Dissociative Identity Disorder

In: Psychology

Submitted By KhloeB
Words 1909
Pages 8
Academic Assignment: Dissociative Identity Disorder and its representation in the media

This essay will look at Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and its portrayal in the media. DID was formally known as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD).This essay will cover the symptoms of DID, the criteria used for diagnosis, causes and triggers of disorder, how the disorder is portrayed in the media and the reality of the disorder for sufferers.
According to the (American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders pg 519) Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the individual’s behaviour accompanied by an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. It is a disorder characterized by identity fragmentation rather than a proliferation of separate personalities.
Multiple Personality Disorder is more commonly known as a person with a split personality or a schizophrenic. This is most common in the form of alter egos. The personalities need to interact with the environment by taking control of the person’s behaviour. According to http://www.minddisorders.com/Del-Fi/Dissociative-identity-disorder.html the name of the disorder changed from ‘Multiple Personality disorder’ because ‘Dissociative Identity Disorder’ because DID is a much more accurate description of the disorder as it ‘emphasises the disruption of the person’s identity that characterises the disorder. A person with the illness is consciously aware of one aspect of their personality but is still completely unaware or dissociated from other aspects of it.
The cause of this disorder is thought to be trauma. Found in (Diagnosis and Treatment of Dissociative Disorders, Allen and Smith, 1995) the…...

Similar Documents

Dissociative Identity Disorder

..."Identity" is a Psycholgical Thiller about man with Dissociative Disorder. The movie starts off with the audience being introduced to Malcolm Rivers. He is charged with such a serious crime, that he is about to be executed the next day. His psychiatrist wants to prove that Rivers is not mentally able to be the person to commit the crimes, and he convinced a judge to stand before Rivers and check again to make sure he didn't really commit his crimes. Miles away in a small hotel, a bad storm has brought many strangers together. George, his wife Alice, and his stepson Timmy have pulled into a hotel after an accident injured Alice. The accident had Alice getting hit by limo driver Ed, who hit her while they were changing a tire. Ed is bringing the former famous actress Caroline to wherever she needs to be. They go to the hotel after learning that the roads are flooded, and it turns out that the phones at the hotel do not work because of an accident involving a woman named Paris hitting the telephone polls. Two more clusters of people come to the hotel. One is a cop named Rhodes who is bringing a murderer to someplace, and a newlywed couple. All of these people rent rooms in the hotel from Larry, and everything is all right. They agreed to wait until the storm lets up to get help. Everything is going fine until one of the guests die in a brutal way. Everyone is shocked and one by one the guests begin to die, as the remaining people try to figure out who is doing the killing, and......

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Dissociative Identity Disorder

...Dissociative Identity Disorder was formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder. This was changed in the year 1994 because of further understanding of the disorder, and realizing that the disorder was a result of early childhood trauma. Dissociative Identity Disorder is when a person possesses two or more personalities, which take control of the body and mind at different times. A person who suffers from Dissociative Identity Disorder forgets and often blacks out at times in which a different personality takes over. This forgetfulness is often described as “beyond ordinary forgetting”. During these times of “blacking-out” is when a secondary personality takes over, and that is the reason for the forgetting. The main identity is called the host identity and often is unaware of the secondary personality or personalities. Before the 1980’s Dissociative Identity Disorder was a rare disorder that did not seem to have much attention. Dissociative Identity Disorder was not mentioned by more then a sentence in the DSM that was under the category of “hysterical neurosis”. There was no separate listing for Dissociative Identity Disorder until 1980 where a group of interested therapists lobbied to have Dissociative Identity Disorder become a full part of the DSM. (Acocella 6) As defined in the DSM-IV TR Dissociative Identity Disorder is “the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of behavior.” (526) Dissociative......

Words: 2657 - Pages: 11

Dissociative Disorders

...Dissociative Disorders An Overview The core concept of the Dissociative Disorders is a temporary disruption in the normally integrated functions of memory, identity, or consciousness, leading to amnesia, feelings of depersonalization, or multiple personalities in the same individual. For example, a person’s sense of identity changes along with their memories, feelings, and perceptions. They experience a loss in connections or parts of their identity are buried or compartmentalized. What Causes Dissociative Disorders? These disorders are controversial and their causes are not really known. Core Concepts A temporary disruption in the normally integrated functions of memory, identity, or consciousness, leading to amnesia, feelings of depersonalization, or multiple distinct personalities in the same individual. Key Definitions Anterograde amnesia – the inability to form new memories after the condition producing amnesia occurs. Dissociation – The splitting off of a group of mental processes from conscious awareness. Depersonalization – feeling detached from the self (as if watching ). Derealization – objects suddenly change dimensions, appearance, or location (i.e, one’s home becomes unfamiliar). Identity confusion – Unsure of own identity and who one is. Identity alteration – person’s behavior suggests they have assumed a new identity. Ego-dystonic – Thoughts, affect, and behavior elements of an individual’s personality that are...

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Dissociative Identity Disorder

... There are many different types of dissociative disorders, but the one that caught my eye most was Dissociative Identity Disorder. This disorder was previously known as multiple personality disorder. This disorder has become better known because of the media and has become more diagnosed among patients. As I began to put myself in the shoes of someone with this disorder, I realized what barriers it would cause, how it would affect my daily life, what strengths I might gain, and what treatment is available. Often people are misled about what Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) really is. Kong, Allen, and Glisky in their journal state, “Dissociative Identity Disorder is defined as the presence of two or more identities or personality states that recurrently take control of a person’s behavior” (Kong, Allen & Glisky, 2008). It falls into the category of dissociative disorders. There are multiple criteria to be met in order to be diagnosed with DID. As stated in the DSM-IV, two or more distinct identities or personalities have to be present in the individual. Also, these distinct identities have to take control over the behavior recurrently. Thirdly, the individual is unable to recall important information and this inability is too severe to be attributed to mere ordinary forgetfulness, and the disturbance is not an outcome of substance abuse or general medical condition ("Dissociative identity disorder, 2013"). The number of identities a person has can range from 2-100,...

Words: 2494 - Pages: 10

Dissociative Identity Disorder

...Dissociative Identity Disorder, formally known as Multiple Personalty Disorder is a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities, or personality states, are present in, and alternately take control of an individual. The person also experiences memory loss that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. I picked this topic because the way the brain works interests me. I plan on going to school to be a psychiatrist and work/help with people who have this or something else. This is a good interesting topic that I will be able to get a lot of interesting information on. I’ll be able to see what might cause it, how many people have the disease, symptoms, and what might be able to help it. I’ve seen lots of detective type shows and seen people who have this disease. I myself don’t know anybody who has a multiple personalties disease. But ever since I’ve seen detective type shows, I’ve found an interest in helping people and doing this. You may wonder if there are any treatments for this disorder. The disorder can not permanently go away. The primary treatment for this disease is long term psychotherapy with the goal of deconstructing the different personalities and uniting them into just one. Some other treatments would be cognitive and creative therapies and some medications. There are not specific medications for this disorder, but antidepressants, anti-anxiety and tranquilizers can help with this. For this project I interviewed David......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Living Beyond Onesself: Dissociative Disorder

...Dissociation Disorder Rebecca Lynn England General Psychology; Valley College Abstract An exploration of Dissociative Disorder including an overview of debates, disorder description, causes, and treatment. Hundreds of studies have been performed concerning this subject. There are countless theories and allegations concerning multiple personalities, even dating back to the days of the witch hunts. Initial symptoms generally begin in childhood. By adulthood, a person has usually forgotten the actual abuse or trauma that caused the psychological disorder, but are left with a myriad of manifestations of abnormal behaviors throughout life. Memories that begin to reemerge later in life are caused by what is called triggers. In depth testing must be undergone to determine if a person actually has this condition. Once diagnosed, treatment is extensive, lasting over many years. Realistically, the person may never completely function normally. Keywords: Dissociative Disorder, multiple personalities, alter personalities, psychological conditions, treatment, abuse, trauma, switching, post-traumatic stress disorder Living Beyond Oneself: The Reality of Dissociation Disorder The Creation of an Alter Person Dissociative Disorder is part of a series of conditions called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, “a condition of reoccurring persistent mental and emotional stress as a result of injury or severe psychological shock.” (NLM) Originally known as “multiple personality......

Words: 2704 - Pages: 11

Dissosative Identity Disorder

...Dissociative Identity Disorder: Abstract: The aim of this paper is to elucidate an in depth understanding of the phenomena of dissociative identity disorder. This piece was written while I was pursuing my certification in counseling and volunteering with social organizations dealing with specially abled individuals. The explanation delineated below seeks to bring out my understanding and perception of the subject. Meaning: Dissociative identity disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis explaining a condition whereby a person subconsciously exhibits multiple identities i.e. alter egos each distinct from the other behaving in its own manner independently from the others. It is necessary for atleast two personalities to take over a person for this disorder to occur. A person also has memory loss while he/she exhibits some other personality. This clearly means that a person is subconsciously getting a person into different personalities. Dissociative Identity Disorder is less common when compared to other dissociative disorders and occurs in about 1% of the dissociative cases. There have been many instances where the existence of dissociative identity disorder has been questioned. It is pertinent to note that dissociative identity disorder is diagnosed more commonly in North America in comparison to other areas of the world. Signs and symptoms: Patients who have been diagnosed with this disorder exhibit a lot of fluctuation in behavior and at times also show strange mannerisms. The......

Words: 872 - Pages: 4

Dissociative Identity Dissorder

...Dissociative Identity Disorder Multiple Personality Disorder Nathan Coy Thompson Dissociative identity disorder (DID), previously referred to as multiple personality disorder, is a dissociative disorder involving a disturbance of identity in which two or more separate and distinct personality states (or identities) control an individual's behavior at different times. When under the control of one identity, a person is usually unable to remember some of the events that occurred while other personalities were in control. The different identities, referred to as alters, may exhibit differences in speech, mannerisms, attitudes, thoughts and gender orientation. The alters may even present physical differences, such as allergies, right-or-left handedness or the need for eyeglass prescriptions. These differences between alters are often quite striking. In clinical populations, the estimated prevalence of DID ranges from 0.5 to 1.0% (CA Ross 2006). In the general population, estimates of prevalence are somewhat higher, ranging from 1-5% . Females are more likely to receive a diagnosis of DID, at a ratio of 9:1. This author also contends that the disproportionately high number of females diagnosed with DID dispels the notion that incestual abuse is largely responsible for the development of DID. High percentages of individuals with DID have comorbid diagnoses of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or Borderline Personality Disorder. In addition, individuals diagnosed with......

Words: 1808 - Pages: 8

The Many Faces of Dissociative Identity Disorder

...The Many Faces of Dissociative Identity Disorder Abstract This research paper aims to explore the mental disease known as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously known as multiple personality disorder. I explore the meaning, symptoms, and effects of DID. My research describes those diagnosed with DID and the probable reasons of why they have the disorder. This study also explains the many different treatments and the effects those treatments might have on a person that has the disorder. I include a research study done on someone diagnosed with DID, the method used to help treat her, and the results of her treatment. Lastly, I state my opinion on DID and the methods I believe with help people prevent, treat, and cope with Dissociative Identity Disorder. The Many Faces of Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is a mental condition where a person possesses two or more different personalities which may alternate within the individual’s conscious awareness. A person living with DID many have as little as two personalities, referred to as alters, or as many as 100, though the average is about ten. Alters may exhibit differences in speech, behaviors, attitudes, thoughts, and gender orientation. They may even have physical differences, such as allergies, right-or-left handedness, or the need for eyeglass prescriptions. At least two of these personalities assert themselves repeatedly......

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8

Dissociative and Mood Disorders

...Dissociative and Mood Disorders Gretchen Harper Psy/203 March 30, 2015 Bonnie Johnson Dissociative and Mood Disorders Dissociative Disorders Dissociative disorders include several syndromes that contribute to a change in consciousness which affect an individual’s memory and their identity. In the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) there are five major subcategories of this disorder. They include the following: 1. Dissociative Amnesia: Patients suffer from loss of memory including information regarding themselves or their life experiences. 2. Dissociative Fugue: The amnesia is a large part of the patient’s life; they also experience a personal loss of identity and in most cases loss of physical location. 3. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): The patient has very different identities (two or more). Also known as multiple personalities or alter egos. The patient alternates their states of personality which each has control over conscious thoughts, actions and experiences. These personalities are usually separated by a level of amnesia. 4. Depersonalization Disorder: Patients have an understanding that they change in some way or are no longer real. They also have belief that their surroundings are not real too. 5. Dissociative Disorders (not specified): Patients show one or some symptoms of dissociative disorders but might not be to the extent of being diagnosed in the previous categories. Cultural specific beliefs of......

Words: 1707 - Pages: 7

Disocialtive Identity Disorder

...Joycelyn Johnson Dissociative Identity Disorder "I was sexually abused from the age of 3 until I was 11. This caused my personality to split into at least 6 different other people. Most people do not believe I have multiple personalities, and sometimes I don't believe it myself. My other personalities are all female except for one that is named Greg. We call ourselves "The Camp" and have learned how to exist together peacefully. Therapy has been a lifesaver teaching us new skills on how to function and schedule our time. I can't speak to two of the others, but they speak in therapy and to the others in The Camp. I spent most of my life thinking I was crazy and wanting to die. Now I understand, and I most of the time I even feel blessed. There are times when sharing a body with 6 other people is almost painful and at those times I feel lucky to have such a great therapist. -- G.L. (25 yrs old) (2010, Kecham ) Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative disorder ( formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental illness involving a disturbance of identity, in which two or more separate and distinct personalities or identities control an individuals behavior at different times. When a person is under control of one identity, that person may not remember some of the events that may have occurred while other personalities were in control. Some symptoms could be memory lapse, having an unreal feeling, hearing voices......

Words: 1209 - Pages: 5

Treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder

...RASHIDAT POPOOLA READ 0950:18 12/07/2015 MY TOPIC: DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER; (CAUSES, SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT OPTIONS) Summary Treating patients with Dissociative identity disorder take a long process and in some cases 5-7 years, depending on its severity. Just as the ailment is vast, encompassing, so does its treatment because it is customized to unify the scattered indentity. In the journal of family psychotherapy,20:72-88,2009 ISSN: 0897-5353 print/ 1540-4080 online.DOI: 10.1080/08975350802716566, titled Family Therapy and Mental Health; SHOBIA PAIS of the department of Family Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis.Indiana USA wrote extensively on the psychotherapeutic measures of treating DID sufferers,under the topic; “A systemic Approach to the Treatment Dissociative Disorder”. SHOBIA commented that because sufferers of “DID” are mostly victims of sexual abuse at childhood, the involvement of immediate family members in the treatment can not be undermined.. This article dived deep into the various Psychotherapeutic measures that could be applied to treat sufferers of ‘DID’ . The influence and support neede from the immediate family members of the sufferer can not be compromised or underestimated. Basically the treatment is in 3 phases or stages tor an effective outcome, meanwhile the success of each phase is interrelated. According to SHOBIA PAIS , the stages could be enumerated as follows: 1.Pretreatment/Preliminary phase:......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Me, Myself, & Irene--Dissociative Identity Disorder

...have a split-personality disorder. Renee Zellweger plays a blonde, sweet woman wanted in her hometown for murder. Charlie sets out on an assignment to deliver Irene to the police station but instead wind up on the run from some corrupt police officers and a crazy ex boyfriend. During all these events Charlie loses his medicine subscribed by his doctor or help with his disorder, thus releasing Hank at the most inappropriate times. Charlie’s split-personality disorder began when his wife left him for their limousine driver, leaving him taking care of their three grown children. All this inner anger developed Charlie’s alter ego, known as Hank Evans. Hank is caused by advanced delusionary schizophrenia with involuntary narcissistic rage. Hank is the complete opposite of Charlie. Hank is crazy, and aggressive, more outspoken than Charlie but not in a good way. Charlie is assigned to escort Ms. Irene Walters to upstate New York where police wanted her in her hometown. Upon arrival Irene realizes that her ex-boyfriend is actually setting her up for murder. Charlie then takes her under his protection from the corrupt cops and crazy ex-boyfriend. In the middle of all this madness, his prescription that keeps his disorder under control is lost. Charlie and Irene are now on the run from both the police and the crazed boyfriend, not alone though. Hank makes his appearance at the worst possible times when Charlie’s medicine wears off. Despite his disorder along their hilarious......

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Dissociative Identity

...Dissociative Identity Disorder Porsha Castillo Belhaven University ABSTRACT This paper will focus on the mental disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder. It will follow the case study of JANE. The paper will include the hisroty of the disorder as well as treatment, and current research of the disorder. Dissociative Identity Disorder Rebecca, a 14 year old girl, presented to a hospital by her mother with a complaint of ‘behaving like a male’ for past 2 weeks. She was identifying herself as Mr. S. and dressed herself like a male. She was not recognizing her neighbors, relatives, or teachers anymore and her belongings as well. She was not able to recount her personal information either. Her mother also reported a significant and contrasting change in her behavior, like she had become stubborn, confident, outgoing and demanding during this period in contrast to her normal behavior. She developed interest in drawing and painting, would demand different types of fast food items, dresses, and certain objects in the altered state. Her mother fearing worsening of her illness readily fulfilled these demands. Rebecca stopped going to school and would stay at home all day long. Upon exploration, it was found that about 2 years back, her father and older sister had left the house to live separately from Rebecca and her mother. There was a strained relationship among the parents on the issue of not having a son. Since separation, there was no communication with them. Rebecca was...

Words: 2149 - Pages: 9

Dissociative Identity Disorder

...Running Head: DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER: ITS CAUSES AND TREATMENTS Dissociative Identity Disorder: its causes and treatments: What are the roots causes and treatments of Dissociative Identity Disorder Abstract Research shows that Dissociative Identity Disorder, the most extreme form of dissociative disorders, is usually developed in childhood as a means to cope with emotionally difficult situations, whether it is sexual abuse or other childhood trauma. In the past, it has been assumed that Dissociative Identity Disorder has no treatment because of the complexity of the condition. However, recent studies have shown that structured clinical psychiatry sessions can alleviate the symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder and actually reduce the number of memory relapses. These conclusions stand as testimonies to the fact that Dissociative Identity Disorder can be treated despite the claims of past studies. “What if pretending she was somebody else was the only way a little girl knew how to defend herself. But she had to pretend so intensely that the pretending became real” (Sargent, 2007). In the 2007 docudrama film Sybil, directed by Joseph Sargent, the main character Sybil Dorsett suffers from 16 personalities because of her Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), which she developed as a child. Dissociative Identity Disorder is defined as “a condition in which a person displays multiple distinct identities (known as alters or parts), each with its own pattern......

Words: 1928 - Pages: 8