Effects of Gadgets to Students

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HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing

University of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire Business School
Centre for Academic Skills Enhancement (CASE)

Harvard Referencing Guide
This updated guide has been produced by CASE Academic Advisers to promote accurate Harvard referencing in the Business School. Harvard referencing style has many varieties. This version has been developed to ensure conformity with the basic Harvard referencing conventions and in relation to feedback from HBS lecturers and students.

Accurate referencing is ESSENTIAL because:
1) Your work must be ‘evidenced' with references to appropriate academic theory and practitioner experience. 2) Your reader must be able to see which ideas and words are your own and which are not.
3) Your lecturer must be able to check your sources and see which ones you have used to support your assertions. 4) Your lecturer needs to see if you have read and understood course material and how you have used the work of others to develop your own ideas.
5) Other readers might want to find and read some of the sources you have used.
6) If you do not reference, you might be accused of stealing the work/ideas of others - this is plagiarism.

Revised: 03/10/14

1

© HBS CASE, 2014.

HBS CASE Guide to Harvard Referencing

You should note that Harvard is a modern ‘author-date’ referencing system and should not be used in the same document with the older numerical /footnote systems that use numbers in the text and corresponding footnotes.
The Harvard referencing system requires referencing in two places in your work. First, you must give a partial reference within your work (referred to as an in-text citation or reference) and secondly, you must give a full reference in a final list of references.

BASIC ORDER OF INFORMATION AND FORMAT FOR HARVARD REFERENCING
In-text citation

Author/s surname/s…...

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