Dadaism

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Sallyae7854
Words 838
Pages 4
Sally Arias
English 150
Professor Zacharias
September 23, 2010
An Examination of the Philosophy of Dadaism and It’s Existential Roots
Dadaism is an artistic movement that prospered from Europe around the 20th century. Many believe that this form of art is a representation of the “nihilistic protest against all aspects of Western Culture mainly due to a direct result of revulsion and rebellion against the horrors of war” (Shemool). However, what these artists really wanted was to open the minds of society to a new world of illogicality and endless possibilities without the limitations of moral and religious belief. The purpose of this artistic movement is to challenge the conventional principles of morality and establishment of laws by portraying its unique incongruous form of art. Its bizarre and inimitable ways depict some of the basic principles of existentialism, which is “a modern philosophical movement that stressed the importance of personal experience as an individual who are seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe” (Collins English Dictionary).
This concept aroused controversy in society since such eruptions of “absurd” terminology were never before seen or accepted. Although some of the works of Dadaism meddled with the tolerance of human society, its true intentions were to re-establish the values of romantic practices and indispensable morality of humanity when uncorrupted by societies’ taboo beliefs.
Many of the people during the 20th century were not ready for the absurd world of free expression, and more so considering this artistic movement derived from the disagreement in beliefs over World War l. Dadaism not only freely expressed its anti-war beliefs, but it also “forced the observer to question accepted realities and acknowledge the role of chance and imagination”, causing a shift in the normal way of…...

Similar Documents

William Carlos Williams and His Imagist Poetry

...fragmental and chaotic life where nobody felt secure and happy.After that,modernism was related with decent and realistic art form.The modernist artists like Edwin Dickinson and a painter Arthur Dove looked for an object of inspiration ,individual vision and the value of immediate observation where they emphasized on surroundings around them in everyday life.Some modernists were supported by photographer and gallery owner Alfred Stieglitz who obtained the power to change the drift of American art. Moreover,art,drawing and painting were based on subjects describing actual world ideas.Also, modernism was a variety of ‘’-ism’’ such as Fauvism,Cubism,Dadaism and Futurism to break away the previous rules of orientations,color,and writing in order to their own visions. Some time after modernism,the imagist poets began to gain importance.They wrote short poems that their work would be rich and direct.They focused on individual images and clear description about subject. Furthermore,those movements wanted to eliminate inflexible structure of Romanticism where objects and images showed their true essence and to be freed from metaphors. One of the greatest American Poets of the 20th century who made a lasting impact on American poetry was William Carlos Williams. He combined and ......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism

...DADAISM * Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in Zurich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1922. It was shared by independent groups in New York, Berlin, Paris and elsewhere. * The movement was a protest against the barbarism of the War; works of anti-art that deliberately defied reason. * Dadaism primarily involved visual arts, literature, poetry, theatre, and graphic design. Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and anarchistic in nature. According to its proponents, Dada was not art; it was anti-art. For everything that art stood for, Dada was to represent the opposite. Where art was concerned with aesthetics, Dada ignored them. If art is to have at least an implicit or latent message, Dada strives to have no meaning. Interpretation of Dada is dependent entirely on the viewer. If art is to appeal to sensibilities, Dada offends. Perhaps it is then ironic that Dada is an influential movement in Modern art. Dada became a commentary on art and the world, thus becoming art itself.” * The Dadaists channelled their revulsion at World War I into an indictment of the nationalist and materialist values that had brought it about. They were united not by a common style but by a rejection of conventions in art and thought, seeking through their unorthodox techniques, performances and provocations to shock society...

Words: 3548 - Pages: 15

Dadaism

...Dadaísmo: negativo ou positivo No fundo, o dadaísmo não foi assim tão negativo e, por detrás de toda daquela extravagancia e exuberância, existia uma intenção boa. Com o poema “te gri ro ro” o autor parece quer transmitir um conjunto de palavras e onomatopeias que no seu conjunto não fazem sentido e não são interpretáveis. O “porque”, por exemplo, poderia resultar como uma metáfora. A partir disto podemos tentar dar sentido ao poema, mas chegamos à conclusão que qualquer sentido dado ao poema seria relativo, porque a interpretação deste é dependente da intuição ou opinião do leitor. O poema é um enunciado, e apenas isso. O autor do poema queria que o poema fosse um enunciado, ele planeou esse enunciado, daí ser inteligente. Este enunciado foi construído de maneira absurda propositadamente. Também as fotomontagens são absurdas, pois resultam de junções e recortes de várias fotografias. Também a fotomontagem é uma arte tensional. O dadaísta cria a fotomontagem porque acredita que a Arte é para ser captada instante a instante. Esta é um “happening”. O forte caráter pessimista e irónico do movimento, principalmente em relação aos acontecimentos políticos do mundo, denuncia a repulsa que eles sentem pelo mundo onde vivem, pela primeira guerra e pelo consumismo entranhado na sociedade. O absurdo dos seus trabalhos reflecte o absurdo do mundo da primeira guerra mundial. O niilismo contido nestes artistas demonstra como aquilo que o mundo lhes oferecia não lhes chegava, daí......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

The Culture Industry and the Society of the Spectacle

...Debord also talks about the positive significance and negative implication of the modern decomposition and destruction of all art. The positive significance is that the language of communication has been lost. The negative implication is that a common language can no longer be found in the form of conclusions that only affect one person without the other party agreeing. Just as language decomposes, so does art. Art becomes great only as real life fades away. Baroque art was a response to a world without its center, and it led to romanticism and on to cubism, which is the negation of art. Eventually, all art becomes equal as all art loses distinction. Dadaism and surrealism are the theoretical ‘endpoint’ of art. They stand in opposition to each other but are fundamentally inadequate to deal with their self-derived questions. “For dadaism sought to abolish art without realizing it, and surrealism sought to realize art without abolishing it.” (§191) Culture is a commodity in the society of the spectacle. It has to be the ‘star commodity’ or the most important commodity. Culture will be and must be the driving force in the development of the economy. “A culture now wholly commodity was bound to become the star commodity of the society of the spectacle.” (§193) It has replaced the car and the railroad in its need to be the most important. Knowledge is used to justify a society without justification. Knowledge cannot and will not investigate its own material basis in the......

Words: 1533 - Pages: 7

Chronological Timeline of the History of Art

...Honorė Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage (oil on canvas), 1862, Realism, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, (Adendorff, 2009:43) Impressionism 19th Century Figure 11: Edgar Degas, The Dancing Class (oil on canvas), 1873-1875, Impressionism, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2009:57) Expressionism 19th Century Figure 12: Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red) (oil on canvas), 1908-1909, Expressionism, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, (Adendorff, 2009:83) Cubism 19th Century Figure 13: Pablo Picasso, Girl before a Mirror (oil on canvas), 1937, Cubism, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Schmalenbach, 1990:203) Dadaism 1915-1923 Figure 14: Marcel Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q. (mixed media), 1919, Dadaism, (Adendorff, 2010:7) Surrealism 1924-1945 Figure 15: Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory (oil on canvas), 1931, Surrealism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:19) Abstract Expressionism 1940-1955 Figure 16: Willem de Kooning, Woman 1 (oil on canvas), 1950-1952, Abstract Expressionism, Museum of Modern Art, New York, (Adendorff, 2010:28) Pop Art 1950-1970 Figure 17: Ray Johnson, James Dean (collage on cardboard panel), 1975, Pop art, (Livingstone, 1990:14) Conceptual Art 1965-Present Figure 18: Yves Klein, Anthropomėtries de l’epoque bleue Ant 82 (pigment in pure synthetic resin on paper......

Words: 551 - Pages: 3

Stomp

...part of their show where three artists walking with aluminum bins under their feet. They give rise to a really intense rhythms stomping and drumming on them in a thoroughly coordinated order. It has both a strong visual-impact and a great sound effect. I found it well-related with the performance which I have been working on. We decided to not have music as a background because we wanted to create our own melody through our movements. Each props in our performance has been created in order make noise. Walking on thick pieces of wood, hitting each other’s shields and pretending to chop down trees we generated a succession of noises which made our representation stronger and more dramatic. This concept has been develop since the times of Dadaism, when the composer John Cage spoke of ‘non-intentional music, a term he used in performance works to suggest the element of chance in framing any aural landscape, often made with ready-made instruments, as music.(Govan 2007)...

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Art ‘I Was Interested in Ideas – Not Merely in Visual Products. I Wanted to Put [Art] Once Again at the Service of the Mind’ (Marcel Duchamp). Discuss with Reference to One of Duchamp’s Art Works.

...New York in 1917 (Nesbit, 1994). After this exhibition, the debate was initiated to argue what was art and what was not. This essay will first consider how Marcel Duchamp challenged the concept of art with Fountain and secondly, will evaluate the significance of Fountain, to demonstrate the worth of Fountain as one of the most significant art works in 20th century. There are numerous understandings of what art is. The definition of art from Oxford Dictionary is “the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture” (Oxford Dictionaries). However, this is a traditionary explanation about art. It has no longer apply to the modern art in various aspects. Since the Dadaism movement started in Europe in early 20th century, anti-art works had been prevalent among the modern artists. The art theory had an enormous transformation during this period. Art was not only painting and sculpture anymore, many new forms of art springed up. Fountain is one of the new art forms invented by Marcel Duchamp, it is called ready-made or found art. David argues that the artwork can be created by the artist’s decision, but not the craftsmanship because the emphasis is the meaning the artwork represents (Galenson, 2009). In the other words, the choice of an object is considered as art (Shea: 5). However, there are only two or three definitions of art, and some people think there is no precise definition of art, but the......

Words: 1232 - Pages: 5

Wgu Iwt Humanities Task 1

...Running Head: DADAISM AND POP ART 1 IWT Task 1; Dadaism and Pop Art Angela Costa Western Governor’s University IWT Task 1; Dadaism and Pop Art Artistic interpretations have changed and molded tremendously throughout history. Many historical artists found art as an outlet for what was happening currently in their time periods. Dadaism began in Switzerland in 1916 as a response to World War I. Influenced by the earlier Cubism, this style of art ranged from paintings, sculptures, poetry, and photography. Dadaism is well known for the way it ridiculed materialistic and nationalistic attitudes. They were un-conventionalist in every manor. The Dada artists opposed and resented the social classes who thought that they could control the working class. Dadaists were disgusted by the nationalism that fed into World War 1 and were against any form of group leadership or dictatorship. They were upset that the modern European society would allow war to happen and this is how they knew to protest the idea of war. And if war was to happen then any traditions in any facet where thrown out the window, including art. They believed the art at this time had no meaning and if they were to continue to create art, they would make non-art to show that they did not agree with the current dramas. Dadaist tried to separate themselves from society norms in every which way they could. Even the explanation of how they got the name......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

Dadaism and Surrealism

...Dadaism and Surrealism Dadaism and Surrealism The Dadaism art movement is part of history now. The movement began in Zurich and New York around the time of the First World War. ("Dada," n.d.) Dadaism was aimed at the artists who felt art created spiritual values. There was a focus on the failure of this by the endless days of war, the art of previous era’s had done nothing to create spiritual values in the followers mind. Dada was a protest against what they felt was the root cause of war. Dada was an “anti-art” according to Hans Richter, one of the founders of this movement. Dada was used to offend people; it ignored aesthetics and was generally preposterous in form. Many of the art displays were made of different mediums such as urinals, garbage, bus tickets, even snow shovels. One of the more known pieces from the Dadaism period is from Marcel Duchamp “Fountain” in 1917 it was simply a urinal. This shows us that with Dadaism they were able to create art even from objects that would normally not be considered art. Surrealism as an art movement officially started in 1924. In 1924 The Surrealist Manifesto written by Andre Breton was published. Many of the artistic pieces of this era are dream like. Some type of art to wonder and marvel at, not an art of reason. ("Dada," n.d.) Surrealism is thought to have been formed as a reaction to Dadaism art movement, which was a protest of the carnages of World War 1. Surrealism was more focused on the positive outcomes of...

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Iwt Task 1

...Dadaism and Pop Art are two art movements from the same century and were both developed in response to war, one in protest and the other celebrating the increase in consumerism after a war. One theme shared by both movements was mocking the established art world. (Pop art) Artists from both movements used images from the street, the mass media, the supermarket, ready-made items, and present them as art in itself. (Pop art) Dada was an international movement starting in 1916 and ending in 1922 that started as a protest of WWI. Many artists were fed up and used their art as a forum to “spit on” nationalism and materialism, which they felt contributed to the war. Because of the war, many artists, especially French and German, found themselves in Zurich where refuge was offered which is where the origin of the movement can be traced to when Hugo Ball opened the Cabaret Voltaire in 1916. (Sniles) Within a few days the core of Dada movement was established with artists such as Emily Hennings, Jean Arp, Tristan Tzara, and Richard Haulsenbeck. (Sniles) There are a couple of theories of how the name Dada came to be with one being French poet Tristan Tzara thrust a knife into pages of a dictionary, randomly finding a name for the movement. (Dada) Officially, Dada was not a movement, the artists not artists, and the art not art and there was one basic rule: Never follow any known rules. (Esaak) As an early form of Shock Art, the artists used mild obscenities, visual......

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

One Man's Insanity Is Another Generation's Inspiration

...a distinction between a branch of Dadaism, Surrealism, and the previously renowned Dada art style itself: the elaborate use of the subconscious mind. The Dada Art Movement was the first global art movement that revolutionized how art would be perceived. The Dada Art movement was “founded in 1916 in Zunich by artists who fled their homelands during the first World War”, a time where war plagued the entire world (Hapgood 64). As a result of experiencing the dehumanizing effects of war first-hand, European artists began to reflect the loss of humanity and the dehumanization of European culture by creating pieces of ‘anti-art’. These ‘anti-art’ works represent, artistically, how “Dadaism is opposed to everything that exists” (Kristiansen 459). By rejecting the past elements of Abstraction and Expressionism, ‘anti-art’ was able to uniquely depict the destruction and devastation war leaves behind in society. This can be clearly seen in one of Dadaism’s most distinguished artwork: the Fountain by Marcel Duchamp. In the Fountain, Duchamp depicts his interpretation of a fountain, a urinal. The artwork represents ‘anti-art’ because in previous eras of art, a simple urinal would not have qualified as a piece of art. However, according to Dadaism, which mocked previous art styles like Abstraction and Expressionism, anything could qualify as art. As a result, Duchamp’s artwork challenged what the world perceived as art, epitomizing everything that Dadaism represents: the rejection of......

Words: 1371 - Pages: 6

Hum and Art

...different sects. • Sculpture Carving, Modelling - from wax or clay, after which it may be cast in bronze. An assemblage of "found objects".  5. Ways in presenting subject REALISM Realism in the visual arts and literature refers to the general attempt to depict subjects as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation and "in accordance with secular, empirical rules ABSTRACTION  SYMBOLISM FAUVISM Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a short-lived and loose group of early twentieth-century Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. DADAISM Dadaism or Dada is a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. FUTURISM Futurism came into being with the appearance of a manifesto published by the poet Filippo Marinetti on the front page of the February 20, 1909, issue of Le Figaro. It was the very first manifesto of this kind.  SURREALISM Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.  EXPRESSIONISM Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Riwt Task1

...Humanities RIWT Task1 Describe Dadaism Dadaism or Dada was developed during World War I. The movement was born, as they say, in Zurich by refugees from mostly Germany and France. Dadaism used visual art, literature such as poetry, theatre, and some graphic design. It was a protest against the war. Because of the horrific events going on in the war, Dadaists used everything from obscenities, scatological humor, visual puns, and any object that would do to thrash nationalism, rationalism, materialism and anything which they felt added to or contributed to the war. Dada used prefabricated materials such as photographs, paintings and mass-produced objects in their art works. They used the idea as much as the materials. An everyday object is turned into an art by object by placing it an artistic context. It disregarded tradition and the use of conscious form in favor of the ridiculous. The movement spread from Zurich to other parts of Europe and eventually New York City. The art form began to get serious consideration in the early 1920s. The Dadaism slowly faded. Describe Surrealism The dictionary defines Surrealism as “A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or non-rational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects.” Surrealism was a movement in the 1920s, and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members. Surrealist works feature the......

Words: 1025 - Pages: 5

Art Movement

...Megan English 1301 UTPB Stanley September 6, 2015 Analysis / Synthesis Art Movements from earliest movement to latest movement 1. Art Nouveau 1890-1914 Major Event- World War I started 2. Fauvism 1899-1908 Major Event- The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is founded in the United States. 3. The Ashcan School 1900-1915 Major Event- The Triangle Factory Fire in New York City claims the lives of 146 young immigrant garment workers 4. Futurism 1909- Late 1920’s Major Event- first road for automobiles 5. Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) 1911-1914 Major Event- Sinking of the Titanic 6. Dadaism 1916-1924 Major Event- World War I 7. Art Deco 1925- 1940 Major Event-The first modern winter Olympics are held in Chamonix, France 8. Abstract Expressionism 1947-1965 Major Event- World War II 9. Pop Art 1958-1970 Major Event- War In Korea 10. Op Art 1964-1970 Major Event- Earthquake in Peru Some of my favorite movements are Op art, art deco, and abstract expressionism. Op art is a style of abstract art in which lines, forms, and space are organized in such a way as to provide optical illusions of an ambiguous nature, as alternately advancing and receding squares on a flat surface. What is interesting is it gives the viewer the impression of movement, hidden images, flashing and vibrating patterns. Art Deco is a style of decorative art developed originally in the 1920s with a revival in the 1960s, marked chiefly by geometric motifs, curvilinear forms,......

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Exploring the Relationship Between Dadaism and Surrealism

...Exploring the Relationship between Dadaism and Surrealism Mark W. Lewis Western Governors University Exploring the Relationship between Dadaism and Surrealism Dadaism and Surrealism are two distinct art periods that have their origins in Europe in the early part of the twentieth century. The works from both movements would accurately be described as avant-garde. Both presented new and experimental ideas not seen in previous art movements. The earlier period, Dadaism (1916-1924), arose as a protest to the horrors of World War I. Dada presents as a chaotic collection of imagery and ideas. This presentation of imagery in their strange juxtapositions influenced the following Surrealism movement. Both were grounded in their opposition to the rational and logical socio-political ideas that the artists of the time felt contributed to the causes of the calamity that was the First World War. If Dadaism could be described in one word, it would be chaotic. The Dadaism movement began at the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1916 after the outbreak of World War I as painters, poets and filmmakers fled to neutral Switzerland. Dada art can be in the form of poetry, paintings, and sculpture but the most popular forms are collages, photo-montages and ready-mades. Dada is characterized by random placement of imagery, words or features and the purposeful irrationality in the selection of the imagery. Dada is described as anti-aesthetic, anti-rational and anti-idealistic (Oxford,......

Words: 1364 - Pages: 6