Premium Essay

Data Collector Field Guide

In: Science

Submitted By ilian815
Words 47689
Pages 191
Qualitative Research Methods:


Qualitative Research Methods:





Family Health International (FHI) is a nonprofit organization working to improve lives worldwide through research, education, and services in family health.

This publication was made possible through support provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), under the terms of Cooperative Agreement No. CCP-A-00-95-00022-02. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID.

ISBN: 0-939704-98-6 Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collector’s Field Guide © 2005 by Family Health International Family Health International P.O. Box 13950 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 USA E-mail:

Acknowledgments Introduction Case Study Module 1 — Qualitative Research Methods Overview Introduction to Qualitative Research Comparing Quantitative and Qualitative Research Sampling in Qualitative Research Recruitment in Qualitative Research Ethical Guidelines in Qualitative Research Suggested Readings Module 2 — Participant Observation Overview of Participant Observation Ethical Guidelines Logistics of Participant Observation How to Be an Effective Participant Observer Tips for Taking Field Notes Suggested Readings Case Study Samples Participant Observation Steps Module 3 — In-Depth Interviews Overview of In-Depth Interviewing Ethical Guidelines Logistics of Interviewing How to Be an Effective Interviewer Tips for Taking Interview Notes Suggested Readings Case Study Samples…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Field Study

...Josefina H. Cerilles State College – Lapuyan Extention Poblacion Lapuyan, Zamboanga del Sur FIELD STUDY 1 The Learner’s Development and Environment SCHOOL AS A LEARNING ENVIRONMENT Name of FS Student: Marjie A. Tawan Course: BEED Year & Section: II Resource Teacher: Mrs.Leonor V. Tacuhan Date: August 8, 2012 Cooperating School: Antonio V. Apostol Sr. Mem. Central Elementary School An Observation Guide to the CLASSROOM VISIT Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation reported on the provided space. 1. Describe the community or neighborhood where the school is found. 2. Describe the school campus. What colors do you see? What is the condition of the building? 3. Pass by the offices. What impression do you have these offices? 4. Walk through the school halls, the library, and the cafeteria. Look around and find out the facilities that the school has. Observation Report An Observation Guide to the CLASSROOM VISIT Be guided by these tasks as you do your observation. Then accomplish the matrix to record your data. 1. Look at the walls of the classroom. What are posted on the walls? What heroes, religious figures, visual aids, announcements, do you see posted? 2. Examine how the furniture is arranged. Where is the teacher’s table located? How are the tables and chairs/desks arranged? 3. What learning materials/equipments are......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Colour Symbolism in the Collector

...Colour Symbolism in The Collector Colour plays a vitally important role throughout ‘The Collector’ in terms of how it manages to sway thinking and cause reactions. The use of colour in literature is particularly stimulating as it conveys meanings in two ways- natural associations and psychological symbolism, it is clear that Fowles has an acute understanding of how and why colours communicate meaning. With this understanding he uses colour symbolism in several different ways, the main two being; to emphasize obsession and to demonstrate how different the two main characters are. The reader is aware that Fredrick Clegg is an obsessive character instantly, his infatuation with Miranda is emphasized as he describes the fantasy life he daydreamed about in which she is ‘all pretty with her pale blonde hair and grey eyes and of course the other men all green round the gills.’ Colour symbolism here is used in several ways; firstly, ‘green round the gills’ meaning jealous, illustrates the longing Clegg feels to be superior and envied, perhaps because he has felt socially inferior for so long. Though more interestingly, this very obvious link between the colour green and jealousy reveals the simplicity in which Clegg expresses himself. His speech is so formal it feels uncomfortable, this dated, old fashioned phrase and the child-like associations he makes, feel to me, as if Fowles is using colour symbolism to accentuate the almost inhuman formality and simplicity that Clegg......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Data Warehousing and Data Mining

...Introduction 2 Assumptions 3 Data Availability 3 Overnight processing window 3 Business sponsor 4 Source system knowledge 4 Significance 5 Data warehouse 6 ETL: (Extract, Transform, Load) 6 Data Mining 6 Data Mining Techniques 7 Data Warehousing 8 Data Mining 8 Technology in Health Care 9 Diseases Analysis 9 Treatment strategies 9 Healthcare Resource Management 10 Customer Relationship Management 10 Recommended Solution 11 Corporate Solution 11 Technological Solution 11 Justification and Conclusion 12 References 14 Health Authority Data (Appendix A) 16 Data Warehousing Implementation (Appendix B) 19 Data Mining Implementation (Appendix B) 22 Technological Scenarios in Health Authorities (Appendix C) 26 Technology Tools 27 Data Management Technology Introduction The amount of information offered to us is literally astonishing, and the worthiness of data as an organizational asset is widely acknowledged. Nonetheless the failure to manage this enormous amount of data, and to swiftly acquire the information that is relevant to any particular question, as the volume of information rises, demonstrates to be a distraction and a liability, rather than an asset. This paradox energies the need for increasingly powerful and flexible data management systems. To achieve efficiency and a great level of productivity out of large and complex datasets, operators need have tools that streamline the tasks of managing the data and......

Words: 8284 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Data Mining

...According to, “Predictive analytics is business intelligence technology that produces a predictive score for each customer or other organizational element. Assigning these predictive scores is the job of a predictive model, which has been trained over your data, learning from the experience of your organization. It continues to say, “Predictive analytics optimizes marketing campaigns and website behavior to increase customer responses, conversions and clicks, and to decrease churn. Each customer's predictive score informs actions to be taken with that customer.” Predictive analytics are used to determine the probable future outcome of an event or the likelihood of a situation occurring. It is the branch of data mining concerned with the prediction of future probabilities and trends. Predictive analytics are used to automatically analyze large amounts of data with different variables; it includes clustering, decision trees, market basket analysis, regression modeling, etc. There are three main benefits of predictive analytics: minimizing risk, identifying fraud, and pursuing new sources of revenue. Being able to predict the risks involved with loan and credit origination, fraudulent insurance claims, and making predictions with regard to promotional offers and coupons are all examples of these benefits. This type of algorithm allows businesses to test all sorts of situations and scenarios it could take years to test in the real world. ......

Words: 1691 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Oceanography Field Guide

...Plankton are autotrophic, prokaryotic or eukaryotic algae that live near the water surface where there is sufficient light to support. They inhabit oceans, seas, lakes, and ponds. All plankton ecosystems are driven by the input of solar energy. Zooplankton provides carbon to the planktic food web, either respiring metabolic energy, or upon death as biomass or detritus. They are the initial prey for almost all fish larvae as they switch from their yolk sacs to external feeding. They provide a crucial source of food to larger, more familiar aquatic organisms such as fish and whales. The common jellyfish feeds by collecting medusa, plankton and mollusks with its mucus bell nematocyst-laden tentacles and bringing the prey into its body for digestion. They are found throughout most of the world’s oceans. They do not have respiratory parts such as gills, lungs, or trachea. It is a small organism, so it respires by diffusing oxygen from water though the thin membrane covering its body. It is probably rare for these to live more than about six months in the wild. The hermit crab species have long, spirally curved abdomens, which are soft. The abdomen is protected from predators by a salvaged empty seashell carries by the hermit crab, into which its whole body can retract. As the crab grows in size, it has to find a larger shell and abandon the previous one. If the hermit crab cannot find a well-fitting shell, it will most likely be eaten. Sea cucumbers are echinoderms......

Words: 982 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Field of Dreams: Citi Field

...Field Of Dreams: Citi Field A road trip to a Mets game is always filled with anticipation of fun. The one and a half hour drive seems to take an eternity. Citi Field can be seen halfway over the Whitestone Bridge. Resembling Ebbets Field, its stunning architecture takes my breath away. In the parking lot, you realize just how enormous the stadium is. It looks so much larger than it is portrayed on television. Right outside the stadium, the song Meet the Mets is usually playing through the speakers. A loop of the PA announcer listing all the things that are not allowed in the stadium is played overtop the song. A security person gently pats your pockets and then signals for you to go through the turnstile. Inside, the Jackie Robinson Rotunda is beautifully designed with staircases and escalators to bring you to field level seats. To the right is the Mets Hall of Fame and team store. The hall of fame is filled with archival pictures and memorabilia. Straight ahead is a sculpture of Jackie Robinson’s number 42. First timers race to the sculpture to take pictures with it. At the top of the escalator, you finally get the sense that you’re at a ballpark. The aromas of hot dogs, burgers, and fresh roasted peanuts fill the air. The field comes into sight after you walk a little bit to the left or right. The scoreboards glisten from the sunlight. The dirt looks as soft as a pillow, and the freshly cut grass smells almost fragrant. The foul lines are pristinely...

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pharisee and the Tax Collector

...De’Aisha Waller Professor Trokan Religion 102 November 11, 2013 "For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted." This one sentence summary found at the very end of Luke 18:9-14 should give us all a good slap in the face. This particular passage is of vital importance in the Christian walk. Luke 18:9-14 tells us about a Pharisee and a tax collector who both go to a temple to pray. The Pharisee stands before God praying about himself; he thanks God that he is not like other men and women and that he is not like the tax collector beside him. At the same time, the tax collector lays himself down before the Lord praying that God have mercy on him, a sinner. Recognizing his sin and unworthiness the tax collector humbles himself and asks for the Lords mercy; which brings him forgiveness and peace. The Pharisee on the other hand looks down upon the tax collector and even thanks God that he is not like other men and women. This sense of self drives a wedge in the Pharisees relationship to God and also brings wrath and judgment upon himself. As I read this passage I found myself saying, "I must remain humble." Asking that question daily in every situation and circumstance will help each to avoid a mind set of self-righteousness as seen in Luke 18:9-14. (cf. Forerunner Commentary) The historical context of Luke is fairly interesting. Upon reading the gospels one might conclude that Matthew, Mark and Luke all pretty much say the......

Words: 2357 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count on It

...The U.S. Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count On It Lisa Sims IT/205 Management of Information December 12,2013 Dr. John Pitron The U.S. Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count On It In an effort to reduce the rising cost of the ten-year census, the U.S. Census Bureau attempted to implement an automated data collection system. As a result from lack of leadership and management skills, the program ran over budget and part of the project had to be scrapped with significant monetary loss. In this exercise, the challenges the Census Bureau had to face, reasons for failure and key players responsible for the debacle will be identified. I will also describe the steps I would have taken to control the risk in this project. The census is mandated by the US constitution and requires a census of all people living in the United States. The information that is gathered from the census is used for government planning and determines how many seats each state gets in the US House of Representatives. The government is also dependent on the census numbers to indicate how much federal funding each state should receive (Calleam Consulting Ltd., 2012). The first problem the Census Bureau faced was the rising cost of conducting the census. Because of the drastic cost increase, Congress asked the Bureau to look for ways to reduce cost and improve efficiency on the ten-year census. The second problem the Bureau faced had to do with the process of...

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The U.S. Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count on It

...The U.S. Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count on It IT/205 February 28, 2013 The U.S. Census Bureau Field Data Collection Project: Don't Count on It Answer the following questions in 200 to 300 words: • How important is the FDCA project for the U.S. Census Bureau? How does it impact decision making and operational activities? The collection of the census is very important and needs to be done correctly. According to Laudon (2011),”is use to determine allocation of congressional seats, allocation of federal assistance, and realignment of the boundaries of legislative districts within states.” (p. 413) • Classify and describe the problems the Census Bureau faced in implementing its new wireless data collection system. What people, organization, and technology factors caused these problems? The Census Bureau has very serious problems when implementing the new wireless data collection system. The people involved in this process, the census bureau and the Harris Corporation, did not properly communicate what specific information would be needed to get these systems working correctly. Not using certified program managers and highly qualified executives for these kinds of projects is a bad decision on the federal government’s behalf. Which is why the Harris Corporation, did not get an accurate description of the types of handheld devices to use or the technical requirements of the census. The Harris Corporation did not have......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Field Study

...FS1The Learner’s Development and Environment FIELD STUDY | Episode 2 LEARNERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND NEEDS | Name of FS Student Subject World History Year & Section 1st-Yr. & III-Merit & Mercy Resource Teacher Date Sept. 28, 2020 Cooperating School Your Target At the end of this activity, you will gain competencies in differentiating the characteristics and needs of learners from different developmental levels. Your Map To reach your target, do the following tasks: Step 1Observe 4 groups of learners from different level ( 1st Yr-4th Yr) | | Step 3Validate your observation by interviewing the learners. | Step 2Describe each of the learners based on your observations. | | Step 4Compare them in terms of their interests and needs. | Your Tools Use the activity form provided for you to document your observations. ------------------------------------------------- An Observation guide for the Learners Characteristic ------------------------------------------------- Read the following statements carefully. Then write your observation report on the provided space. Your teacher may also recommend another observation checklist if a more detailed observation is provided. ------------------------------------------------- Physical ------------------------------------------------- 1....

Words: 5753 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

The Fields

...Chapter 3 - Problems and Exercises 1. 2. 6. Which of the four phases of the project management process do you feel is most challenging? Why? What are some sources of risk in a systems analysis and design project and how does a project manager cope with risk during the stages of project management? Calculate the expected time for the following activities. Activity A B C D E F G H I J 7. Optimistic Time 3 5 1 2 2 3 1 3 2 4 Most Likely Time 7 9 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 7 Pessimistic Time 11 13 9 16 18 11 7 5 12 9 Expected Time A project has been defined to contain the following list of activities along with their required times for completion. Activity 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Immediate Activity Collect requirements Analyse processes Analyse data Design processes Design data Design screens Design reports Program Test and document Install Weeks 2 3 3 7 6 1 5 4 8 2 Predecessors 1 2 2 2 3, 4 4, 5 6, 7 7 8, 9 All material adapted from the Course Text a. b. c. d. Draw a network diagram for the activities. Calculate the earliest expected completion time. Show the critical path. What would happen if activity 6 were revised to take six weeks instead of one week? 8. Construct a Gantt chart for the project defined in question 7. 12. Assume that you have a project with seven activities labeled A-G (below). Derive the earliest completion time (or early finish – EF), latest completion time (or late finish – LF), and slack for each of the following tasks (begin at time = 0). Which......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...#nextchapter A STUDY GUIDE TO PROGRAM OR BE PROGRAMMED: TEN COMMANDMENTS FOR A DIGITAL AGE BY JENNIFER HANSEN WILL LUERS SETAREH ALIZADEH DR. DENE GRIGAR A Study Guide for Douglas Rushkoff’s PROGRAM OR BE PROGRAMMED #nextchapter The following study guide aims to provoke further thoughts and extend the conversation surrounding Douglas Rushkoff’s book Program or Be Programmed: Ten Commands for a Digital Age. It has been created for a wide variety of readers––from high school to adults––and purposes––from book clubs to study groups. Rushkoff proposes 10 commands that are each based on one of the “biases” of digital media. In computer programming a “command” is a directive to a computer to perform a specific task. But Rushkoff’s commands are not directives for human behavior as much as a code of ethics that, like the 10 commandments of Judaism in what was a new text-based age, help us navigate a new age of computer mediation and abstraction. Digital technologies continue to increase the capabilities of mankind. These technologies, however, come with biases. If we aren’t aware of these biases, we’ll find ourselves at the mercy of the technology designed to serve us. While there’s still time, we must take matters into our own hands and learn to program! Rushkoff, Douglas, dir. Program or Be Programmed. 2010. Film. 31 Jan 2013 2 RUSHKOFF’S PRINCIPLE OF: I. TIME DO NOT BE “ALWAYS ON”. We live in a world dictated by time. However, to our digital devices, time is an......

Words: 6071 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Approaches to Survey Data

...Analysis of Survey Data March 2001 The University of Reading Statistical Services Centre Biometrics Advisory and Support Service to DFID © 2001 Statistical Services Centre, The University of Reading, UK Contents 1. Preparing for the Analysis 5 1.1 Introduction 5 1.2 Data Types 6 1.3 Data Structure 7 1.4 Stages of Analysis 9 1.5 Population Description as the Major Objective 11 1.6 Comparison as the Major Objective 12 1.7 When Weighting Matters 13 1.8 Coding 14 1.9 Ranking & Scoring 15 2. Doing the Analysis 17 2.1 Approaches 17 2.2 One-Way Tables 18 2.3 Cross-Tabulation: Two-Way & Higher-Way Tables 18 2.4 Tabulation & the Assessment of Accuracy 19 2.5 Multiple Response Data 20 2.6 Profiles 21 2.7 Looking for Respondent Groups 22 2.8 Indicators 23 2.9 Validity 25 2.10 Summary 26 2.11 Next Steps 26 © SSC 2001 – Approaches to the Analysis of Survey Data 3 4 © SSC 2001 – Approaches to the Analysis of Survey Data 1. Preparing for the Analysis 1.1 Introduction This guide is concerned with some fundamental ideas of analysis of data from surveys. The discussion is at a statistically simple level; other more sophisticated statistical approaches are outlined in our guide Modern Methods of Analysis. Our aim here is to clarify the ideas that successful data analysts......

Words: 9853 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Data Theft

...Data Theft Paper Data Theft Paper Data theft is when information is unlawfully copied or taken from a business or individual. This information is user information such as passwords, social security numbers, credit card information, other personal information, and confidential corporate information. Within this paper several examples will be giving as, I explore how data theft has affected individuals and organizations. What can organizations and individuals do to protect them from becoming victims of this type of fraud. When stolen data happens such as people’s identities or an organization’s information the potential harm is huge with major economic and legal implications. The worst thing about the data theft is that it can remain undetected. It is devastating when you find out as a boss that an ex-employee has stolen the company information for personal gain, profit, or to ruining the company completely. A survey released by Information Week ( and Accenture in July 2007 showed that 89 percent of 1,010 U.S. companies still felt vulnerable to data theft (McNurlin, Sprague, & Bui, 2009). For example the Boeing Company had an ex-employee who illegally downloaded thousands of pages of significant business documents to his computer. It was anticipated if any of those documents had gotten into the wrong hands of Boeing’s competitors it could have cost them $5 to $14 billion dollars (McNurlin, Sprague, & Bui, 2009). In 2008, a data......

Words: 2318 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...your decision? : What are your intellectual influences? What writers, books, professors, concepts in college have shaped you? : How has your undergraduate academic experience prepared you for graduate/professional school? : What are two or three of the academic accomplishments which have most prepared you? : What research have you conducted? What did you learn from it? : What non-academic experiences contributed to your choice of school and/or career? (work, volunteer, family) : Do you have specific career plans? How does graduate or professional school pertain to them? : How much more education are you interested in? : What's the most important thing the admissions committee should know about you? : Think of a professor in your field that you've had already and that you like and respect. If this person were reading your application essay, what would most impress him or her? :: Do . . . : Answer all the questions asked. If you are applying to more than one program, you may find that each application asks a different question or setof questions, and that you don't really feel like writing a bunch of different responses. However, you should avoid the temptation to submit the same essay for different questions—it's far better to tailor your response to each question and each school. If you do find yourself short on time and must tailor one basic essay to fit a number of different questions from a number of different schools, target your essay to your first-choice......

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6