Premium Essay

Clode

In: Other Topics

Submitted By claud
Words 295
Pages 2
Social Responsibility theory thus became the modern variation in which the duty to one"s conscience was the primary basis of the right of free expression.

Soviet Media/Communist Theory

This theory is derived from the ideologies of Marx and Engel that "the ideas of the ruling classes are the ruling ideas". It was thought that the entire mass media was saturated with bourgeois ideology. Lenin thought of private ownership as being incompatible with freedom of press and that modern technological means of information must be controlled for enjoying effective freedom of press.

The theory advocated that the sole purpose of mass media was to educate the great masses of workers and not to give out information. The public was encouraged to give feedback as it was the only way the media would be able to cater to its interests.

Two more theories were later added as the "four theories of the press" were not fully applicable to the non-aligned countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, who were committed to social and economic development on their own terms. The two theories were:

Development Communication Theory

The underlying fact behind the genesis of this theory was that there can be no development without communication. Under the four classical theories, capitalism was legitimized, but under the Development communication theory, or Development Support Communication as it is otherwise called, the media undertook the role of carrying out positive developmental programmes, accepting restrictions and instructions from the State. The media subordinated themselves to political, economic, social and cultural needs. Hence the stress on "development communication" and "development journalism". There was tacit support from the UNESCO for this theory. The weakness of this theory is that "development" is often equated with government propaganda.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Computer Project

...while(file1.read(char*)&s1,sizeof(s1)). 7. do step 8 to 11 if s1.bookcode==delcode. 8. found=1. 9. enter the new no of issues. 10. write to file2. 11. file2.flush(); 12. close file1 and file2. For Function delete_book() 1. open file1 in read mode and file2 in write mode. 2. declare delcode, found=0. 3. enter the bookcode of the book you want to delete. 4. read from file1. 5. do steps 6 to 8 while(file1.read(char*)&s1, sizeof(s1)). 6. if s1.bookcode==delcode then perform steps 7 to 8 . 7. found=1. 8. write to file2, file2.flush. 9. if(!found) then print “book not found” else goto step 10. 10. write the contents of file1 to file2. 11. clode file1 and file2. For Function search_display_book_details 1. declare int n and found=0. 2. enter the bookcode and store it in n. 3. open the file. 4. read the file. 5. if bookcode==n the print the bookname, bookiss, authorname, rate, increment the value of fount to 1. 6. if found==0, print “book not found”. 7. close the file. PROGRAM #include #include #include #include #include #include class book { char bno[6]; char bname[50]; char aname[20]; public: void create_book() { cout...

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Teach Yourself Sql

...* 2 from pay_table 3 order by pay_type, pay_rate desc; OUTPUT: NAME -------------------SANDRA SAMUELS ROBERT BOBAY KEITH JONES SUSAN WILLIAMS CHRISSY ZOES CLODE EVANS JOHN SMITH KEVIN TROLLBERG 8 rows selected. PAY_TYPE PAY_RATE EFF_DATE PREV_PAY -------- --------- --------- --------HOURLY 12.50 01-JAN-97 HOURLY 11.50 15-MAY-96 HOURLY 10.00 31-OCT-96 HOURLY 9.75 01-MAY-97 SALARY 50000.00 01-JAN-97 SALARY 42150.00 01-MAR-97 SALARY 35000.00 15-JUN-96 SALARY 27500.00 15-JUN-96 Situation: Sales are up. Any individual who has not had a pay increase for six months (180 days) will receive a raise effective today. All eligible hourly employees will receive a 4 percent increase, and eligible salary employees will receive a 5 percent increase. Today is: INPUT/OUTPUT: SQL> select sysdate 2 from dual; SYSDATE -------20-MAY-97 Before examining the next PL/SQL block, we will perform a manual select from the PAY_TABLE that flags individuals who should receive a raise. INPUT: SQL> 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 select name, pay_type, pay_rate, eff_date, 'YES' due from pay_table where eff_date < sysdate - 180 UNION ALL select name, pay_type, pay_rate, eff_date, 'No' due from pay_table where eff_date >= sysdate - 180 order by 2, 3 desc; OUTPUT: NAME -------------------SANDRA SAMUELS ROBERT BOBAY KEITH JONES SUSAN WILLIAMS CHRISSY ZOES CLODE EVANS JOHN SMITH KEVIN TROLLBERG 8 rows selected. PAY_TYPE --------HOURLY HOURLY HOURLY HOURLY SALARY SALARY SALARY SALARY PAY_RATE -------12.50 11.50......

Words: 128515 - Pages: 515

Premium Essay

Japan's Culture

...JAPAN’S CULTURE JAPAN’S CULTURE History Japan has a very colorful history filled with rulers such as samurai warriors and emperor kings. The samurai warrior ruled Japan in the twelfth century and was a distinctive social class. The samurai tradition was mainly about war. The samurai tradition consisted of singling out a worthy opponent for a challenge. They would wait until enemy lines were broken and then enter into single combat. People began to develop battlefields to fight and would have battles several times to establish territory. (Clode, 2011) This was the beginning of the fighting and war that continued in Japan for centuries to come. Throughout Japan’s history it saw the rise and fall of many emperors that ruled the country. Through most of the history of Japan they had a policy that their borders were locked to the outside world and they did not allow foreigners in their country. This same policy applied to the Japanese people and they were not allowed to leave the country. The early emperors in Japan ruled the country by engaging in wars and the country was primarily run as an imperial and military rule. (Facts About Japan, 2013) After many years of declaring war on countries in nineteen thirty seven Japan declared war on China. This war led to the nineteen forty two attack that Japan launched in the United States on Pearl Harbor. After almost eight years of war atomic bombs were dropped on Japan bringing this war to an end. After Japan......

Words: 5170 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Augustus Caesar

... Notes ----------------------- [i] Day, D.V. and Antonakis, J. 2012, The Nature of Leadership, 2nd ed. Sage, California. P. 332 [ii] Schermerhorn, John R. Management. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley, 2011. Print. P. 90 [iii] Clode, George. "Augustus Caesar; the Greatest Leader of All Time?" Military History Monthly. Military History Monthly, 05 Oct. 2010. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. [iv] Schermerhorn, John R. Management. Milton, Qld.: John Wiley, 2011. Print. P.92 [v] Jones, B. 'Early Imperial Rome' 1983, History Today, Vol 33, 4, p. v. [vi] Australian Army; Land Warfare Doctrine- Leadership [vii] Australian Army; Land Warfare Doctrine- Leadership [viii] McCane, B. 2008, 'Simply Irresistible: Augustus, Herod, and the Empire', Journal Of Biblical Literature, Vol 127,no 4, pp. 725-735. [ix] Shotter, D. 1991, Augustus Caesar, Routledge, London. P. 23 [x] Jones, B. 'Early Imperial Rome' 1983, History Today, Vol 33, 4, p. v. [xi] Australian Army; Land Warfare Doctrine- Leadership [xii] Australian Army; Land Warfare Doctrine- Leadership [xiii] Australian Army; Land Warfare Doctrine- Leadership [xiv] Carter, J. 1983, 'Augustus Down the Centuries', History Today,Vol 33, no. 3: 24. [xv] Clode, G. 2010, "Augustus Caesar; the Greatest Leader of All Time?" Military History Monthly. [xvi] Timmons, J. New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century : A Pacific Rim Perspective, McGraw-Hill, North Ryde, N.S.W, 2010. P.......

Words: 1976 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Imformation Systems Teach Yourself Sql

...pay_rate desc; OUTPUT: NAME -------------------SANDRA SAMUELS ROBERT BOBAY KEITH JONES SUSAN WILLIAMS CHRISSY ZOES CLODE EVANS JOHN SMITH KEVIN TROLLBERG 8 rows selected. PAY_TYPE PAY_RATE EFF_DATE PREV_PAY -------- --------- --------- --------HOURLY 12.50 01 -JAN-97 HOURLY 11.50 15 -MAY-96 HOURLY 10.00 31 -OCT-96 HOURLY 9.75 01 -MAY-97 SALARY 50000.00 01 -JAN-97 SALARY 42150.00 01 -MAR-97 SALARY 35000.00 15 -JUN-96 SALARY 27500.00 15 -JUN-96 Situation: Sales are up. Any individual who has not had a pay increase for six months (180 days) will receive a raise effective today. All eligible hourly employees will receive a 4 percent increase, and eligible salary employees will receive a 5 percent increase. Today is: INPUT/OUTPUT: SQL> select sysdate 2 from dual; SYSDATE -------20-MAY-97 Before examining the next PL/SQL block, we will perform a manual select from the PAY_TABLE that flags individuals who should receive a raise. INPUT: SQL> 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 select name, pay_type, pay_rate, eff_date, 'YES' due from pay_table where eff_date < sysdate - 180 UNION ALL select name, pay_type, pay_rate, eff_date, 'No' due from pay_table where eff_date >= sysdate - 180 order by 2, 3 desc; OUTPUT: NAME -------------------SANDRA SAMUELS ROBERT BOBAY KEITH JONES SUSAN WILLIAMS CHRISSY ZOES CLODE EVANS JOHN SMITH KEVIN TROLLBERG 8 rows......

Words: 129252 - Pages: 518