Cold War Ideologies and Practices

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Cold War Ideologies and Practices
Rick Richardson
College of William and Mary

Cold War Ideologies and Practices When I think of Cold War Ideologies and practice after World War II, I am reminded of the old expression, “The enemy of my enemy is a friend of mine.” This certainly exemplifies the attitude during World War II. The common bond of the Allies was to defeat Hitler and the Third Reich. Alliances which had once been so solid in regard to defeating a common threat began to crumble after the end of the war. Allied forces which had combined to defeat the Nazis were now ideologically opposed to one another. It was now a matter of democracy versus communism. Throughout the war, Stalin was consistently demanding to control the territory along the borders of the Soviet Union. Some in the United States such as General George S. Patton saw the dangers of placating an individual such as Joseph Stalin. His fears were soon to be well-founded.

Stalin felt that in a world dominated by capitalism, confrontation was soon to be inevitable. The concept of the “Iron Curtain” was about to be firmly placed between the Soviet Union and the rest of the civilized world. Poland, East Germany, Romania, and Bulgaria were the first to be “absorbed” by the Soviet advance. China seemed destined to follow the same course as the Soviet Union once the Japanese had been defeated and removed. Greece, Iran and Turkey had enough internal strife to make them appealing targets for Soviet influence and takeover. Although many in the United States viewed the Soviet Union as a virtual wasteland after the war, there was still a fear of the expansion intentions of Stalin. The Truman administration felt that through diplomacy, military and economic pressure, that the advance of the Soviet threat might be neutralized. This idea of…...

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