Different Levels of Government in the Uk

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kja244
Words 972
Pages 4
Different levels of Government in the United Kingdom

European Parliament

The European Parliament is the only directly elected body of the European Union (EU). They have around 751 members, who are called Members of European Parliament. These are elected from all of the member states, such as the United Kingdom, Germany and France. Members of the European Parliaments are voted every 5 years. They are supposed to represent the citizens of the European Union in the area they are elected from; so, for example this college is in the Yorkshire and Humber region and our Members of the European Parliament represents all the people in that area.

The Parliament drafts European Union. These are the laws that all the countries or members in the European Union must abide from. The European Parliament also has a joint responsibility for sorting out the budgets of the European Union. Since the European Union has an annual budget of around €2.1 Billion, this is a really important responsibility, especially as the money comes from all of the member states and they will want to make sure their money is spent probably and sensibly.

Central Government

The Central Government is based in London in the United Kingdom at the Houses of Parliament. Parliament has 3 parts to it: The House of Commons, The House of Lords and the Monarch, all of three of these parts have to work together for decisions to be made and actions taken.

Only Central Government has the authority to act on behalf of the whole country. When Central Government agrees to something the whole country has to obey it, which is why this is such an important responsibility. There is another huge responsibility of our Central Government is to defend us if we are under threat. This is important because my local council wouldn’t have anything to defend us because it has no control as they are not in-charge of…...

Similar Documents

Outline the Responsiblities of the Different Levels of Government in the Uk.

...The central government is normally located in the capital city; which in our case it’s London. The central government runs the whole country by taking up the most important responsibilities that any other government levels in the UK has. These responsibilities are making new laws, signing agreements with the other nations and also defending the nation. The central government has these responsibilities as it’s the main government within the UK and it contains the 3 political institutions which make up parliament which are: the House of Commons, and the House of Lords and the monarch. These institutions work together. The house of commons creates new laws which they feel will work well for the British community. The house of lords has a responsibility of signing agreements for example looking into a new law passed down from the house of commons; this is a big decision as it will affect the nation. Overall I would say the central government has the toughest job out of the other levels of government as they run the country and if they make a mistake on anything they are responsible for, there will not be a positive outcome from the nation. Overall I would say that these departments’ responsibilities are really important as they have to make hard decisions about how the country is run and how the country can be improved; but these changes the department makes can put a negative view on the country. I would say the central government does a good job for our country as the central......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Evaluate the Responsibilities at Different Levels of Goverment

...Central government is in charge at a national level, it is positioned in London where the houses of parliament and the House of Lords have many different types of responsibilities. One of their responsibilities is to protect the whole country at a national level. The good thing about this responsibility is that it will make our country a safer place to live in by creating new laws and policies which will help protect the people either from drink/driving laws or smoking ban where they keep you from harm. The bad thing about this responsibility is only a selected few hundred MPs can make the choice and even through the people in the House of Commons are voted in by us, they may not do what is in our best interest and will vote on their principles and beliefs and they could have a bias opinion. An example would be the House of parliament and when they are in session they discuss lots of different issues and reports and in front of the speaker. Our country signs treaties with other countries so we can make deals with each other which are friendly and to help keep the peace and so we can be allies with each other this is also another responsibility. The good thing about this responsibility is that it will keep peace between our countries and there is no fighting going on and the less likely chance we will go to war where there will be death caused by bombs, gunshot wounds and a great deal of injury. In 1992, the UN sent more than 10,000 British troops over to Yugoslavia to......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Responsibilities of the Different Levels of Government

...Levels of Government Introduction There are different levels of government that meet different aims, either to improve the country/small areas or provide the country/small areas with essential ‘goods’. What are the roles for government departments? The main role of government departments and their agencies is to carry out government policies and to advise ministers. They receive their funding from money that is given to them by parliament. They are staffed by impartial civil servants. They also work alongside local authorities; non department public bodies and other government organisations i.e. Regional, central, etc. Also government departments are headed by ministers or secretaries of state. With all departments they report to the PM and then the, PM reports to parliament and HM Queen. The level of government as follows, starts with the ‘Central Government’. This is a person who oversees the country and makes any changes, if necessary. Next is the ‘Regional Government’, which is a form of government which groups together small administrative units into a region and governs them. Lastly we have the ‘Local Government’; this is when the government gives ’local councils’ more power to decide how to spend public money in their areas, so they can meet local people's needs. We also have the ‘Parliaments and Devolved Parliaments’. However this is not a level of government as it’s a place to ‘parlay’ (talk). Moreover the central government’s decisions are talked within......

Words: 3648 - Pages: 15

Different Levels of State and Federal Prisons

...Different Levels of State and Federal Prisons CJS/230 Prison is the place where convicted criminals will go to atone for what the crimes they have committed. Anyone who must serve for a year or more will be sent to a state prison. An example of a state prison would be Minnesota’s prisons. Minnesota have the reputation of locking up dangerous criminals. Instead of holding prisoners, many offenders are put on probation while providing prison space to hold violent criminals (Foster, 2006). Each year state prisons population have gradually increased. The cause for the growth in prison was the “get-tough” era which sent more people and kept them in prison for longer periods of time. It is believe someone who committed a small crime should be charged as a big offense. By toughing up on crimes, it is a belief it would decrease the crime rates. As more people committed crimes and locked up for longer period of time, the growth in prison have increased. I do agree to the “get-tough” on crimes and treat it as something very serious. By putting someone away for a longer than normal time, they may least likely do it again. However, more people are committing crimes and get put into prisons along with those already in. The best solution would to let offenders who committed a minor offense free. Anyone who committed an offense more than a minor should be put on probation. By putting people on probation, it will provide more prison space. The government should use their...

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Roles and Levels of Government

...Roles and Levels of Government M1 The Central Government is located in the capital city- London. The Central Government runs the whole country by taking up the most important responsibilities that any other government levels in the UK has. These responsibilities are making new laws, signing agreements with the other nations and also defending the nation. The Central Government has these responsibilities as it’s the main government within the UK and it contains the 3 political institutions which make up parliament. The House of Commons, The House of Lords Monarch These institutions work together. The house of commons creates new laws which they feel will work well for the British community. The house of Lords has a responsibility of signing agreements for example looking into a new law passed down from the House of Commons; this is a big decision as it will affect the nation. Overall the Central Government has the hardiest job out of the other levels of government as they run the country and if they make a mistake on anything they are responsible for it, there will not be a positive outcome from the nation. These departments’ responsibilities are really important as they have to make hard decisions about how the country is run and how the country can be improved. All changes the department makes can put a negative view on the country. The Central Government does a good job for our country as the Central Governments jobs are split into 3 institutions which look......

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

Levels of Government on Immigration Issue

...Levels of government on immigration issue An issue that plagues many border states and is a hot topic in Arizona is immigration reform. The increase of illegal immigrate crossing the border, taking needed jobs, and receiving benefits such as welfare without paying taxes, is only half of the issue. The other half would be one of Mexico's most powerful drug organizations known as The Sinaloa Cartel. With the cartel's greedy desire to smuggle drugs into the country, the amount of home invasions, burglary, theft, and killings has left the citizens of Arizona in fear. Making the state government take extreme measure in hopes of protecting its people. Measures such as the governor of Arizona Jan Brewer speaking with President Barack Obama on the problem of immigration and boarder security. Arizona passed a legislative act called the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (Arizona SB 1070), Which to this date is the strictest anti-illegal immigration measure that has taken place in the United States. The Arizona Act required law enforcement officers to verify if an individual is in the state legally or not. This is done by viewing registration documents whenever one is pulled over in a traffic violation, detention, arrest, or when an officer though an individual was in the country illegally. This Act caused much controversy across the nation from those who approved the Act and praised Arizona of finally taking action to protect our......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

The Uk Government Is Constrained by the Constitution

...The UK government is constrained by the British Constitution Constitutions are fundamental rules that regulate how a state or any other type of organisation is supposed to be governed. A quote by the UCL Constitution Unit “Constitutions organise, distribute and regulate state power. They set out the structure of the state, the major state institutions, and the principles governing their relations with each other and with the state’s citizens”. The points I would like to raise that would support this statement are that the UK constitution is uncodified, Parliamentary Sovereignty, government control over parliament. However there are major points that would contradict with this statement; Rule of law, European court of human rights, referendums. The fact that the British Constitution is uncodified means that it can be flexible which means that I can be easily changed and adapted according to the circumstance, also it means that not every single thing is written down on one document it is spread out in many. This means that once there is a matter that the government needs to deal with they won’t be restricted by the constitution. For example the US constitution is codified which means that everything is on one document which would restrict them from doing anything that may be wrong now but believed to right in the past. Furthermore a law that is written by the US constitution that has mainly obstructed the way people want to live their lives is “people have the right to bare......

Words: 836 - Pages: 4

Differet Levels of the Government in the Uk

...the levels of the government the house of commons A range of political views and interests are represented in the house of commons. this enables the house to ensure that legislation and decisions are well debated by a variety of individual's holding different political views. The majority party is called upon to form the government and this party would sit to the right of the speaker while the opposition would sit to the left of the speaker. The house of commons consists of 649 elected members of the parliament known shortly as MPS. Members of the parliament who represent a board spectrum of political parties each of the MP represents a localised geographical area, called a constituency. All constituencies should at least have approximately the same figures in population so it will make all votes equally important. This means consistencies in densely populated cities have much smaller area than a rural area constituencies were the people are more spread out. Constituencies can change. boundaries can become bigger, smaller or even sometimes disappear altogether. There is two way's in which a individual can be elected the house of commons. the first being a general election which is when representatives from all 649 constituencies are elected simultaneously. the second way being a via election. This happens when the current representative of constituency either dies, retires, or resigns a new representative is needed for that constituency only. a......

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Different Levels of Government

...Adam Golembiewski Public Services Level 3 UNIT 1 - GOVERNMENT, POLICIES AND THE PUBLIC SERVICES Task 2 – M1 explain in detail the responsibilities of the different levels of government in the UK Unit 1 M2 – explain in detail the responsibilities of the different levels of government in the UK. The different levels of government are: Local, Regional and National government. Local Government Local Government is also known as ‘councils’ or ‘local authorities,’ there are 4 types of Local government all covering different sized areas. These types of council are: * County councils (council for counties e.g. Nottinghamshire) * Parish council (e.g boroughs like Woodsetts) * Metropolitan council (e.g. London) * Unitary Authorities (e.g. towns, Nottingham) The most important role of a council is the services they provide for citizens. County and Metropolitan councils are responsible for services across the whole of a county or city, like education, transport services, planning, fire and public safety, social care, libraries, waste management and trading standards for their area. Parish (Borough) councils cover a smaller area, often a town or rural area, and are usually responsible for services such as rubbish collection and recycling, council tax collection, leisure services and housing. Unitary authorities are councils that provide one tier of local government and provide all services. This is confusing as they can also be called......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Differing Governments in the Uk

...In England and the United Kingdom as a whole we have a Head of state this being in the form of monarch who is Queen Elizabeth II the longest Serving head of state as of the 9th September 2015. In the UK we have differing forms of government. One being the European parliament this is mad up of 736 members who represent all 27 member states of the EU. There are 72 that are directly elected from the UK and are there to represent the interests of our country. MEPS represent larger regions than MPs for example east midlands rather than Bassetlaw thus meaning this county of ours is represented by MEPS. This is because as shown previously we are linked to the EU, as we are a member state. The role of the parliament is to draft legislation that has an impact across all the EU states on issues such as: the environment, equal opportunities, transport, consumer rights, movement of workers and goods. Another is central government which is the layer of government that operates across the whole country. Ours is located in the city of Westminster, which is set with two houses in Westminster these being the House of Lords and the House of commons. Central government has very specific responsibilities that no other level of government is able to do. For example: signing treaties or agreements with other nations, making laws, defending the nation. When a vote is taken in the House of commons for example for a proposed law to be added there are sections which are part of the house of...

Words: 1513 - Pages: 7

Responsibilities of the Different Levels of Government in the Uk

...P1 Responsibilities of the different levels of government in the UK * Local * National * European Local: My local council Tameside Metropolitan Borough are responsible for things such as council tax, Planning, Heath and social care, schools and learning, libraries, birth& marriage &death, Transport and recycling. They keep these facilities running so that members of the council and public can use them. Tameside are responsible to tell the public information about transport and their local area, For example: if a bus time has changed they will have the responsibility to let people know the change that has happened. Another responsibility is that Tameside Metropolitan Borough has bins and recycling. They ensure that the local bins are getting emptied and that recycling products are in the right bins so they can be recycled. Tameside Metropolitans Borough is responsible for birth, marriage and death. When someone has been born or died they will have to be registered to get a certificate. This is also the same when people have been married. This is to prove that they have been married, born or died. Tameside council are responsible for health and social. The things they deal with are things like adoption service. They deal with people that either can’t have babies or are just interested in adopting. They look to see if the people that have signed up to adopt a child are suitable for the process. Tameside council are also responsible for planning......

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

“Outline the Responsibilities of the Different Level of Government in the Uk.”

...Unit 1 P1 “Outline the responsibilities of the different level of government in the UK.” House of Commons – It is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The HoC is part of the legislative process of British Politics. It consists of 650 elected members of Parliament, who represent a board spectrum of political parties. Each MP represents a constituency, which is a localised geographical area. There are two ways in which people get elected, it can happen either during a general election or by-election. A big range of political views and interests are represented in the House of Commons, which enables the ‘House’ to ensure that legislation and decisions are well debated by a variety of different people, which political views differ. HoC has a lot of different roles, MP’s are responsible of debating and passing all laws (legislation), controlling finances, protecting the individuals, examining European proposals, and scrutinises the work of the government, policies and administration. Those roles may have extremely wide impact on the country and public services. House of Lords – It is the upper house, the Second chamber, and is also commonly referred to as “the Lords”. The House of Lords can have a variable amount of members. Currently, there are about 790 members who are eligible to take part in the work of the HoL. Members come from many walks of life and bring experience and knowledge from a wide range of occupations. Majority of them are life peers,......

Words: 2575 - Pages: 11

The Impact of Uk Government Policies on the Public Services

...Kane Gibson BTEC level 3 Extended Diploma in Public Services (Uniforms) Unit 1 Government, Policies and the Public Service 14 January 2016 The impact of UK Government Policies on the Public Services Human rights Each UK citizen has certain rights, these include the rights to: Life, Prohibition of torture, Prohibition of slavery and forced labour, Liberty and security, A fair trial, No punishment without law, Respect for private and family life, Freedom of thought, conscience and religion, Freedom of expression, Freedom of assembly and association, Marry, Prohibition of discrimination, Protection of property, Education, Free elections, and Abolition of the death penalty. Environmental Air quality plan for reducing nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in Greater London urban area listing (UK0001) The Air quality plan is setting out what the government will be doing about improving the air quality in London as well as reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions. Another is “River Thames: application for registration of a launch” The government are setting out a registration for a powered boat to be in the river thames. The boats that are not included are Kayaks, canoes, and other non powered boats. The reason for this is to attempt reduction in emissions and other toxic wastes. All boats kept, rented, or let for hire must be registered with the Environment Agency (Inland Waterways) Order 2010 annually to calculate the amount of emissions entering the water. Affecting the......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

The Responsibilities of Different Levels of Government in the Uk

...Assignment 1 The responsibilities of different levels of Government in the UK There are many different levels of government in the UK. The diagram below describes those levels. ↓ UK Parliament ← → Taxes ↓ Welsh Assembly ← → Health → Public Services ↓ → Education Refuse collection ← → Housing Recycling ← ↓ → Town Councils Council Tax Each level contains a variety of different organisations and branches of government which help to keep the country and the public services running smoothly and efficiently. The system of government we have in the United Kingdom has two main levels: central government and local government. But we also have regional government and the institutions of the European Union which affect us. Local, regional and central government are all public services because they are paid by the taxpayer. They are democratic because the public can choose the people who run central and local government when elections are held. European Parliament The European......

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6

The Main Levels of the U.S. Federal Government

...Running Head: THE MAINLEVELS OF THE U.S. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT The Main Levels of the U.S. Federal Government Lynn Todd Colorado Technical University Online PBAD200-0904A-13 American Government Professor Jamie Boyd October 12, 2009 The U.S. Government is composed up of three key branches, the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. Each branch has its own powers, functions, checks, and balances. First, we will look at the history of the Constitution. During the 1600’s many Europeans left Britain in search of economic, political, and intellectual freedoms. However, they remained under the power of Britain, which functioned under a unitary system of government with one national power that permitted it to take action against any individual. During the Revolutionary war, the states battled with Britain, and won their freedom from the unitary system of government of Britain (CTU online, 2008, phase 1 multimedia presentation). ...

Words: 3242 - Pages: 13