Civil Wae

In: Historical Events

Submitted By miles355
Words 425
Pages 2
12/20/2010

Early American History
1483 History, 1492-1865
Mrs. Rebekkah Morrow

The American Civil War

The American Civil War (1861-1865) was the War Between the States, which resulted in the emancipation of African-American slaves. Ninety-five percent of African-Americans lived in the South (3,500,000), out of a total southern population, {Confederate States of America (CSA)} of 9,100,000. The population of the North (Union) was approximately 22,100,000, with a slave population of approximately 400,000. (1860 US census and Carter, Susan B., ed. The Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial edition (5 vols), 2006.) The American Civil War began with Abraham Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election of 1860, which eventually led to Eleven Southern slave states to secede from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America (CSA) which was led by Jefferson Davis, the former Senator from Mississippi (Hiram Revels of Mississippi became the first black man ever elected to the US Senate, the seat previously held by Jefferson Davis). Upon President Lincoln’s inauguration on March 4, 1861, he refused to recognize the south’s secession, with a plea for the restoration of the Union. However the south ignored his plea and on April 12, 1861, Federal troops stationed at Fort Sumter, South Carolina were attacked by Confederate forces.

On September 22, 1862, President Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation which officially outlawed slavery in the territory held by the Confederacy as of January 1, 1863; it also allowed for the admittance of freed slaves into the Union Military, which reached peak strength of approximately 186,000 soldiers and sailors. One of the most famous African-American units was the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which was led by a white commander, Robert Shaw (The Unfinished Nation, pp.,…...

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