Discuss the Extent to Which Anthropology Is a Science

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Submitted By juddyk
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‘DISCUSS THE EXTENT TO WHICH ANTHROPOLOGY IS A SCIENCE.’

The study of anthropology concerns itself with the understanding of various societies and cultures within our world. It focuses on revealing the spectrum of connections and relationships that serve as the foundation to society and culture. Ethnography, which involves one immersing themselves in a foreign culture serves as the main form of research for anthropologists’. However the interpersonal and subjective nature of this form of study undermines the scientific nature of Anthropology in regards to the natural sciences. In order to understand the extent to which anthropology is a science, I will explore arguments which reiterate the validity and academic value of anthropological import, this will be achieved through the analysis of the ‘modified sociological realism’, intersubjective pattern recognition’ as well as ‘human patterns’.
Science considers itself totally absent from interpersonal subjectiveness however this notion should be scrutinized and evaluated in order to ensure that the study of Anthropology is not made to be redundant In contrast to the natural sciences. This form of scientific understanding can be referred to as the ‘modified sociological realism and is supported by the commentaries of Ziman (1978), Hacking (1982,1983), Taylor (1982) and Harre (1986). Science is a human activity and human nature should be considered as an element in producing empirical import. The work of scientists within the natural sciences is not limited to impersonal and objective reproduction of evidence; evidence is produced also through the social mediums of debate, argument, speculation as well as representation. The idea of truth is fundamental to the practices and integrity of scientific. Hacking claims, “When there is a final truth to the matter, then what we say is brief and it is either true or false. It…...

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