Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bsbr1031
Words 1077
Pages 5
Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison

PHI/105
May 1, 2011
Andrea Miles

There are many great philosophers. Some of them had very compelling ideas especially for their time while others ideas may have sounded compelling but the concepts just did not work. Some philosophers has similar ideas and others ideas were different. Eastern and Western philosophy is one of the ways the ideas differed. Western philosophy is generally based on logic and reasoning while Eastern philosophy is more closely related to religion and personal growth and choices. Socrates was a great western philosopher who mastered humility and understood the importance of knowledge. Confucius was an Eastern philosopher who as well understood the importance of knowledge as well as humanity. Socrates was a Western philosopher. His method to philosophy was known as the Socratic Method. Socrates examined moral concepts such as goodness, justice, and courage. Socrates is known for saying “I only know that I know nothing” and was quite aware of his own ignorance. He believed that the only things he had knowledge of were the art of love and the love of wisdom and philosophy (Moore-Bruder, 2008). His way of thinking helps a person recognize their own ignorance and see the flaws or errors in their way of thinking and what they know. Socrates was concerned with the meaning of words that signify ethical behavior. He held that any person who possessed knowledge of virtue could not fail to behave virtuously. Thus, Socrates believed that ignoble behavior, if not the result of insanity, is always the result of ignorance. Even though Socrates never wrote any text and his way of thinking was outside the box it makes sense. A person can not gain wisdom and knowledge unless they see their own errors and ignorance. He believed morals and ethics are foundations and are important and that…...

Similar Documents

Eastern & Western Philosophers

...Eastern and Western Philosophers have shaped how people of the world reason and think about certain subjects. One of the most debated subjects is religious philosophy. Religious philosophy is comprised of Eastern and Western philosophy based on where the philosopher came from. The philosophers of the East are part of three different groups; Buddhism and Hinduism in India; Zen Buddhism and the Samurai tradition in Japan; and Taoism, Confucianism, and Ch’an Buddhism in China. Western philosophy is broken down more by Christianity, rationale, and scientific theories (Moore & Bruder, 2008). Western philosophy is more about the here and now and the more about the me concept while the Eastern philosophy is about the universal truth of eternal reality and self-liberation by dropping the false self and concentration on the discovering your true “me”. The two philosophers that I have chosen have dramatically different theories of philosophy but at the same time they have similar views. Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha is the Eastern religious philosopher that I have chosen. I also learned about him in my humanities class and I am still fascinated by his story. The second philosopher belongs to the Western philosophy, Friedrich Nietzsche, and he is from Germany. Gautama was a born to the King of India and had never left the castle grounds because his father wanted to keep him sheltered from the world. Finally at the age of 29, Gautama wandered through the city and......

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Eastern Philosophy Comparison

...A Comparison of Eastern Philosophy Asia, the world’s largest continent, consists of over one third of Earths total land are and approximately 60% of the world’s population. Further, a large percentage of Asia’s 4.3 billion people live in the countries of China, Japan, and India (Exploredia, 2011). Out of these densely populated countries three eastern schools of philosophy were born between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, and it is these same ancient philosophies that flourish throughout Asia today. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Hinduism are three major schools of thought that significantly have impacted the political, social and religious views of Asian culture. Confucianism, which was inspired by Confucius, has been followed by the Chinese people for more than two thousand years (Confucianism, 2012, pp.1). Because Confucianism is described as a way of life, it is sometimes viewed as a philosophy and sometimes viewed as a religion, although it does not share the aspect of organization that most other religions share. The idea behind Confucianism is that wisdom and knowledge can be obtained through study, ritual practices, and learning from experiences. Humans are perfectible by wisdom and the ultimate goal is to reach a state of superior wisdom. The first principle Confucius taught is called the principle of mean, which is the importance of seeking balance and moderation in life. Any circumstance of extreme should be avoided. The second principle......

Words: 1064 - Pages: 5

Meaning of Turkey for the Eastern and the Western

...MEANİNG OF TURKEY FOR THE EASTERN AND THE WESTERN Turkey has strategic location in the world.Turkey knows its powerful around the world.Thats why Turkey is important country for The Westernern and The Eastern.Turkey has trumps to manage its rights and benefits against The Easternern and The Westernern.Turkey decided to be The Middle of leader instead of be ordinary European Union country. Turkey tried to be The Easternern countries since Turkey rebuplic was established.Turkey had a sempatie for The Easternern countries.İt took too much years to achive Turkey’s goals.Fisrt Turkey used to try its powerfull to join The Easternern countries goups.Firstly Turkish government applied The European Unions rules but it wasnt succesfull do if before.They have more strong rules to take Turkey in their groups.Turkey applied for full membership of EU in 1987.Then Turkey tried to improve its weak points.İt took 12 years for Turkey.Then in 1999,Turkey was accepted by EU members to entrance to EU.İt was good news for Turkey and it was mean that Turkey was on right way to be The Easternern countries.Turkey had waited to began negatiations for full membership of EU.Following times Turkey got its news which Turkey expected.İn 2005,Turkey began to negatiations for full membership of EU.İt was mean good for Turkey but it was real mean that Turkey have to apply some rules more in all of Turkey’s land.İt gave Turkey to follow other way and Turkey government thought to......

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Eastern Philosophy vs. Western Philosphy

...EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. This paper aims to examine the ideas of one eastern and one western philosopher – Confucius and Socrates respectively and compare the two for similarities and differences. One of the greatest philosophers from the eastern school of philosophy, Confucius was a just and righteous man, who adhered to ancient Chinese customs, ideals and conformed to the principles pre-laid by ancient sages. Because of his fame as a man of ideals, his counsel was often sought upon by kings. In his advice to emperors, Confucius stressed on the importance of examples. He believed if the emperor lead his subjects by leading an exemplary life, his subjects would follow and the state would be harmonious and prosper. His virtue of ethics was based on a simple rule – do not what you do not wish to be done to yourself. This is a powerful statement that underlines the aim of following virtuous acts – bad is something which you do not want for yourself, good actions are the ones which you wish to be returned to you. Through this statement, people could contemplate the impact of their actions on others and for themselves, decide upon what was right and what was wrong. In his advice to......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Eastern and Western Religon

...Religion: Eastern and Wester HUM/130 January 26, 2014 Religion: Eastern and Western Different people have different morals and teachings that they live by. These morals and teachings, referred to as central beliefs, are influenced by their religion and religious practices. Many of these teachings are still alive in today’s world. Two major religions that are growing rapidly throughout the world are Christianity and Islam. History teaches that they both have similar teachings being that they are monotheistic religions. The evolution of Christianity and Islam religions have spread all around the continent in support of two influential prophets. Jesus Christ and Muhammad were leaders that stressed the importance of their faiths and practices in everyday life. Christianity’s faith was established from the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus. Jesus was born a Jew in the land of Israel as the son of God. His mother was Mary and her husband’s name was Joseph. As a virgin, Mary conceived Him by the Holy Spirit which, according to the Christian doctrine, He is considered to be the reincarnation of God born as “flesh” into a human being (Fisher. P., 2014). God sent His son so that there would be life. Jesus’s baptism by John the Baptist was merely an announcement that the Messiah had arrived. This is when His ministry began. Jesus taught his followers that in order to follow Him they would have to leave worldly things and self-centered thinking......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Eastern and Western Philosphers

...Eastern and Western Philosophers PHI/105 7-18-10 James Boen Philosophy is normal in two categories Eastern and Western Philosophy. There is a difference between them Eastern Philosophy is mostly Asian philosophies like Buddhism and Hinduism of Indian Philosophies. Eastern Philosophy is the study of a journey in distance. Eastern philosophy travels back to a period in time that leaves a message for today (Moore & Bruder, 2008, pg 525) Western Philosophy is different from Eastern Philosophy it is more thinking and studying of guidance of a full and contented life. (Moore & Bruder, 2008, pg 525) I think an Eastern Philosopher who had very good ideas or theories was Siddhartha Gautama who was later known as Buddha. Buddha is a well known philosopher about suffering. I also think everyone in the world can relate to Buddha theory on suffering, we all go through it at times in life some more than others. Siddhartha did leave a good life behind to understand why suffering may exist and what the cure for suffering maybe out there. It took some time for Siddhartha to figure out why suffering exists in the world. He came up with an answer to suffering in the” Four Noble Truths: (1) There is suffering; (2) suffering has specific and Identifiable causes; (3) suffering can be ended; (4) the way to end suffering is Through enlightened living as expressed in the Eightfold Path.” (Moore & Bruder, 2008, pg 530) Buddha found suffering to be a reality for humankind......

Words: 931 - Pages: 4

Eastern vs. Western Philosophical Differences and Their Cultural Implications

...Questioning vs. Acceptance, Truth vs. Balance: A Comparison of East and West Canyon Law Western cultures have historically differed greatly from their far Eastern counterparts in several ways, be it in lifestyle, government, or worldview. These noticeable differences can be attributed to the West’s and East’s own unique philosophical backgrounds. While Western philosophers such as Locke, John Stuart Mill, and Socrates put large emphasis on the ideals of questioning authority in the search for truth, Eastern dogma—as reflected by Daoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism—assert very different, conflicting values focused on acceptance and obedience of superiors. Because of this disparity of thought process, East and West subscribe to very different schools of thought with regards to individualism, rationalism, and democracy. Jon Stuart Mill, in his book On Liberty, promotes the importance of constant debate of ideas. He argues that all opinions must be heard, whether they are from the majority or a minority of beliefs. He states that, “Judgment is given to men that they may use it… To prohibit what they think pernicious is not claiming from error, but fulfilling the duty incumbent on them, although fallible, of acting on their conscientious conviction. If we were never to act on our opinions, because those opinions may be wrong, we should leave all our interests uncared for, and all our duties underperformed.” (p. 18). In this passage, Mill argues that “judgment,” in this case......

Words: 2678 - Pages: 11

Different Between Eastern and Western Painting

...The difference between Eastern and Western painting At the beginning One day, I read an article in Internet. The guy insists that eastern pictures have more complicated subject and sharp expression than western pictures; however, people evaluate the eastern picture with the western standard so that eastern pictures are low-evaluated. At the moment, I find myself to know nothing about eastern painting, even though I am one of the eastern people. I have learned lots of famous western pictures since middle and high school; on the contrary, no one explained the difference point of view between eastern and western painting. I have little information about eastern picture. Thus, I decide to compare and analyze the difference of each painting at this chance. Comparison & Analysis 1. Perspective on nature Eastern – All things are regarded as a part of nature, even human in eastern picture. Most of the traditional pictures describe a landscape around us; for example, mountain, river, flowers and trees. Look at the picture 1. Even though there is a man in painting, he is not the focus but just a factor of whole nature. Western – Nature is the object to be managed by human in western picture. There exists belief that human is a center of the world and we can use nature for our purpose. According to this trend, there are lots of portraits in western traditional pictures. Look at picture 2 and 3. The most important theme of these pictures is a......

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Checkpoint Eastern Religious Philosopher Quotations

...Siddhartha Gautama Quote: “Buddha or the Enlighten One” (Moore-Bruder, 2008). Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama an eastern religious philosopher is historical known as Buddha and was the first to influence the set of teaching of Buddhism. The interpretation of Gautama Buddha religious signify the “Awakened Ones” and one of the acceptance of truth for someone who achieve Buddhism will find awakening in life. Siddhartha Gautama was not a believer of the concept condemnation by God of eternal punishment like the Christian religion but instead had the belief of reincarnation that prolong until a person reaches Nirvana the entrance to enlightenment. In fact, Gautama doctrine the "Four Noble Truths" and, the "Eightfold Path” simultaneously to reach the condition of nirvana or cessation steps one must first achieve Buddha enlightened the eight steps pathway to the elimination of suffering (Moore-Bruder, 2008). Confucius Quote: “Do not do to other what you would not want them to do to you” (Moore-Bruder, 2008). Confucianism, the philosophical system founded on the teaching of Confucius during the mid-500 BC to the late 400’s. Confucianism is the system of beliefs, teaching, and statesmanship schooling. As an influential speaker Confucius preaching and teaching advance into a religion and he became soon known as K'ung Fu Tzu; the Great Master Kung, for his teachings. Therefore, the Chinese theorist sociopolitical life and religious history mostly influence several of the Chinese......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Eastern and Wester Philosophers Compairison Paper.

...Easter and Western Philosophers Comparison Dominick Mckeon 105 Philosophy Nancy Wack The philosopher I chose was Aristotle and his philosophy of naturalistic ethics. He discerned that what was good for us was defined by our natural objective. To him, happiness was the thing that we seek for its own sake and for no other reason and that this being our highest objective makes it also the highest form of good. He reasoned that in order to find out what makes us happy we must consider our function, what we actually do as human animals. The text claimed that, for the most part, we do two things, live and reason, and so happiness consists of enjoying life and honing our ability to reason. As living creatures with biological needs, we receive pleasure by satisfying those needs. Eating food is enjoyable, sleeping and napping can be enjoyable, procreation can also be enjoyable, and many other biological needs when met create enjoyment. He also argues that human beings are distinct from other animals in our ability to reason, I do not agree with this, but if I were living in his era, I probably would have agreed. The chapter goes on to say that because we can reason it is therefore, necessary to exercise our ability to achieve happiness; not just the pleasure of satisfying biological needs. Aristotle coined the term virtue which encompassed two variations, one in which we contemplate called intellectually virtuous and the other to be morally virtuous as......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Western and Eastern Cosmologies

...Jimmy Kim Professor Stayton English 201 21 April 2015 Western and Eastern Cosmologies According to Drew Dellinger, the word cosmology has two definitions. The first definition of cosmology is: “the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom (Drew).” The second definition of cosmology is: “the branch of astronomy that deals with the general structure and evolution of the universe (Drew).” Therefore, cosmology is the study of the origin of the universe, and it can be interpreted through a philosophical or scientific perspective. But for this essay, I will interpret cosmology in a philosophical, literary perspective to study “cultural perspective which the universe is shaped, ordered, operated, and men's role in it.” The goal in this essay is to illustrate philosophical, literary similarities and differences between Eastern and Western cosmologies by using King James' The Fall and David Cusick's The Iroquois Creation Story. The Eastern and Western cosmologies are defined by philosophical and literary perspectives, not based on geography, culture, and language. The Eastern cosmology is based on collectivism and Yin and Yang. Yin and Yang is Chinese philosophy which describes “opposite or contrary forces and actually complementary, interconnected, and inter-depended in the natural world (Palmer, 25).” This means......

Words: 1411 - Pages: 6

Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison

...Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison Aurelia Williams University of Phoenix Axia College 03/12/2011 Eastern and Western philosophical views are greatly different. The philosophy of eastern philosophers tends to deal more with religion whereas western philosophy does not. I will compare the views of western philosopher John Dewey and eastern philosopher Siddhartha Gautama. Born in 1859, John Dewey observed many trials such as World War I and World War II, emancipation, slavery, the Civil War, and women fight for the right to vote. His words were an integral part of the history of the United States (Moore & Bruder, 2008 p. 223). Dewey was an instrumentalism pragmatist because he believed that the actions and thoughts of humans were instruments used in problem solving. He has the thought that nature is experience and that everyone experiences things differently. Dewey believed that each person could take the exact same object and perceive its use as something completely different. For example, one person may see a banana as just a piece of fruit but another person may see it as a weapon. It can be a source of lively hood and to another it can be a burden. Dewey was no idealist; he believed that the perception of any object differed from person to person however these perceptions did not define the object. His argument of usage and importance of......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison

...Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison Paper Gillian DiCara PHI/105 Friday, 2 October 2010 Phil McGowan Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison I chose to compare Kant and Buddha, with a leaning more to the Indian Buddha, rather than the Chinese form of Buddha. The comparison of these two philosophers may seem a little strange but I found that they share a similarity of thought. Kant’s moral law, which can be simplified to (Palomo-Lamarca, Palmquist 2001), “The moral law is a law I make for myself and apply to myself”. Strangely enough this is also the first step in Buddha’s teaching of morality; “The first being I hurt with my unhealthy behavior is not the other(s) to whom my action is directed, but my own self.” (Palomo-Lamarca, Palmquist 2001). I think it was this particular comparison that led me to choosing Kant and Buddha as comparison philosophers. Kant and Buddha have similar thoughts, one in particular is “Ding an sich”, the thing itself. Kant tells us that form is created by our body (mind), as did Buddha. When we see a form we see areas of black separated from white. Buddha tells us that they are one and the same, connected and that the form is created by us. Buddha tells us that our bodies may die, but the actions we committed whilst inhabiting those bodies continue on after the death. If freewill was a more tangible element, then the cause of the action could be stopped by the freedom of our will, curiously though Buddha also said that...

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Eastern and Western Philosophy

...|Eastern philosophy | |Vs | |Western Philosophy | |Compare eastern and western philosophy | | | |Kimberly Lynn Stachowski | | | |PHI-105 Introduction to Philosophy | | | |September 11,2011 | | ...

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison

...Eastern and Western Philosophers Comparison PHI/105 Eastern philosophies and Western philosophies both make quite a few compelling cases when it comes to their ideas. The particular Eastern philosophy that I find to be most fascinating is that of Buddhism. The Western philosophies of Immanuel Kant were also influential and fascinating to contemplate, though differed with reasoning for their development. These two philosophies have some undeniable similarities and differences. Buddhism is an Eastern philosophy that came to life in India by a prince named Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha after he felt that he found enlightenment. In the beginning, Buddhism was the philosophical response to the problem of suffering. This made it easier to understand that there is more to suffering than one believes. Suffering does not only occur when one goes through physical pain and misery, it is also there and occurs when we go through things like disappointment, frustration, discontent and sorrow. I am almost certain that Buddha’s teachings stem from his own personal experience and the experiences of others that were around him. He was able to learn from the examples of others and himself. I feel this philosophy is very logical. When it comes to Western Philosophy, Immanuel Kant was a German Philosopher who contributed to the philosophical views of religion. He is known for inventing the most famous moral arguments on the existence of God. His criticism towards......

Words: 696 - Pages: 3