Economic History of Korea Midterm

In: Historical Events

Submitted By yoju109
Words 862
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2014년 1학기 한국경제사 중간고사 정답 및 해설

1. 다음 중에서 한국 경제사에서 확인되는 전통적인 금융 기법으로 보기 어려운 것은?
① 파수변(派收邊)

② 장리(長利)

③ 개색(改色)

④ 환(換)

(※ 강의 내용, 강의 슬라이드 및 강의 보조자료 05 참조)
2. 다음 중 개항기 조선의 주요 수출품에 해당되지 않는 것은?
① 쌀

② 소가죽

③ 면사

④ 콩

(※ 강의 슬라이드 참조)
3. 다음 중 적절한 개념이 제시되어 있는 것은?
① 무전(貿錢) : 동전이 필요한 경우에 쌀로 동전을 구입하는 행위
② 추포(麤布) : 경국대전의 국폐(國幣) 조에서 규정한 정규의 삼베
③ 청전(淸錢) : 조악하거나 불규칙하지 않고 깨끗한 형태의 동전
④ 증발(增發) : 발행한 통화의 가치가 하락하여 인플레이션이 나타남
(※ 강의 보조자료 02 참조)
4. 다음 중 인격적 지배수단이 결여된 관계에 해당하는 것은?
① 농장주(農庄主)-처간(處干)

② 영주(領主)-농노(農奴) ③ 전주(田主)-작인(作人) ④ 주가(主家)-협가(挾家)

(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)
5. 다음 중 성격이 가장 크게 다른 하나는?
① 연(烟)

② 전호(佃戶)

③ 백성(百姓)

④ 시민(市民)

(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)
6. 다음 중 조선시대 경제사 연구의 최신 동향과 거리가 먼 것은?
① 조선왕조실록에서 호환(虎患)의 기록이 급감하는 현상을 환경의 파괴와 관련시켜 해석한다.
② 조선시대 국왕의 평균 재위기간이 짧았던 현상을 그들의 수명이 일반인보다 짧았기 때문으로 이해한다.
③ 근대적 회사 제도가 한반도에 출현하게 된 기점을 개항기의 포말회사로 설정한다.
④ 조선시대에는 민법이 없었지만 상속이나 묏자리 등과 관련한 민사소송이 많이 일어난 것으로 본다.
(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 보조자료 01 및 09 참조)
7. 다음 중 조선후기 상업에 관계된 설명으로서 적절한 것은?
① 봇짐장수[褓商]와 등짐장수[負商]는 임진왜란 직후부터 상호부조를 위한 공동체를 만들어 운영하였다.
② 포구에서 상업을 중개한 여객주인은 10% 수준의 구전(口錢)을 수수료로 수취하였다.
③ 시전을 유푼전[有分廛]과 무푼전[無分廛]으로 나누는 기준은 상인의 신분(身分)이다.
④ 조선후기 대중(對中) 무역의 주요 수출품은 면포와 명주실이었다.
(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)

(1/3)

8. 다음 중 19세기 경제위기와 관련된 설명으로서 가장 적절한 것은?
① 19세기에는 전국적으로 인구가 정체하거나 감소하기 시작하였다.
② 사회적 불안이 증폭되어 장시의 수가 감소한 것은 시장의 위축으로 해석된다.
③ 지대율이 장기적으로 고정되어 있었다면 단위토지당 지대량의 감소는 토지생산성의 감소로 이해된다.
④ 농촌의 실질임금이 19세기 중엽 이후 하락한 것은 생활수준의 주요 지표가 된다.
(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)

9. 조선후기 농가경제의 장기적 재편 양상과 거리가 먼 것은?
① 농민의 양극분해(兩極分解)

② 영세균등화(零細均等化)

③ 병작반수(幷作半收)의 발전

④ 경영의 다각화(多角化)

(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)
10. 조선후기 수전농법에서의 노동생산성 향상과 가장 거리가 먼 것은?
① 농우(農牛)

② 보(洑)

③ 묘종법(苗種法)

④ 천방(川防)

(※ 강의 내용 및 강의 슬라이드 참조)
11. 다음 중 거짓인 명제는?
① 지주가 아닌 소작농도 대농인 경우에는 고농을 고용할 수 있지만, 소농의 경우에는 그렇지 않다.
② 지주제는 마르크스의 사적 유물론에 의해서 규정될 수 있는 성격의 것이 아니다.
③ 자소작농이란 소유보다는 경영에 초점을 맞춘 개념이다.
④…...

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