system was developed. Although he never served as President of the US, Hamilton is often mistaken as one. As a founding father, his published opinions and writings became the doctrine this country’s political system was based on. Hamilton was a good scholar and was educated early, both by academia and also by life. His mother was once divorced and mother of one other son, James. Hamilton was the fourth child born to his father, a man described as a “ne’er do well” (Chernow.) Hamilton was born in the West Indies, his mother was of French decent and his father was a Scot. His Father left the family when Hamilton was just an infant. This, her second divorce, insured that Hamilton’s mother would finish her life alone. The abandonment made Hamilton the man of the manor and insured that his family would have to struggle to survive (Chernow). Orphaned again when was just 13 years old with the death of his mother, Hamilton was fast to adapt to the real working world. He clerked at an import-export firm and was quickly charged to prove himself. The young Hamilton was required to serve as manager of the firm for five months while his boss served Military duty. During this time Hamilton also proved himself as a writer. Hamilton’s editorial account of a natural disaster inspired community leaders to sponsor......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mother Tongue by Amy Tan

...Mother Tongue By Amy Tan By Jian C. Chen ...

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Enhancing Whole Class Instruction in the Biology Subject with the Applicatios of Technology-Based Learning and One Minute Paper

...Department of Arts and Sciences- Teacher Education and Information Technology Department of Teacher Education Center of Excellence Enhancing whole-class instruction in the Biology subject with the applications of Technology –Based Learning and One Minute Paper In partial fulfillment of the requirements in the course Practicum 7 Submitted to: Dr. Nora A. Oredina Supervising Instructor Submitted by: Marino T. Luga BSED-4 October 2012 Table of Contents Chapter I The Problem Rationale……………………………………………………………….……………………………………………….…….1-2 Statement of the Problem…………………………………………………………………………………………….……2 Hypotheses.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2-3 Significance of the Study……………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Chapter II Methodology Objective…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 Strategy……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....4 Persons Involved………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 Implementation…………………………………………………………………………………………………………...4 -6 Success Indicator……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..5 Chapter III Presentation, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data Performance of Students before the Implementation of the strategies Technology Based Learning and One Minute Paper.………………………….…………………………………………………….….7-10 Performance of Students after the Implementation of the strategies Technology Based Learning and One Minute Paper………………………………………………….………………………………………….…10-13 Data......

Words: 3033 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Can English Be Singaporean Mother Tongue

...Student Response to "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" Student Name: Fan Xinyu Student ID: A0112819H 06 Sep 2014 "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" Luke Lu’s article, "Can English be a Singaporean mother tongue?" raise one issue that has been existed for quite a long time in Singapore. The article author uses a name of one MRT station as a simple example seemingly points out the complementarily and compatibility of the language and culture issues of the current Singapore, but actually it points out the conflicts of the cultural and ideological between different races. As the author says, English has occupied an important role in Singapore's society and economy. In order to pursue convergence with the world and to strengthen national capacity, the Singapore government must be developed base on English education system. But at the same time, because of its special national circumstances which has multiple races, the government also encourages people not to forget their mother tongue, and practice constantly. And only under this circumstance, the conflicts appear as the author says:"On one hand, we have Singaporeans who claim English as core to their sense of self. On the other, the Government’s official position is that English cannot be our mother tongue. While there might be some Singaporeans who can accommodate both ideas, not all can or will do so". It is well known that, human will being affected by environment, and the language......

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Assessment Based Instruction

...Key components of assessment-based instruction include curriculum, instruction, and assessment. Curriculum speaks to the goals and objectives that we want learners to understand as a result of their learning experiences. Instruction embraces the activities, strategies, teaching/learning materials, and experiences instructors deliver to the learners to assist in their learning progress of course goals. Assessment includes procedures and strategies teachers use to collect information about the learners progress on course goals and objectives. Assessments can take on many forms and serve many purposes. Two types of assessments that are used as fundamental parts of teaching and instruction are formative and summative. Formative assessments are used to monitor learner’s achievement. Then the information collected can be used by the instructor to develop and modify their learning goals and objectives in attempts to improve the overall learning experience of the learners. Formative assessments are commonly have low point value. Examples of formative assessments include summaries, reflections graphic organizers, and collaborative activities. Summative assessments demonstrate the amount of success the learner can exhibit as a result of meeting the goals of the assessment. They are generally given at the end of the course to assess what the learner comprehended against the long term learning goals. Examples of Summative assessment often include standardized test, end-of unit or......

Words: 1217 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Scientific Monogenesis: the Mother Tongue Theory

...Scientific monogenesis: The Mother Tongue theory. Theories of monogenesis do not necessarily derive from religious belief. Many modern scholars believe in a theory of monogenesis that has come to be called the Mother Tongue Theory. This theory holds that one original language spoken by a single group of Homo sapiens perhaps as early as 150 thousand years ago gave rise to all human languages spoken on the Earth today. As humans colonized various continents, this original mother tongue diverged through time to form the numerous languages spoken today. Since many scientists believe that the first fully modern humans appeared in Africa, the mother tongue theory is connected with a more general theory of human origin known as the Out of Africa theory. Currently, the theory of evolutionary monogenesis tends to be favored by a group of linguists working in the United States. Regardless of the origin of language, the fact remains that there are over 5,000 mutually unintelligible forms of human speech used on Earth today. And, although many are radically different from one another in structure--the differences are superficial since each and every one of these languages can be used creatively. Languages do not differ in terms of their creative potential but rather in terms of the level upon which particular distinctions are realized in each particular language. What is expressed concisely in one language requires a phrase in another language. (Examples of aspect......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mother Tongue

...After reading the essay, “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan, our class learned a lot about why we speak the way we do. There are some pretty important factors that determine how we speak, such as where you have lived during your lifespan, where your parents have lived, you and your parent’s ethnicity, who you associate with, or whether you’re in a public or private environment. I have spent my entire life living in the Boston area, so I definitely have my own unique mother tongue. All over Massachusetts and New Hampshire there are many different versions of the Boston accent. Now that I am living in Puerto Rico, I try to tone down the Boston accent I have, because it’s already a little challenging for me to communicate sometimes. Occasionally there is a significant language barrier, so I go out of my way to make sure I pronounciate my “R’s” when I speak. People don’t need to hear about my “cah” instead of car, or about how we eat “suppah” instead of dinner, or even how we take out the “gahbidge” instead of garbage, to give a few examples. There are also some words that in the Boston area mean certain things, while other places in the country it means something totally different. In Boston, some people call tomato sauce “gravy”. We call the water fountain a bubbler. A cart at the grocery store is a carriage. The basement is called the cella. In my experience, the term non-Bostonians have the most trouble understanding is “wicked”. When I travel to other places and say something......

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mother Tongue

...Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan Comprehension 1. What Tan is classifying in this essay is the different kinds of English she uses. 2. Tan identify the different categories she discusses in “Mother Tongue” almost in the last paragraph, where she named all the kind of English she uses. 3. Tan does illustrate each category she identifies 4. Some specific situations where Tan says her mother’s “limited English” was a handicap is when her mother could not be able to talk directly with people, or would not be taken serious by the people she talked to. 5. One of the effects that her mother’s limited English has had on Tan’s life is the fact that, that was the language that helped shape the way she saw things, expressed things, and made sense of the world. 6. Tan account for the difficulty she had in answering questions on achievement tests, particularly word analogies: she could not be focused on the answers, she would read the example, and then those words would be stock in her mind keeping off the rest of the options. I do think her problem in this area has something to do with the level of her family’s language skills, because she grew up with that level of language as well, that is the way that she learned. 7. In paragraph 18, Tan considers the possible reasons for the relatively few Asian Americans in the fields on language and literature. Some explanations she offers are that Asian students do better on math achievement tests than in English and that......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mother Tongue

...The Mother Tongue The use of mother tongue as a medium of instruction at the primary level improves the learning ability and school performance of students because it facilitates easier and faster comprehension, encourages better interaction and class participation and strengthens self-concept and identity. The mother tongue is a language that a person has learned from birth or is most familiar with (Witold, 2005). Several studies have confirmed that using it as a form of instruction at the primary level helps the students cope well with their school lessons and activities. It provides the students with a wider range of vocabulary which is a critical tool in learning various subjects. It enables them to easily and clearly grab the course content because they do not have to decipher an unfamiliar language in the first place. At the same time, using a familiar language makes conversation between students and teachers more spontaneous. Learning the mother tongue also reinforce among the children their own culture and traditions. In response to the growing need for providing schoolchildren in all areas of society a medium of instruction that will better equip them in acquiring knowledge, the mother tongue education is currently being adapted in several countries. Research studies suggested that students under the mother tongue education projects had better grades or higher academic performance. Being better students, they contribute significantly in uplifting the sector......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Implementation of the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education in Grade I in the Public Elementary Schools in Pangasinan I

...THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MOTHER TONGUE-BASED MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION IN GRADE I IN THE PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN PANGASINAN I Nora T. Cruz, Ed.D Domalandan Center Integrated School namaste_db@yahoo.com Abstract The purpose of a multilingual education program is to develop appropriate cognitive and reasoning skills enabling children to operate equally in their community language, the national language and English. Driving both preservice and inservice teacher training are sets of standards for setting the qualifications and competencies of teachers. Within MTB-MLE these standards should reflect the fact that teachers are prepared to successfully educate students who speak a mother tongue different from the target language of instruction. This requires that teachers understand and can implement strategies for using the mother tongue as the primary road for children to build their initial literacy skills as well as using it to bridge to oral and written literacy in the targeted second language. Utilizing a survey questionnaire as well as documentary analysis, the study looked into the status of the implementation of the mother tongue as a learning subject in Grade I in the public elementary schools in Pangasinan I. Results show that the. It has also been found out that majority of the instructional objectives in the mother tongue as a subject are not being met as indicated by the areas where they are found weak. It is thereby recommended that the......

Words: 2530 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

The Importance of Mother Tongue-Based Schooling for Educational Quality

...2005/ED/EFA/MRT/PI/9 Background paper prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2005 The Quality Imperative The importance of mother tongue-based schooling for educational quality Carole Benson 2004 This paper was commissioned by the Education for All Global Monitoring Report as background information to assist in drafting the 2005 report. It has not been edited by the team. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the author(s) and should not be attributed to the EFA Global Monitoring Report or to UNESCO. The papers can be cited with the following reference: “Paper commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005, The Quality Imperative”. For further information, please contact efareport@unesco.org The importance of mother tongue-based schooling for educational quality Commissioned study for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005 Carol Benson, Ph.D. Centre for Research on Bilingualism Stockholm University 14 April 2004 Part A: Overview While there are many factors involved in delivering quality basic education, language is clearly the key to communication and understanding in the classroom. Many developing countries are characterized by individual as well as societal multilingualism, yet continue to allow a single foreign language to dominate the education sector. Instruction through a language that learners do not speak has been called “submersion” (Skutnabb-Kangas 2000) because it is analogous to......

Words: 10095 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Content Based Instruction

...Content-Based Instruction (CBI) is a significant approach in language education (Brinton, Snow, & Wesche, 1989). CBI is designed to provide second-language learners instruction in content and language. Historically, the word content has changed its meaning in language teaching. Content used to refer to the methods of grammar-translation, audio-lingual methodology and vocabulary or sound patterns in dialog form. Recently, content is interpreted as the use of subject matter as a vehicle for second or foreign language teaching/learning. * | Benefits of content based instruction 1. Learners are exposed to a considerable amount of language through stimulating content. Learners explore interesting content & are engaged in appropriate language-dependant activities. Learning language becomes automatic. 2. CBI supports contextualized learning; learners are taught useful language that is embedded within relevant discourse contexts rather than as isolated language fragments. Hence students make greater connections with the language & what they already know. 3. Complex information is delivered through real life context for the students to grasp well & leads to intrinsic motivation. 4. In CBI information is reiterated by strategically delivering information at right time & situation compelling the students to learn out of passion. 5. Greater flexibility & adaptability in the curriculum can be deployed as per the students interest. Comparison to......

Words: 2800 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Implementation of Evidence Based Protocol

...Implementation of an Evidence-Based Protocol Over the past decade there has been a growing focus on quality improvement including moving from a traditional intuition-based paradigm to evidence-based practice (EBP) (Eizenberg, 2011). There is an increase in consumer demand for quality and cost-effective health care and this has created a greater emphasis on EBP. EBP is essential for promoting excellence in health care (Koehn & Lehman, 2008). Clearly aligned to evidence-based practice, the integration of protocol-based care into care delivery has been evident in the development of service protocols as an approach to implementing standards (Rycroft-Malone, Fontenla, Bick, & Seers, 2008). In the article chosen for this paper the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) did not have a protocol for rewarming postoperative general surgical patients. Why research is valid and applicable to nursing practice Improving and maintaining high quality patient care through developing and implementing clinical protocols is an important part of the health care system. One goal of nursing should always be to provide the best care with the least amount of complications. Faster rewarming of postoperative SICU patients prevent the complication of hypothermia. The selected article reviews results from a study done to determine the quickest way to rewarm a postoperative general surgical patient. It also reviews the development of a rewarming protocol and the compliance rates of protocol use. ......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mother Tongue and L2 English Learners

...Mother Tongue and L2 English Learners I remember the time when I was told that in an English class the use of the mother tongue cannot be acceptable because it is not beneficial for students to learn a foreign language. So I asked to myself, why? Because I knew that you cannot speak in Spanish all the time, but “never”? In my classes I accept it for some activities and for others I do not. According to Davis Carless “Students use of the mother tongue in the task-based classroom”, the use of the native language or mother tongue (MT) is quite complex because it could be beneficial for learners but, at the same time, it could not. In general, the use of MT is stigmatized by some methods, and teachers who cannot handle a class in the target language (TL) feel frustrated by the overuse of the students’ first language. However, as the writer claims, by taking into account the type of tasks we give to our students we can analize which are the ones that imply a positive effect on the second language acquisition and the ones that imply negative effects. Thus, teachers will be able to handle a task-based class with both languages in interaction. Firstly, Carless argues that the use of MT may have positive and negative effects on second language acquisition. Positive effects seem to “serve social and cognitive functions, including the construction of scaffolded assistance and create through collaborative dialogue the opportunity for language acquisition to take place.” In fact,......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5