Commonwealth

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Freek
Words 22380
Pages 90
FOREWORD CHAPTER I page 7
The Terms Used to Define the Commonwealth
CHAPTER II page 11
Equality
CHAPTER III page18
Autonomy
CHAPTER IV page 26
Autochthony
CHAPTER V page 37 Membership
CHAPTER VI page 42 Co-operation
CHAPTER VII page 48 Symbols
CHAPTER VIII page 56 Members of the Commonwealth
REFERENCES page 61

FOREWORD

The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and previously as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organization of fifty-four independent member states. All but two of these countries were formerly part of the British Empire. The member states co-operate within a framework of common values and goals as outlined in the Singapore Declaration. These include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism, free trade, multilateralism and world peace. The Commonwealth is not a political union, but an intergovernmental organization through which countries with diverse social, political and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status. Its activities are carried out through the permanent Commonwealth Secretariat, headed by the Secretary-General, and biennial Meetings between Commonwealth Heads of Government. The symbol of their free association is the Head of the Commonwealth, which is a ceremonial position currently held by Queen Elizabeth II. Elizabeth II is also monarch, separately and independently, of sixteen Commonwealth members, which are known as the "Commonwealth realms".
The Commonwealth symbol was originally designed by the Gemini News Service, London in 1972 and approved by the first Commonwealth Secretary-General, Mr Arnold Smith C.H. In 1989 a second logo was introduced to appear on official Commonwealth Secretariat publications, and in 1999 a special…...

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