Defining and Describing Business Architecture

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Defining and Describing Business Architecture

The most fundamental concept of Business Architecture (BA) is that it represents business. BA is one of the domains that comprise Enterprise Architecture (EA) that define the business strategy, governance, organization and key business processes (Klein & Gagliardi, 2010). From the literature review, there are various definitions for BA can be found. In defining BA in term of enterprise, BA is consider as governance structure, business process and business information. In term of architecture aspects, BA can be categorized as an activity and a well-structured documentation of a current and future business environment. Referring to the above definition in both term, BA can be describe as “a blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands” (BIZBOK Guide, 2013) .

Another definition of BA is from The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), which is it defines BA as the business strategy, governance, organization and key business process information, that closely related to the business environment which is based on business principles, business goals, and strategic driven (The Open Group, 2009). Others have also defined BA as the basic relationship between business entity’s environments with its intent, value, capabilities, processes, and resources including human, Information Technology (IT), knowledge, capital, facility, and material (Strosnider, J. et al., 2002).

Considering on the previous definition of BA, it has several important elements that create a common foundation of business architecture, which is can be categorized with a wide variety of views as illustrated in Figure 1. The foundational perspectives such as: what a business does (capabilities); the vocabulary it uses (information); how a business is…...

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