Defining and Describing Business Architecture

In: Business and Management

Submitted By faz07
Words 569
Pages 3
Defining and Describing Business Architecture

The most fundamental concept of Business Architecture (BA) is that it represents business. BA is one of the domains that comprise Enterprise Architecture (EA) that define the business strategy, governance, organization and key business processes (Klein & Gagliardi, 2010). From the literature review, there are various definitions for BA can be found. In defining BA in term of enterprise, BA is consider as governance structure, business process and business information. In term of architecture aspects, BA can be categorized as an activity and a well-structured documentation of a current and future business environment. Referring to the above definition in both term, BA can be describe as “a blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands” (BIZBOK Guide, 2013) .

Another definition of BA is from The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), which is it defines BA as the business strategy, governance, organization and key business process information, that closely related to the business environment which is based on business principles, business goals, and strategic driven (The Open Group, 2009). Others have also defined BA as the basic relationship between business entity’s environments with its intent, value, capabilities, processes, and resources including human, Information Technology (IT), knowledge, capital, facility, and material (Strosnider, J. et al., 2002).

Considering on the previous definition of BA, it has several important elements that create a common foundation of business architecture, which is can be categorized with a wide variety of views as illustrated in Figure 1. The foundational perspectives such as: what a business does (capabilities); the vocabulary it uses (information); how a business is…...

Similar Documents

Architecture

...Republic of the Philippines MINDANAO UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Lapasan, Cagayan De Oro City COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & ARCHITECTURE B.S. in Architecture Major in Architecture BSARCH SY 2007-2008 SUBJECT CODE DESCRIPTIVE TITLE LAB LEC H O U R LAB U LEC CREDIT N I T PRE-REQUISITE CO-REQUISITE 1ST YEAR -1ST SEMESTER ARCH10 Architectural Design 1 (Introduction to Design) 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 ARCH20 Graphics 1 (Mechanical Drawing) 1.0 6.0 2.0 1.0 3.0 ARCH30 Visual Tech 1 (Monochromatic & Freehand 0.0 6.0 2.0 0.0 2.0 Drawing) ARCH50 Theory of Architecture 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ENGL11 Study & Thinking Skills 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 PD10 Essence of Personality 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 MATH 17 Algebra & Trigonometry 6.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 6.0 NSTP10 ROTC/CWTS/LTS 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 18.0 15.0 5.0 18.0 23.0 1ST YEAR -2ND SEMESTER ARCH11 Architectural Design 2 (Creative Design & 1.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 ARCH10 Fundamentals) ARCH21 Graphics 2 (Perspective Shades & Shadows) 1.0 6.0 2.0 1.0 3.0 ARCH20 ARCH31 Visual Tech 2 (Color Rendering & Still Life) 0.0 6.0 2.0 0.0 2.0 ARCH30 ARCH40 History of Architecture 1 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ARCH51 Theory of Architecture 2 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ARCH50 ENGL20 Writing Across Disciplines 3.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 ENGL11 PD20 Social Graces & Social Relations 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 PD10 MATH32b Differential Calculus w/ Analytic Geometry 5.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 5.0 MATH 17 NSTP20 ROTC/CWTS/LTS 2 3.0......

Words: 1472 - Pages: 6

Computer Architectures

...future depend on these architectures for expedited growth, without them society will halt in technological advances. These computing architectures provide the foundations of computer processing, although each having their specific advantages, disadvantages, pros, and cons. Information technology is rapidly growing, providing users and businesses a means to share digital data. Businesses gear towards investing money in all aspects of information technology systems to provide services for their customers. Users use computers as a means to communicate with family or watch the latest movie over the internet. As more digital data is generated annually, hardware and software manufacturers need to enhance their products (Stair 2010). Computing systems, telecommunications networks and information databases essentially need to keep up with incremental growth of data for the future. A computer simply processes what a user tells it to do, so how does that underlying process really work? Simple, the functional hardware and software of these architectures. Hardware and software engineers focus on complex instruction set computing and reduced instruction set computing. The ability to store information, send a message over the internet, and run a complex application on your computer relies on the inner workings of these computer architectures. Lets begin with the fundamental aspects of computing devices and understand the underlying functions of these architectures. First, electronic......

Words: 2285 - Pages: 10

Defining a Business Plan

...Defining a Business Plan Mirza Dizdarevic University of Phoenix Defining a Business Plan Johnson and Johnson is a company that has been around for many years. They strive to bring the purest customer satisfaction and at the same time practice ethics, marketing and also stress the importance of missions and vision of the company. Their view of their mission is stated in their CREDO, which is posted in all the building around all Johnson and Johnson buildings. The values that guide their decision making are all implemented in Our Credo. Put simply, Our Credo challenges us to put the needs and well-being of the people we serve first and this is why customer satisfaction is very important to Johnson and Johnson. Johnson and Johnson was established in 1886 in New Jersey. It has employed 114,000 people worldwide and had engaged in the manufacture and sale of a broad range of products in the health care field in many countries of the world. The ethical values of Johnson and Johnson are outlined in their “Our Credo” one page document. Just before Johnson and Johnson became a publically traded company in 1943, the long time chairman crafted the “Our Credo.” It simply challenges Johnson and Johnson to put the needs and well-being of the people they serve first. In the one page document, Johnson and Johnson addresses the responsibilities to their consumers, products, community, stockholders, and employees. Like many businesses Johnson and Johnson’s main responsibility......

Words: 1155 - Pages: 5

Architecture

...Architecture Paper HUM/266 Architecture Paper Even though Classical Greek and medieval Gothic architectures takes place in different time periods, they still share similarities in that they built architecture for the means of worshiping. Medieval Gothic architecture is primarily found in cathedrals of Western Europe dating back to the 16th century, whereas classical Greek architectures are commonly found in the temples of Greece dating back to the 7th century BC. Supportive columns made of stone were used in both Gothic and Greek architecture, but the style of the building catered to environment where the building is located. In Greece, architecture favored open spaces and buildings that were at least partly open to the elements while the Gothic style necessitated closed windows and small exterior doorways that could be closed against the cold (Allen, n.d.). This paper will compare and give information on the architectures of the Parthenon Classical Greek Temple and the Salisbury medieval Gothic cathedral. Both were unique and brought innovative ideas to architecture for its specific era. The Parthenon construction began in 447 BC, but finished in 438 BC. It was built to replace an earlier temple that was destroyed in battle by the Persians in 490 BC. The Parthenon was built as a dedication to the goddess Athena and served the purpose to store the chryselephantine statue of Athena. According to "Odysseus" (2012), “Parthenon was designed by architects Iktinos and......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Architecture

...Victorian Architecture from 123.com During the Victorian period, there was a revival of classical (Greek and Roman), Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Romantic architects replicated Greek and Roman buildings, which were revered as the ultimate examples of beauty (Sporre 487; Tansey 932). Increased nationalism in England also sparked a revival of Gothic architecture. After the Houses of Parliament burnt down in London (1834), the task of redesign the new building was assigned to Charles A. Barry and Augustus W. N. Pugin. Their Gothic design of the new Houses of Parliament make it a prime example of Victorian architecture today (Tansey 955). It is important to recognize that Romantic architecture was not only a return to the past. Modern technologies and materials, as well as non-European influences, also played a role. (Sporre 495-98; Tansey 956). One example is the Crystal Palace designed by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition in London (1851). Made of iron and glass, it was designed to be rapidly put together and taken apart. Another noted architectural example of this period was John Nash’s Royal Pavilion in Brighton (1815-18). The design of this palace was greatly influenced by Islamic and Eastern architecture (Flynn; Sporre 495-98; Tansey 956, 1014). Victorian architecture was both a rediscovery of the past and the precursor of Modern architecture. Some buildings embodied both of these characteristics. The Houses of Parliament and the Crystal...

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

It Architecture

...Why do we need architecture? Architecture is needed in all sorts of creative projects. Of course we know architecture used in the context of building houses or other buildings. A clear structure for the building must be laid out by the architect so that different professional disciplines are on the same line on what should be built. For example there are bricklayers, electricians, plumbers and roof makers who all have to know what the building should be like. In this case its mostly done with a structured map of the building. For a skyscraper a different pattern is used then when building a house. Architectural patterns in software development are much like these structured maps. What is an architectural pattern? A "pattern" has been defined as “an idea that has been useful in one practical context and will probably be useful in others. An Architectural Pattern expresses a fundamental structural organization or schema for software systems. It provides a set of predefined subsystems, specifies their responsibilities, and includes rules and guidelines for organizing the relationships between them. A distributed system is a software system in which components located on networked computers communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages Adaptive architecture is a system which changes its structure, behaviour or resources according to demand. The adaptation made is usually [always?] to non-functional characteristics rather than functional......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Defining Business Organization

...Defining Business Organization SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP: An unincorporated, one-man business • LIABILITY – This form of business has potentially the largest liability on the business owner. All liability falls to the owner on a personal level. Any debts the company incurs can be held against the owner to personally rectify. If the owner does not rectify the situation, any vendors or bill collectors left unpaid can come after the owners personal possessions such as their home, vehicles, miscellaneous assets, etc. • INCOME TAXES – The government views the sole proprietor and business as one and the same. The owner must report his business earnings and losses as personal income on a standard 1040 Form. • LONGEVITY/CONTINUITY – With this form of business, very little red tape stands in the way of immediately, and continuously, operating under this business structure. On the contrary, because the liability is solely, personally held, the company can close quickly due to increased debts and loss of control of finances. • CONTROL – This business structure and the owner are viewed as one and the same. Control of the business, its decisions, and all actions, rest completely with the owner. • PROFIT RETENTION – This business structure and the owner are viewed as one and the same. All profits are received by the owner, and distributed as the owner discretion. • LOCATION – This type of business structure can be located anywhere the owner resides or does......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Enterprise Architecture

... ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE Author: Institution: Date of Submission: Introduction During the early days of computing, the new technology simply automated the contemporary manual processes with increased efficiency. As the new technology continued to evolve, new innovations paved the way for introduction of new processes and capabilities that were largely driven by information technology. Over time, information technology altered the business environment though not necessarily in conformation with the conventional business strategies. The resulting lack of alignment precipitated unanticipated loss of resources and missed opportunities, thus placing most organizations in competitively disadvantaged positions within the market. In order to align the business strategies with organizational objectives, a new approach for managing Information technology has been established. This new concept is referred to as Enterprise Architecture. Enterprise architecture refers to ways or means of describing organizational structures and processes that link the individual business structures. It is the practice of applying a rigorous and comprehensive method for illustrating a current or outlook of a business’s information systems, processes, personnel, and the business sub-units so that they can be in conformity with the organization’s key objectives and strategic direction. This means that enterprise architecture is a strategic information asset...

Words: 1394 - Pages: 6

Architecture

...Architecture Roman Batterberry Arts/100 January 22, 2013 Lisa Turner Architecture The Daniels & Fisher Tower in Denver, Colorado is 5 Elements of Architecture The Daniels & Fisher Tower uses five of the ten elements of architecture to create quite a notable building. These five elements are expressed in the buildings materials, the architect’s use of lines and repetition, how the building balances astatically, and the tower’s scale. Material This tower is constructed on top of a 24 foot thick concrete base. The tower is erected by a steel skeleton and is faced with “blond brick and creamy terra-cotta”. This healthy base and firm skeleton contribute to the firmness of this building. The four faces of the tower have Seth Thomas clocks, all with arms measuring six feet long. There is, finally, a 2.5 ton bell in the top two stories of the tower. Line As with any tower, the majority of the lines draw the audience’s eyes up from the bottom to the top. The majority of the tower’s lines are vertical, with a subtle horizontal contrast from the lines of windows on the faces. Just below the clock, the architect constructed a prominate horizontal line. This horizontal line appears due to an observation deck like platform. This floor only stops the vertical sides of the building for only 2 or 3 stories before another horizontal line. These two parallel horizontal lines create a box-like shape that dramatically stopping the eye’s move upward to draw attention...

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Architects Architecture or Users Architecture

...ARCHITECTS ARCHITECTURE OR USERS ARCHITECTURE The construction industry is based around projects. Each project is every time different and unique on its own design, management and construction. Nevertheless a project is not only made out of concrete, wood or any of the materials used on it, a project is a lot more and a lot deeper than that. It is not a quick sketch on a napkin. A project is influenced by its atmosphere which is the location, the client or the user, and even the contractor hired for the project. Architecture is influenced by anything happening around it, which is why it changes every time its atmosphere changes. Böhme states that  to experience space in its complete entirety. By inhabiting space individuals can sense the character that surrounds them. Inhabitants sense its atmosphere. Photography, written articles and the interpretation of other viewers of a space cannot compare to individual experience and interaction in interior spaces. Recently this way of interaction has become an important discussion between architects and designers. The process of a project is not anymore unique, and it becomes something functional. It is thought that a template can be followed even when the client or the factors involving the project change every time. For example many architects choose the same sub-contractors for each project as they believe they are trustful and successful, even when the clients have their specific needs and......

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

It Solutions Architecture

...Due to the rapid change in current technology, it is essential for implementations of information systems to use architecture to incorporate all of the components of the system for a business. There is a set of architectural representations that are produced during the process of a building. The bubble charts enable the basic concepts for building based on the prospective owner’s needs and wants. This can be represented in a form as a bubble charts where “bubbles” on the graph can represent the size and shape of a room. The reason behind architects creating these charts is so that the architect and owner can have mutual understanding so their respective desires and wants can be met to convince owners to pay for the architects work. Architect drawings represent the final building as seen by the owner is then drawn up to enable the owner to relate to them and to agree or disagree. Drawings are detailed but concise for owners to understand. This in turn allows owners flexibility to allow for any modifications to the drawings until their wants are satisfied. The Architect’s plans are a designer’s representation of the final product and ultimately become the official “record” of the finished structure. These are prepared to serve as a basis for negotiation with a general contractor. Plans may be modified because of cost/price but they finally serve to represent what is committed to construction. Contractor’s plans represent the final building as seen by the builder is then......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

It Architecture

...Enterprise Architecture Vol. 11, No. 10 10 Key Skills Architects Must Have to Deliver Value by Michael Rosen, Director, Cutter Consortium Enterprise Architecture Practice As the complexity of IT grows, more and more organizations are realizing the need for architecture. But the definition of what architecture is, the titles that architects have, and the role of an architect vary widely from one organization to another. Business, IT, management, and even architects don’t necessarily know what a good architect does to add value in his or her organization. This Executive Report discusses the role of the architect and describes 10 activities that architects should perform to add value to projects. ABOUT CUTTER CONSORTIUM Access to the Experts Cutter Consortium is a unique IT advisory firm, comprising a group of more than 100 internationally recognized experts who have come together to offer content, consulting, and training to our clients. These experts are committed to delivering top-level, critical, and objective advice. They have done, and are doing, groundbreaking work in organizations worldwide, helping companies deal with issues in the core areas of software development and agile project management, enterprise architecture, business technology trends and strategies, innovation, enterprise risk management, metrics, and sourcing. Cutter offers a different value proposition than other IT research firms: We give you Access to the Experts....

Words: 11157 - Pages: 45

Business Model Architecture Mcdonalds

...Choong-Yil Kim Submission Title: McDonald’s Business Model [Use this document as a template by filling in your answers to the business model analysis questions below each underlined heading.] A VALUE-CREATION MODEL 1. Who are the customers and what is the product/service offering? There are two types of customers: - Direct customer: franchisees and general customers that use McDonald’s own stores. - Indirect customer: customers who look for fast & competitive price food with appropriate quality. Products: Fast Foods & Drinks for general customer Service: Company Brand Name & Ads, Standardized process to deliver fast food with low cost and consistent quality with high school kids who are paid minimum wage for franchisees. 2. How does the offering create differentiated value for them? Operational Excellence to be able to make low cost, consistent quality and speed 3. What is the value chain? What parts is the business in? McDonald dictates full of value chain from farm to their restaurants. They even control entire process of each value chain with McDonald’s operation system. 4. What is the go-to-market strategy? Speaking of McDonald corp. instead of each McDonald store, its GTM strategy is indirect channel strategy through franchisees with strong advertising. B PROFIT MODEL 1. What are the sources of revenue? For B2C (general customer), it would be......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

Architecture

...between a decentralized architecture and a centralized architecture? What is an example of a business decision that would be affected by the choice of the architecture? Centralization implies having one center of control. One may have two DNS servers in each bureau of an organization, yet they all may be controlled by a solitary element. Then again, decentralized frameworks appropriate control to numerous parts. In our DNS case, each of those offices may keep up and control its own particular DNS server, being in charge of keeping up the ability set to keep focused of the innovation as it changes, to modeler the frameworks as it sees fit, and to screen the administration. Organizations can structure IT in a centralized or decentralized way. Centralization is an attempt to enhance proficiency by taking advantages of potential economies like enhancing the average; it might also reduce the occurrences of any mistakes. Decentralization is an attempt to enhance speed and adaptability by redesigning to build neighborhood control and execution of an administration. Decentralization implies splitting against the disappointing bureaucratic methods of old and giving access to everyone. For example, it implies somebody has turned out to be so disappointed with an incorporated administration that "do it yourself" has the capability of being better. In the current environment decentralization is regularly an intentional reaction to the quicker pace of business what's more, to client......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Architecture

...Architecture and the Environment Architecture is an art and above others, combines expression, technology, and the satisfaction of human needs into the structures that are designed and built (Moore, 1979). Physical structures tend to have a significant effect on human behavior based on its design. As people began to spend more time inside, it is valuable to design structures that integrate features from the natural environment and structural landscape features in the man-made environment (Joye, 2007). It is important to understand the full aspect of how architecture affects humans, controls behavior, and supports sustainable development. Researchers often suggest that the design of residential and commercial space has pervasive effects on its inhabitants and is an important consideration in architectural design. Physical Structure and the Effects on Human Behavior Architecture as an art is a symbolic and intentional design that seems to reflect the psychology of its designers regardless of time, culture, and perhaps even gender. The space, form, and light are main elements generally incorporated purposely or unconsciously for aesthetic and practical reasons that give the creations meaning, purpose, and stability among an ever changing physical universe (Papow, 2000). Some people perceive architecture as functional and all designs are not esthetically pleasing, similar to the effect of any other art form. Architecture also can be an expression of cultural pride,......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6