Free Essay

English

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hellokityvt
Words 15054
Pages 61
无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

雅思 8 分作文解决方案
A Solution to Score 8 in IELTS Writing

孙肇春 著

版权所有 翻印必究

第 1 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

作者简介
孙肇春,1971 年生于山东烟台,1999 年毕业于广东外语外贸大学博士点(原广州外国
语学院)
,文学硕士。研究方向句法学和理论语言学。兴趣爱好广泛,对词源学具有浓厚的
兴趣和较深的研究,喜欢英美文学和欧洲文化史。2000 年在暨南大学任教,曾担任口译、
英美散文欣赏等课程。2001 年辞职。现任深圳环球雅思学校校长,主讲雅思写作、阅读和
词汇速记法。业余爱好:平民类运动项目。擅长篮球、乒乓球、羽毛球、健身等运动,

座右铭:If winter comes, can spring be far behind?

第 2 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Preface
Building upon my experience as an IELTS writing teacher and professional writer, I collected abundant writing materials authentic from test centers and other media. This book is the result of a combination of two years of teaching experience and the research of IELTS writing skills, built upon equally as many hours creating original writing samples to students preparing to take their
IELTS test. This book has been developed to be used in the classroom and for self-study.
The book covers both the General Training and Academic test. Using a step-by-step approach, a detailed explanation of how to approach writing in IELTS is given, with each unit concentrating on one particular aspect of the writing test. The exercises are designed to teach the required skills, focusing on practical application of knowledge. Model answers are also included for students to compare their own writing against, thereby gradually guiding students in wring articles that fully meet the requirements of the IELTS writing test in every aspect.
The materials in this book are all authentic, keeping the original style and content. The book is very helpful for the students who are planning to take the IELTS test. The book also gives a prediction of the IELTS in 2003, covering any possible topics which are commonly seen in the test.

第 3 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

写作题目预测
孙肇春
(The material in this lecture is copyrighted. Any dissemination of this material by any means of media is not allowed without permission. Copyright Reserved.)

Version 80
Some British families decide not to buy televisions because they influence the development of the creativity of children. What do you think?
With the rapid development of science and technology, television, as a new invention in the th 20 century is becoming very populous in people’s life. People can be informed of the latest news and enjoy the colorful programs at home. In my opinion, television will not affect children’s creativity as exaggerated.
Firstly, television is the most effective tool to inform children of the latest news and scientific development over the world. Television tells us the recent development of some researches, such as clone technology, Genetic breakthroughs, the new computing technology and so on, which can stimulate the imagination of children and encourage them to carry out relevant experiments, making new findings and breakthroughs in their study
Secondly, some programs like adventures and geography can enlarge children’s knowledge of scope. With the emerge of information technology, the knowledge in textbooks cannot satisfy children’s curiosity any more. Children need to learn wider knowledge and know more about our world. Programs like adventures can cultivate children’s creativity and the ability to tackle difficulty; programs like geography can teach children knowledge about different countries in the world and initiate their aspiration to know about the nature; programs about science can inspire children’s interest in science and technology.
However, the improper programs on television sometimes play negative role in the growth of children. The shots about violence, crimes and pornography contents are making children walk on the criminal road.
To sum up, I believe that television will not influence children’s creativity. But meanwhile, the government and the whole society should do their utmost to prohibit the unhealthy contents on TV and provide the children with a clean growing environment (275 words)
(March, 16, 2002 Shenzhen)

第 4 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 81
Intelligent machines such as robots are widely applied to take the place of human beings.
Please discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
The technology of intelligent machines improves amazingly with the help of artificial intelligence.
Robots, known as steel-collar workers, are widely employed in different aspects, such as marine research, space exploration and some modern assembly lines. Robots bring about advantages undoubtedly, and meanwhile, they are not as versatile as expected. (49 words)
The advantages of robots are innumerable. The employment of robots on assembly lines saves a lot of labor forces. Robots are widely used in developed countries. In Japan, one out of ten thousand workers are robots, which not only improve the working efficiency, but also enhance accuracy. That is the reason why robots are so popular in automobile industry and electronic production line. (63 words)
Another merit is that robots can take the place of human beings and work in the dangerous environment or the places not accessible for us. Human beings have extended their cognition to the outer space, where there are considerable unpredictable dangers. Robots can work in any kind of situation, no matter how awful the environment is. In hospital, robots work as professional doctors doing operation on the patients. Furthermore, robots can work around the clock, never knowing what tiredness is. (80 words)
However, the disadvantages of robots are undeniable. Firstly, all the robots and other intelligent machines are designed by human beings. What robots do is follow the instruction and pre-set programming by human beings. If there is something wrong with the electric circuit or programs, robots will become good-for-nothing machines. Besides, robots cannot work creatively when confronted with complicated situation. (59 words)
In short, robots are subsidiary to human beings. However competent they are in various kinds of field, robots will never take the place of human beings and play a decisive role in our work and life. (36 words) (287 words totally)

第 5 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 82
Scientists use living animal to carry our research. Some people think it is interesting, while some other people think it is cruel. What do you think?
Concerning the issue whether scientists should use living animals for scientific research, people hold different views. Some people claim that it is cruel, while some other people argue that it is beneficial to the development of science. As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of carrying out experiments on animals.
Firstly, scientists can do initial experiments on animals to test the effect of new medicine.
Scientists have founded so many milestones on the way to medical development. But they can not find effective treatment to some diseases like cancer and AIDS, which are fatal to people’s health.
Through experiments on animals, scientists can not only understand the pathology of some diseases, but also try the effect of medicine and find the most effective treatment to these diseases, making great breakthroughs in the field of medicine.
Secondly, using living animals in the laboratory, the teachers in the university or some research institutes can demonstrate the anatomic knowledge to the students majoring in medicine, rendering students a direct understanding of biological knowledge, which can improve the level of medical research and make great contributions to the medical science. Without experiments on living animals, genetic technology would not have developed so quickly. Actually, most scientists attribute their success and breakthroughs to experiments on animals.
Finally, Some animals can provide human beings with essential organs for transplantation.
Genetic technology will change the genes of some animals. In the near future, organs of animals will take the place of artificial organs like heart pumps, prolonging patients’ life.
However, researches on living animals face a moral problem because animals are also creatures in the nature, which possess equal rights as human beings. On second thoughts, it is worthwhile for the purpose to accelerate the development of science and the progress of human civilization. (299 words)
(March 2002, 广州真题)

第 6 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 83
It is said that people’s life now is becoming more and more stressful. What are the causes and how to solve it?
The acceleration of industrialization and the prosperity of economy benefit our society a great deal.
But with the speeding up of economic development, people are facing more and more pressure from various aspects of their life. This essay will explore the causes for the heavy pressure and put forward some feasible solutions. (52 words)
One of the major causes is that people’s living rhythm has been promoted immensely with the upgrading of neo-knowledge and hi-tech. To keep abreast with the society, people have to work intensively on the one hand and improve their knowledge on the other. The economic globalization strengthened international cooperation and expand people’s scope of activity. The fierce social competition deprives people of their spare time and makes their life more stressful.
(71 words)
Another factor comes from the pressure of people’s family. People in the current society have to shoulder the responsibility of family maintenance. On the one hand, people have to care for their parents, creating for them a happy and comfortable life. On the other hand, they have to give their children good education. To earn more money, people have to work very hard to finance their family. (67 words)
If people live in heavy pressure, they will have problems both physically and psychologically. To relieve the pressure, I think the following suggestions are feasible and practical. Firstly, people are suggested to go in for some sports games in their spare time or at the weekend. Sports can build up people’s physique and make them vigorous. Secondly, people should communicate with others frequently and confess their trouble and difficulty to others, which is a very magic way to release one’s pressure. Finally, people have to find a balance between money and health. Otherwise, one’s health will be overdrawn and spoiled by money earning. (103 words)
In brief, good life should not be obtained at the price of the deterioration of one’s health. People should improve their living pattern and lead a life of high quality. (30 words) (323 words totally)

第 7 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 84
Should old man live with young people together, or should they live in the clubs for old men?
Please discuss.
With the development of society, we have stepped into an old-man world. Many countries and governments are much concerned about the situation confronting us, especially how old men can live a happy life. Under this circumstance, many old-man clubs bamboo up with the view to providing old men a better place to settle down. In my opinion, I think this is a good practice to solve old-man problem.
Firstly, many young people are quite busy now. They devote themselves wholly to their work and life, so that they cannot spare enough time to stay with their parents. Old-man clubs can offer bounteous food and entertainment facilities to the old people, rendering them a happy life there. In the old-man clubs, they can also make some new companions and friends and establish good relation with them.
Secondly, with the acceleration of people's living tempo, many young people are facing heavy pressure from the society, their work and families. If they live together with their parents, they will shoulder the responsibility to care for them and their pressure will become heavier and heavier.
Old-man club relieves the heavy burden of them and makes them concentrate on their work fully.
Finally, old-man club can also give careful medical to the old people. If old men live with their family, they are not ensured to be sent to the hospital immediately after they get ill. In the old-man clubs, they can get good medical care and recover soon. However, everything has double folds.
Sometimes, old people feel very lonely because they often think of their daughters, sons and grandchildren. They prefer family atmosphere.
To sum up, I think the appearance of old-man clubs is a good thing for old people. It provides the old people with a better environment. But old-man clubs are not a paradise definitely, which is a compromise to family intimation. (310 words totally) (July 2002 广州真题)

第 8 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 85
The development of science and technology benefit our life. However, scientists cannot find effective solutions to the problems they created. To what degree do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
The development of science and technology makes our life more comfortable and convenient.
However, scientists have created many problems, which are not easy to be resolved, such as air pollution, the deterioration of environment and the scarcity of natural resources, to which we must some solutions.
Modern science and technology render people many advantages. Modern telecommunication shortens the distance between people and makes communication much easier. Internet is widely used now not only for collection of abundant information but also for correspondence. Email, the most effective communication device now, is becoming very popular. Besides, telephone and mobile phone make contact more convenient than before.
Modern transportation, such as airplanes and high-speed trains make our journey smooth and fast. With the help of modern transportation, people can go everywhere they prefer to. The journey to outer space and other planets is not a dream any more. Rockets and space shuttles can help us realize the dream of space travel.
Modern medicine prolongs people’s life and relieves patients of sufferings from many diseases.
Cancer and AIDS are fatal to people’s health. Thanks to the endeavors scientists have made, these diseases become treatable.
However, the process of scientific development also arouses many sever problems to our human beings. Internet, though widely used in modern communication, is easy to be destroyed by computer virus. Outer space exploration has produced much waste in the space. A tiny metal, a screw, for example can destroy a flying man-made satellite. Industrialization is making natural resources become scarce.
Confronted with these problems, scientists are seeking prompt and feasible solutions. The development of science and technology bring about both positive and negative effects to us. We must eliminate the positive effects to the least extent. (286 words totally)

第 9 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 86
What disadvantages will people meet if they cannot use computers? What should our government do?
Computer plays a very important role in people's work and life. We cannot imagine what our world would be like without computer. With the popularization of computer knowledge, computer is widely used in every aspect of people’s work and life. If a person cannot use computer, he will be confronted with a lot of trouble and difficulty.
Firstly, most machines and equipment are controlled by computer nowadays, for example, automobile industry, manufacturing, power station and even airplanes. If a person cannot use computer, he will have difficulty in operating machines. It is hard to imagine that a pilot can fly an airplane without intimate knowledge of computer. Without computer knowledge, people can not fit in with the rhythm of our society.
Secondly, people can acquire rich information on computer through Internet. Internet, which abounds in innumerable valuable information, provides people with a lot of information about world events, arts, movies and the latest development of science and technology. If a person cannot use computer, he will be out of fashion and lag far behind the others.
Finally, computer plays a very important role in education. For instance, students have to revise their thesis when they are fulfilling their thesis. Without a computer, the revision work will be tedious and frustrating. In addition, students can study long-distance courses on computer through
Internet, which can enlarge their knowledge.
Taking into account of the disadvantages motioned above, I think the government should do something to popularize computer knowledge. On the one hand, the government and the authorities concerned should popularize computer knowledge in primary schools and secondary schools, laying a solid foundation of computer knowledge for students. On the other hand, the society and the communities should organize some training courses for the people who cannot use computer. To sum up, the popularization of computer knowledge will not only benefit the people who cannot use computer but also the whole society. (318 words)
(July 2002 北京、上海、广州等地真题)

第 10 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 87
Sports encourage competition rather than cooperation. Therefore, sports should not be encouraged at school. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
Sports enrich students’ campus life and energize their physiques. Faced with immense pressure from work and study, more and more people begin to realize the importance of physical training.
However, there is a heated debate over whether sports should be encouraged in school. As for me,
I cannot see any contradiction between cooperation and competition.
On the one hand, competition is the driving force of social progress. Without exception, the development of athletics attributes mainly to the competition in sports. Competition, the motivation of athletic development, not only stimulates athletes’ desire for winning a game, but also entertains the audience. If there is no competition in sports, NBA games, for instance, will not be that attractive and exciting.
On the other hand, competition is not the decisive factor to win a game. Some sports games such as football, basketball and boat racing require cooperation, and without which, some athletes and sports stars will not be so brilliant. The World Cup gives us a very convincing illustration. Soccer, an overwhelming team game in the world, implies both fantastic individual skills and good cooperation between the players. Therefore, sports can cultivate pupils’ team spirit and strengthen unity of a class.
To sum up, competition does not result in hatred between rivalries as expected. On the contrary, it plays a very active role in the building-up of friendship and the relationship between the people from different races, religions, cultures and political backgrounds. Personally, I advocate the encouragement of sports at school because sports benefit students both physically and psychologically. (256 words)

第 11 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 88
Creative artists should be given freedom to express their ideas (words, pictures, music and films. However some people think government should take some restriction with them. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? Give your reasons with own knowledge and give examples.
The responsibility of an artist is to create artworks to cater for people’s needs for aesthesis and enjoyment. Some masterpieces by the world-renowned artists like Shakespeare, the greatest poet in British literature; Vinci, the most famous Italian painter, architect and sculptor impress people around the world deeply. From my point of view, the government should not give restrictions to artists. On the contrary, their creativity and innovation should be encouraged. (71 words) Creativity is the source of arts. The development of literature is a very vivid illustration.
From Classicism to Romanticism, from Renaissance to Realism, from Humanity to
Post-modernism, (从古典主义到浪漫主义,从文艺复兴到现实主义,从人文主义到后现代主
义) all the styles of literature reflect people’s thinking and have epoch-making significance.
Suppose there were only one style of literature, people would not appreciate so abundant poetry and novels and our world would become so monotonous.
Furthermore, restrictions on creativity will arouse tragedies, one of which is “Burn books and bury the literati in pits” (焚书坑儒) in Chinese history launched by Emperor Qin Shihuang, who buried the Confucian scholars alive and prohibited the dissemination of Confucian. Another tragedy was started by Emperor Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty, who killed many creative artists and intellectuals, undermining the literal development and distorting the development of humanity.
History proves that only when a government encourages people to express their own idea and thought freely, can its country make progress and prosper.
Finally, I will quote a classic sentence from a famous article entitled “Give Me Liberty Or
Give Me Death” by Patrick Henry, the greatest writer in American history, “I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” (不自由,
勿宁死! (278
)
words, exclusive of Chinese characters.)

第 12 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 89
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad/working abroad for a period of time.
随着社会的快速发展,人类已经进入了信息爆炸的时代。为了获得更多的知识,越来越
多的人选择出国留学。出国留学给学生带来了诸多的好处,能够扩展学生的知识和视野,同
时也可以培养一个人的独立性。
首先,学生可以在国外学到先进的知识和经验。改革开放以来,中国同世界上很多国家
加强了技术合作,
我国的科学技术水平得到了很快的发展。
然而,
跟世界上的发达国家相比,
仍然存在着很大的差距。
出国留学为学生提供了继续学习的机会,
学生可以在国外学到先进
的知识和管理经验,从而提高我们国家的科学技术水平。
其次,学生可以在国外锻炼独立生活的能力,培养学生的性格。学生在国外学习需要独
立处理很多问题。他们要学会如何适应新的环境,如何与老师和同学相处。在这个过程中,
他们可以获得人际关系的技巧。
最后,出国留学还可以为学生提供一个良好的语言环境,使学生掌握一门外语。外语是
一个沟通的工具,它可以消除语言障碍,使国际间的交流更加容易。
然而,
“每一枚硬币都有两面”
,出国留学也带来一些负面影响。首先,学生面临很多心
理问题。在新环境中,他们经常感到孤独、无助。其次,出国留学的费用昂贵,这对于普通
家庭来说是一个很大的经济负担。
总的来说,出国留学的好处远远大于坏处。我们鼓励大学生出国留学。当他们完成国外
大学的课程之后,可以为我们国家的建设做出更多的贡献。
With the rapid development of society, we have entered an era of information explosion. In order to acquire more knowledge, more and more people decide to further their study abroad. Studying abroad brings about many advantages. It widens students' knowledge and horizons, and meanwhile cultivates their independence and personalities.
Firstly, students can learn advanced knowledge and experience abroad. Since the reform and the policy of opening to the outside world, China has strengthened cooperation with many countries.
As a result, the scientific and technological level has been improved very rapidly. However, compared with the developed countries in the world, we still have a very long way to go. Studying abroad provides opportunities to students, who can learn advanced knowledge and management experience, so as to enhance the scientific level in our country.
Secondly, studying abroad can cultivate students' ability to live independently and their characters.
Students have to deal with many problems when they study abroad. They have to learn how to be accustomed to a new environment and how to get along with the teachers and classmates. During their study, they can acquire some interpersonal skills.
Finally, studying abroad can provide a good language environment to students and make it easy to pick up a language. Foreign language is a tool employed to communicate with each other. It can remove language barrier and make international cooperation much easier.
第 13 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

However, "Every coin has its two sides". Studying abroad also brings about many disadvantages.
Firstly, students will be confronted with so many psychological problems. They often feel lonely and helpless in a new environment. Furthermore, the tuition is very high, which is a very heavy financial burden to the average people.
To sum up, the advantages of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages greatly. We encourage students study abroad. When they accomplish their curriculum, they can make more contributions to the construction of our society. (313 words)

第 14 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 90 (August 2002 Britain)
The rate of young women crimes is rising in the current society. What are the causes and how to solve it?
Juvenile delinquency is a very serious problem confronting us in modern society. At the same time, the rate of young women crimes spearheads very fast. Some sociologists and educationists show great concerns about this problem. In this essay, I will find out the causes for this issue and explore some possible solutions.
First of all, the rapid development of society and the changes of people's value of the world account mainly for the issue. In the old days, women were confined to housework and baby-sitting, which barricaded women's steps. Now, with the eye-catching development of economy, many young women go out to find a job, which renders them more opportunities to contact the outside world. As a consequence, young women are apt to be influenced by the malfeasance in the society.
Secondly, women's quality attributes partly to the rise of criminal rate. The prosperity and luxury in some metropolises are very attractive to some young women. Some of them leave the countryside in the hope that they can make a good fortune in the cities, where they often find themselves disappointed for lack of good education or skills. Therefore, some of them fell despaired and embark on the criminal road.
The last factor is the over-description of violence on the media. TV is the most powerful medium, which transforms abundant information around the world. However, some programs are full of violence description, sexual alluring and bloody contents, which are easy to make young women astray.
In order to solve the problem, people think up various solutions. From my point of view, I think the following are worth mentioning.
On the one hand, the government should pay more attention to the problem and issue relevant laws to crack down young women crimes. Meanwhile, we should strengthen education and raise the quality of people, helping them set up a correct outlook of the world. Only when the government and the society join hands in solving the problem, will the rate of young women crimes fall down. (334 words)

第 15 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 91
Should athletes have a high salary?
Sample 1
The 27 World Football Cup has concluded. People around the world enjoy great fun from the excellent performance of the football players. But meanwhile, a new issue arises. Should athletes have a high salary? From my point of view, I think they should get a good pay. th Firstly, the development of athletic level represents for the power of a country. Athletes make great contributions to the society and earn great glories to their country. When our national anthem is played in the stadium, we feel very proud of our country's strength. Therefore, a high salary is a reward to the efforts athletes make.
Secondly, athletes devote themselves fully to the training and exercises. Every day, they do a lot of exercises with a view to setting new record in the sports games. Athletes are apt to be hurt in the matches, because some sports games are dangerous, for example, football, boxing and wushu.
High pay guarantees prompt and good medical care if they get hurt.
Thirdly, the athletic career is very short. Many athletes retire when they are still quite young. High salary can ensure that they can have a better life after they retire. If they want a further study, they will have no financial burdens.
However, we have also noticed that some athletes cheat the referees and spectators in order to get money. Some of them even bribe the judges and referees. The government must take some measures to prohibit this kind of corruption.
To sum up, it is reasonable for athletes to get high salary, because they are worth of it.
(265 words totally)
Sample 2
Salaries should reflect people’s dedication and job responsibilities. However, sports figures, who don’t benefit the community in general, earn millions of dollars each. In my opinion this is wrong. Things should be done to change this situation.
If we take the example of a sport star such as Tyson, it is hard for us to say in what way he benefits the society. In fact, his disobeying game rules sets a bad example for young people, and his abandoned behavior encourages people to experiment with sex and violence. Besides, his job does not require special skills or years of training and education. Although he can entertain and excite audience, I do not think he is justified to receive so much money and his job can be considered essential.
On the other hand, most people in ‘ordinary’ professions like nurses, doctors and teachers earn
第 16 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

only a small fraction of the income of these “stars”. However, if we give a careful look at these professions, we will find that they not only require special skills and years of education but also help the people and the whole society. For instance, teachers disseminate knowledge to the society; doctors and nurses give patients good medical care and prolong their life. They are much more useful, and actually more essential to society than sports personalities. Without these ‘ordinary’ professions, our society would stop progressing. Their salaries should relate to skill, education or the value of the individual to society.
Things should be done to make salaries fairer. Huge amounts of money shall be given to more deserving people. It seems that the only solution is to impose heavy taxes upon people who earn excessively high salaries. (281 words)

第 17 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 92
Will the popularity of English and tourism harm the minorities and minor languages?
Economic globalization benefits the world immensely, especially the prosperity of tourism. As a result, the cultures, languages and customs in the minorities are not mysterious to the world any more, which should be attributed to the popularity of tourism. (39 words)
It is a consensus that tourism can stimulate the economic development in a region, since tourism plays an important role in the acceleration of the improvement of service, such as transportation, accommodation, catering and other marginal business. With a view to attracting more tourists, the minority regions have to consider how to improve their image and service, during the course of which they can have an overall plan to promote the status of their region. Nowadays, many people travel for minority regions to satisfy their curiosity, where they can have unexpected findings. (92)
Furthermore, tourism can strengthen the interflow of cultures and traditions between the people in different regions. Trips to minority countries and regions render people a lot of new cultures and customs, which, presumably, have been handed down from old ages and enjoyed very splendid history. Formerly, people can only get some segments about the minorities from videos, films and other incomplete descriptions on books. Now, tourists have more opportunities to communicate or even live with the minority people and acquire first-hand knowledge about them, which provides the researchers with a lot of authentic information. (94 words)
Admittedly, tourism damages the natural environment in some minority regions and spoils the peaceful life of them to some degree due to their frequent activities in the minority regions, the environment being deteriorated in some regions, which is not what we expected. (42)
Generally, the popularity of English and tourism brings more advantages than damage to the minority regions, since it has enriched people’s knowledge and widened their horizons. But meanwhile, we should be on the alert for the damage to the minority regions and take effective means to tackle the problems tourism arouses. (49 words) (316 words totally)

第 18 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 93 (August 2002 Britain)
Many problems in schools are aroused by the attitudes of students. How do these problems form? What should we do to change the situation?
School violence becomes very protrusive in many countries, most of which are caused by the attitudes of students. Some governments and the authorities show great concerns about the problems. From my point of view, these problems are aroused by three factors, the development of society, the influence of family and media and the weakness of school education.
The rapid development of the society offers more opportunities for the young students to contact the outside world. Due to the lack of social experience, some youngsters are not capable of distinguishing right from wrong. Curiosity drives them into imitating what they see on TV or from the people around them. Therefore, it is easy for them to be addicted to alcohol, smoking and drugs. Some students even smoke and take drugs at school.
Family violence is another major factor causing problems in schools. Family violence hurt children both physically and psychologically. Physically, family violence will hurt their tender body because children are still in the stage of development. Psychologically, physical punishment will hurt children's self-confidence and make them have a tendency of violence. Recently, school gunshots hit the headlines frequently, which should partly attributed to family violence.
Finally, the weakness of school education is another factor causing school problems. Some schools only stress students' achievements in their study, neglecting their moral education.
Therefore, even some top students are apt to stride on the criminal road.
To solve these problems, I think we should take the following measures. Firstly, schools should strengthen students' moral education, giving them correct directions and cultivating their ability to tell right from wrong. Secondly, parents should spare some time to communicate with their children, resolving difficulties and troubles for them timely. If the school and family can join hands in solving these problems, I think the students will develop healthily and the environment in schools will become much clearer. (306 words)

第 19 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 94
More and more women go out to work. Is it the government’s responsibility to subsidize them and provide free staff and facilities to care for their children? To what extent do you agree or disagree to this idea?
The rapid development of economy and society results in the significant improvement of women’s social status. More and more women, confined to baby-sitting and chores previously, have stepped out of their family and become career women. But in the meantime, career women are confronted with considerable nuisances, one of which is baby caring. (53 words)
Women’s participation in the employment contributes a great deal to the society. Thanks to women’s patience, warmth and carefulness, most women are employed as secretaries, nurses, consultants and baby sitters. But due to the pressure from work and family, they cannot concentrate themselves fully on their work. Some countries and governments adopted some active measures to resolve the contradiction, such as the policy of feasible working time, which renders women some freedom. However, this is not a radical solution. (79 words)
From my point of view, the government should subsidize women in baby caring and provide charge-free facilities and working staff to relieve women of their pressure. On the one hand, women can focus themselves on their work and study, with no distraction from their family and children. In return, factories and companies can benefit a lot from the practice of subsidiary, which exempts them from the losses caused by female absentees. On the other hand, children enjoy the right of education. Many countries give priority to children’s education, providing children with free elementary schooling, which not only popularizes knowledge, but also cultivates skilled talent for the society. Besides, the United Nations have issued relevant laws and regulations with a view to protecting children’s educational right. (125 words)
To sum up, a government should spare no efforts to relieve women of their burden and shoulder the responsibility of children’s education, which is not only a government’s obligation, but also people’s appeal. (33 words) (290 words)

第 20 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 95
Some people say that people should have different amount of holiday according to their job. To what extent do you agree or disagree to this opinion?
The development of industrialization and the amazing improvement of working efficiency render people more chances to enjoy holidays in the current society. Suppose you are making a trip to a place totally strange to you, the first thing you do is to find yourself accommodation and lodging.
But you will feel disappointed the moment you arrive with the situation that all the hotels, restaurants, stores and even banks are closed because of an important holiday, such as Christmas day or Thanksgiving. At this moment, you are in the same boat as Robinson Crusoe, who was abandoned on a lonely island without any help or hope. (107 words)
To erase the embarrassment, some corporations and governments work out some flexible and feasible holiday policies, providing people with convenience. Shifting is often adopted by factories and manufacturers because it guarantees timely fulfillment of production targets and orders on the one hand and gives employees sufficient time for relaxation on the other. If needed, employees have to work overtime, with a bonus as a compensation for the holiday they missed.
(70 words)
For banks and other public services, things are quite different. Holidays are prime time for supermarkets, department stores, restaurants and retailers. Some people like holding parties or having feasts with their friends at the weekend, and other people prefer to go shopping in department stores, which will take great profits to merchandisers. With large amounts of cash flow, banks must keep open from Monday to Sunday. (65 words)
Teachers enjoy very long holidays during an academy year because they can prepare their lectures and lessons for the new semester and relax themselves in the holiday. Long holidays are not only beneficial to teachers’ health but also to the students. (41 words)
Considering the different characteristics of people’s employments, I think that different people should have different amounts of holidays. At the first sight, this idea sounds unfair. But on second thoughts, it is reasonable and understandable. (37 words) (319 words totally)

第 21 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 96
Damage to environment is an inevitable consequence of the improvement in the standard of living. To what degree do you agree or disagree to this position?
The improvement of people’s living standard owes too much to the rapid development of science and technology. However, people nowadays are confronted with so many problems, such as the deterioration of environment, air pollution and the explosive expansion of population. Some people claim that the damage to environment is an inevitable consequence of economic development. From my point of view, this is only an excuse for the ignorance of environmental protection. (71 words)
In order to make more profit, some manufacturers and factories are only keen on the pursuit of profits, caring nothing about the protection of environment and the recycling of waste water. For example, about fifty percent of people in Shenzhen possess a private car, and the ownership is increasing by 7,000 each month. The exhaust gas and irritating noise impair people’s health greatly. The prosperity of economy is obtained at the cost of people’s health and the damage to environment. (81 words)
The lack of awareness of environmental protection is another factor causing damage to environment. Some near-sighted local governments are only concerned about economic development but pay little attention to environmental protection, misunderstanding that economic development says for their achievements and that environmental protection only wastes money.
(46 words)
If people and the authorities concerned have a long-term developing perspective, I think the damage to environment is avoidable. Along with the development of technology and people’s living standard, the government should take effective measures to handle the problems arising.
Meanwhile, the manufacturers and factories should consider not only economic profit but also social benefit. If the government and people can join hands in solving environmental problem, we will enjoy an azure sky and flower fragrance in the near future. (80 words) (278 words totally)

第 22 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 97
Should animals be the friends of people or should they be regarded as the sources of people’s food and clothes? State your positions with your own experience.
Animals, as intimate friends of human beings, are disappearing with an amazing speed on the earth. Biologists and environmental experts point out that if the trend cannot be stopped, human beings will lose their best friends and be confronted with serious deterioration of environment. (44 words) The coexistence of human beings and animals creates perfect harmony in the world. Recently, I have been deeply impressed by the book by an eleven-year-old French girl named Tippi, who illustrates abundant photographs about wild animals in African tropic forest, depicting the intimateness between animals and people. (47 words)
However, animals are faced with unprecedented threat from human beings. To snatch more profit, many people hunt for animals illegally. Gazelle, an active and innocent animal popular in many countries becomes the target of many hunters just for its soft furs. Elephant has not escaped the adversity of being killed, for ivory is collected as a symbol of fortune by many tycoons. The endangered giant pandas are on the edge of disappearance from the earth because their inhabitance is seriously destroyed by the progress of human civilization. If human beings do not take effective measures to protect animals, our descendants can only see their remains and fossils in museums.
What makes it worse is that the biosphere will be damaged immensely and human beings will dwell on a monotonous planet, with no birds’ singing and flowers’ scent. (137 words)
To protect animals is to protect us. The destruction of environment is avoidable if human beings can pay more attention to the protection of environment in the process of civilization. In the meantime, the government and the authorities concerned should strengthen the implementation of laws to protect wild animals and crack down on the violators, creating a harmonious atmosphere for our planet. (62 words) (290 words totally)

第 23 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 98
TV, Internet and radio are very popular nowadays. Some people say that they will replace books and written words as the main sources of information. To what degree do you agree or disagree to this position?
Internet and TV, as the mainstream of media, play a very import role in information transformation.
They present a colorful and vivid world in front of us. Some people assert that Internet and TV would take the place of books in a couple of years. However, facts tell us that each medium has its own advantages and disadvantages. Books will not retreat from our life.
Admittedly, Internet and TV bring about many conveniences to us. Firstly, Internet and TV can transform information instantly. They can tell us what happened in the world right away with very impressive dynamic pictures. During the 17th World Cup, many people watched the games on TV or Internet live. Internet and TV can also tell us the latest development of science and technology and the fashion trend nowadays, which can keep us abreast with the world. Secondly, Internet and
TV also play an important educational role. For instance, people can study history, culture, language and cooking skills from some educational programs on TV or Internet. Lastly, People can get entertainment from Internet and TV, which are abundant in interesting and exciting electronic games and adventures.
However, we should not neglect the importance of books which are very convenient to carry and easy to get. Books are available everywhere, such as in the library, in the book stores, in your pocket or beside your pillow. After a day’s work, we can lay on bed relaxing by reading some novels or newspaper. You can read a very interesting story on a train or on plane. TV and Internet would not be that convenient and further, they could cause tiredness sometimes if you sit in front of TV and computer for a very long time.
In conclusion, books are one of the main sources of information and they are very convenient for people to read. Books will not disappear from our life in the future, though TV and Internet have so profound influence in our life. (329 words totally)

第 24 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 99
Some people say that computer can translate languages, so children need not study foreign languages any more. Please state your position.
Sample 1
With the rapid development of computer science, computer can translate all kinds of languages. Therefore, some people say that children need not study foreign languages any more.
From my point of view, I think computer will never take the place of human beings.
Firstly, language is closely related to a country's culture. Through language study, students can know the culture of a country. For example, if you study English, you can know a lot of things about English literature, English poetry, English festivals and English customs. I am English major.
I like English romantic poems very much. The beautiful verses by Shalley, Burns and other famous English poets are still very popular in modern literature. We also enjoy some English festivals like Halloween, April Fools Day and Christmas, when people celebrate in night clubs and bars and have a lot of fun.
Secondly, computer is only a machine, whose programs are designed and written by human beings. Without an intimate knowledge of foreign languages and translation, we cannot write an efficient translation programs for computers, which will be a cold machine and become useless.
Thirdly, language study can cultivate a child's intelligence. Language is a unique ability of our human beings. Language study can improve children’s audio ability. They can distinguish the subtle differences of pronunciation and rhythm.
However, we don’t deny the advantages computer takes us. We have to read some foreign articles and materials in our study and work. Some translation software can give us an immediate explanation of some difficult words, which saves us a lot of valuable time.
To sum up, computer will never take the place of our human beings as a translator or an interpreter, because their ability is decided by human beings. (289 words)
Sample 2
Some students are thinking of giving up studying English as modern machines can do the job of translation. However, I think it is wrong to drop studying English, as machines cannot do perfectly, especially in translation, which is a sophisticated process and needs so many skills.
Firstly, what machines can do now is translate word for word, without consideration of context.
When computer translates scientific works, they can do a satisfying job. But when it comes to literature works, they cannot weigh every word according to different situations, and thus their job cannot display the pith of original works. Suppose we give a poem by Shakespeare for translation, we can imagine how ridiculous the translation is.
Secondly, machines cannot convey the manner of speakers. If the speaker says in different tones like surprisingly, sarcastically or delightedly, the machine will not be able to express the emotions of people; therefore, we have no idea of what speakers really mean. When there is face-to-face
第 25 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

communication, we can understand people judging from their expressions, body gestures and so on, even if we do not use many words. But machines cannot do this.
On the other hand, English study offers one a new and different perspective of English-speaking countries because language and culture are closely related to each other. Machines can never do this. When we study English, we not only learn the language but also know more about the culture, history and customs. Machines can never replace the process of English study and give us a better understanding of the cultural background.
To sum up, translation machines help us in some way but it doesn’t mean that we can quit studying English because English study can give us much more than the English language itself.
(292 words)

第 26 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 100 (17 Aug.)
Many people think that countries have a moral obligation to help each other, while other argue that the aid money is misspent by the governments that receive it, so the international aid should not be given to the poor countries in the world. Discuss the two views of international aid, and give your opinion.
With the process of economic globalization, many countries and regions have strengthened cooperation and liaison in the fields of industry, agriculture, trade and finance. In order to dedicate to the mutual development, many developed countries spare no effort to help the poor countries by means of technological, medical and financial aid, which, to my mind, is quite essential to the development of the world. (64 words)
Firstly, aids from developed countries optimize people's living standard and eradicate poverty in the poor countries. Due to the backwardness of science and technology, people in some undeveloped countries and regions such as Africa, Latin America and Asia suffer a great deal from poverty, hunger and the scarce of water. International aids from developed countries have improved their living environment and helped them with the development of agriculture, industry and economy. (70 words)
Secondly, international aids give good medical care and help promote hygienic condition in the poor countries. Malaria 虐疾) cholera 霍乱) and smallpox 天花)

,

( were once severe threats to people's health. With the help of the World Health Organization and some developed countries, these diseases have been eliminated soon and the residents in the infected areas survived these deadly diseases, which would have devoured millions of lives without international aid.(78 words)
Finally, aids to the undeveloped countries in turn benefit the donators. Due to the limitation of natural and human resources, the production cost rises sharply in the developed countries. With a view to reducing cost, many countries transferred their assembly lines and production bases to the developing countries, which not only solves the problem of low rate of employment in the developing countries but also make full use of the local resources. (72 words)
Nevertheless, some countries are showing great concern about the mal-expense of their aid aroused by bureaucracy and corruption of some governments. Therefore, the governments should take effective measures to utilize international aids reasonably and prevent abuse. Only with the help of international aids, can our world develop more quickly and prosperously. (323 words totally) 第 27 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 101
Traditional arts civilized a nation. Do you think government should subsidize musicians, artists, actors or drama companies? What should a government do?
Traditional arts, as valuable cultural relics of a nation, are disappearing far away from the modern society. China, as one of the highly-civilized countries in the world, abound in various forms of traditional arts, such as painting, calligraphy, music, architecture and dramas, which are not only our national cultural treasures, but also a rich fortune of the world. (58 words)
As essence of a local culture, traditional arts reflect a nation’s artistic talents and traditions. For example, water-color painting depicts a harmony between people and nature. Architecture illustrates a nation’s aesthetic value and religious belief. Cathedrals, highlighted by Gothic style in the Medieval, represent Christianity. Pagodas, totally different from cathedrals stylistically, are a symbol of Buddhism. Peking Opera describes the history of our country. (65 words)
However, traditional arts are leaving contemporary people further and further away, one of the main reasons for which is that the authorities concerned and some institutes lack funds and professionals, which are quite essential to the research and promotion of traditional culture.
Another radical reason should be attributed to the impact of western cultures on traditions. Young people, especially youngsters, are addicted to western music like rock and roll, without any knowledge about traditional musical instruments. With the economic globalization, traditional culture and arts will be in the danger of assimilation. How to maintain and develop traditional arts becomes the biggest concern of a government. (105 words)
Firstly, the government should lay a fund for the research and promotion of traditional arts.
Secondly, the research institutes and universities should work out a long-term developing scheme, organizing systematic research on traditional arts. Arts belong to a nation and the whole world as well. The prosperity of traditional arts will diversify the culture of the world. (57 words)
(285 words totally)
Notes:
1, cathedral 大教堂
2, pagoda (尤指佛教)塔
3, Christianity 基督教
4, Buddhism 佛教
5, Gothic 哥特式(中世纪盛行于欧洲的一种艺术形式。


第 28 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 102 (17, August 2002 Malaysia)
Traffic is a very serious problem. The pedestrians and bicycle riders are facing more and more danger. Many gardens become sacrifices to highways. What are the best ways to make the citizens satisfied?
Traffic problem becomes the biggest concern of many countries in the world, not only because of the environmental pollution caused by the exhaust gas and irritating noise, but also the menace it takes to the bicycle riders and pedestrians. Furthermore, many gardens and grasslands give way to the rapid development of traffic facilities like highway, flyovers and avenues, leaving less and less space for the citizens. (66 words)
Admittedly, the development of road construction stimulates the prosperity of economy. For example, the increase of employment rate, the sales of the private cars and the high taxes levied on car owners are what a government expects. But as a responsible government, it should have a long-term development plan instead of the pursuit of a short-term profit. A responsible government should always give priority to people’s appeal. (68 words)
To make the citizens satisfied, firstly, a government should preserve for the citizens more gardens and meadows, where people can spend weekend with their friends and family. Gardens and meadows can also purify the polluted air, creating a good environment to the citizens. Secondly, a government should encourage the use of public transport and limit the ownership of private cars.
Due to the economic development, many citizens can afford a private car. Take Shenzhen as an example, the sales of private cars increase by 5,000 every month. It is hard to imagine if the current roads can accommodate so large a number of cars five or ten years later. Finally, a government should consider the relation between economic development and environmental protection, leaving more green lands to our descendants. (129 words)
To sum up, economic development and environmental protection do not contradict each other. If a government is responsible, it should make no efforts to give people a comfortable living environment. (30 words) (293 words totally)

第 29 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 103
Over the past 50 years, young people gain status and power but old people have lost. What is the cause and is it a good development or bad development?
The knowledge-based society witnessed great changes over the past decades. Many young people have taken the place of the old ones and gained political and financial power in the world.
Bill Gates, the director of Microsoft, Tony Blaire, Prime Minister of Britain and Bush, President of the USA give us vivid illustration. From my point of view, the trend is natural and inevitable. (63 words) Young people are energetic and vigorous. Most of them have received formal education in university, where they acquired abundant knowledge and experience, which are quite essential to their future career. Compared with young people, old people's knowledge is out-dated, which does not fit in with the development of the current society. Old people react more slowly than young people, who can always make quick judges and prompt decisions. Furthermore, young people are more open-minded than old people who have a tendency of conservation. Therefore, young people can adapt themselves to the changeable world more easily. (95 words)
Obviously, this trend brings about both advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, young leaders and powers can inject vigor and new hopes to the world, which not only benefits the development of global economy, but also establishes multi-lateral relation between the countries in the world. On the other hand, young people still lack adequate experience and skills to deal with sophisticated national problems and international relations. As a result, many young leaders in the world are often criticized for lack of tactics by old people. Some young people are very radical when faced with trouble. They still have a lot of things to learn. (105 words)
Generally, old people should offer young guys opportunities to practice their abilities and talents. At the same time, young people should learn from old ones modestly and make themselves more admirable. (31 words) (294 words totally)

第 30 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

最新补充:Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of unisexual schools. (男女分校的利与
弊)
Boy schools and girl schools shoot up very rapidly both in foreign countries and at home. In
China, girl schools have enjoyed a very long history since one hundred years ago. Many sociologists and educationalists present their views on this issue from different angles. In this essay, I will zero in on the advantages and disadvantages of the controversial phenomenon. (60 words) Some parents prefer to send their children to boy schools or girl schools in the hope that their children can concentrate on study and acquire adequate knowledge and skills because unisexual schools can make out appropriate curriculum and courses for students according to their sexual characteristics. In some girl schools, students have a wider choice of courses such as dancing, music, embroidery and drawing, which can cultivate their feminine elegance and charm.
Furthermore, students can devote themselves fully to their study and will not be distracted.
Campus love affairs are very common in the current society under the influence of media. Boy schools and girl schools can eradicate contact between different sexes and purify the campus environment. (117 words)
Of course, some experts point out that boy schools and girl schools are not beneficial to the adolescent development of students. They believe that boys or girls are likely to develop their abilities and stimulate their imagination when they are studying with the opposite sexes. Besides, students can cultivate their interpersonal skills. Some other people think that separating boys from girls can cause some psychological problems to youngsters. Meanwhile, this separation affects social progress and lead to sexism. Investigation shows that graduates from unisexual schools are not aware how to get along with their colleagues in their career. (98 words)
To sum up, everything has double folds. Unisexual schools are of no exception. From my point of view, I think the existence of unisexual schools meets the need of some parents. But it is definitely not a paradise for their children. (316 words totally)

第 31 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

传说中的 Version 105
Discuss the influence on world economy and other aspects taken by 9.11 incident.
On 11th September, the whole world were shocked by the terrorism attack on New York, the center of America’s politics, finance and economy. Four airplanes crashed, two of which ruined the twin trade towers, causing unprecedented losses. The New York Stocked Exchange was forced to be halted for four days, and the financial area in Manhattan a week away. According to the report by
New York Municipality, the attack resulted in a loss of 100 billion dollars, direct or indirect. (80 words) Undoubtedly, “9.11 incident” makes America’s economy slide downward more sharply than ever before, with a decrease of Don Jones at 8000 points shortly after the attack. In contrast with economic loss, the perspective of market becomes more and more uncertain. Market-orientated economy requires our confidence in economic rules. Investors are not willing to release their capital to the ever-changing market; for fear that they could not get the expected profit. 9.11 terrorism attack also causes many psychological problems to the Americans. The instability of society prohibited their trips outside, undermining their anxiety of consumption, which is a heavier attack on the stimulation of economic revival. (105 words)
On the other hand, we should not be too pessimistic about the positive effect by the attack. The crackdown on terrorism globally has connected American government with other countries, including China, which is beneficial to the capital market in the world. Furthermore, the war against terrorism stimulates America’s economy by the dimensional expenditure and cutdown of taxes. An open financial market, flexible policy and advantageous information technology foretell vigorous opportunities for economic development. (73 words)
“9.11 incident” is the largest catastrophe in human history, which not only deprived people of husbands, wives, relatives and friends, but also made the world economy recede. We should adopt an optimistic attitude, overcoming the temporary recession and cultivating a prosperous future. (42 words) (300 words totally)
(The End)

声明:本资料为非公开出版物,只做内部交流使用。未经作者同意,严禁复制、转载。
Announcement: This material is for reference only. Reduplication is not allowed without permission from the author.
Copyright@2002 中国雅思教育网 http://www.ieltsedu.net

第 32 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 120
孙肇春
What are the purposes of places such as museums and how should they be funded?

Museums illuminate the culture, history and arts of the world. Every country and government spare no effort or money to enrich the collection of museums to cater for different tastes or needs of people, for the benefit of the present and future generations. There are bounteous museums all over the world.

The British Museum, which is maybe the largest one in the world, provides visitors with all-round knowledge about the world culture and arts. The visitors to the museum are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the culture and history of mankind. If one wants to know about the development of human science and industry, he can have a tour to The Museum of Science and Industry located in
Chicago, the United States, where a detailed scientific progress is presented vividly. You cannot miss every achievement human beings have made in history and you are sure to be shocked by the civilization our forefathers created. If one wants to have a browse of the important events in the past,
American Museum of Photography is the best choice. It abounds in precious historical pictures and gives visitors unforgettable memory. Apart from the state-owned museums, there are also innumerable private museums whose purpose is to exhibit their cherished collection and popularize knowledge.

With a view to giving people updated information and rendering them a more detailed overview, many countries invest a great deal of money in the foundation of museums, because museums disseminate human knowledge and culture, which are more significant for the development of the young generation.
Besides, entrepreneurs and individuals should also lay a fund for the improvement and rebuild of museums. The prosperity of human culture is not only the responsibility of the government, but also the responsibility of every individual and organization. (295 words)

第 33 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

2002 年雅思(IELTS)作文真题全录
孙肇春
General Training

Version 73
TASK1:某公司 offer you 一份工作,但你不能去,写封信,告诉该公司人事主管你拒绝接
受,并表示感谢说明理由以及你如何喜欢你现在的工作。
TASK2:一项报告标明 children are becoming lazy, fat and unsociable, give your possible causes and measures.
*TASK 2
People use the computers when they work , go banking and , but somebody argue that it will make the people isolate and decrease social skills. To what extend do you agree OR DISAGREE??

Version 72 task1 是讲你买了财产保险,现在度假过程中丢失了东西丢了东西,要写封信给保险公司,要求
是描述丢失情况,告诉他们你要他们怎么做等.
task2 是现在一些人希望学生多学点 general subjects,另一些人希望学生不满 17 岁就开始学习 special subjects.问你 agree or disagree. give some reason and give your relevant experience about it. High school students should study general subjects before they are 17 years old, to study specialist subjects before that age is too early for them. Agree or disagree
*Task 2 people use computer in a shop, bank...without leaving home. Someone think it is danger because it may make people isolate and lose the social skills to live with others. To what extend do you agree or disagree this opinion?
应该给小孩子适当的惩罚,你多大程度上同意.这么老的题目还考,真不知道他们是怎么想的

Version 76 task 1
大致意思为 your car is hired from a company and when u are driving in holiday, there's a small accident on it, you will have to write a report to the company to explain it you need to explain the following statement
1、when and where you hired it
2、describe how the accident happened
第 34 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

3、what kind of action did you have after the accident you do NOT to use your own address write about 150 words task 2
大致意思为 Fashion is difficult to follow, some people say fashion is just for selling clothes, we should not follow it and we should dress what we like and feel comfortable in it
Agree or disagree? use any relevant example to support your idea. write 250 words.
1: 写一封信给保险公司,告诉它们你参加了一次旅行并办了旅游保险,但是你在旅途中丢
了东西,告诉保险公司丢了什么以及值多少钱,以及怎么丢的。 writing
2: 现在人们穿着越来越紧跟时尚,但是有些人却不这样,他们认为应该按自己的喜好和舒
适来选择服装。你的观点。如今很多人喜欢选择非常时尚的穿着打扮,但是,这种穿着打扮
并不实用;人们是否应该选择一些更加 comfortable 的服装。

*Task2
Happiness is considered important to people. Why are the definitions of happiness different?(大概
是这样,意思就是问为什么幸福的定义如此不同和难下这个定义)
what is the factors in achieving happiness. give some examples and relevant evidence.
Happiness
1)Happiness is important in life
2)Why it is difficult to define ?
3)What factors are important in achieving happiness

Version 79★
Task1: the flat u rent caught a small fire. 让你跟房东说明当时情况,你有什么东西损坏了,需
要房东做什么。阐述过程;列 you lost 详细物品;
Task2: Some family sent their children to foreign country for education purpose.
请谈一下:优缺点,何时是留学最佳年龄。

Version 67
写作一个是抱怨住得附近你家对面有一个小公园有年轻人老让自己得狗随便跑,危险,向
council 投诉。
You live in a house opposite to a small park. Every evening a young man bring 2 large dogs and let them free. Write a letter to the city council and describe the situation, tell them it is dangerous and reason. Then tell them what action should be done.
第 35 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

第二个是说青年如何选择自己得职业,应该听谁的意见,从那里寻找信息?谈谈你的看法、 how to decide future career what is the important young people choose career, whose opinion and what kind of information do you think important?
Give reasons and examples.

Version 25 task1 因为没能去旅游所以索要旅行保险。explain 类型 task2 中学生 17 岁前应该先学尽量多的 general subjects 然后再学习 special subject。agree or disagree? Version 68★
TASK 1 You took your family had a good meal in a local restaurant. Write a letter to the newspap er to tell about it, describe the meal you had, and why you think the restaurant is worth for other p eople to visit.
TASK 2. Choose an invention, telephone or computer, and tell how it has changed our life. Are the changes all positive or negative?

Version 71/14
TASK 1 :给一个 depart store 写信应聘工作,说明你为什么写这封信,你的资历,应聘什么
职位。
write a letter to apply a position in a local department store; include: what position? your experience and related ability?
TASK2:在21世纪奥林匹克运动存在没有意义,2004年以后应该停止举行奥林匹克
运动会。 TASK2 题目有点怪。有人说 OYLMPIC GAME 不再有什么地位,2004 年将是最
后一次,同意与否。
someone think that Olympic games will not play a role in 21st century, and think the 2004 game should be the last one. agree or disagree?

Version
6.3.1 you have transferred to another university for a couple of days; please write to your friend to tell them something about your new university and your life there; and, why do you choose to
第 36 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

transfer to this university;
6.3.2 Nowadays, more and more people don't wear their national clothes, and they are forgetting their culture and their history; so, people should wear their traditional clothes everyday. Give your opinion Version
1. You bought audio cassette player in a store. But just after one week, you found it broken down the store did not want to give you a new one as replacement. So you write to the manufacturer about this problem of the player and the store and ask them to replace a new one
2. ( about Computer Games): Children spend a lot of time playing computer games. Many parents point out that computer games have little educational value. So Children should be prevented from
Computer games

Version
Task1 Write a letter to complain the seating, the staff and the late about the local train service. To the manager and what is your advice.
Task2 There are lots of difficulties for the new students at the first day in the high school/college because they feel very alone. What are the difficulties they will face on the first day? What can the school and college do to solve these problems?

Version
1、 举办一个家庭聚会,邀请一个老朋友参加,告诉他为什么要举办 PARTY,都有什么内容,
为什么他的到来很重要。
2、 电视的作用比其他现代发明物在提高人民生活质量上要强的多,你是否同意这种观点。

Version 66
TASK 1 写信给 RESTAURANT 要求一房间给朋友办 birthday PARTY,时间,有什么其他要
求。包括人数、时间、要求等
TASK2,TEENGERS SPENDING TOO MUCH TIME ON WATCHING TV AFFECT THRIE
HUMAN RELATIONSHIP,YOUR OPINION。每周花 40 小时在 television and video 上,而
只有 8 小时在与家人交流上。有人说这影响了他们能力

第 37 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 63 (南京 9.22)
Task 1:你发现电话帐单错了,写信给电话公司
1. 解释问题
2. 抱怨
3. 希望他们做什么
Task2: 现在有很多二十岁以下的青年去上学或工作,你怎么看待这种 sudden independence,同
意不同意?

Version 46
Task1: You stay with a local family when you attended a training program in New Zealand. You returned to your home country in a hurry and found that you had left your laptop computer in the family. Write a letter to the family, thanking them for their hospitality. Describe your computer and where it is and ask the host to send it back to you.
Task 2: Some say that it is good for children to stay away from their families and go to boarding school. Others say that children had better live with their families and attend a day school. What do you think about it?

Version 80★
TASK1 去一个地方旅游回来,向一个英国朋友介绍情况,建议他带什么东西。
TASK2 不同工作的人,应该有相同的假期吗?
Task 1: You have been to a place and your friend also will go to the same place, write a letter to y our friend, describe that place, give some advice.
Task 2: Do you think people do different jobs they should have different time holiday, are you agre e or disagree, give your reason and explain. 公司里做不同工作的人有不同的假期,
是不是所有
的雇员应该有同样的假期,不管他们做什么工作。你的观念,给出原因,举例子

Version
TASK1 你和你哥原本打算去度假,因为哥哥有事不能去,写封信给朋友邀请他去,解释原
因,并告知度假的详情,嘱咐他要带的东西。
TASK2 许多商场和家庭中装了电视录象设备,有人认为是侵犯隐私,有人认为安全更重要,
你的观点。
TASK1:你订了一个假期,原定和你弟弟一起去,但是他突然有事不能去,要你写信给你
的一个朋友,介绍一下情况,要求他和你去,并介绍行程安排,以及他要带的东西。
TASK2:现在很多商店和家庭按照摄像监视系统,但是有许多人反对。阐明你的观点,并
结合例子加以说明。
第 38 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version
TASK 1 的内容你是一个外国留学生,
你对现在的公寓不满,
你去申请一个在学校住的位置。
TASK 2 的内容是教育问题,现在对孩子的教育是业余时间多学习有教育意义的东西,有的
家长认为不能对孩子施加太多的压力,你怎么认为,DICUSS。
TASK1 是讲你到一个英语国家学习,住在租的房子,想搬到 THE COLLEGE HALL OF
RESIDENT。写信:Introduce yourself, explain your situation and why do you want to move.
TASK2 更容易:Some people say that children should spend their leisure time in educational

activities. Some people believe it is dangerous to put pressure on children. Describe these two sides. Version 53
Task1 你收到了暑期打工的报酬,但是比答应的报酬少。请你给单位的经理写一封信,写明: l 说明你的工作内容和工作了多长时间。
2 解释所发生的问题。
3 提出你的解决要求。
Task2 在一些国家父母可以体罚孩子;而在另一些国家,这样的行为是违法的。结合实际情
况谈谈你的看法。 结论:属于很普通的题,没有问题。

Version 78 task 1
You are going to London to take a training course for a month. Please write a letter to the local accommodation agency to prepare a flat for u. U should tell him your information, your requirement, when u would arrive. task 2
Today's parents spend too little time staying with their children and use television to make their children keep quiet. Explain the reason and results by using your relevant experience.

Version 11
Task 1 is a reference letter for your friend to work with foreign teenagers. Describe his or her character and why you recommend her.
I think, if you practice more writing before the test, especial those topics that are given by
JIAHUA, writing will not be a big problem.
Task 2 In most part of the world, the volume of traffic is growing at an alarming rate.
In the form of an assignment, discuss about the main traffic problems in your country, their causes
第 39 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

and possible solutions. This one is among the 15 topics that JIAHUA has laid emphasis on (No 31)

第 40 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Academic Training

Version
Task 2
In the 20th century, rapid technological development. To what extent it do bring us the long-run be nefits. Version
TASK2: 学 生 是 应 该 GO DIRECTLY FROM SCHOOL TO UNIVERSITY 还是应该在
AFTER TRAVLE OR WORK 后 在 去 UNIVERSITY。 AGREE OR DISAGREE?

Version 40
Task 1:两个 bar charts,关于美国一个主要航空公司从一月到二月的情况。第一个是 percentage of flights on time;第二个是 lost baggage complaint.
Task 2:许多人说为了不断提高教育质量,就应该鼓励学生去评价和批评老师,另一些人说,
这样做将导致教室里的尊敬与纪律消失。讨论这两种观点。

Version 44
WRITE A LETTER TO YOUR FORMER TEACHER TO ASK SOME REFERENCE ABOUT A
COURSE YOU WILL TAKE IN THE LOCAL COLLEGE。 REMIND HIM/HER SOMETHING
ABOUT YOU。
TASK TWO:
ADVERTISING HAS HARMFUL EFFECT ON YOUNG PEOPLE, SHOULD BE STRICTLY
IT
LIMITED。 DO YOU AGREE OR NOT。 GIVE YOUR REASONS TO SUPPORT YOUR
IDEARS。

Version 47
Task one: the pie charts below show the percentage of total music sale shared by different companies in the year 1990,1995 and 2000.
Task two: recent statistics show that the crimes by the young people in the major city of the world are on the increase. Give your analysis of the reasons and the solutions.

第 41 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 64 task2 该不该鼓励高中生去评价、批评老师!看过的。part2 问现在我们是否应该鼓励初中生
评价和批评老师,一些人认为应该,另一些人认为那会破坏课堂纪律和对老师不尊重,你的
观点

Version 66
Task1) A bar chart shows the percentage of employment of women in 3 sections in 4 different countries. Task2) Modern technology has influenced people's entertainment and makes people less creative.
Agree or Disagree?

Version 68
第一部分:
两个曲线图,
有关 1980 年到 1998 年美国 property crimes 和 violent crimes 的数字
变化
第二部分:Many people believe that we have developed into a "throw-away society" which is filling with plastic bags and rubbish.
TASK 1 You took your family had a good meal in a local restaurant. Write a letter to the newspaper to tell about it, describe the meal you had, and why you think the restaurant is worth for other people to visit.
TASK 2. Choose an invention, telephone or computer, and tell how it has changed our life. Are the changes all positive or negative?

Version 69
Task 1. 三个表描述 5 个国家不同的 payment per hour
Task 2. 认为科学家对社会贡献大,所以学科学的学生应该得到政府更多的经济支持。是否
同意?
Some people think scientist contribute the society more, others believe other subjects contribute more such as language and business. what degree do you agree or disagree.

Version 70
第一题是双图表题,
关于交通工具的使用情况的,
第一个表比较了长途旅行中各交通工具随
旅行距离增加而变化的曲线,第二个是柱状图,比较了人们使用各种交通工具的原因,包括
因为教育而使用的交通工具、因为娱乐、工作等等
Modern Technology, such as fertilizers and machinery have feed our world, but some disagree, wh
第 42 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

at is the advantage .modern technology 的好壞處,換湯不換藥 modern technology such as fertilizer and machinery can provide us cheap food, and also take som e negative effects, what is your opinion?

VERSION 71 tesk1 一个 table 给出关于澳洲生活在贫困中的家庭类型的数目与百分比。
一开始的时候下笔太快结果写到一半发现会错表格的意思,
然后擦掉重写,
浪费了很多时间,
结果 tesk2 的 conclusion 不够时间写!痛苦啊~~~) tesk2 比较型的文章,给出几种类型的 media 然后让你选三种出来比较,并要求说出你认为
哪一种 media 能在获取信息方面有最大的 effect。
VERSION 72

TASK1:A graph and a chart, graph shows the number of holidays taken by British people and place(in Great British and abroad). The chart shows the activities that the British people spend their holiday(see-signing, reading, hobbies and so on).
TASK2: Many parents use punishment to teach the different between right and wrong to kids.
Many think punishment is necessary to help children learn the distention.
What degree do you agree or disagree?
What kind of punishment do you think can parents and teachers use?
记得不太完全,主要是说 PUNISHMENT。

VERSION 73

1)TASK 1 THE DIVISION OF THE HOUSEHOLD。
TASK 2,PEOPLE CAN GO TO SHOP、BANK、WORK WITH COMPUTER BUT THE
DANGER OF THE COPUTER IS PEOPLE ARE GETTING ISOLETED AND LOSING SOME
SOCIAL SKILLS。TO WHAT DEGREE DO YOU AGREE THIS OPINION。

Version 74
1. 2 charts about the employment of different subject university graduates in
England in a certain year. one describe the employment rate in different sector, another is for classified in total working, not working, and working part-time or go on study. task 2:一些人认为衡量国家成功的标志是人民的生活质量,而不是金钱,一些人认为是好
的经济,argue,还有你的 opinion,
(好搞定)
第 43 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

many people think money is not the only thing to measure a country's success. what do you think, do u think rich economy is the most important factor for a country's success? how to measure the country's success, some people say it is quality of life of the people, that is having nothing to do with the money, but others say it is rich economy, how do you think? Which is the measurement of a country's success. Somebody says it is people's life quality, which has nothing to do except money, others argue that it is a rich economy. What is your opinion?

Version 75 t1 两个 bar chart,说了 Australia 在 2000 年在不同年龄段男女的失业率和就业率.
有人认为没有必要 tell the truth on all times. 在某些时候 tell lies 是可以得,而且 it is not a wrong thing。
Task 2: 该不该讲真话,有人说在某些情况下说谎是必要的,你的观点?是说人们应该多说谎言
还是多说实话,多大程度上同意或不同意。有人认为没有必要 tell the truth on all times. 在某
些时候 tell lies 是可以得,而且 it is not a wrong thing
“SOME PEOPLE SAY THAT TELL THE TRUTH IS NOT ALWAYS ESSENTIAL

IT’S NECESSARY TO TELL LIES SOMETIMES。 TO WHAT EXTENT DO YOU AGREE OR
DISAGREE。”

version 76 task 1 有两个图,一个曲线,一个饼状图,关于英国 electricity 在 summer 和 winter 的使用
情况和用在一些电器上的比率。
task 2 的题目绝了。
Happiness is considered important to people why are the definitions of happiness different? (大概
是这样,意思就是问为什么幸福的定义如此不同和难下这个定义)what is the factors in achieving happiness give some examples and relevant evidence.

Version 77
TASK2:Some people think it is necessary to provide punishment to help children know the difference between the right and the wrong. Do you agree or disagree?
What is more, what kind of punishment should be given by teachers or parents?
大作文讲 IT‘S IMPORTANT TO TELL THE CHILDREN WHAT IS RIGHT OR WRONG AT THEIR EARLIER
AGE。 PUNISHMENT IS GOOD TO TELL THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN RIGHT AND WRONG。 TO
WHAT EXTENT DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE? 再谈谈什么老师和家长进行 PUNISHMENT 的好方式。

TASK 1 是给你一个 TABLE 和一个 CHART,
分别说 Europe, USA, and Canada 的妇女受的高
等教育的比例,
其中欧洲中分丹麦瑞士等,
第二个 CHART 说各个 MAJOR 中女学生所占的
比例,有 HUMANITIES LAW MEDICINE ENGIEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE
第 44 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

SOCIAL SCIENCE AND SO ON

task2: Most countries spend a large amount of money in weapons to defend themselves though

they are not at war. To the countries it should spend money to help the citizens for whom in the countries are poor and disadvantaged. To what extent do you agree or disagree this statement.

Version 78 task1 是三个公司的税后赢利 profits 的曲线图 curve chart, task2 是调查表明世界城市在变大,有个单词要注意 enormous,当时不知道这个单词意思,
还好,蒙对了。要求你 find the causes 和可能的 consequence...,上过深圳孙头课的同学可以
看孙头课上发的讲义,即 causes and solutions 类型的文章,背背模板套句。

Version 79 task1 讲英国人口从大城市中迁出和主要原因第一个 bar chart 是 3D 的, population decrease

rate in Manchester, Birmingham, live pool and somewhere :P 四个城市,
百分比中间两个高 40%
上下吧,
另外两个低,
第二个是 households 认为城市中最严重的问题 第一是 crime 超过 60%,
第二是 rubbish 40%多 还有 noise, neighbor 等一共 5 个 bar waste disposal become increasing problem how do you think it is true and give some suggestion for government and individuals how to reduce the rubbish being producing. task2 Waste disposal presents increasing problems, especially in urban areas. How true do you think? Give some suggestion for the government and individuals how to reduce the amount of rubbish. VERSION 80
1。五个国家的失业率表格
2。有的家庭不买电视为了孩子有时间去创造发明,disagree or agree

Version 81
小作文是写 4 个国家在工业,农业和家用用水的状况是个 BAR CHART。
大作文是写机器人是给人们带来好处还是危险。今后 intelligent machines 象 robots 会越来越
多的应用,它将能做许多人类能做的事。请讨论这种想法 benefits 和 dangers。
第 45 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

第一篇是关于四个国家在家庭用水,农业和工业的人均用水量,很好写,也没有什么困难看
懂。第二篇是写机器人的好处和坏处,还可以吧,也不是很难
task 1 is 4 column chart! showing the amount of water use in 4 countries in 3 categories(agriculture, household, industry). in Australia leads 1st, in household, industry, America is no.1 the U.K, no wonder a country full of gentleman, always the last one, Japan strives for the
3rd place! task 2 is the wildly using of robots will bring our human beings danger, use your own view tell sb your thoughts on it: a blessing or a curse?

Version 82
Task 1, 关 于 1970,1990,2010 三 个 时 代 英 国 人 在 transport(Cars & Public transport)
和 communications(Postal services & Tele-communication)花销上的变化---柱状图. 很直观,很
容易组织结构.20 分钟搞定 200 字.
Task 2,是说现在有人用 live animals 进行 research.有人觉得 cruel and unnecessary;有人认为是
可行的 for the interests of human. Discuss the two views(注意,这很重要)题目很有代表性,如果
比较爱看动物世界和探索类节目加上如果是半个动物保护主义者,肯定两方面都有话说.结构
是典型的平衡型:开头,观点 1,观点 2,最后陈述自己的倾向.37 分钟,400 字.
Task 2 : People think the elderly person should be take care of by the professionals.

Version 83
TASK1,讲一个在 KINGSTOWN 里 1996 年到 2001 年外国学生的人数变化,分两方面
UNIVERSITY 和 SECONDARY SCHOOL。简单。
A bar chart shows the change in the number of international students in universities and secondary school from 1996 to 2001.
TASK2,(大意)It is said that today people’s live are becoming increasingly stressful. What’s the reason of it occur and how to solve the problem?

VERSION 84
一。英国 25 年间能源原料状况,折线图。当然是新的干净能源上升,污染的下降啊
二。老人生活在养老院好还是在家好
第 46 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version 85★
作文一:三个 PIE CHARTS shows the changes in the consumption of energy from different energies in different time (1928,195?,1998). Energies was composed of OIL, NATURAL GAS,
COAL, OTHER and in 1998 NUCLEAR ENERGY was introduced.
作文二:Scientific and technological advances benefit our daily life today. However, most of scientists no longer are able to find the solutions of the problems they have created. To what extent do you agree or disagree. Tell reasons.
详细大作文题目:
1. new invention (computer phone etc) more and more change people live .
2. will it bring some positive or negative effect ?
3. answer your questions with your relevant example of your experience
TASK2:
作文是写科学创造了现代社会,
可有人认为科学家在今后不再可能有什么科技创造
了,你认为如何?

Version 86
第一是英国四种能源的线状图
第二是写现在对老人来说,
到老人院里比和家里那些忙着工作的下一代在一起要好,
说说你
的看法。就这些。

Version: 86
(2002. 7.13) the one who do not know how to use computer become more and more disadvantage.show the disadvantages and what action should government take?
现在不懂电脑会落后于时代,说说你的看法,有人认为政府有责任解决这个问题,你认为有
哪些方法

Version:88
Creative artists should be given freedom to express their ideas(words, pictures, music and films .however some people think government should take some restriction with them. To what extent do you agree or disagree this opinion. Give your reasons with own knowledge and give examples. 第 47 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version90(8 月英国)
WRITING:1 是曲线图,是讲 CARBON DIOXIDE 的 PRODUCED,还比较简单
2 是写某篇研究报道发现 YOUNG WOMEN 的犯罪率在升高,请给出一些 POSSIBLE 的理由
和解决的办法.....

Version:91
(2002. 7.27) task 1:the proportion of 16 to 17 year-olds of their everyday activities
1989 1994 1999 education 46%
64%
66% working ....
...
... training ...
...
.... no activities 5%
8%
10% topic 2: is it fair that sports professionals earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Give both sides reasons of the argument and give your opinion.

Version 92 (10 月 12 大马)
Will the popularity of English and tourism harm the minorities and minor languages?

Version 93 (8 月 17 日马来西亚)

现在很多国家的学校存在很严重的问题是由于学生态度引起的,
这些问题是怎样形成的,

有什么建议来改变这种情况。

Version:98
(2002. 7.20)
小作文是一个 graph 曲线图,
说在 1980 到 2000 年的 18-21years old 的 amount of money spent on luxurious goods,有个增长最大的是 photographs,从 0 到 100,还有 sports, musical(从 100
到 25),computer
大作文是讲 someone said the age of book is past ,the info will be presented by video, computer, television, film. Others think the book and the written words will be necessary for spread info & complete education. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

第 48 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋

Version102(8 月英国,10 月 12 奥克兰)
Task1 是分析 DIFFERENT ENTERTAINMENT ,难的是时态有 1970,1990 和 2010 的
TASK2 是说最近我门面对汽车越来越多,
步行人和起自行车的人越来越危险,
而且,
许多 花
园要当作被建公路和高速公路的祭品了,问你怎么样才是最好的办法让每个居民都满意

Version 103
Over the past 50 years, young people gain status and power but old people have lost. What is the cause and is it a good development or bad development?

Version 105
Discuss the influence on world economy and other aspects taken by 9.11 incident.
(此消息来源值得怀疑,雅思通常不出政治性文章)

作文题目 V81-103!![推荐]

Version 81
Task1: 图表作文是 1991 年美国,澳大利亚,英国和日本四个国家在家用,农业和工业三
方面用水量的情况,是柱状图。There are 4 column charts! Showing the amount of water us e in 4 countries in 3 categories (agriculture, household, industry). In Australia leads 1st, in hou sehold, industry, Americans no.1 the U.K, no wonder a country full of gentleman, always the la st one, Japan strives for the3rd place!
Task2: 是写机器人是给人们带来好处还是危险。
今后 intelligent machines 象 robots 会越来
越多的应用它将能做许多人类能做的事请讨论这种想法 benefits 和 dangers
Version 82
Task 1: 关于 1970,1990,2010 三个时代英国人在 transport (Cars & Public transport) 和 comm unications (Postal services & Tele-communication)花销上的变化---柱状图. 很直观,很容易
组织结构.20 分钟搞定 200 字.
Task 2: 现在有人用 live animals 进行 research。有人觉得 cruel and unnecessary;有人认为
是可行的 for the interests of human. Discuss the two views
Version 83
TASK1: 讲一个在 KINGSTOWN 里 1996 年到 2001 年外国学生的人数变化分两方面: UN
IVERSITY 和 SECONDARY SCHOOL。 A bar chart shows the change in the number of inte rnational students in universities and secondary school from 1996 to 2001.
TASK2: It is said that today people's live are becoming increasingly stressful. What's the reaso n of it occur and how to solve the problem?

第 49 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋
Version 84
Task1: 英国 25 年间能源原料状况折线图当然是新的干净能源上升污染的下降啊 英国四
种能源的线状图
Task2: 是写现在对老人来说到老人院里比和家里那些忙着工作的下一代在一起要好就这
些说说你的看法老人生活在养老院好还是在家好
Version 85
Task1: 三个 PIE CHARTS shows the changes in the consumption of energy from different ene rgies in different time (1928,195?,1998). Energies was composed of OIL, NATURAL GAS, C
OAL, OTHER and in 1998 NUCLEAR ENERGY was introduced.
Task2: Scientific and technology advance was benefit in our daily life today. However, most o f scientists no longer be able to find the solutions of the problems they have created. To what e xtent do you agree or disagree. Tell reasons.
详细大作文题目:
1. new invention (computer phone etc) more and more change people live .
2. will it bring some positve or negtive effect ?
3. answer your questions with your relevent example of your experenice
Version 86
Task1: 是柱状图,关于 5 个国家妇女在政治和政府工作的比例
Task2: 是说电脑在当今社会广泛运用,人们不会使用电脑有什么 disadvantage,政府应该
怎么做.
Version 87
Task1: graph about fossil fuels worldwide, coal,oil and natural gas.
Task2: some people said should not encourage sport at school because it will cause competitio n rather that co-operation.To what extend you agree with it?
Version V88
Task1:澳大利亚男女分别获得证书的比例,有 SKILLED,UNDERGRADUATE,POSTG
RADUATE.....其中最突出的一个是 skilled qualification 的对比。
男的占将近 95%,
女的却
只有 25%。
Task2: Creative artists should be given with freedom to express their ideas (words, pictures, m usic and films .however some people think government should take some restriction with the
m. to what extent do you agree or disagree this opinion. give your reasons with own knowledg e and give examples.
Version V89
Task1: 一个 pie 图,关于世界能源分类百分比 fuels 43%, nuclear power22%, gas, water. 说 world electricity production form water, nuclear, gas, solid things and new resource. 另一个柱
图,在 1997 年, 关于欧洲的 8 个国家是说 the production of electricity form nuclear power i n European countries: France (78%)... Finland (28%).有关核能的使用,在全球产电的 1/5,
在欧洲,法国使用的最多……
Task 2: people worldwide are increasingly traveling abroad to work for period of months or ye

第 50 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋 ars, some people say it is advantages to people and country, however say it is disadvantages ! g ive your opinions.
Version 90
Task 1: 曲线图,是讲 Carbon Dioxide 的 Produced,还比较简单
Task 2: 某篇研究报道发现 Young Women 的犯罪率在升高,请给出一些 Possible 的理由和
解决的办法年轻女子犯罪率上升,原因和解决办法。
Version 91
Task 1: the proportion of 16 to 17 year-olds of their everyday activities. There are three main a ctivities, namely education, work, and training.
-------------------------------------------------1989 1994 education 46%

1999

64%

66%

working

...

...

...

training

...

...

...

no activities 5%

8%

10%

-------------------------------------------------Task 2: it fair that sports professionals earn a great deal more money than people in other impo rtant professions. Give both sides reasons of the argument and give your opinion.
Version 92
Task1: 是条状图,5 个国家的资源情况,简单
Task2: 是有关小孩在做体育活动的时候是仅仅当活动呢, 还是当做正式的比赛来看待,

出你的观点。小孩作体育运动,是当成是游戏好,还是比赛好? or Task1:PIE CHART 男女掌握技术的 LEVEL,一个是女的,一个是男的,四个等级,HI
GH,SKILLED,SEMI-SKILLED,NON-SKILLED。
Version 93
Task2: 现在很多国家的学校存在很严重的问题是由于学生态度引起的,这些问题是怎样
形成的,你有什么建议来改变这种情况。
Version 94
Task2: the advantage and disadvantage of the Tourism in your country or Task2: More and more women go out to work. It is responsibility of government to provide sta ff and facilities for children of working mother, free of charge. To what extent do you agree o r disagree. or Task2:The spread of English and development of the international tourism have some negativ e effects to the country's language and culture develops? What extent do you agree or disagre e? 第 51 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋
Version 95
Task2: 现在很多国家的学校分男校和女校,谈一下它的优缺点。
Or
(?)Task2: 人们从事不同的工作 get differing amounts of holiday time. 问是不是无论什么工
作所能享受的假期应该相同?让你说说你的看法并以你自身的相关经历举例说明理由。
Version 96
Task2: Damage to the environment is an inevitable consequence of the improvement in the sta ndard of living—ARGUMENT
Version 97 task1 是两张表,English language students in one private sector college and one public secto r college 不同地区学生所占的百分比。 task2 有些人把动物只当作宠物,有些人则当作食物和衣服的来源,你觉得呢?怎么看?
请从以上两个方面讨论并写出自己的观点。
Version 98 task 1: 是一个 graph 曲线图,说在 1980 到 2000 年的 18-21years old 的 amount of money s pent on lexiusgoods(?),
有个增长最大的是 photographs,从 0 到 100,
还有 sports, musical (从
100 到 25), computer task 2: 是讲 someone said the age of book is past, the info will be presented by video, compute r, television, film. Others think the book and the written words will be necessary for spread inf o & complete education. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.
Version 99 task 1 是条状图,5 个国家的资源情况,简单 task 2 现在的计算机翻译软件发达,孩子还用学外语吗
Some people think that machine translation is highly developed in today’s society, therefore i t is not necessary for children to learn a foreign language. What’s your opinion?
Version 100 task 1:简单 3 个 pie charts。三个年龄段的参加 academic,arts,science and health course s 的百分比。
THE CHART SHOWS THE PROPORTION OF THE DIFFERENT AGE GROU
P ATTAINING A RANGE OF COURSES IN A COLLEGE IN 2001,ONE is academic cours es ,one is arts courses the last one is sports and health course, the group is 19-25/26_39/40 an d above 40 academic 55%are the age of 19_25. The largest proportion of arts is the group abou t 40 and above 40. The sports and health course is the group at the age of 26_39. You should e xplain why the proportion should be different task 2:many people think that countries have a moral obligation to help each other, while othe r argue that the aid money is misspend by the governments that receive it, so the international a id should not give to the poor countries in the world. Discuss the two views of international ai d, and give your opinion

第 52 页 共 53 页

无忧雅思网 助我越重洋
Version 101 task 1: line graph shows the rise in population from 1990 to 2050 in africa,asia ,europe,and th e americas task 2: strong tradition 对一个 nation 有 civilise 的作用,do you think govt should subsidise t he musicians,artists,actors or drama companies,do u agree or disagree,what should govt do? 很
多人相信传统的音乐..艺术..和戏院可以给市民带来更多的(精神)收益。你认为政府应该
补助音乐家..艺术家..导演...还有类似的公司和 XXX 吗?
Version 102 task 1:分析 DIFFERENT ENTERTAINMENT 的,难的是时态,有 1970、1990 和 2010 task 2:最近我门面对越来越多的汽车,步行人和骑自行车的人越来越危险,而且,许多
花园要当作被建公路和高速公路的祭品了,问你怎么样才是最好的办法让每个居民都满
意?
Version 103 task 2:Over past 50 years, young people gain status and power but old people have lost. Wha t is the cause and is it a good development or bad development?

为了保障自己和作者的利益,请勿将此资料外传。
最新真题请关注无忧雅思网 http://www.51ielts.com 的论坛。

第 53 页 共 53 页…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

English

...I Acknowledgement For many of us, the state of education in a country speaks volumes. Where English is spoken and taught as a second language, fluency is deemed a basic requirement for proper communication and propagation of ideas and connotes success. Does this fluency actually translate to a country's economic success and overall standing in the world of nations? The reason why we came up with this topic is to test the capability of a certain number of people when it comes to proficiency in English, not just to test but to give some idea what is the importance of being proficient in English and how can it help us. English language is and has always been one of the most popular languages spoken, written & followed all over the globe. No matter in which part of the world you choose to go, command over this language enables you to communicate with others regardless of what their national language would be. Therefore it becomes not only important but compulsory to master this art & implement it in the real life. This course is designed to clear concepts, renew basics and to professionally prepare you for real life communication at all levels. · Background of the study English has been considered as international language and also for studying use English as official language. Proficiency in English includes capability to read and understand the language and the way words are pronounced as well as the sense in which word are used (though variations in usage is......

Words: 2221 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

English

...particularly strong in languages, participating in different competitions, aimed at checking English-language knowledge. At such contests, I was one of the top three students in my native city –Abovyan. During my school years I was appointed to be the monitor of the class due to my responsibility, leader qualities, good organizational skills, ability to work in team, and good relations with teachers, classmates. Now I am a student in the university after V. Brusov. The main subject of my studies was linguistics. I also study foreign languages. My first language is English. I study also Hindi and German. I have taken part many programs and competitions. Studying four years I have discovered a passion for languages, I enjoyed my English classes, in particular my Linguistics classes, and even though they were very general I found those topics relating to human languages extremely exciting. For instance, I realized that the study of Linguistics goes beyond understanding the structure of language, I came to realize that this would help to understand how the unconscious knowledge that humans have about languages works, and how languages differ from each other. I was particularly attracted to your Linguist position because of the job description of the languages used in your company. I am fluent and have excellent command of the following languages-which matches your job requirements perfectly: English and German. I believe I would be a good candidate for the position of Linguist......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English

...English y the largest language by number of words; the Oxford English Dictionary lists 500,000 words, not including technical and scientific terms.[18][19] Contents [hide] * 1 Significance * 2 History * 3 Classification and related languages * 4 Geographical distribution * 4.1 Countries in order of total speakers * 4.2 Countries where English is a major language * 4.3 English as a global language * 4.4 Dialects and regional varieties * 4.5 Constructed varieties of English * 5 Phonology * 5.1 Vowels * 5.1.1 Notes * 5.2 Consonants * 5.2.1 Notes * 5.2.2 Voicing and aspiration * 5.3 Supra-segmental features * 5.3.1 Tone groups * 5.3.2 Characteristics of intonation—stress * 6 Grammar * 7 Vocabulary * 7.1 Number of words in English * 7.2 Word origins * 7.2.1 Dutch and Low German origins * 7.2.2 French origins * 8 Writing system * 8.1 Basic sound-letter correspondence * 8.2 Written accents * 9 Formal written English * 10 Basic and simplified versions * 11 See also * 12 References * 12.1 Notes * 12.2 Bibliography * 13 External links | [edit] Significance See also: English-speaking world and Anglosphere Modern English, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca,[20][21] is the......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

English

...COMPULSORY SUBJECT ENGLISH (801) Aims (English Language) To develop the ability to: • • • derive, infer and critically assess information through listening. express oneself by speaking individually, or in a discussion. read with comprehension drawing information directly or by inference from the text, through an understanding of grammar and structure, vocabulary and idiom. employ a variety of skills in writing : within a framework, using argument or imagination or note making and summarizing. • • use the English language for the purpose of study and social and cultural interaction. speak and write clearly and to the purpose, using appropriate grammar, vocabulary and idiom. Aims (Prescribed Texts) 1. To enjoy and appreciate literature through a critical study of selected literary works. 2. Through the study of literature: • • • approach an understanding of humanity. develop an interest in the thought and culture of the peoples of the world. develop the power of expression and a sense of aesthetic values. • CLASSES XI & XII There will be two papers as follows: Paper 1: English Language (3 hours) – 100 marks Paper 2: Prescribed Textbooks (3 hours) – 100 marks Paper 1: English Language (3 hours) Question One: A composition on one of a number of subjects. ...30 Marks Question Two: Directed writing (an article, a book/film review, speech and report writing or personal profile) based on suggested points...20 Marks Question Three: Short-answer questions to test grammar,......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

English

...English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.[4][5] It is spoken as a first language by the majority populations of several sovereign states, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and a number of Caribbean nations; and it is an official language of almost 60 sovereign states. It is the third-most-common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish.[6] It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union, many Commonwealth countries and the United Nations, as well as in many world organisations. English arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and what is now southeast Scotland. Following the extensive influence of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom from the 17th to mid-20th centuries through the British Empire, it has been widely propagated around the world.[7][8][9][10] Through the spread of American-dominated media and technology,[11] English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions.[12][13] Historically, English originated from the fusion of closely related dialects, now collectively termed Old English, which were brought to the eastern coast of Great Britain by Germanic settlers (Anglo-Saxons) by the 5th century; the word English is simply the modern spelling of englisc, the name of the Angles[14] and Saxons for......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English

...Assignment 1: The Story of English "A English Speaking World" English as a world language has developed through different periods of time and in different places. English was and is still spoken in great numbers in countries across the world. English has branched out into different dialects, with slang included especially in the American form of English. English also bears a sort of social class, where those who speak English have a certain upper class appearance. It also creates a common language which helps business, economies and people connect better. It has become a dominant language and serves as a lingua franca for the world. The popularity of English has allowed the world to communicate at a higher efficiency when compared to a world with no dominate language. But his plan did not work and India along with China has seen an ever increasing number of people learning and speaking English. The popularity and necessity of English is seen in India government systems and everyday life. India's civil system is predominantly in English rather than Hindi. Out of 137 typist at a civil court, only one types in Hindi while the rest in English. This is necessary for smooth transactions to occur in India's systems, which we have seen from examples in class. Without a lingua franca, communication between India's different regions would be very difficult. In India there are 14 different variations of Hindi, with English as a common language miscommunication is......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English

...10 Tips for speaking English 1. The first thing I would do after getting up every morning was to read the newspaper, front to back. It doesn’t matter which newspaper you subscribe to, as long as it is a major English-language paper, such as The Hindu, The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Indian Express, etc. While different people have different opinions on the quality of each paper, they are all more or less equally useful in getting to learn the language. It is also not necessary to read every page and article; it is time-consuming and, sometimes, boring. However, you should most definitely look for articles that interest you. 2. I bought a pocket dictionary. They are cheap, compact and useful. There were many words I came across on a day-to-day basis that I did not know, and carrying a pocket dictionary everywhere allowed me to look up these words immediately so that the matter would not slip off my mind later. 3. Once learned, I also made a conscious effort to use the words in conversation. This instilled the words in my head and I was able to draw on them whenever required. 4. I convinced some of my friends to come together and form something of a ‘study group’; we were all interested in learning English, and I figured it would make it easier and more fun for us to do it together. We met twice a week in the evening and discussed the words and phrases we had come across, suggested articles, magazines, and books to each other, etc. 5. Another thing my group of......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

English

...ourselves by only speaking English?” Will Hutton clarity how he think it´s important for the individual person and the English people to learn more than the language, which are their native language. He talk about how it´s important to speak a foreign language, especially to save the Britain´s future economic. By comparing England and America where he see same “xenophobia” culture, he indicate why American can have their attitude to foreign language while they can´t, like it´s saying in the text. In addition will Hutton see this as a lost interest in other countries from the youth, he discuss how that fact establish this unwillingness. The second text by David Hughes “Do we really need foreign language skills to flourish?” David Hughes thinks that the fluency in foreign language is a benefit for anyone, but he doesn´t see the importance in that, when the rest of the world is learning English. When David Hughes went to the Far East, he heard English spoken everywhere, and as he wrote it in the text. The third text by Susan Purcell “Saying Britons ´don’t do´ languages is a fallacy” explain why the discussion about the English language skills is far more nuances. Susan Purcell is comparing the text to the EU-countries with England. She is talking about how the other European Union countries compare their language and how English is the mandatory first foreign language in 13 of the EU´s member states. Over 90 % of children in European countries ‘schools learn English, like is......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

English

...English as Official Language of United States of America The English language is originated from the Germanic tribes language, which has its roots from England in the form of Old English also known as Anglo-Saxon and has evolved into todays Modern English as we know it. English has become one of the most spoken languages in world, and is ranked as the second most spoken language. English should be the official language of the United States of America. Considered as an international language, it is the most learned and studied language throughout the world. United States laws prohibit the use of any other languages other then English on military installation or in Department of Defense buildings when conducting official business. These are just two reason of why I believe English should be the official language of the United States. In the United States, there are approximately 300 languages other than English that are spoken at home. English should be made the official language of the United States because it will knock down the language barriers for immigrants and they will be more likely to prosper in this nation, even though this may be a difficult process to accomplish at first, for many poor immigrants. In New York City, New York there are approximately thirty-five household languages other then English. If each of these subcultures of New York City have no common language, then it would create over thirty-five separate cities unable to prosper as one. Being......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

English

...differences in spoken English ability resulting in different IELTS speaking scores – this knowledge provides the basis for this book. There are a number of IELTS speaking books on the market but this book aims to break new ground by focusing on how to prepare for and achieve a speaking score of 7 (or maybe higher). All of the skills and strategies presented in this book are typical of a high scoring speaking candidate. This book is intended for anyone who intends to take the IELTS test; it will also help learners of English improve their speaking skills. It is suitable for both classroom use and self-study. 2 Mat Clark – IELTS Speaking TABLE OF CONTENTS The Speaking Test in China ................................................................................................................. 5 1. Chinese Performance and the Reason ........................................................................ 5 2. The Real Reason ................................................................................................... 6 Two Different Speaking Systems ......................................................................................................... 9 1. The Economics of Language ................................................................................... 9 2. The Location of Key Information ............................................................................. 9 3. Summary of the Differences between Spoken English and Spoken......

Words: 50246 - Pages: 201

Free Essay

English

...Rembrandts in the world. artistic artistic skill-артистические способности; artistic taste-артистические наклонности benefactor, patron-благодетель, покровитель block (in/out) набрасывать вчерне to block in a picture (drawing) connoisseur (in/of) эксперт, expert (in) crayon 1) цветной карандаш; цветной мелок; пастель; 2) рисунок цветным карандашом, пастелью daub n плохая картина, мазня; v малевать dauber плохой художник depict v e. g. The drawing depicts a sleeping child. easel-станок exhibition-выставка art exhibition; special exhibition; permanent exhibition - постоянная выставка; one-man exhibition; centenary-столетняя/bicentenary exhibition; exhibition hall-выстовачный зал; exhibition of (e. g. English water-colours); (name of artist) exhibition: e. g. Theres going to be a Turner exhibition next month. When does the Turner exhibition open? to organize, arrange, hold, mount an exhibition master old masters 1) старые мастера, 2) картины старых мастеров masterpiece miniature in miniature - иниатюре; a portrait in miniature moderns современные художники nude (n, a)-обнаженная натура a study from the nude, to draw from the nude - писать с натуры, to see a model in the nude; a nude model (figure)-обнаженная модель, a nude male (female) model, the study of the nude form, to render the nude form, a semi-nude figure e. g. Famous nudes by famous painters. The picture is not......

Words: 15186 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

English

...English should continue to be the official language of India. English is used as the official language in India. Yes • English is one such language that is understood by people from different castes and states, and therefore deserves to be the official language of India. • If any other language is tried to make the official language, all the regional parties will start the battle of making the state level as official language of India. • If Hindi is given priority then it will create differences among the people who don’t speak it making them feel as second class citizens. • Region C forms an important part of India that got agitated when PM Modi used Hindi for its diplomatic talks.  • The use of English language is as per the requirement of being a part of globalization and there is nothing wrong in it. No • Forget about all the different castes and religions as Indians have their own national language that is Hindi, and that should only be the official language of India. • It is the duty of the government to take the measures so that people all over in India can read, write and speak in Hindi.  • Already Indian has adopted the western culture in many ways. If it continues there will be no personal or rather say national identity of India. • In this case, India should learn something from Pakistan who made the Urdu as their official language after the division of country. • The small little steps are the ways that will make sure that the...

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English

...HISTORY OF ENGLISH General Bambas, Rudolph C. The English Language: Its Origin and History. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1980.* Barber, Charles. The Story of Language. _____. The English Language: A Historical Introduction. (Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics). Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993. Rpt. Cambridge UP-Canto, c. 2000.* (Rev. version of The Story of Language). Baugh, A. C. A History of the English Language. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1951. 1952. 1954. 1956. 2nd ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1959. 1960. 1962. 1963. 1965. 1968. 1971. 1974. 1976. Baugh, A. C., and Thomas Cable. A History of the English Language. 3rd. ed: London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978.* _____. A History of the English Language. 4th ed. London: Routledge, 1993. 1993. 1994. 996. 1997. 2000. 2001. 2002. _____. A History of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Englewood Cliffs: Pearson Education-Prentice Hall, 2002; London: Routledge, 2002.* _____. A History of the English Language. London: Taylor and Francis-Routledge, 2010. Bex, Tony. "2. A (Very Brief) History of English." In Bex, Variety in Written English: Texts in Society /Societies in Text. (Interface). London: Routledge, 1996. 30-50.* Blake, Norman F. A History of the English Language. London: Macmillan, 1996. Rpt. Palgrave.* Bloomfield, M. W., and L. Newmark. A Linguistic Introduction to the History of English. New York: Knopf, 1963. _____. A Linguistic Introduction to the History of English.. Connecticut:......

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

English

...“English should not become official” America is a country filled with many people with different language trying to get along. We live in a society made up and founded by immigrants. Looking at our society today, English shouldn’t become the official language of the U.S because, first of all it is unfair for others living here who have English as a second language or can speak little English. Second of all, it will limit certain people when it comes to finding a job because not everybody is capable of speaking, reading, or writing the English language correctly. Finally, it violates the terms our country was built on. If English becomes the official language of the U.S, people with English as a second language or with little English are put at a disadvantage. It’s a fact that our society is largely made of immigrants. Moreover, children who will be born in the U.S won’t be able to learn their parent’s native language. So it wouldn’t make any sense from the government to limit them because the government will need bilingual people. We take pride in our diversity, so when we limit our diversity, we put people here at a disadvantage. Additionally, there are certain people who don’t dedicate themselves to learn the English language. The reason is because they get employed by businesses that practice the same language. For instance, lots of Spanish immigrants only get to work in the Spanish community. Spanish is very much used in the United States, because they don’t develop......

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English

...George Orwell, "Politics and the English Language," 1946 [pic] Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our language -- so the argument runs -- must inevitably share in the general collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes. Underneath this lies the half-conscious belief that language is a natural growth and not an instrument which we shape for our own purposes. Now, it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes: it is not due simply to the bad influence of this or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if......

Words: 5467 - Pages: 22