East Winston: a Thriving Black Community

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kcauthen2
Words 1791
Pages 8
SCHOOL OF URBAN MISSIONS

WIINSTON-SALEM, NC COHORT

EAST WINSTON
A THRIVING BLACK COMMUNITY

AN ESSAY SUBMITTED TO

DR. GARY PICKENS

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR COURSE

URBAN SOCIOLOGY

BY

KAREN A. CAUTHEN

APRIL 20, 2011

OUTLINE

I. INTRODUCTION II. HISTORY III. EAST WINSTON IV. CLEVELAND AVENUE V. 25TH STREET VI. OUTREACH VII. CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION In 1908 a black woman moved on the corner of Woodland Ave. and 8th Street, in what was primarily thought of as a “white neighborhood.” Unseen dividing lines prevented blacks from living on that side of town however, and she was driven from the neighborhood by very un-neighborly conduct. As time would progress more and more blacks migrated to East Winston. White supremacy, in the early 1900’s, threatened blacks. The Ku Klux Klan even marched in the area. Around 1920, the whites left in East Winston realized the local emergence of blacks were not going to leave and decided to sell their homes to blacks. Drastic changes took place in East Winston over the decades which resulted in what was once a largely white populated area had now become the largest of Winston Salem’s seven major communities. By the year 1960 East Winston had over 34,000 residents; a fourth of the city’s population. East Winston is still drastically changing as middle class houses are built and an influx of affluent Black Americans are moving into the area.

HISTORY As early as the 1940s, East Winston has been a predominantly black community. Originally a rural farming area in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, it grew into a white community with two hospitals, a school, and train station. City Hospital was built in 1913-1914, the same year the city of Winston united with the city of Salem to become Winston-Salem. This…...

Similar Documents

Homophobia in the Black Communities

...Alexandra Vilents May 22, 2012 Final Paper Homophobia in the Black Communities. Homophobia, just like racism and sexism, is a sign of ignorance. Most people who hate or fear gays have either never met a gay person or simply do not understand what homosexuality is. In the black community, masculinity is considered to be the most important feature of a man and if a man is a homosexual, this is not just a matter of his sexual preference, being gay automatically labels you as a “fagget”, a “sissy”, or basically less of a man. Many black families traditionally attend church and thus tend to be very religious. To them homosexuality is a sin. Procreation is highly valued in African American families. Since gay men cannot produce children that makes them an “unwanted” part of this community Metrosexual is a term that can be used to describe a heterosexual urban male who tends to be very considerate of his appearance and has a defined taste in fashion. Metrosexual guys are often called “Fags” because their style and interests may be somewhat different from those of a “manly man”, but this in no way makes them a homosexual. When most men in the black communities think of a gay man this image of a very feminine, metrosexual guy comes to mind. What they do not take into consideration is that one's sexual preference is what makes them gay, not what they are wearing or how they are acting. Black men see homosexuals as a threat to their masculinity. They often think that just......

Words: 1325 - Pages: 6

Black and Tans

...The Black & Tans in Ireland, 1920-1921: Their Origins, Roles and Legacy From January 1919 until a truce came into effect on 11 July 1921, a state of undeclared war existed in some areas of Ireland between guerilla units of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), representing the independence aspirations of militant Irish nationalism, and the forces of the British Military who were charged with the task of restoring law and order in this part of the United Kingdom. With neither a state of war nor martial law being declared by the British authorities in Ireland – martial law did come eventually in December 1920/January 1921 but it applied only to eight counties in the southern-most part of the country – the military was confined largely to a supporting role, leaving the civil administration based at Dublin Castle heavily reliant on the enforcement powers of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) in its efforts to curb the insurgent Irish nationalists. From the IRA’s perspective, the RIC was seen as “a means to restrain in every locality any opposition to the regime it served.” In a response to this apparent menace, early in 1919 the IRA began a campaign of intimidation against officers of the RIC, who were subjected to threats, violent attacks and exclusion of their families from the local community. Other locals who dared to show support or even sympathy for RIC families thereafter were similarly......

Words: 3627 - Pages: 15

The East Asian Community

...The East Asian Community Before the East Asian Summit, which aimed to promote economic and political cooperation in the region, was held in Malaysia in December 2005, many people had questioned whether the East Asian Community was really emerging. However, although the EAS ended with the issuance of the Kuala Lumper Declaration, it is not wrong to conclude that a goal to bring Asia together is still too far to reach. The Summit left many points that support the conclusion. First of all, the criteria to join the EAS are indefinite. When member countries are not geographically East Asian, there will be a problem in creating a sense of East Asian regionalism. Inevitably, the EAS must open to the big powers like the U.S. and India although their joining not only drags a conflict from outside but also intensifies the tension between China and Japan. The U.S. will try to balance Russia while India will try to exclude Pakistan from the EAS. And two countries may help Japan containing China instead of being mediator. Their presence may lead to political tensions and obscure the EAS progress. Second of all, it is difficult to reconcile the future relationship between the EAS-APEC, and the EAS-ASEAN Plus Three framework. Some Chinese scholars and officials want the EAS to be the Asian coordinating group of APEC, but this needs India to join APEC. In addition, the Kuala Lumper Declaration stated that the EAS would not replace or be an alternative to the A+3. Does this mean that......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Winston Churchill

...Journalist, historian, solider, painter, he was also one of the greatest leaders of our time. His name was Winston Churchill and he rallied the nation in its darkest hour. Even tough he was one of Britain’s greatest leaders, he was also one of the hardest man to work with. With many failures in his political career his opponents called him “A man with a brilliant future behind him”. (Churchill the maverick politician) But most of his colleges and friends will remember him as a hardworking man who, after every failure, pulled himself back and began anew. Few people remember his early days. He was born in aristocracy, his father Lord Randolph Churchill was the youngest son of the Duke of Marlborough, John Spencer Churchill. His mother was a lively daughter of an American financier. When his mother was seven and a half months pregnant she stayed at Blenheim palace, were on the 30th November of 1874 Winston Churchill was born and baptized. He was brought up by a nanny, Ms. Elizabeth Anne Everest. She served as his confidante, nurse, and mother substitute. (Jenkins 10) At the age of seven his mother sent him to a boarding school. And at the age of thirteen he went to Harrow School. At Harrow school he showed great interest in fencing and the subject History of England. He also won the public school championship in fencing. His parents’ were too busy with their social life to pay any attention to their son. During his years at Harrow he sent several letters to his mother......

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Winston

... Winston refuses to believe in the system. He defies the Party, even if he is doing it very carefully and quietly. He's also a bumbling old man with a good heart and a cowardly disposition, so his disobedience makes him appear to be a hero. However, looking at the whole of the book, there are no heroes. No one wins. Goodness doesn't exist in that world, nor does evil, thus no heroes or villians or triumphs. It is a deadlock; Winston is just like every other doubting party member. The party has no trouble killing innocents and criminals alike. No one cares. Nothing changes. It's just one story identical to every other story ever. wor He wasn't really a hero in the typical sense but he did rebel against BB in some ways. Keeping his diary, buying items such as the paper weight and meeting up with Julia for secret liasons. The most heroic thing about Winston was that he actually WANTED to bring BB down, a character like Julia was probably more content with just sneaking around and getting what she could out of life. Winston had a passion inside him that made him want to fight BB, he was sure that a better way of life once existed. He didn't die at the end!!! He was brainwashed into loving BB and sent back into society. EDIT: He was scared yes, but his fascination with Goldstein and his yearning to join the Brotherhood was very evident to me. Every move that Winston......

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Key to a Thriving Business

...The Key to a Thriving Business: Internal Communication Presented to Mark Medicoff Lecturer John Molson School of Business Concordia University Prepared by Student Comm 212 Section F John Molson School of Business Concordia University October 21, 2008 Table of Contents Executive Summary............................................................................................................iii Introduction..........................................................................................................................1 Background..............................................................................................................1 Purpose Statement....................................................................................................1 Research Methods....................................................................................................1 Body.....................................................................................................................................1 Keys to International Success..................................................................................1 Internal Communication in Business.......................................................................2 Microsoft’s Success in the International Market.....................................................2 DHL’s Success in the International......

Words: 1453 - Pages: 6

Black Wallsteet

...Entrepreneurship Spring 2014 “Black Wall Street”, Greenwood, Tulsa, Oklahoma Founder: O.W. Gurley, 1906 Around the start of the 20th century O.W. Gurley, a wealthy African American land-owner from Arkansas, traversed the United States to participate in the Oklahoma Land run of 1889. The young entrepreneur had just resigned from a presidential appointment under president Grover Cleveland in order to strike out on his own. In 1906, Gurley moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma where he purchased 40 acres of land which was "only to be sold to colored". Black ownership was unheard of at that time. Among Gurley's first businesses was a rooming house which was located on a dusty trail near the railroad tracks. This road was given the name Greenwood Avenue. The area became very popular among African American migrants fleeing the oppression in Mississippi. They would find refuge in Gurley's building, as the racial persecution from the south was non-existent on Greenwood Avenue. Another African American entrepreneur, J.B. Stradford, arrived in Tulsa in 1899. He believed that black people had a better chance of economic progress if they pooled their resources, worked together and supported each other's businesses. He bought large tracts of real estate in the northeastern part of Tulsa, which he had subdivided and sold exclusively to other African Americans. Gurley and a number of other blacks soon followed suit. Stradford later built the Stradford Hotel on Greenwood, where blacks could......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Community

...The town of Islip is located on the south shore of Long Island. Islip once had a population of 1,145 in the year 1820, since then it has grown to a community where there are over 335,000 residents that are living and working. Islip used to be a plantation, over the years it evolved to an area known for fishing and tourism. "On November 29, 1683, William Nicoll became the first patentee of Islip when he purchased land from Sachem (Chief) Winnequaheagh of Connetquot. He named his 500,000 acre plantation Islip Grange, in honor of the town from which he emigrated: Islip, England."(Town of Islip) The original settlement of Islip included the towns of Bohemia, Brentwood, Bayport, Central Islip, East Islip, Hauppauge, Holbrook, Great River, Oakdale, Sayville, West Sayville and part of Ronkonkoma. Since the town of Islip was so close to the water, the Great South Bay provided a way of life with fishing. The water was so accessible, tourists build vacation homes to enjoy the seaside community. Today household incomes for the town of Islip range from $100,000- $149,999 range which account for 23% of the households. 17.9% make between $50,000 and $74,999. The median household income is $84,584. (American Fact Finder) Our of all the households, only 5.6% fall below poverty. Population wise there are 161,263 males and 164,179 females according to Epodunk.com. The majority of household members are between the ages of 25-44, with an average age of 37.6. Ethnicities are as...

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Community Analysis

...The Beginning Once upon of time Detroit was known as a thriving city. This was the place to come for those “good” factory jobs, where people hoped for a new and better life. Detroit’s population is a very cultural and diverse population who’s goal was to secure a good job, buy a home in a nice neighborhood and raise their family. Similar to the theme song for the television show “The Jeffersons”, people who moved to the Eastside of Detroit, particular zip code 48205 believed they were “moving on up”. Zip code 48205, also known as the Osborn Community is located on the northeast edge of Detroit, bounded by East Eight Mile Road, McNichols Road (Six Mile), Gratiot Avenue and Van Dyke. From 1960 - 1980 the area was occupied by people of all diverse cultures, backgrounds and nationalities, including African Americans, Whites, Hmongs, Italians and Sicilians. Within the Osborn community there is an area named “Mohican-Region” which was once locally called “Little Italy” due to the heavy population of Italians and Sicilians that populated the area. Eventually residence of Little Italy got winded of the drug traffic affecting the blocks near them and quickly move away selling their homes to middle income blacks by 1990 almost all of Detroit Little Italy area was gone! Osborn’s commercial district designated for shopping was located at the Gratiot and 7 Mile corridor. Once a thriving area occupied by department stores such as Federal’s, Montgomery Wards and Fretter Appliances or......

Words: 1503 - Pages: 7

East Africa Community Integration Process

...EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 5 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. The EAC is home to 145.5 million citizens, of which 22% is urban population. With a land area of 1.82 million square kilometers and a combined Gross Domestic Product of US$ 147.5 billion .its realization bears great strategic and geopolitical significance and prospects for the renewed and reinvigorated EAC. The work of the EAC is guided by its Treaty which established the Community. It was signed on 30 November 1999 and entered into force on 7 July 2000 following its ratification by the original three Partner States - Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi acceded to the EAC Treaty on 18 June 2007 and became full Members of the Community with effect from 1 July 2007. As one of the fastest growing regional economic blocs in the world, the EAC is widening and deepening co-operation among the Partner States in various key spheres for their mutual benefit. These spheres include political, economic and social. At the moment, the regional integration process is in full swing as reflected by the encouraging progress of the East African Customs Union, the establishment of the Common Market in 2010 and the implementation of the East African Monetary Union......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Aids in the Black Community

...Aids Within the African American Community “I tested HIV positive in 2002. I was 16. The reason why I went for an HIV test was because my ex-boyfriend at that time had gotten sick in the past few months, and then he died. No one would tell me why he died. No one would tell me what he had. I felt it was my responsibility to actually find out for myself if he did have HIV or AIDS. The only thing to do, was for me to go for an HIV test. When I was told that I was HIV positive, I could not believe them. I kept on asking them, "Why do I have HIV? Why do I still look healthy? Why am I not thin? Why am I not sick? Why am I not feeling sick? I feel normal and I look normal. Why do I have HIV?”-Thembi Ngubane of South Africa AIDS have been spreading throughout our world continuously as the years pass. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a disease in the immune system that is transmitted through blood products by needles or sexual contact; a result of HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). AIDS affect not only the health, but also the happiness and life of a human. A cure has not been found for this disease, but medication to slow down the succession of AIDS. Few do not suffer from AIDS, but is a worldwide plague that will not go away. AIDS have killed millions of people throughout the world. This epidemic has been harming the lives of many people, particularly within the black community. African Americans face the most severe burden of AIDS in......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Community

... 2 2 APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY 2-4 2.1POVERTY 2 2.2PREVENTION 2 2.3CHANGE 2 2.4EMPOWERMENT 3 2.5INDIVIDUAL WELNESS 3 2.6CITIZEN PARTICIPATION 3 2.7COLLABORATION AND COMMUNITY STRENGHT 3 2.8SENSE OF COMMUNITY 4 3 CONCLUSION 4 REFERENCES 4 1. INTRODUCTION Communities are complex and term “community can be defined in a diverse manner. Thomton and Ramphele in Terre Blanch, Butchart and Seedat(2002) [provides......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Investing in the New East African Community

...East African Investment Trends leading to higher returns for East African portfolios. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to be less comprehensive but more general about the trends that are developing in the East African Community expected to contribute to above average investment returns in both the short and long-term. While the information provided serves as a base of knowledge and introduction to the region, there is an expansive amount of information related to the topics below through the World Bank, the African Development Bank Group, African Investment Associations, and numerous periodicals. Specific information on privatizations is available at the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency’s PrivatizationLink. Introduction Africa is a dynamic landmass. Home to some of the world’s richest and poorest people in the world, this little explored continent has a unique story and seen a struggling path of development leaving more than 600 million inhabitants living on less than $2 a day PPP. Although much of Africa is, developmentally speaking, several generations behind the United States and other western nations, there is reason to believe that returns from human and physical infrastructure, foreign direct investment, and international aid organizations will set the stage for sustainable high growth opportunities in the future. While the continent as a whole shares in the struggles for development, the size of the landmass is four times that of the US and is by no......

Words: 3490 - Pages: 14

Winston Churchill

...Winston Churchill There are not too many people that can say they were knighted and given an honorable state burial, however Sir Winston Churchill can. According to (Wikipedia.org), upon the death of Churchill on January 24 1965, the queen of Britain granted him the honor of a state burial. Churchill was granted this honor due to his many accomplishments during his life. These accomplishments range from him being a great war hero, to being awarded the Nobel peace prize. However, his biggest accomplishments came during his two terms as the First Lord of Admiralty and as Prime Minister, but people still wonder if he was the right man for the jobs. Winston Churchill grew up going to school like any other kid, but as he got older his personality and leadership skills propelled him ahead of the rest. It began with his leadership in the second Boer War, where he became well known as a brave war hero according to (GlobalSecurity.org). The acknowledgement of a war hero led to him being elected to Parliament. While in the Parliament, Churchill changed from the conservative side to the liberal side due to his beliefs on the Tariff Reforms. Then in 1908 Herbert Henry Asquith appointed Winston into the Cabinet as the President of the Board of trade according to (Wikipedia.org). Wikipedia also explains how he used his position as president of trade to set up the first minimum wages in Britain. After he was finished with minimum wages he helped write the first unemployment......

Words: 2113 - Pages: 9

The Political Career of Winston Churchill

...Political Carrer Winston Churchill | | | 11/22/2011 11/22/2011 The Life and Career of Sir Winston Churchill Churchill was involved in every important event of England’s from the Boer War to World War II. He served six British monarchs, from Queen Victoria to Elizabeth II. Through his life he was a statesman, soldier, author, journalist and twice prime minister, Churchill’s career has no parallel in modern history. The Early Years Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England, on November 30, 1874. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a brilliant politician, even though he was one of the most hated. His mother was the American Jennie Jerome. One of his ancestors was John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, a great military hero. Winston Churchill himself showed no early signs of greatness. He was in fact a stubborn, unruly, manipulative, and often difficult red-haired boy and a poor student. He was also given to unpredictable behavior. Before he was even seven years old, it was already clear that he was headstrong, highly opinionated, and virtually impossible to control. He spent four years at Harrow School at the very bottom of his class. However during this time he showed that he had a remarkable memory similar to his father's. He particularly enjoyed English. From early childhood soldiers and warfare fascinated Churchill and he often played with a large collection of lead soldiers in his nursery. His later years at...

Words: 6471 - Pages: 26