Dna Mutation

In: Science

Submitted By meester5198
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Pages 10
DNA Mutations- The Consequences

Introduction
Deoxyribonucleic acid, which is more commonly known as DNA, is the hereditary material in almost all organisms. Its purpose is to store and retain the genetic information needed to be able to construct as well as maintain an organism such as a human being. Due to this people like to say that it is seen as the blueprint of life, as it contains the instructions for everything a part of you, such as eye color, height, hair type and several more. It truly controls the development of a living organism making each and every one unique in their own manner; it is also able to pass down information as well. Deoxyribonucleic acid is typically found in the cell nucleus, and due to this it is given the name nuclear DNA, it can also be located in the mitochondria and be called mitochondrial DNA. The main components of DNA are: a phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar and a nitrogenous base. The four nitrogenous bases are adenine, guanine, thymine, as well as cytosine. The order and sequences of these bases determine information to help build as well as maintain an organism or to allow for different information to be transmitted from one and another. Each of the bases is attached to sugar and phosphate molecules which are held together by phosphodiesterase bonds. Together they form what is called a nucleotide. Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands, these strands form something known as a double helix. By doing so it allows for more DNA to be in a smaller place and more organised, than what it would be if it were all straight.
DNA can be looked at through smaller components that codes for single amino acids. These components, called codons are made up of a sequence of three nucleotides. These are typically called nucleotide triplets and together they form a unit. Within this unit contains information for the genetic code. Each…...

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