Catia Tut

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By vasudha
Words 5102
Pages 21
Mechanism Design & Animation
(Releases 14 & 15)

CATIA V5 Tutorials

Nader G. Zamani
University of Windsor

Jonathan M. Weaver
University of Detroit Mercy

PUBLICATIONS

Schroff Development Corporation www.schroff.com www.schroff-europe.com SDC

CATIA V5 Tutorials in Mechanism Design and Animation

4-1

Chapter 4 Copyrighted Slider Crank Mechanism Material

Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material

4-2

CATIA V5 Tutorials in Mechanism Design and Animation

Introduction

In this tutorial you create a slider crank mechanism using a combination of revolute and cylindrical joints. You will also experiment with additional plotting utilities in CATIA.

1 Problem Statement

A slider crank mechanism, sometimes referred to as a three-bar-linkage, can be thought of as a four bar linkage where one of the links is made infinite in length. The piston based internal combustion is based off of this mechanism. The analytical solution to the kinematics of a slider crank can be found in elementary dynamics textbooks. In this tutorial, we aim to simulate the slider crank mechanism shown below for constant crank rotation and to generate plots of some of the results, including position, velocity, and acceleration of the slider. The mechanism is constructed by assembling four parts as described later in the tutorial. In CATIA, the number and type of mechanism joints will be determined by the nature of the assembly constraints applied. There are several valid combinations of joints which would produce a kinematically correct simulation of the slider crank mechanism. The most intuitive combination would be three revolute joints and a prismatic joint. From a degrees of freedom standpoint, using three revolute joints and a prismatic joint redundantly constrains the system, although the redundancy does not create a problem unless it…...

Similar Documents

King Tut

...boy" in need of a cane and found to have had the oldest genetic proof of malaria, this is the best theory surrounding his illness. There are quite a few theories that I have read about. But the experts found he had malaria and due to an infection he died not murder. They also found he had a crack on the skull along with a broken leg, which may have also been a contributing cause to his death. Some have even suggested that the King fell from his chariot while hunting (Ker Than, 2010). I choose to believe the King was murdered because there was so much at stake. And that the theory of Ay killed King Tut out of greed. In this theory, the motives behind his murder were substantial. He was the son of Akhenaton who changed the practice of worshiping many pagan gods to worshiping one god which was a new environment for the people of the Egyptian dynasty. References King Tut Death Remains a Mystery www.kingtutone.com Retrieved 11/2/2012 Bio TRUE STORY www.biography.com Retrieved 10/31/2012 THE HUMANITIES CULTURE, CONTINUITY AND CHANGE...

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

King Tut

...are King Tut died from complications from disease and dying from a fall from his chariot. Due to forensic evidence, murder has been ruled out but they did find other traces that can account for claims involving his frailty. “A pair of unusually large breasts on a male statue has convinced one scholar that he’s solved the riddle of King Tutankhamen’s early death. According to Hutan Ashrafian, a surgeon and lecturer at Imperial College London, the ancient Egyptian pharaoh is often depicted with feminine features and suspiciously large breasts a sign of gynecomastia, which points to temporal lobe epilepsy. Other factors play into the epilepsy diagnosis: a family history of early deaths, strong religious visions and fractures from falling, all of which suggest a history of epilepsy. There’s one condition linking all these elements together that’s inheritable and that’s temporal lobe epilepsy." (Rosenbaum, 2012) This would also leave many unanswered questions concerning his broken leg. The claim that he broke his leg perhaps due to a temporal lobe epileptic fit seems a bit implausible. “Researchers spent two years subjecting Tut to anthropological, radiological, and genetic testing. They also tested ten royal mummies related to Tut, and artifacts from his tomb. They were able to rule out gynecomastia and Marfan’s Syndrome, but did find evidence of another genetic condition: Kohler Disease II, a disorder that causes bones to collapse. They also found traces of malaria in Tut and......

Words: 969 - Pages: 4

King Tut

...Week 4 Assignment 1 Hum 111 July 29,2013 King Tutankhamen better known as King Tut was a ruler of ancient Egypt in 1343 B.C. At an early age King Tut inherited the throne. However King Tut did not rule the New Kingdom for more than a decade, before he died at a young age before his 20th birthday (King Tut Fun Facts, 2013). Since the tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922 more than 90 year old ago. The question has been how did the young ruler die? Was he murdered? Or did he die from an injury or illness? There are many mysteries of King Tutankhamen’s death theories though out the years. One of the popular theories of King Tut’s death would be the murder theory. Many suggested that he was murder possibly from begin fatally hit from the behind because of an x-ray in 1968 of King Tut’s skull indicated sign of bone fragment lost (Rattini, 2013). There were only a few servants that could benefit from the King Tut’s death. One of the close advisor named Ay would mostly likely kill he out of greed or/and to gain power of the throne. Later an Egyptologist named Bob Brier believe this theories because of a ring found in Cairo in 1931, that show that Ay and Ankhesenamun got married after King Tut’s death because if Ay did not forced her to marry him he would of not inherited the throne (King Tut's Death Remain a Mystery, 2013). Another theory was that King Tut died from a chariot accident when he was hunting in the desert. Zahi Hawass, a National Geographic Society......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

King Tut

...King Tut Vincent Johnson Strayer University World Cultures I Professor Leonard Lowe July 23, 2013 The topic that I chose to write about is the mystery surrounding the death of King Tutankhamen.   There are many different theories as to how he died and all of them are controversial topics.   Some will argue King Tut was likely murdered due to greed and power, while others believe he fell from his chariot or died from an illness (Kingtutone.com, 2010).  Those that believed that he was murdered believed that this happened due to changes that Akhenaten (King Tut’s father) had made.  Akhenaten had brought about a major change in Egypt when he started to push the idea of one god, and this concept went against everything Ancient Egyptians believed in.    Other experts argue that King Tutankhamen died from malaria and osteonecrosis. Imaging results in a report, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, indicate that Tutankhamen had osteonecrosis of two metatarsal bones in one foot, according to the authors, and DNA evidence suggests that he was infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Still others say that the king died due to an infection. New CT scans performed on King Tut shows a broken leg that could have become infected and ultimately caused his death. I feel as King Tutankhamen was murdered maybe by one of his servants. Researchers say that it was a known fact that Akhenaten brought a major change in......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2

King Tut

...As a child of a King, I don’t doubt that the young King Tut was fiercely guarded. When looking at King Tutankhamun’s (Tut) mask, it easy to see that he was young. Yes indeed, he was only 19 years old when he died. King Tut was by far from being the most powerful of the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs, however, he is the most celebrated Ancient King, now three thousand years after his death; people are still incredibly fascinated about the circumstances surrounding his death. Speculation about the possible cause of King Tut’s death have been swarming around since Howard Carter, British archaeologist discovered the tomb in the Valley of Kings in 1922. Designated KV62 (Kings Valley Tomb 62), it was the first royal tomb to be found almost intact (Kmtsesh). Along with the discovery of his mummified body, his tomb was stuffed with treasures and artifacts. One theory regarding King Tut is murder. Many scientists believe the fracture to the back of the skull which was revealed in an X-ray of his mummy is due to being hit with a blunt object. There is no need to jump to conclusion about this theory. Some scientists are convinced the he was not murdered; however, some are convinced that the crack in the skull was accidental, caused during the process of mummifying the body. If proper care was not taken during the initial process, they are many things that could have occurred such as his corpse being dropped on the ground or a sharp instrument falling on his skull. The two prime......

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

How Did King Tut Die?

...did King Tutankhamen die? Over the years many facts have been shared by well-known scientist, Egyptologist and historians attempting to find out if King Tut was murdered or if his death was accidental. Egyptologist Bob Brier is a strong advocate of the most popular theory, “The Theory of Ay”. He believes King Tuts servants Ay killed him out of greed in order to take over his throne. Another fairly popular theory is the theory that King Tut died from infection due to a broken leg after falling from his chariot. Although both theories have their valid points only one can be true. The most plausible theory is definitely “The Theory of Ay”. According to http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/murder/ Ay had the motive to kill Tut considering he would be next in line to the throne as long as he married Tuts wife Ankhesenamun. In 1997 Mr. Brier revealed that the ring he found in Cairo proved Ay and Ankhesenamun did indeed get married after the death of King Tut and along with that he also became the new pharaoh of the land. Many people believe the marriage was forced despite Ankhesenamun’s attempt to wed the son of the King of Hittites who was assassinated on his way to wed Ankhesenamun. In addition to “The Theory of Ay” It was also discovered by Bob Brier that there had been a hematoma at the lower base of King Tuts skull, probably caused by a blow to the back of the head. A trauma to the back of the head where the neck meets the skull is highly uncommon......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

King Tut Death

...What Happened to “King Tut?” There is no true explanation or clear reasoning on how King Tutankhamen died suddenly, approximately at the age of 18. Theorists have yet to come to any clear explanation on how he suddenly died. Two theories that make the most sense to me are that he died from some sort of sickness, such as malaria combined with a degenerative bone disease, which some studies suggest, or a broken leg, which later lead to infection, that has been discovered and recent autopsies. The theory revolving around malaria has been one of the the lasting reasoning’s on how he died, which was accelerated by a broken leg, recent studies suggest. Several mummies buried along with the remains of King Tut have been examined and 4 out of the 11, including King Tuts remains, showed strands of malaria. In fact, 4 of the 11 mummies, including King Tut’s, had genetic traces of malaria tropica, the most severe form of the infection. He was also plagued with avascular bone necrosis, a condition in which diminished blood supply to the bone leads to serious weakening or destruction of tissue. These two findings have deemed theorists to believe that these findings are a likely reason to his death. In recent studies, Ashraf Selim, a radiologist at Kasr Eleini Teaching Hospital at Cairo University in Egypt, along with a team of scientist set up a noninvasive CT scanner in Luxor to perform a full-body scan on the king's remains, obtaining about 1,900 digital cross-sectional images.......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

King Tut

...theory is that King Tut died from a leg infraction that was caused by a bone disease that was due to malaria. The second theory is that Tutankhamun's death was caused by a chariot accident based on a head injury. Many scientists theories have been based off their investigations using microscopes, X-ray machines, and DNA/chemical analysis. According to author Dan Vergano, Zahi Hawass the Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities found traces of malaria genes in Tutankhaum. By taking xrays it revealed that King Tut's broken leg was caused by malaria. These xrays also showed that Tutankhamun had a painful deterioration of his bones. Hawass also performed tests that showed patchy skin on his neck and cheek which at first thought to be a boil or plague. Later it was determined to be the mark of a severe form of malaria known as malaria tropical. According to Husna Haq from the Christian Science Monitor there was a 2 year investigation that determined through DNA study that Tutankhaum had a cleft palate and a clubbed foot. These findings we're published in The Journal of The American Medical Association. Howard Markell, the Director of the Center for the History of Medicine located in Ann Arbor at the University of Michigan used a CAT-Scanner was used to perform the 1st radio logical analysis on Tutankhaum at which time he believes that was when the cleft palate and clubbed foot was found. He also states that bore needles were used to retrieve the DNA from King Tut in order......

Words: 543 - Pages: 3

Death of King Tut

...cause of King Tuts death. A team of British scientist, working with vehicle accident investigators at the Cranfield Forensic Institute in Swindon, England stated that the king died on his knees while being run over by a chariot. The team used x-ray and other data received from the results of a virtual autopsy. The results showed injuries in a manner of a particular pattern on one side of Tuts body. By using the computer to simulate related injuries in a car accident, the team put together a crash scenario involving a chariot that resulted in his death (Knapp, 2013). Although this is one possible theory from evidence gained during research, the pharaoh could have lived through the chariot accident. According to Egypt’s chief archaeologist, Zahi Hawass, the real cause of the young king’s death was an inherited bone disorder called Kohler disease that made the King week, followed by an infectious disease called Malaria. This conclusion came from x-rays and DNA analysis performed. Hawass found genes from the malaria parasite in Tut’s body. This claim has already been challenged by two German scientists that say, “The evidence points to sickle-cell disease” (Young King's Death Reassessed, 2011). It seems that the king had a lot of illness’s he had to deal with since birth as a result of inter-family marriage to keep the royal bloodline pure (Sayre, 2015). Inter-family marriage was quite common in ancient history and therefore, most likely did not cause his death. King Tut died......

Words: 612 - Pages: 3

King Tut

...The Death of King Tut Assignment 1 By Angela Faison Humanities 101 Professor Charles Fleming King Tut was born 1341 B.C.E. and was the 12th king of the 18th Egyptian dynast. King Tutankhamun was in power from approximately 1332 to 1323 B.C.E. After King Tutankhamun (also known as King Tut), death at age 19 he disappeared from history, until the discovery of his tomb in 1922 by British archaeologist Howard Carter. (http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history) With this discovery came a fascination into King Tut’s life and death. There have been many theories surrounding his death. Two theories I find interesting are that an accident caused the untimely death of teenage pharaoh King Tut. The other theory is that King Tut was murdered by his advisor Ay. King Tutankhamun's mummy has been X-rayed three times, in 1968, 1978 and in 2005. (ancientegyptonline.co.uk) But these scans have not been able to confirm the cause of his death. The first theory is that King Tutankhamun was genetically inferior. In 2010 DNA tests published revealed that Tutankhamen’s parents were likely brother and sister. (www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/tutankhamen) This left King Tut with a bone disease in his clubbed left foot. It also made it difficult for King Tut to stand in the chariot while performing his Kingly duties. Theorist believe that King Tut may have crashed his chariot leaving him with a broken leg. (www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/tutankhamen) In 1995 CT......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Death of King Tut

...Did King Tut die from a sickness or was he murdered, that’s the question. Some Egyptologists and Scientists argue over the fact regarding King Tut’s death. The first theory is that King Tut was murdered because he had a lot of power. King Tut’s father (Akhenaten) changed Egypt in a big way. He wanted Egyptians to only believe in one God, in which it was against what they believed in. Some of the Egyptians wasn’t happy with that decision. King Tut’s father changed the way that the priest thought and it would have forced the priest to close down their temples and believe in what he believed in. The change caused the environment to be unstable. This change would also change the thinking from hundreds of years prior. When King Tut was a child, his father died and that’s how he received the throne. With King Tut being so young, he had little knowledge of how to run Egypt so that meant that he needed someone with a lot of experience to help him, so they would also look at the help that he had. Meaning, the help may have had something to do with his death. The second theory from Forensic experts was that King Tut may have had an infection. Doctor Zahi Hawass, stated that King Tut had a crack in his skull and it may have been caused during the process of mummification. Doctor Zahi Hawass also stated that King Tut had a fracture in left leg, supposedly to have happened a few days before he died. Doctor Hawass states that King Tut could have broken his leg but there......

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

King Tut

...because Tut died when he was only 19 years old. For many years, it was assumed that the so called Boy King was a murder victim by either one of his successors. Although Many speculate that King Tut was murdered, Scientist have their own theories about the death of King Tut as well. Scientist believe that he may have died from natural causes, or simply by an accident. The first theory that King Tut was murdered was because of the head injury to the back of his skull. After extensive research, I found an article in The National Geographic magazine that states a team of specialist in radiology, forensics, and anatomy did a ct scan and found no traces of lethal trauma to King Tuts head. It also states that embalmers apparently entered the skull through the nose as well as the neck, perhaps breaking off bones in the process. This would explain the injury to King Tuts head. The team found no evidence for a blow to the back of the head, and no other indication of foul play. The second theory is that King Tut may have died from natural causes. Tut may have died of severe malaria and a rare bone disorder called Kohler disease. Researchers spent 2 years subjecting Tut to anthropological, radiological, and genetic testing. They were able to rule out Gynecomostia and Marfans syndrome but did find evidence of another genetic condition: Kohler disease ll a disorder that causes bones to collapse. Scientist also suggest the theory that Tut......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

King Tut

...mummies of Amenhotep III, Tiye, Tutankhamun and Semenkhare(5) have all been identified with a great deal of certainty. Scientists are currently trying to extract DNA from small samples taken from these and other 18th Dynasty mummies.(6) If this effort is successful it could provide a non-controversial solution to the particular mystery of Tutankhamun's parentage. With Akhenaten in exile, the line of David (Thutmose III) became divided. One Pharaoh lived on in the Sinai. The other "Branch" (Isaiah 4:2, 11:1; Jeremiah 23:5) now "sitting on the throne of his father [Amenhotep III or Akhenaten]," was the young Tutankhamun. After his coronation, or perhaps as part of the coronation itself, Tutankhamun's name was changed. His birth name had been Tut-ankh-aten. The change in his name was likely part of a compromise with the priests of Amun. Because Tutankhamun was only a child of seven to ten years old at his ascension, it could hardly have been a deliberate decision on his own part in contrast to the name change of his father (from Amenhotep IV to Akhenaten). Under the supervision of the elderly prime minister, Aye (second son of Yuya and identified with Ephraim, the second and more favored son of the Biblical Joseph), Tutankhamun continued to rule Egypt from the city of Akhetaten until the third or fourth year of his reign (when he was persuaded to change the royal residence as well from the city of Akhetaten to Memphis). In his tomb it is written that "he spent his life......

Words: 2253 - Pages: 10

King Tuts Death

...there were no antibiotics so the probability of a severe infection would be quite high. This theory leads me to believe that the bone fragments may have been dislodged when they tried to remove the king’s gold mask, which was glued to the body. I think the damage probably occurred because of bad handling of the mummy. It’s also possible that Tut’s immune system could have also been impaired because he was trying to heal the leg fracture and could have caught some other kind of disease that would be unable to prove. But even with these scientific findings, there will always be speculation of what led to the young king’s death. References: www.news.nationalgeographic.com/kingTut www.kingtutone.com www.heritage-key.com/how-did-king-tut-die...

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

The Death of King Tut

...The Mystery of the Death of King Tutankhamun Many believe that King Tutankhamun was murdered; others believe he died of natural causes deriving from an insect bite. According to a two-year long study conducted by Zahi Hawass of the Secretary-General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), scientists now believe that he likely died of a leg injury, further complicated by an attack of malaria (HASAN, 2010). Having different theories and no concrete evidence, the death of King Tut has always been and continues to remain a mystery. The manner, in which King Akhenaten (father of King Tutankhamun) died, brought concern to suspect that Tutankhamun would become a political target for assassination. King Akhenaten yielded a religious revolution creating a world filled with chaos and during this pandemonium, Tutankhamun was born. The religious uproar that he caused led to several attempted assassinations on his life, and after 17 years of reigning, he died. The cause of his death was unknown but was suspected to be murder. At the young age of 9, Tutankhamun was made king but it took him several years to mature and rise to power. King Tutankhamen then experienced an acute early death at age 19 leaving people to believe that his death may have been a politically motivated assassination. Since the discovery of his tomb in 1922 by British archaeologist Howard Carter, many theorized that the cause of Tutankhamun’s death was murder because of the hole in his skull. This was......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2