Discuss Attitudes Towards Eating Behaviour

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By amcmahon96
Words 1557
Pages 7
Discuss attitudes to food and eating behaviour (35 marks)
One explanation for eating behaviour is through Bandura’s social theory observing modelled from other people. Children may learn their attitudes to eating behaviour through observing parents and the satisfaction they receive and through this vicarious learning, they may come to model the behaviour themselves. Children will identify with their parents and their preferences and the satisfaction they receive and through this vicarious learning, they may come to model the behaviour themselves. Children will identify with their parents closely and research by Brown et al found a consistent correlation between eating habits of parents and their children around snack food intake, motivation to eat and dissatisfaction around their body. Parents also tend to shape children’s eating habits through their own as they control the purchase of foods eaten within the home. If parents purchase food based on their own preferences this will invariably affect children eating habits.
Social learning may also occur through the media with book and television highlighting different attitude which people observe and learn from. This may occur through celebrities people may identify with who may highlight particular food diets and the benefits gained such as losing weight for example. People may also learn about healthy eating this way and appropriate foods to eat. Macintyre et al found the media did influence peoples food preferences however this may then be limited by a person’s own personal circumstances such as income, family, culture or even age.
Cultural factors such as ethnicity may also affect eating behaviour. For example Khan et al found that white women were more prone to have body dissatisfaction and disorders such as bulimia nervosa than Asian or black women. Kennedy et al studied over 14,000 women aged between 18-23…...

Similar Documents

Attitude Towards Obesity in Canada

...worldwide for many years, even more so in the last four decades as obesity is now occurring in earlier stages of life (Gahagen, 2004). The attitude of children towards healthy behaviours affects them both immediately and in the future. By emphasizing the importance of physical activity via a positive role model such as Cam Newton, the NFL is directing a message to young children that physical activity and exercise are necessary in order to live a high quality life and one day ultimately fulfill their dreams. This commercial appears to be directed at pre-school and elementary school children. By targeting children of the pre-school and elementary ages, the NFL attempts to establish healthy behaviours in their younger audience whose behaviours can be modified the easiest. If a child learns to value physical activity and recognize the benefits at a young age, they are more likely to continue to be active and ultimately benefit their overall wellness in the years to come. References: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6aKYZFcmAmU Gahagen, S. (2004). Child and adolscent obesity. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolsecent health care, 34(1), 6-43. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com.libproxy.uregina.ca:2048/science/article/pii/S1538544203001664 Hockey Canada released a commercial that targeted the attitudes of parents towards the influence they have on their children’s athletic career. This commercial involves a mother and her daughter who appear to be attending...

Words: 383 - Pages: 2

Attitudes Towards Woman Roles

...ATTITUDES TOWARDS WOMEN=S ROLES – MONFRIES & SCEVAK 1 Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology. Vol 1, 2001, pp 1-9 Developmental differences in attitudes towards women=s roles in = Australian Society: Critical periods for Afeminist@ socialisation. @ Melissa M. Monfries & Jill. J. Scevak Faculty of Education, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia ABSTRACT Gender role attitudes of adolescent girls have not been widely studied, nor have the mechanisms by which attitudes towards women’s roles develop. The present study focussed on adolescent girls’ gender role attitudes. Specifically it focussed on developmental differences in gender role attitudes of adolescent girls (n=642). The results indicated that Year 9 girls had significantly more positive attitudes towards feminism than Year 11 girls. These findings have important implications for girls’ career development. Results suggest that there is a critical period between Years 9 and 11 which accounts for girls’ increased conservatism towards feminism. The integral involvement of socialisation processes is necessarily implicated in this critical period. INTRODUCTION Group identification has been strongly associated with an individual's level of group consciousness (Henderson-King & Stewart, 1994). Tajfel (1978; 1982) specified that the two important components of group identification were the awareness of one's group membership and the evaluative stance towards one's membership in that......

Words: 1866 - Pages: 8

Attitudes Towards Online Shopping

...International Journal of E-Business Development (IJED) Attitudes toward Online Shopping: A Comparison of Online Consumers in China and the US * Department of Marketing, Howard University, 2600 6th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20059, USA Department of Marketing, The George Washington University, Funger 301D, 2201 G Street, NW, Washington DC, 20052, USA ^ Department of Marketing, Towson University, Stephens Hall 123, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252, USA 1 gong.gw@gmail.com; 2maddox@gwu.edu; 3rstump@towson.edu market, one that is striving to transform its economy from being manufacturing-based to technology-based. The Chinese government has attached great importance to e-tailing in spurring economic growth and recently has released a series of policies to regularize and guide Internet and e-tailing development (6). Furthermore, China has overtaken Japan as the world's second-largest economy and is predicted to replace the US as the world's top economy in roughly a decade (12). Collectively, all of these factors bode well for an improving etailing environment in China. The focus of this study is to examine whether online consumers in China and the US share similar attitudes with regard to online shopping. While there is a wealth of research focusing on online shopping behaviour in Western countries, relatively little research has compared consumer attitudes toward online shopping across nations. Reflecting the call by Van Slyke, Belanger and Sridhar (13) for more......

Words: 8805 - Pages: 36

Attitudes Toward Shopping

...Attitudes Toward Shopping Considerable research has been done on people's attitudes toward shopping. Such attitudes have a big impact on the ways in which people act in a retail setting. Retailers must strive to turn around some negative perceptions that now exist. Let us highlight some research findings. Shopping Enjoyment: In general, people do not enjoy shopping as much as in the past. So, what does foster a pleasurable shopping experience--a challenge that retailers must address? Many shoppers enjoy bargain hunting ("I get a thrill out of finding a real bargain"), recreational browsing ("window shopping"), being pampered by salespeople (difficult for retailers to accomplish in this era of self-service and cost cutting), and the opportunity to get out of the house or office. Attitudes Toward Shopping Time: Retail shopping is often viewed as a chore: "Consumers now attempt to limit the time they spend shopping. Time-pressed by family and work responsibilities, they spend fewer hours cruising the mall in search of the perfect item, and look to get what they need as quickly as possible. This trend has been dubbed 'precision shopping.' The upside of precision shopping is that consumers spend more money each time they visit a store." Shifting Feelings About Retailing: There has been a major change in attitudes toward spending, value, and shopping with established retailers: "The same shopper who buys commodity goods at a BJ's Wholesale Club Inc. may also buy expensive......

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Eating Attitudes

...Eating Attitudes Test- Eating DisorderEAT © David M. Garner & Paul E Garfinkel (1979), David M. Garner, et al., (1982) | The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) was the screening instrument used in the 1998 National Eating Disorders Screening program. The EAT-26 is probably the most widely used standardized measure of symptoms and concerns characteristics of eating disorders. The EAT-26 alone does not yield a specific diagnosis of an eating disorder. Neither the EAT-26, nor any other screening instrument, has been established as highly efficient as the sole means for identifying eating disorders. However, studies have shown that the EAT-26 can be an efficient screening instrument as part of a two-stage screening process in which those who score at or above a cut-off score of 20 are referred for a diagnostic interview. If you score above 20 on the EAT-26, please contact your doctor or an eating disorders treatment specialist for a follow-up evaluation. | ------------------------------------------------- Top of FormAge Sex: F M Height: Current Weight: Highest Weight: Lowest Adult Weight: Education: if currently enrolled in college/ university, are you a: Freshman Sophomore Junior Senior Grad Student If not enrolled in school, level of education completed: Jr. High/ Middle School High School College Post College Ethnic / Racial Group: African American Asian American European American Hispanic American Indian Other Do you participate in athletics at any of the......

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Attitude Towards Writing

... that makes It is this focus o based an Suggesropedia interesting methodilogfT-ozanov claimed that languagelearning more effective than other metlods (Lozanov 1978). Amid or,'ii, -"rhod could be 25 times has also had equally ardent critics, most such claims it is not surprising that Suggestopedia famouslv Scovel (Scovel 1979). target is conversationalproficiency in the languagebeing_studied' Suggestopedia's Although Suggestopediais not based on a model of language,it usually describes Ianguage in ternis of ii, r,oc"brrlary and grammatical system. In other words, the underlying model of languageappears to be structural. Lozanov does say that Suggestopediadirects learners to'acts oi communication' (Lozanov 1978: 109), but goes no further towards a communicative model of either language or languagelearning. It is its model and conditions of learning that characteriseSuggestopedia the creation of the right learning environment and the fact that learners are expected to have faith in the systemand accept that they are in 4 childlike situation where they follow the teacher/Parent. I'. C {( N! ,6 Iir this *"y le .ng T.T*iiffit" Ae creation of the right enviroynt{{or learning to occur. "d e Tbtal Physical Response Asher by methodology proposed James teaching (TPR) is a language Response TotalPhvsical rhroughout the second half of the 1950s and 1970s (Asher 1965, 65,69,77). lts ment. Asher was featureis thg bki distinguishing activityandlearning.Sincethe early not......

Words: 16629 - Pages: 67

Measuring People's Attitude Towards Psychotherapy

...constructive ways to deal with the problems or issues within your life. It can also be a supportive process when going through a difficult period or under increased stress, such as starting a new career or going through a divorce (Hawkins, 2010). Most psychotherapy tends to focus on problem solving and is goal-oriented. That means on the onset of treatment, you and your therapist decide up on which specific changes you would like to make in your life. These goals will often be broken down into smaller attainable objectives and put into a formal treatment plan (Hawkins, 2010). The purpose of this study was to explore public attitudes toward psychotherapy treatment and how they perceive importance of psychotherapy treatment, mental health issues are of ever growing importance in modern society. While there are numerous studies on the attitude of the general public toward psychiatry in general, little research has been done concerning the specific field of psychotherapy (Hawkins, 2010). 2. Literature review 2.1 History of mental illness in the Middle East 2.1.1 Pre-Islamic era: Ancient Egyptians believed that diseases were mainly because of evil spirits or wrath of gods. Their philosophy of the afterlife came from the idea that they were part of continuous cycle. Therefore, they believed in the physical continuation of the life after death. From this belief, they gave much attention of the psychology and personality thereafter. (Mohit, 2001) In ancient......

Words: 10080 - Pages: 41

My Attitude Towards Writing

...Title: My Attitude Towards Writing By: Richard Bill Magee Date: 03/ 31/2010 My attitude towards writing is both positive and negative. I enjoy writing for many positive reasons. One reason is being able to effectively communicate with disabled people. Werther someone is death or blind using braille writing is a way we all can communicate with each other. Another positive reason is using free writing which is a good way to relax your mind. Writing gives you a outlet on paper when you don't have someone to speak with. Writing essays can be used to learn more about ones self. When you apply to a university or company you get a chance to write and show your abilities and what you can contribute to. Writing your answers essay form will let you state your case more fully than other sections of an application. It can provide the evaluator with better insight about you and how you differ from other applicants. What I like most about writing is that it is another good way to communicate. Negatively speaking on writing I have a hard time writing essays. I try to hard to remember what I have read about a topic. My essays usually end up sounding cliché from what I have read. I have a hard time putting what I have read into my own words. It's my good idea to read my essay's out loud when I'm done with it. I try to pick up some pattern or neat idea that i hadn't noticed hoping to change my cliché words around. Other times if I don't like the topic I end up losing focus and going......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Compare the Ways the Poets Present Different Attitudes Towards Eating Out in the Poems ‘the Sweet Menu’ and ‘Eating Out’

...Compare the ways the poets present different attitudes towards eating out in the poems ‘The Sweet Menu’ and ‘Eating Out’. 1000 Words. In both poems ‘The Sweet Menu’ and ‘Eating Out’, the poets use a range of linguistic techniques to convey the different attitudes towards eating out. In ‘Eating Out’ the poem is written in unrhymed couplets, 14 lines with an extra last line. This gives the somewhat effect of a sonnet possessing an extra line. The poem is told in a series of different experiences in restaurants. Throughout the poem, Fanthorpe recalls visits to restaurants taking the form of initiation in fine dining which was experienced in the poets childhood as her father rehearsed with her the ‘grown-up’ eating out. Fanthorpe has built most of the poem on particular incidents and memories. However the first line encapsulates the whole meaning of the poem: ‘Adventures into rehearsed but unknown living’. This is gives a slight sense of contradiction. ‘Adventures’ should be spontaneous and exciting, but here they are in set patterns of idealised middle-class behaviour about good restaurant dining ‘rehearsed but unknown living’. Throughout the poem, the gradually maturing poet feels dominated by her parents, in clearly Freudian terms. Even as a grown-up woman, when ordering food at a restaurant with her mother, she is unsettled by her mother saying ‘I’ll have whatever you’re having dear’. ‘The Sweet Menu’ is also written in unrhymed couplets with one final......

Words: 631 - Pages: 3

Biological Explanation of Eating Behaviour

...LESSON FIVE & SIX – ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT EATING DISORDERS ------------------------------------------------- Specification link: You will be able to outline and evaluate: ------------------------------------------------- Biological, including neural and evolutionary, explanations of anorexia nervosa ------------------------------------------------- Psychology explanations of anorexia nervosa Outline and description of theories | Research evidence and commentary | IntroductionThe DSM-IV Rev identifies three categories of eating disorder: * Anorexia nervosa 1. AN -restricting type – refusal to eat 2. AN- binge eating/purging type – episodes of binge eating followed by removal of food from the body by vomiting, laxatives, or enemas.Both of these are associated with significant weight loss and the other symptoms of AN. * Bulimia nervosa – episodes of binging followed by removal of food from the body by vomiting, laxatives, or enemas (no significant weight loss). * Eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS)The four major symptoms of anorexia nervosa are: * The body weight is 85% or less of normal weight for age and height * Distorted perception of body weight/shape, and/or denial that the weight loss is severe * Intense fear of becoming fat * Loss of three consecutive menstrual cycles in women (amenorrhoea)Anorexia nervosa (AN) and Bulimia nervosa (BN) have much in common, particularly a dissatisfaction with body weight and/or shape....

Words: 3915 - Pages: 16

Racial Attitude Towards Africa

...MACHAKOS UNIVERSITY COLLEGE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS CONQUERER GROUP CRITICAL THINKING (UCU103) PRESENTED TO: Dr. A.J.W MBITHI MEMBERS NAME | ADM NO | SIGN | ONDITIE JOSHUA EVANS | K99/1327/2014 | | BRENDER GECHEMBA ONGECHI | K99/3430/2014 | | PHILIP THUKU MWAURA | K46/1747/2014 | | MARTIN MAINA | K99/1731/2014 | | ELISHA KIMUTAI MURKOMEN | K99/2741/2014 | | JOSEPH NJUGUNA MACHARIA | K99/1302/2014 | | PETER NJOROGE NGUCHIE | K99/1746/2014 | | YEGO SANCTA KANGONGO | K99/1726/2014 | | NDIRANGU SIMON MWANGI | K99/1590/2014 | | 1. Focus on one philosopher discussed in class and their racial attitude towards Africa showing whether it is true or false * It is false; this is brought about by the German philosopher Wilhen Fredrick Hegel where he said that Africa is divided into THREE different parts namely; Egyptian Africa where there is philosophy and civilization, European Africa where there is philosophy, civilization and critical thinking and finally the is Africa proper where there is no philosophy, no critical thinking and no civilization. * Basing on Africa proper, just as viewed they is no philosophy, no critical thinking and no civilization, this is because geographical does not allow this. Not all Africa countries have acquired civilization and are critical and creative thinkers, thus Fredrick Hegel was correct regarding his views. * Being more precise, some Eastern African countries have been viewed to lack knowledge and critical......

Words: 2249 - Pages: 9

Discuss Factors Relating to Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviours

...Discuss factors relating to attitudes to food and eating behaviours. (8+16 marks) Sophie Wright Attitudes to food and eating behaviour can be influenced by several factors including culture, mood and health concerns. One explanation of attitudes to food regards the social learning theory and involves the role of parental modelling within our food choices. Social learning theory emphasises the impact that observing other people has on our own attitudes and behaviour. In terms of food choices, parental modelling inevitably affects children because parents control the foods bought and served in the home. Brown and Ogden (2004) reported consistent correlations between parents and their children in terms of snack food intake, eating motivations and body dissatisfactions, reinforcing the idea that children mimic the behaviours of their parents. Not only does social learning apply to the effect of our parents, but also to the effect of the media and peers. MacIntyre et al (1998) studied the impact of the media on eating behaviour and found that the media have an impact both on what people eat, and also their attitudes to certain foods. However, MacIntyre also stated that how much we are influenced is determined by many other factors, for example age, income and background. The findings of Meyer and Gast’s 2006 study on the influence of peers support the idea of social learning theory in relation to eating behaviour. They surveyed 10-12 year olds and found a positive......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Attitudes Toward Green Marketing

... Attitudes Towards Green Marketing Joslyn Roth Olha Shchadylo May 20, 2015 Introduction Lately, society has become more aware about the worsening environment and it has become a persistent public concern. The term green marketing came across in the late 1970s when the American Marketing Association held the first workshop on "Ecological Marketing” in 1975. Green marketing emerged as “marketing of products that are assumed to be environmentally safe". Thus green marketing incorporates a broad range of activities, including product modification, changes to the production process, sustainable packaging, as well as modifying advertising. As broad as green marketing is, it's very important to understand its benefits and challenges. The increased importance of green marketing is very simple and relies on the basic definition of economics. Economics is a study of how people use limited resources to satisfy their unlimited wants and needs. Unfortunately we do have limited resources, thus we need to find alternative ways in order to satisfy our needs and save the environment. Ultimately, green marketing looks at how marketing activities utilizes this limited resources, while satisfying consumer wants, both individuals and industry, as well as achieving selling objectives. These environmental concerns have gotten businesses attention and to show support, companies started to modify their products for preservation of the environment. Businesses have been quick to accept concepts......

Words: 4030 - Pages: 17

Hospice and Attitudes Toward Death

...Hospice and Attitudes toward Death Unitie Mance Soc 304: Social Gerontology Kristin Bachman February 27, 2012 A dying man needs to die, as a sleepy man needs to sleep, and there comes a time when it is wrong, as well as useless, to resist. Stewart Alsop Death, dying and bereavement finds a way of impacting everyday living. Images of real or fictional death are often while watching television or movies. Death can impact people on a personal and a cultural level. This essay will entail how cultural attitudes toward dying, death, and bereavement have changed. While examining hospice, the care obtained, and its role in this shift. Cultural attitudes toward dying, death, and bereavement have changed. There are enormous variations across societies and over time in attitudes toward death. Some societies engage in death avoidance while others celebrate the communion between the living and the dead. In the United States there has been an immense change in the process of dying from past centuries to the present. “This change is partly due to a shift in the average age of death and the association of dying with old age” (Aubrey, 2007). It is also caused by a change in the causes of death. At one time most people died from critical illnesses that struck quickly. Now people are more likely to die from a chronic illness that leads to a slow death. The setting for death has also changed. Most deaths in the past occurred in the home. Now death typically takes place in a medical......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Attitudes Towards Ethnicity

...AIM: The aim of my research is to find out the attitudes of the young/old male and female to other ethnic groups. Ethnicity is very valuable idea which refers to the common culture of a social group, such as language, religion, styles of dress, food, shared history and experiences. However, an ethnic group is a group of people who share a common culture, for example the Irish, the Poles, Asians and African-Caribbeans etc. I hope to find out the following: • The ethnic group which attract most prejudice? • Young or older people have more/less prejudice? METHOD: To test my hypothesis, I will use Quantitative data method which refers to anything that can be expressed in a statistical or number form or can be measured i.e age, income, qualifications and is usually presented in form of graphs, pie charts, bar charts etc. The advantage of quantitative data, is that data is easy collect and easy to count and visualize. Since the data collected will be in number form I hope achieve its reliability which is concerned with replication. A survey involves the sociologist in systematically gathering information about a group of people and is done using questionnaires or interviews and the first step is to select a group of people to be studied and this group is called survey population. Considering time limits in my research, I will use a sample which simply means a small group drawn from a survey population to be studied. To generalize my survey to the whole......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5