Columbia

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mgbohaboy
Words 2031
Pages 9
Colombia is a country that has been ravaged by decades of civil war and has become synonymous with drug-trafficking. Since coming to power in 2002, President Alvaro Uribe has stepped up the war on left-wing rebels and Right-wing paramilitaries are engaged in a peace process. Colombia still has a lot of violence, poverty, and is the center of the world cocaine trade. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombia) The Republic of Colombia, named for the explorer Christopher Columbus, is located in northwestern South America. It is bordered by Panama and the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela and Brazil to the east, Peru and Ecuador to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America and one of the continent's most populous nations. The capital of Colombia is Bogota. Colombia has substantial oil reserves and is a major producer of gold, silver, emeralds, platinum and coal. Colombia is one of the most dangerous places in the world for journalists to work. Media workers face intimidation by drug traffickers, guerrillas and paramilitary groups. More than 120 Colombian journalists were killed in the 1990s, many for reporting on drug trafficking and corruption. Colombia has a highly stratified society where the traditionally rich families of Spanish descent have benefited from this wealth to a far greater degree than the majority, mixed-race population. This gap in social class has provided a natural cause for the left-wing insurgents. (Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Gale Research, Page 129) Approximately 1 million native people lived in Colombia before the arrival of the Spaniards. The Spaniards arrived in the early 1500s. Rodrigo de Batidas established the first permanent Spanish settlement, at Santa Marta, in 1525. While the Spaniards were organizing their colonial territories, the native Indians were on the…...

Similar Documents

External Analysis of Columbia Sportswear

...sector. Over the past two years, Columbia Sportswear has made significant investments to expand beyond its history as a wholesaler, selling goods only to other retailers, to incorporate its own retail identity. Over the last two years, Columbia Sportswear has built a good presence in ecommerce through its Columbia, Sorel and Mountain Hardwear brand e-commerce sites. According to MarketLine, the European online retail sector grew by 18.2% in 2011 to reach a value of $200.9 billion. The performance of the market is forecast to accelerate to the value of $472.9 billion in 2016, an increase of 135.4% since 2011. In-line with the forecasted growth, Columbia Sportswear launched its new Columbia and Sorel-branded e-commerce sites in UK, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands. Columbia Sportswear could capitalize on this growing market to further consolidate its global market share. The move of establishing its online presence would also help Columbia Sportswear get more control over the pricing strategy and further extend its brand awareness. Expansion into China Columbia Sportswear entered into an agreement with Swire Resources in August 2012 to form a joint venture to expand the market-leading position of its Columbia brand and to establish and grow the Mountain Hardwear brand in China. Swire Resources, a subsidiary of Swire Pacific Limited, has been Columbia Sportswear's exclusive independent distributor of Columbia and Mountain Hardwear branded......

Words: 2186 - Pages: 9

Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster

...Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster The Space Shuttle Columbia disaster happened on February 1st, 2003, which broke on the way back to the Earth. All the astronauts, including two women died in this disaster. The reason why this disaster happened was a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank which damaged the left wing of the shuttle. Even though some engineers of NASA had doubted that the left wing of shuttle had been damaged, the administration staffs restricted to do advanced research. The engineers of NASA found that the foam shedding and debris strikes could not be avoided and solved, even though the previous design of space shuttle required that the external tank was not to shed foam or other debris. However, this situation was not account for security threat and regarded as the acceptable risk. Thus, the launch was given the go-head. Due to the broken left wing which caused the damage of Space Shuttle thermal protection system, hot gases penetrated and destroyed the internal wing structure which led to the disintegrate of the shuttle immediately over the area of south Dallas. Ignore the Feedback Control Even though the similar situation happened in the prior mission (in the 13th and 16th mission of Columbia, the foam went undetected as well), the administration department of NASA were getting used to those situation which did not cause the serious damage to the shuttle that led to the disaster of the 28th mission of Columbia. Just like......

Words: 752 - Pages: 4

Blood Banans: Chiquita in Columbia

... |Class Location: Washington DC Center | | | | Case Study #3: Blood Bananas: Chiquita in Columbia Andreas Schotter http://hbr.org/product/blood-bananas-chiquita-in-colombia/an/TB0245-PDF-ENG Due Date: Wednesday, November 6th, 2013, 11.59pm. Submit your paper via Blackboard. Task for Students Use just the information contained in the case study and what you have learned in class to complete this assignment. 1. Make a list of the top five (5) opportunities and five (5) threats facing the Chiquita Brands International company. 2. Use the information in your list of opportunities and threats to write a memo that defines five (5) strategic actions for each of the following two roles.  Each of the roles needs to support the goals of Chiquita being a great investment for shareholders and also being a socially responsible corporation. a. Chiquita’s American managers based overseas (in Columbia) (5 Strategies) b. Banana-pickers working for Chiquita or its suppliers. (5 Strategies) c. Total: 10 strategies Think about Foxconn’s labors Notes 1. Do not provide a summary of the facts of the case. 2. Use the following naming protocol for title of the document that you upload to Blackboard:......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Columbia Industries

...Problem Recognition Key account lost had been lost, delays, employee complaints and employee safety concerns. Situational Analysis Strength: Columbia Industries, Inc. is the largest manufacturer of code-approved products to Construction industry. CI utilizes a large network of specialized distributors, supply houses, and mass merchandisers to sell its products. Weakness: CI relies a lot on a few lift trucks that are old and often broken down. Work efficiency and business growth is being affected by its current fleet of truck lifts that under perform. Stakeholders have different criteria’s to be met which may greatly affect decision making. Opportunity: The market demand for Columbia Industries’ products is increasing. CI has the opportunity to capitalize on several great offerings from companies offering lift trucks. Threat: The demand and sales for Columbia Industries’ products may decrease if economic and market condition changes such as economic downturn and new entry of potential competitors. The lift trucks from their respective companies all have cons that required great consideration, as the truck may never satisfy all necessary requirements, as well as costs are considerably high. Problem Definition How can Columbia Industries make the right decision in regards to acquiring better lift trucks? The malfunction and unstable reliability of CI’s lift trucks is causing delay of product delivery which has cost CI some important customers. In addition, the......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Understanding Columbia

...The problems, which have plagued the Republic of Columbia in recent years, started in the early 1960’s with the formation of Marxist-left winged guerrilla factions and right winged paramilitary groups. The drug trade, kidnappings, political corruption, and arms dealing have primarily funded these groups. However, in spite of these multi-billion dollar illegal organizations President Juan Manuel Santos has made significant progress in anti-drug legislation and de-militarizing paramilitary factions before opening peace talks between the Columbian government, FARC and the ELN. The concept of the strength of a sovereign state can be defined by several factors. In the case of Columbia, there are significant trends that show it is transitioning from a weak state into a strong state. These trends in state power can be broken down into 3 categories: hard power, soft power and smart power. Hard power is just that. Government controlled military, police and other law enforcement agencies. Since 2002, Columbia’s military and police forces have grown by 50%. President Santos served as Defense Minister for 3 years prior to his Presidency. In that time he implemented many changes, which resulted in destabilizing prominent cartels and guerrilla insurgents. In 2012 it is estimated that threats of terrorist actions and control by organized crime was reduced to less than 6% of the nation. This is a direct result of the demobilization of several illegal arms groups. Soft Power is...

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Columbia Memorial Hospital Breakeven Analysis

...I. Introduction Columbia Memorial Hospital is a 300-bed acute care hospital that employs 160 staff physicians. Columbia is one of 75 hospitals owned and operated by Health Services of America, a for-profit, publicly owned company. In addition to inpatient and outpatient services, Columbia operates an emergency department within the hospital and a stand-alone walk-in (urgent care) clinic two miles from the hospital and near a major shopping mall. Due to its superior facilities, outstanding staff and reputation for quality, individualized patient care, Columbia has remained highly profitable despite the presence of two other acute care hospitals serving the same population. 1,200 of the 8,000 walk-in clinics in the United States are affiliated with hospitals. These clinics enable patients to be examined and treated by urgent care physicians on evenings, weekends and without an appointment. Additionally, patient costs, which average between $60.00 and $200.00 per visit, and copayments associated with walk-in clinics are considerably less than costs associated with emergency room visits. Ten years ago, there were five walk-in clinics throughout the city. Now, only three clinics remain and none appear to generate significant profit. While the Columbia clinic has the capacity to see up to 85 patients per day, an average of only 45 patients are actually seen each day. II. Statement of the Relevant Issue Columbia’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Mike......

Words: 2009 - Pages: 9

Tragedy of the Columbia River Salmon

...Tragedy of the Columbia River Salmon A brief summary of what the “Tragedy of the Commons” is about when individuals act according to their own personal interests cause damage to a common resource (that is unregulated) because they over use it. In the end the resource is depleted for all. The Columbia River salmon population is a real life example that hits close to home. Thanks to the salmons unique life cycle it is a very important component in the Columbia River Basin. The salmon start out being born in the many tributaries of the Columbia River, sometimes hundreds of miles inland as far as Canada and Idaho. After the salmon mature they go downstream to the ocean where they spend most of their live enjoying the oceans bountiful nutrients not found in the rivers and streams, sometimes becoming as large as 70 pounds. Towards the end of their lives they venture back up the rivers to the place they were born to spawn the next generation. Before the late 1800s the “runs” of the fish traveling upstream were enormous providing food for all manner of native wildlife. When the fish reach their home and spawn they die. Their decomposing bodies become nutrients for the local stream ecosystem. This is the only way the oceans many nutrients have made it upstream, in effect the salmon help feed everyone from bears to trees and give them nutrients they otherwise would never get. In the latter half of the 1800s American entrepreneurs started developing canneries along the river and......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Restructuring the Goals of Education in the District of Columbia

...The District of Columbia faces an issue that has been a plague throughout the United States, a poor education structure. The heart and soul of a community is often centered around children, the majority of whom attend public schools. It is no surprise then that if a school system is failing so too are the neighborhoods around it. Revitalizing anything may take a generation, but it all starts with an adequate education. The questions that need to be answered are: “What is adequate education? For whom must the education be adequate? Is there anything already in existence that addresses these problems with education?” The answers for these questions can be used to make necessary changes in the education system of Washington, D.C. Mayor Gray, like many others, believes education has to do with higher test scores and preparing students for college. His mission statement outlines offering quality education, holding educators accountable for students’ success, and informing parents on what is being done (Gray, 2013). However it doesn’t address the need to prepare students for the workforce right out of high school and not creating an education system geared towards college enrollment only. Many students come from broken families and bad neighborhoods causing higher education to be a luxury they can’t afford. High School Reform and Work: Facing Labor Market Realities (Barton, 2006) discusses that same major concern, modern high school education concentrating on college, but not......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

Columbia University

...Columbia University Columbia University was founded in 1754 as King's College by royal charter of King George II of England. It is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States. Columbia University, is an American private Ivy League research university. The name of the current president of the university is Lee C. Bollinger. The academic stuffs of the university are currently 3,763. 29,250 students are enrolled at present, off them 8,365 are undergraduates and 18,568are post graduates. It has a campus of total 299 acres in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan in New York City. In April 2007, the university purchased more than two-thirds of a 17 acres (6.9 ha) site for a new campus in Manhattanville, an industrial neighborhood to the north of the Morningside Heights campus. Stretching from 125th Street to 133rd Street, the new campus will house buildings for Columbia's Business School, School of International and Public Affairs, and the Jerome L. Greene Center for Mind, Brain, and Behavior, where research will occur on neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. In 2006, the university established the Office of Environmental Stewardship to initiate, coordinate and implement programs to reduce the university's environmental footprint. The U.S. Green Building Council selected the university's Manhattanville plan for the Leadership in Energy and...

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Hr Policy of Columbia Asia

...correct to the best of our knowledge. AAKASH GAUR AKASH JAIN ANKUR DIXIT DEEPAK SHARMA DHARMESH KR. GAUTAM DECLARATION We the Students of PGDBM-1 Year, Institute of Management Studies, hereby declare that a project report has been done under the guidance Ms. Anita Singh , Associate professor, HRM,Institute of Management Studies. TABLE OF CONTENT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………………………………………….(i) CERTIFICATE……………………………………………………………….(ii) DECLERATION…………………………………………………………….(iii) ABSTRACT......................................................1 1. INTRODUCTION ..........................................................2 2. HOSPITAL INDUSTRY INSIGHT IN INDIA...........................3 3. ABOUT COLUMBIA ASIA HOSPITAL…………………...4 4. OBJECTIVE…...……………………………………………..5 5. LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………………….6 6. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY…………………………….7 7. ANALYSIS………………………………………….……9-23 8. CONCLUSSION………………...………………………….24 9. RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………………....25 10. REFERENCES……………………………………...…..…..26 11. ANNEXURE………………………………………………..27 The Nestlé human Resources Policy 4 A shared Responsibility 5 Dealing with People\ 6 Joining Nestlé 8 Employment at Nestlé 9 Work/Life Balance 10 Remuneration 11 Professional Development 14 Industrial Relations 15 HR Organisation |Company History ......

Words: 6290 - Pages: 26

Columbia Strategic Audit

.... 1   II. Columbia’s Past and Current Strategies..................................................................................... 2   Past Strategies.......................................................................................................................... 2   Current Mission and Vision Statement.................................................................................... 2   New Mission and Vision Statement ........................................................................................ 3   III. SWOT and Environmental Analysis......................................................................................... 3   Columbia SWOT Analysis ...................................................................................................... 3   Columbia SWOT Matrix ......................................................................................................... 4   Cabela's SWOT Matrix............................................................................................................ 4   Patagonia SWOT Matrix ......................................................................................................... 5   Lululemon SWOT Matrix ....................................................................................................... 5   Under Armour SWOT Matrix ................................................................................................. 5   Marmot SWOT Matrix ....

Words: 10286 - Pages: 42

The Columbia Disaster

...English 101: College Composition 14 May 2015 The Columbia STS-107 Disaster: Why Did It Happen and Why Wasn’t It Prevented? At 9 a.m. on February 1st 2003 NASA’s (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Space Shuttle, Columbia STS-107 disintegrated over the southern United States upon re-entry. There was some controversy surrounded this disaster, mainly how the Mission Management Team (MMT) (leader, Linda Ham handled the entire situation. Could this disaster been prevented? NASA could have prevented the issue with all the new age technology that they posses. How are teams like Debris Assessment Team (DAT) and MMT prepared now to take action against problems that arise in the future? This disaster should not have occurred but it did, why did it? Who is responsible? Will it happen again? If more time was spend of trying to rectify the issue before it got out of hand, maybe the crew of the Columbia would have landed safely as it was supposed to. The space shuttle Columbia STS-107 launched on January 16, 2003 from Kennedy Space Center. During the launch a briefcase-size chunk of foam insulation fell away from a bi-pod ramp on the ships external tank 81.7 seconds after liftoff (Harwood). The foam chunk with velocity smashed a hole in one of the protective shields panels that make up the left wing leading edge. Photos and video shows this happening very clearly. What you cannot see is where the foam actually hit. The only thing that is visible is when the foam......

Words: 1942 - Pages: 8

Columbia Memorial Hospital Case Study

...Columbia Memorial Hospital Case Study 1. Using the historical data as a guide (Exhibit 6.1), construct a pro forma (forecasted) profit and loss statement for the clinic's average month for all of 2010 assuming the status quo. With no change in volume (utilization), is the clinic projected to make a profit? With no change in volume of 45 patient visits per day, the clinic is not projected to make a profit. 45 patient visits per day x 30 days in a month = 1,350 visits per month x 12 month = 16,200 visits per year Using the average data given (2010) of 45 patients per day, average $130 revenue per patient, and a cost of $3.50 per patient. The Forecasted P&L Statement is shown below. Forecasted Columbia Walk in Clinic P&L Statement (For Year 2010) Total Revenues ($44.157 x 16,200) $715,356 Total Variable Costs ($3.50 x 16,200) $56,700 Total Contribution Margin ($40.657 x 16,200) $658,656 Fixed Costs $696,708 Profit $(38,052) Columbia Walk in Clinic Estimated Financial Data (For Year 2010) Number of Visits 16,200 Net Revenue $658,656 Net Revenue Per Visit $40.66 Salaries and Wages $162,504 Physician Fees $216,000 Malpractice Insurance $38,580 Travel and Education $7,224 General Insurance $10,116 Subscriptions $0 Electricity $12,924 Water $1,668 Equipment Rental $1,260 Building Lease $150,000 Other Operating Expenses $96,456 Total Operating Expenses $696,708 Net......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Bba 4951 All Unit Assignments Columbia New

...BBA 4951 ALL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS COLUMBIA NEW To purchase this visit following link: http://www.activitymode.com/product/bba-4951-all-unit-assignments-columbia-new/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM BBA 4951 ALL UNIT ASSIGNMENTS COLUMBIA NEW Read the Cohesion Case on pages 27-37 in the course textbook. Create a five- to seven-page PowerPoint presentation in which you a) briefly describe your view of McDonald’s strategic position, and b) answer Step 4 of the Assurance of Learning exercise on page 37. Information about accessing the Blackboard Grading Rubric for this assignment is provided below. Complete the Assurance of Learning Exercise 3D on page 87 of the course textbook. In addition to completing Steps 1-3, summarize your findings in a two page APA formatted paper and discuss your views of McDonald’s strategic prospects based upon your analysis of the external assessment and consideration of the opportunities to grow, as well as threats from competitors and the macro environment. Please complete Step 2 as follows, go to the CSU Online Library and make a copy of an industry survey for the restaurant industry from the Business Source Complete or ABI/Inform Complete database. The document you select should contain excellent information for developing a list of external opportunities and threats facing MCD. Information about accessing the Blackboard Grading Rubric for this assignment is provided below. Complete the Assurance of Learning Exercises 6A and 6B on......

Words: 1275 - Pages: 6

B2B Columbia Industries Case Study

...Case #1 Columbia Industries Inc. Centennial School of Business B2B Marketing & Channel Management BUSN-301-001 Columbia Industries, Inc. Columbia Industries is one of highly established, largest manufacturing of code- approved products. It was started in 1948 in British Columbia. Columbia Industries went on to flourish and in 1194 opened a branch in Toronto. They then decided to globally expand opening a new branch in Los Angeles. In 1997, the company faced a problem which needed to be addressed quickly and as soon as possible. 1. Problem Identification: In 1999, the plant manager, industrial engineer and the plant engineer recommended to the company’s general manager that they require 7 new lift trucks. Lift trucks were essential at the warehouse as they are used to move heavy objects from one place to another. The issue with the old lift trucks were that there were safety concerns and one of the driver had recently experienced a near accident while working. Another reason for the requirement of the new lift trucks is that the Vancouver plant has experienced a rapid sale and demand in the past few years. But because of the unavailability of proper lift trucks, the company were unable to address the customer’s needs in the given time and eventually had to lose valuable customers. Therefore, Columbia Industries require 7 new truck lifts which has the ability to do the job and provide a very reliable service. They should also consider the cost of these lift...

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5