Critical Apprisal

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By
Words 1981
Pages 8
Critical appraisal of research article

Medicinal services proficient ought to have capacity to assess and execute research to make it as a guide in practice which requires sound hypothetical establishment. As per Ingham-Broomfield, (2015) a desire of medical caretakers graduating is that they will get to be basic consumers of research. The reason for this paper is to fundamentally appraised a qualitative research article by Burhans and Alligod, (2010), which incorporates assessing each structures of exploration procedure beginning from title, author/s, abstract, introduction, methodology, findings, discussions and lastly conclusion. Basically evaluating articles permits one to sift through the low quality studies and recognize deceiving data (Gerrish & Lacey, 2006).

The title of this article is Quality of nursing care in the words of nurses. Here the title represents that the research is about the study of meaning of quality nursing care in the expressions of medical caretakers.
The writers of article ought to have the essential aptitudes to do the concentrate so their capabilities are leaned to guarantee their capacity for the study. In this article both the authors are from the university and have achieved their PHD. Linda Mass Burhans had done Phd RN CPHQ and she is a research expert. Martha Raile Alligood has done Phd RN ANEF and she is a content expert. Their qualification and professions relevant to the research study which will help to improve quality care and patient outcome.
Abstract is a smaller version of the article. It ought to have the capacity to answer why and how the study was led which is typically around two hundred words (Borbasi and Jackson 2012,p.178). It helps the readers to realize what precisely is carry in the article. In this article the dynamic is a compact outline of the aim beyond examination…...

Similar Documents

From Critical Fiction to Critical Film

...Anon-code: 58238 Word-count: 1,498 This is essay is based on my presentation on the 14th of March. From the Critical Fiction to the Critical Film John Fowles’s narration, opinions and authorial dilemmas have a great impact on the reader’s interpretation of The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1969). It is the combination of these features that make the novel a ‘critical fiction’. Karel Reisz, the director, and Harold Pinter, the screenplay writer, collaborated to turn Fowles’s novel into a film in 1981. What I hope to establish is how Reisz and Pinter transposed these multitasking efforts of the narrator and author of the novel, onto the screen, and if it has the same impact on the audience as the novel did on its readers. The film’s self-reflexive stance is symbolised in the opening shot of Sarah/Anna’s face in a compact mirror. As the film that we are watching starts, so does the film that Anna and Mike are making. After the director shouts “action”[1], the title sequences start to roll on screen and the soundtrack begins. We hear “track”[2] and the camera that the audience is looking through tracks Sarah. By allegedly letting the audience see ‘behind the scenes’, and the actors’ relationship, the film keeps us at a distance from Charles and Sarah by reminding us that the story is imaginary. This could be likened to how Fowles steps out of the role of narrator within the text, to show that the author and the narrator are indistinguishable. In reference to Sarah,...

Words: 1626 - Pages: 7

Performance Apprisal

...authors have suggested the following steps adopted by most employees when developing an appraisal system: Determine Performance Requirements: In the first step of the process, administrators must determine what skills, outputs and accomplishments will be evaluated during each appraisal. These may be derived from specific job description or they may be a uniform set of employee requirements included in all performance appraisal system. Choose an Appropriate Appraisal Method: The manner in which a supervisor conducts the appraisal is strongly determined by the method. In an organization, different appraisal methods can be adopted for different departments, such as: Production, sales and administrative employees. Train Supervisors: A critical step in the appraising process is training supervisors so that they prepare fair and accurate appraisals and effectively communicate the evaluation to the employee. Requirements of Effective Appraisal System L egally and scientifically, the key requirements of any appraisal system are relevance, sensitivity and reliability. In the context of ongoing operations, the key requirements are acceptability and practicality (Cascio, 1998, p.p. 304-306). These requirements are considered as follows: Reliability: Reliability refers to the consistency of the performance measure. One important type of reliability is interpreter reliability the consistency among the individuals who evaluate the employee's performance. Evidence......

Words: 7691 - Pages: 31


...Critical Information System for Huffman Trucking All businesses have a need for information systems, whether it is a transaction, management, or executive system. Some information systems are more critical to an organization than other information systems. Huffman Trucking is in the logistics business. Logistic businesses need an information system with versatility to their needs. A management information system is a critical information system essential for Huffman Trucking. Management Information System According to Sap Ag (n.d.), “An information system uses informative key figures to aid the rapid detection of existing problem areas and analyze their origin. Business transactions that are often performed thousands of times in one day form the basis for these key figures. An information system therefore has to access aggregated data in order to gain a quick overview.” Huffman Trucking has truckers spread out over the nation and they need a management information system with expediency and able to access adequate information, which is required at a moment’s notice. The information required is to be reliable and with a management information system their information will be updated every time new information is entered and saved or saved and continued. The last thing a trucker needs is to have the wrong address about a destination and be on the wrong side of a city or state. Another fundamental feature of an operation system stated by......

Words: 754 - Pages: 4


...Critical Argument Analysis University of Phoenix Cassondra Capers ENG/215 September 14, 2013 Dr. Williams Critical Argument Analysis Americans have their own culturally determined sense of physical perfection, and they often go to extremes with diets, exercise, fashions, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics to achieve a certain look. Body piercings or images show how men and women feel about themselves and or to tell a story. Life of body modification for men and woman gives them free expression to express themselves freely without restrictions. Body modification is a diverse argument that has many different standpoints of discussion. The definition for body modification is the perceptions, thoughts, and feelings a person has about his or her physical appearance. It is, thought to play an important role in self-esteem for many individuals. Although body modification is to consider being a target among society of everyone, body modifications can have a negative impact on the younger and pre adult generations through body image, words, and health. Focusing on body image gives men and women the right to do what they please to their own bodies. The only side effect to body image is kids and teenagers, because children look up to actors and models every day. When children see, the person they like on television then that is whom they want their bodies or images to be like. Many people are dissatisfied with their body image every day. According to USA Today......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4


...TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT CRITICAL REVIEW OF AN ARTICLE Bilal Topic of research: The article selected for critical review is “Total Quality Management and Employee Involvement: Similarities, Differences and Future Directions” by Edward E. Lawler of University of Southern California. The date of publication is September 1992. The intended area of research or research question is that how “total quality management” and “employee involvement” are related to each other. Are these two terms different or similar to each other? Are they interrelated or complement each other? Which of these two terms are more important? The article speaks about how TQM, Employee involvement and the clear similarities and differences between these two terms. It also states how these two are important for the organization and what would be the management approach in future. We have studied in Total Quality Management course how employees are imperative for an organization to maintain quality and how significant their roles are in three levels of organization. Probably the most important part of maintain quality is employee involvement, empowerment and motivation. However the article discuss whether these two terms are equally important or not. The typical TQM tools for problem solving and quality issue identification and accurate production are used by employees working in the organizations, whereas employee involvement talks about involving all employees on all levels in the......

Words: 2675 - Pages: 11


...Critical Reflection on current clinical knowledge and development Within this assignment I will critically reflect on my clinical knowledge to date and consider my future development needs with a focus on my final management placement and future career as a registered nurse. I have chosen two areas which I feel are relevant to my future development needs namely Quality Assurance and Multidisciplinary/Agency team working and using the Gibbs model (fig. 1)as a framework will reflect upon my own learning experiences and achievements to date and write an annotated reflection highlighting my development needs from which I will formulate a Personal Development Plan. This undertaking demonstrates my commitment to the need for continuing professional development in order to enhance my knowledge, skills values and attitude needed for effective nursing practice (proficiency 4.1) and will address deficits in my knowledge and skills and identify any shortcomings within my own or others practice and help me cope with practice related issues experienced within my previous placements. I have chosen Gibbs reflective model as a basis for reflection as I feel it is easily understood and encourages a clear description of the situation, analysis of feelings, evaluation of the experience, conclusion and reflection upon the experience to consider a solution if the situation arose again (Brooker & Nicol 2003). It has been advocated that reflective practices are a method of bridging the gap......

Words: 2155 - Pages: 9

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Shirl McRee MGT/350 November 2, 2010 Brandon Johnson Critical Thinking What is critical thinking? This term has many meanings to everyone on the globe. To some people it is the meaning of positive thinking and to many others it is the process of thinking clearly and concisely without bias or prejudice. “Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past 2500 years.  The term "critical thinking" has its roots in the mid-late 20th century.  We offer here overlapping definitions, together which form a substantive, transdisciplinary conception of critical thinking” (, 2009). What is Critical Thinking? “Critical thinking is here assumed to be reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do. This rough overall definition is, we believe, in accord with the way the term is generally used these days. Under this interpretation, critical thinking is relevant not only to the formation and checking of beliefs, but also to deciding upon and evaluating actions. It involves creative activities such as formulating hypotheses, plans, and counterexamples; planning experiments; and seeing alternatives. Furthermore critical thinking is reflective -- and reasonable” (, 2010). Critical thinking is a way of life for most people. They have no bias judgments, no prejudices that are even talked about on a daily basis, or even seen. They live a life of thinking...

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Making Intelligent Decisions Critical thinking, simply put, is the ability to think objectively about an idea, with awareness to biases and other distortions to perception, and come to a logical and intelligent decision. The ability to analyze the thinking process and understand how people think, or how one’s own thought process works, is an important factor for thinking critically. Not only is critical thinking an asset in daily life, but also particularly beneficial to the workplace. Analyzing other people’s perceptions in addition to one’s own perception is of utmost importance to a successful business. The benefits to critical thinking far surpass any information acquired by an individual, for without the ability to think objectively about the information; the information is futile. The emphasis on critical thinking can assist the decision-making process by understanding the way in which people assess problems and analyze solutions to those problems. Critical thinking is about learning how to think rather than what to think (Schaferson, 1991). By recognizing the way one’s own thought process influences decision-making, an individual embraces critical thinking. Acknowledgment of personal biases and other forms of distortions to perception are not only important to the decision-making process but to self-awareness by the decision-maker. Subconscious biases are common among most people, but by having empathy for others and viewing the situation......

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Essay Critical thinking is a process where the person involved will truly investigate every aspect of a decision or topic to form a conclusion. “Critical thinking is self-directed, self-discipline, self-monitored and self-corrective thinking.” (Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2013) “Critical thinking also includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. Some skills that critical thinkers have are understanding the logical connections between ideas, solve problems systematically and identify the relevance and importance of ideas.” (Lau and Chan 2004-2014) It has also been said by The Foundation for Critical Thinking that people who think critically will live rationally, reasonably and emphatically. Critical thinking is a learned skill and is an extremely rare quality for people to have. to master critical thinking skills it takes a lot of training. Some ways to become a better critical thinker would be; reshape your character, do not be so quick to judge, and practicing a problem a day and get in touch with your feelings. Critical thinking skills are necessary for jobs with leadership roles; for example, a teacher. As a teacher, they are expected to make decisions, solve problems and guide others into doing the right thing. Teachers who make informed decisions based on research and beliefs tend to avoid thinking and acting on misinformation. As a teacher, they are also faced with challenges with diversity so they have to......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Critical Thinking

...Abstract This paper explores critical thinking skills and teaching them in an educational setting. Teaching critical thinking is highly debatable. Many feel as though it is not a necessary skill that needs to be learned and others feel as though it is not a skill that can be taught. In this paper I will discuss what critical thinking is and ways it can be taught in an educational setting. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in Schools For many years critical thinking has been an important issue in education. Following the 1948 Convention of the American Psychological Association, Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, took control over the development of the goals of the educational process. The goals of the educational process included knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Ever since, the debate over critical thinking has been a hot one (Schneider, 2002). What is critical thinking? Well throughout the past decade the definition of critical thinking has somewhat changed and there are numerous definitions to define it. According to Paul Chance, “critical thinking is the ability to analyze facts, generate and organize ideas, defend opinions, make comparisons, draw inferences, evaluate arguments and solve problems” (Chance, 1986). According to Tama Carrol critical thinking is, “a way of reasoning that demands adequate support for one’s beliefs and an unwillingness to be persuaded unless support is......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Critical Thinking The concept of critical thinking explains a process that involves utilising various interrelated skills to integrate, analyse and carefully evaluate what peoples read and hear from some sources. Therefore, critical thinking requires a determination of whether we should accept, reject or suspend judgement regarding a claim to acting in a certain way (Massey, 2015).This essay analyses steps to critical thinking, how emotions affect decisions making and critical thinking in professional and societal responsibilities. Critical thinking include knowledge, comprehension, application, synthesis and evaluation. In critical thinking, knowledge includes the most fundamental level of information. In this step, the individual identifies what the source of the knowledge says, the topic and issue. The next step is comprehension. The step involves having a comprehensive understanding of the idea. A critical thinker should, have an understanding of what is seen and read. The understanding gained by the critical thinkers is important in order to obtain new knowledge by reflecting on what is known. The ability of the individual to form own interpretation and to express it through writing to give it a new significance measures the level of individuals understanding. The application requires the person to know what they have read, heard from the source. Further individuals should have knowledge of how to apply the same......

Words: 545 - Pages: 3


...Critical Analysis President, Barack Hussein Obama is a great speaker and knows how to defend his case. He is capable of capturing an audience and make them listen to what he has to say. he has become such an important man for many Americans, but how come his speeches are so great? What is it that makes people listen to him and believe everything he says? It is a known fact that Barack Obama can capture his voters with great speeches. To know what it really is that make him such a great spokesperson we will be analyzing one of his speeches. In this case, I’m going to analyze a speech by him, called “A More Perfect Union” that he held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in March, 2008, where the US Constitution also was written in 1787[1] “A More Perfect Union” is a speech by Barack Obama where we see the true message that he wants to bring us. He shares his ideas to help American’s to succeed based on a unity within the people. His ideals go beyond people’s gender, religious beliefs, race, color or sexual orientation, as long as people can come together we will be able to accomplish a lot and keep moving forward. A big part of the speech is about race. What Obama tries to say is that people are missing the big picture and that people have too much focus on race and diversity that if they do not start to change that then it will have big consequences in the future, like going back in time where slavery was normal. Barack Obama’s speech echoes the......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Performance Apprisal System of Ab Bank

...behalf of AB Bank Limited, Head Office, HR Division) Prepared in partial accomplishment of the requirements for the award of the degree in Bachelor of Businesss Administration (BBA) From BRAC University Is a record of extensive researrch work carried out By MD. ULLAH AL MAMUN Student ID: 06104007. BBS Department, Under my supervision and guidance, no part of this report has been submitted for the award of any other degree fellowship Or other similar designation or accolade ..……………………. (Signature) Probal Dutta Lecturer.BBS Department, BRAC University. Preface Internship program is one of the most significant topics of our BBA program. Now the world is competitive. So we have to earn the knowledge about the critical environment of business. This type of program helps the student to acquire practical knowledge about the contemporary business organization. It will also help the student to be an effective executive in future. Different organizations take different kind of policies to operate their business. A reputed private bank like AB Bank Limited, takes different kind of modern banking system to satisfy their customers. As a student of BBA, BRAC University, I have been assigned to prepare the internship report on “Performance Appraisal System of AB Bank Limited, ABBL” from the practical exposure I have undergone at AB Bank Limited, Head Office, HR Division. As a model I have tried my best with all my aptitude to complete......

Words: 27411 - Pages: 110

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Decision Making Inessa Arutunyan Linda Iacoboni Anisha Lalwani Dan Sarbu MGT/350 November 7, 2011 James Chatterton Critical Thinking and Decision Making Critical thinking is thinking comprised with careful judgment. One gathers facts and evidence then analyzes the data to come to an objective conclusion. Decision-making is the process of arriving at an agreement through careful analysis without bias. When applying the process of critical thinking sound and solid decisions evolve. Several types of thinking can enhance or inhibit critical thinking when one is moving toward a decision. For example, emotional thinking or, sometimes referred to as emotional intelligence. Emotions are "a state of consciousness having to do with the arousal of feelings” (Webster’s New World Dictionary). Feelings can be pleasant or unpleasant that one can react to when in action or thinking. Intelligence is a measure of the amount a person can favorably (or unfavorably) apply sound judgment and reason to a situation while deciding their feelings to the situation (Elder, 1996). Critical thinking is the ability to advance ones thinking toward logic and the capacity to analytically reason. Emotions can cause a defect in critical thinking. Emotions are one’s internal gauge, letting one know how he or she is doing in......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking The term critical thinking refers to the thought processes used to evaluate information and the practice of using such conclusions to guide behavior. The process of critical thinking is associated with accuracy, logic, depth, fairness, credibility, and intellectual clarity. The word “critical” is not used to imply negativity or pessimism. Critical thinking merely means that one must not automatically accept the validity of the information he or she is given. Someone who has strong critical thinking skills has a sense of curiosity and is interested in finding innovative solutions to problems. He or she is willing to examine previously held beliefs, opinions, or assumptions and objectively weigh them against facts—admitting when a lack of understanding or information impairs the decision making process and adjusting conclusions as needed to accommodate the introduction of new information. In this way, a person with strong critical thinking skills can be described as self-directed, self-monitored, and self-disciplined. Critical thinkers analyze situations and suspend judgment until all available data has been gathered and considered. This approach will make you more competitive in the workplace, since the ability to make logical decisions based on an analysis of all available data is an important part of success in the business environment. Throughout your college career in the Malcolm Baldrige School of Business at Post University you will be......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3